• Title, Summary, Keyword: Gloiopeltis tenax

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The Antioxidative and Antimicrobial Effects of Gloiopeltis Tenax (참가사리 분획물의 항산화.항균효과)

  • Jung Young-Hwa;Jung Bok-Mi;Kang Dae-Yeon;Ku Mi-Jeong;Shin Mi-Ok;Bae Song-Ja
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.366-371
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we investigated the antioxidative and antimicrobial activities of red algae Gloiopeltis tenax (GT). GT was extracted with methanol and then further fractionated it into four different types: methanol (GTMM), hexane (GTMH), butanol (GTMB) and aqueous (GTMA) soluble fractions. The antioxidant activity of the fractions from GT was investigated by measuring the scavenging activities of GT against reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). Among the four fractions of GT, GTMM and GTMB showed a marked scavenging effect against ROS, but they displayed very low levels of the scavenging effect against RNS. The antimicrobial activity was increased in proportion to its concentration by the paper disc method. Among the various solvent layers, the GTMM and GTMB showed strong antimicrobial activities.

A Summer Marine Benthic Algal Flora and Community of Uninhabited Islands in Haenamgun, Southern Coast of Korea (남해안 해남군 무인도서의 하계 해조상 및 군집)

  • Oh Byoung Geon;Lee Jae Wan;Lee Hae Bok
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2002
  • The marine algal flora and community of uninhabitated islands in Haenamgun, southern coast of Korea, were investigated during 12$\~$29, June, 1999. As the results, a total of 87 species including 10 greens, IS browns and 62 reds was identified. The dominant species were Ulva pertusa and Sargassum thunbergii and the subdominants were Myelophycus simplex, Ishige okamurae, Hizikia fusifomis, Gloiopeltis furcata and Chondracanthus intermedius. The vertical distribution pattern of intertidal marine algae represented three distinct zones; Gloiopeltis furcata, Caulacanthus okamurae, Myelophycus simplex-Gloiopeltis complanata, G. tenax, Gelidium divaricatum, Ulva pertusa, Sargassum thunbergii-Hizikia fusiformis, Pelvetia babingtonii, Chondrus ocellatus, Undaria pinnatifida, Ecklonia lava from upper to lower zones.

Monthly Changes of Marine Benthic Algae and Community Structure at Gahakri, Southern Coast of Korea (한국 남해안 가학리의 해조류와 군집구조의 월별변화)

  • Oh Byoung Geon;Lee Jae Wan;Lee Hae Bok
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.64-70
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    • 2002
  • The marine algal flora and community structure of Gahakri in Jindo Gun, southern coast of Korea, was investigated monthly during September, 1993-August, 1994. As the results, a total of 87 species including 11 greens, 15 browns and 61 reds was identified. The marine algal flora was classified as the mixed flora based on the species composition. The dominant species of algal community throughout the year was Gloiopeltis furcata, and the subdominants were Sargassum thunbegii, Ulva pertusa and Hizikia fusiformis. In their vertical distribution, the species of algal community distributed yearly (or seasonally) from upper to lower intertidal zones were Gloiopeltis furcata-Corallina pilulifera, Myelophycus simplex, Gloiopeltis tenax (May$\~$October), Dumontia simplex, Sargassum thunbergii-Hizikia fusifomis, Ulva pertusa, Chondracanthus intemedius, Carpopeltis affinis.

Anticarcinogenic Effects of Extracts from Gloiopeltis tenax (참가사리 분획물의 암 예방효과)

  • Jung, Young-Hwa;Jung, Bok-Mi;Shin, Mi-Ok;Bae, Song-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.395-401
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    • 2006
  • In this study, we investigated anticarcinogenic effects of extracts from Gloiopeltis tenax (GT). GT was extracted with methanol (GTM), which was then further fractionated into four fractions by using solvent fractionation method, affording methanol (GTMM), hexane (GTMH), butanol (GTMB) and aqueous (GTMA) soluble fractions. We determined the cytotoxic effects of these fractions on cancer cells by MTT assay. Among various fractions of GT, the GTMM showed the strongest cytotoxic effect at concentration of $150{\mu}g/mL$, displaying 95.97% on HepG2 cell lines and 93.64% on HT-29 cell lines, respectively. And, the anti-proliferative effect of GT was accompanied by a marked in increase of levels of Bad, Bax, Bok and Bak protein and activation of caspase-3, caspase-7 and PARP protein. Also, we observed quinone reductase (QR) induced effects in all fraction layers of GT on HepG2 cells. The QR induced effects of the GTMM and GTMB on HepG2 cells at concentration of $60{\mu}g/mL$ showing inductive indexes of 2.86 and 2.04 compared to the control value of 1.0.

Investigation of ${\alpha}$-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activity of Ethanolic Extracts from 19 Species of Marine Macroalgae in Korea

  • Jeong, So-Young;Qian, Zhong-Ji;Jin, Yeong-Jun;Kim, Gi-Ok;Yun, Pil-Yong;Cho, Tae-Oh
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 2012
  • In the present work, we have collected 19 species of macroalgae (9 Phaeophta and 10 Rhodophyta) f rom all around of Korea: Dictyopteris divaricata, D. prolifera, Myelophycus cavus, Papenfussiella kuromo, Petalonia zosterifolia, Petrospongium rugosum, Rugulopteryx okamurae, Sargassum fulvellum, S. muticum, Callophyllis japonica, Gloiopeltis tenax, Gracilaria longissima, Gracilaria vermiculophylla, Grateloupia asiatica, Grateloupia lanceolata, Grateloupia sparsa, Grateloupia turuturu, Grateloupia sp, and Polyopes affinis. The macroalgal species were extracted by 70% ethanol (EtOH) for 24 h and evaluated its inhibitory effects on ${\alpha}$-glucosidase. Among ethanol extracts, Myelophycus cavus showed the most effectively inhibitory activity ($IC_{50}$, 2.17 ${\mu}g/ml$) against ${\alpha}$-glucosidase, followed by Sargassum fulvellum (<$IC_{50}$, 8.13 ${\mu}g/ml$), Dictyopteris prolifera ($IC_{50}$, 16.66 ${\mu}g/ml$), Rugulopteryx okamurae ($IC_{50}$, 50.63 ${\mu}g/ml$), and Petrospongium rugosum ($IC_{50}$, 101.62 ${\mu}g/ml$). Furthermore, MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay showed no cytotoxicity on mouse pre-adipocytes cell line (3T3-L1). These results suggest that some edible macroalgae merit further evaluation for clinical usefulness as anti-diabetic functional foods.

Dressing Practices of Residents at the Woinarodo Region (외나로도지역의 의생활)

  • 권영숙;이주영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.25-39
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to look into dressing practices at the Woinarodo region in terms of ordinary and ritual clothes. Men wore Bqji(trousers) and Jeokori(jackets) as their plain clothes and sometimes Jangsam mid Durumaki(topcoat). During the period of Japanese colony, men wore Western-style clothes. For women it was basic to wear Chima(skirts) and Jeokori. And they preferred Momppe rather when in Japanese rule. In arrangements for their head, men put on gut, and had their hair cut during Japanese nile. Women laid a bundle of their braided hairs on the head or braided their hair, while married women did their hair up in a chignon during the ruling period People of the region put on straw and leather shoes, and then rubber ones since the late 1930s. Hand weaving was a major means of living for women at the region. Ramie, hemp and cotton were mainly weaved by hand. Starching was applied mainly to ramie and cotton. Glues for starching were made of raw rices, cooked rices, wheat flour or gloiopeltis tenax. For ritual clothes, especially in wedding, bridegrooms arranged themselves with Samokwandae and then Put on Baji, Jeokori, Durumaki and Danryung. But they Put on Western-style dresses as the liners of Danryung, and wear Nambawi Rather than the Samo after korean independence from Japanese rule. Bridges wore Chima, Jeokori and Wonsam and Chokdoori and covered their face with Hansam Wonsam did not be worn any longer after Korean independence from the rule. Shrouds for funeral ceremony were manufactured with silks, cotton and hemp, when the chief mourner wore hempen hoods and funeral robes, while women, Chima, made of hemp. and any type of Jeokori.

Seasonal Variability of Marine Algal Flora and Community Structure at Jungjado, on the South Coast of Korea (한국 남해안 정자도의 해조상 및 군집구조 변화)

  • Yoo, Hyun Il;Jeong, Bo Kyung;Park, Jeong Kwang;Heo, Jin Suk;Park, Mi-Seon;Choi, Han Gil
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.927-934
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    • 2014
  • Marine algal flora and community structure were seasonally examined at Jungjado, on the southern coast of Korea, from July 2007 to May 2008. A total of 112 seaweeds, including 15 green, 24 brown, and 73 red algae, were identified and 33 species were found throughout the year. The average seaweed biomass was 145.78 g dry weight $m^{-2}$, and the biomass was maximal in winter (184.74 g) and minimal in autumn (106.17 g). The dominant and subdominant species in terms of biomass were Sargassum thunbergii and Grateloupia elliptica in summer, S. thunbergii and Corallina pilulifera in autumn, S. thunbergii and Chondracanthus intermedius in winter, and Sargassum fusiforme and G. elliptica in spring. The vertical distribution patterns of seaweeds from the upper to lower intertidal zones at Jungjado were S. thunbergii - Ulva conglobata - Gelidium elegans in summer; Caulacantus ustulatus - Chondria crassicaulis - C. pilulifera in autumn; Ulva australis - S. thunbergii - G. elliptica in winter; and Gloiopeltis tenax - S. fusiforme - G. elliptica in spring. Seasonally the evenness, richness, and diversity indices tended to have their highest values during the winter and their lowest values in the summer. However, the dominant index was recorded as lowest in winter and highest in the summer. The C/P, R/P, and (R+C)/P values reflecting the flora characteristics were 0.58, 3.04, and 3.62, respectively.

Establishment of Seaweed Fermentation Process for Cosmetic Material Research (화장품 소재연구를 위한 해조류의 발효 공정 확립)

  • Lee, Chung-Woo;Kim, Hyun-A;Yoon, Hye-Ryeon;Jeon, Tae-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the possibility of using marine life for cosmetic materials was assessed by establishing a fermentation process of seaweed, such as Ecklonia cava, Enteromorpha prolifera, Chondria crassicaulis, Eiseniabicyclis, Codium fragile, Seaweed furcata, Gloiopeltis tenax, Grateloupia elliptica, Undaria pinnatifida, and Saccharina japonica. Lactobacillus sakei isolated from Kimchi was used for effective fermentation and whole milk powder was used as an additive. 2.0 % of crushed seaweed and 1.0 % of whole milk powder were added and afterwards, 1.0 % Lactobacillus sakei was added after cooling to $40^{\circ}C$. After cooling and filtering the fermented product, butylene glycol, glycerine, and 1,2-hexandiol, which have the effect of a preservative, were added to mix and complete the final product. Among the ten kinds of seaweeds, the process was found to be highly effective in the fermentation of Ecklonia cava, Codium fragile, Undaria pinnatifida, and Saccharina japonica. The amount of fermentable substances in cosmetics was determined and the safety of the raw material was verified using the HET-CAM (The Hen's egg test-Chorioallantoic membrane) test.

Base Study Related with Development of Natural Bio-Adhesives Using Seaweeds (해초류를 이용한 천연 바이오 접착제 개발 기반 연구)

  • Han, Won-Sik;Oh, Seung-Jun;kim, Young-Mi;Lee, You-Jin;Kim, Ye-Jin;Park, Min-Seon;Wi, Koang-Chul
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.595-604
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    • 2018
  • In this study, in a bid to develop natural bioadhesives for paper craft, the hanji industry, and preserving cultural assets, complex polysaccharides were extracted from brown and red algae and used as an ingredient in adhesives. Brown algae include sea trumpet, kelp, sea oak, and sea mustard, whereas red algae include Pachymeniopsis elliptica agar-agar weed, Gloiopeltis tenax, and hunori. The polysaccharides were extracted after transforming them from non-aqueous Ca complexes contained in each of the brown and red algae into water-soluble polysaccharides containing alkali metals with a solubility level of 1. and extracted Subsequently, only the polysaccharides were extracted using alcohol precipitation. The adhesion tensile strengths of kelp, a brown algae, and Pachymeniopsis elliptica, a red algae, were 21.58 and 32.99 kgf, respectively. They thus demonstrated better adhesion than that of solid glue products such as water plants (18.45 kgf) and glue sticks (20.45 kgf). The extraction yield of these polysaccharides is supposed to be determined according to their extracted environments; however, no difference in adhesion strength was seen. Further, it was found that the shapes of polysaccharides were determined by their growing environment instead of extraction environment. Use of multi-step alcohol precipitation method during extraction enabled the removal of the constituents except protein and other polysaccharides, thereby demonstrating a stable outcome without cultivation of mold. Furthermore, there was no occurrence of mold even after production of the adhesives by the simple solution method, which demonstrates the adhesive's potential as an environment-friendly adhesive material.