• Title, Summary, Keyword: Goodman 선도

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A Study on the Safety Estimation of Low Pressure Torsion mounted Turbine Blade (비틀림 마운트형 저압 터빈 블레이드의 안전성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • 홍순혁;조석수;주원식
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 2003
  • The estimation of fatigue limit for the component with complicated shape is difficult than of standard fatigue specimen, due to complex test equipment. So, we substitute maximum principle stress from FEM results for fatigue limit diagram made by standard fatigue specimen. Then we can estimate endurance safety of component with high trust. The static stress analysis, the nonlinear contact stress analysis and the model analysis for turbine blade is performed by ANSYS ver. 5.6. the comparison of maximum static stress around hole with maximum contact stress between pun and hole can make the cause of fracture for turbine blade clear. The difference of fatigue limit between fatigue test by standard specimen and in-service mechanical components is due to surface roughness and machining condition etc. In in-service mechanical components, Goodman diagram has to consider surface roughness for failure analysis. To find fracture mechanism of torison-mounted blade in nuclear plant. This study performs the static stress, the nonlinear contact stress and the modal analysis on torison-mounted blade with finite element method and makes the estimation for safety of turbine blade.

Fatigue Strength Evaluation of KHST Gangway (한국형 고속전철 객차 연결장치의 피로강도 평가)

  • Rho, Kyu-Seok;Lee, Sang-Rok;Kang, Jae-Youn
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 2001
  • A FEM-based analytical approach was used to evaluate the fatigue strength of a KHST gangway. A KHST gangway was made of AC4C, 5083-O, 6005A-T6 aluminum alloys. The fatigue strengths of them were obtained from the related code and literatures. The effect of tensile mean stress was taken into account by the modified Goodman diagram, but the effect of compressive mean stress was not considered. There was not any location of a KHST gangway that exceeded the allowable fatigue strengths.

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A Study on the Failure Mechanism of Turbine Blade using X-Ray Diffraction and FEM (X선 회절과 유한요소법을 이용한 터빈 블레이드의 파괴기구에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Woong;Hong, Soon-Hyeok;Jeon, Hyoung-Yong;Cho, Seok-Swoo;Joo, Won-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.258-265
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    • 2001
  • Turbine blade is subject to force of three type ; torsional force by torsion-mount, centrifugal force by rotation of rotor and cyclic bending force by steam pressure. Cyclic bending force of them is main factor on fatigue fracture. In the X-ray diffraction method, the change in the values related to plastic deformation and residual stress near the fracture surface mat be determined, and information of internal structure of material can be obtained. Therefore, to find a fracture mechanism of torsion-mounted blade in nuclear plant, based on the information from the fracture surface obtained by fatigue test, the correlation of X-ray parameter and fracture mechanics parameter was determined, and then the load applied to actual broken turbine blade parts was predicted. Failure analysis is performed by finite element method and Goodman diagram on torsion-mounted blade.

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A Study on the Failure Mechanism of Turbine Blade using X-Ray Diffraction and FEM (X선 회절과 유한요소법을 이용한 터빈 블레이드의 파괴기구에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Ung;Hong, Sun-Hyeok;Jeon, Hyeong-Yong;Jo, Seok-Su;Ju, Won-Sik
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.8
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    • pp.1645-1652
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    • 2002
  • The failure analysis on fractured parts is divided into the qualitative method by naked eyes and metallurgical microscope etc. and the quantitative method by SEM and X-ray diffraction etc. X-ray fractography can be applied to contaminated surface as well as clean surface and gain the plastic deformation and the residual stress near the fractured surface. Turbine blade is subject to cyclic bending force by steam pressure and suffers fatigue damage according to the increasing operating time. Therefore, to clean up the fracture mechanism of torsion-mounted blade in nuclear plant, the fatigue and the X-ray diffraction test was performed on the 12%Cr steel fur turbine blade and the fractured parts. The correlation of X-ray parameter and fracture mechanics parameter was determined, and then the load applied to actual broken turbine blade was predicted. Failure analysis was performed by contact stress analysis and Goodman diagram of torsion-mounted blade.

Fatigue Strength Evaluation of Bogie Frame of Urban Maglev Train (도시형 자기부상열차 대차 프레임의 피로강도 평가)

  • Han, Jeong Woo;Kim, Heung Sub;Bang, Je Sung;Song, See Yeob
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.7
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    • pp.945-951
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    • 2013
  • This study evaluated the fatigue strength of the bogie frame of an urban maglev train through fatigue analysis, cumulative damage, and fatigue tests based on a proposed fatigue evaluation method. The results of FEM analysis in which various load combinations were adopted showed that all data were under the fatigue limit of a butt welded joint made of A6005 in a Goodman diagram. The cumulative fatigue damage was calculated at the highest level from a bolt connecting the area of the electromagnetic pole in the casting block; however, the total sum was evaluated as D=0.808 based on $1{\times}10^7$ cycles, which indicates that it did not exceed the failure criteria. In addition, the results of the fatigue testshowed that there was no crack at any position in the bogie frame, which corresponded to the results of fatigue analyses.

A Study on Failure Analysis of Low Pressure Trubine Blade Using AFM and FEM (AFM과 FEH을 이용한 저압 터빈 블레이드의 파손해석에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Soon-Hyeok;Cho, Seok-Swoo;Joo, Won-Sik
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.25 no.11
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    • pp.1705-1712
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    • 2001
  • Mechanical component has striation with constant width and SEM can estimate fracture type and loading condition. SEM has benefit to fatigue fracture analysis but striation can be observed according to the kind of material and range of crack growth rate and can't. In this case, it needs AFM that can measure 3-dimensional surface profile with resolution of atomic size. In this study. to find fracture reason of torsion-mounted blade in nuclear plant, we estimate the relation between stress intensity factor range and root mean square roughness in 12% Cr steel by AFM and predict in-service loading condition of turbine blade. failure analysis is performed by finite element method and Goodman diagram on torsion-mounted blade.

An Experimental Investigation of Bending Fatigue Strength in Table Liner for Cement Mill (시멘트 분쇄기용 테이블 라이너의 굽힘 피로강도의 실험적 조사)

  • Baek, Seok-Heum;Lee, Kyung-Young;Cho, Seok-Swoo;Jang, Deuk-Yul;Joo, Won-Sik
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.31 no.12
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    • pp.1214-1220
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    • 2007
  • The vertical roller mill, which performs the grinding and partly blending of raw material, is the one of the important machine to produce ordinary portland cement. It has been reported that an unexpected fatigue failure occurred in a table liner in the course of grinding portland cement. The life of table liner is estimated to $4{\times}10^7$ cycles in the design stage, but at the field, when its operating time reaches to $2{\times}10^6{\sim}8{\times}10^6$ cycles, the fracture of table liner begins to be found. The fracture of table liner is initiated from the outside edge of grinding path contacting with the grinding roller. Its maintenance normally take 30 % of the total maintenance costs of the roller mill. Therefore, this study shows the clarification of the reasons occurring the fatal destruction of the table liner by fatigue fracture analysis utilizing fracture mechanics and by the finite element method. And, the results from Goodman diagram illustrate relationship of including information on the transition between tensile and bending fatigue strength in the fatigue characterization of table liner.

A Study on Fracture Mechanism of Torsion-Mounted Type Turbine Blade (비틀림 마운트형 터빈 블레이드의 파괴기구에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Soon-Hyeok;Lee, Dong-Woo;Jang, Deuk-Yul;Cho, Seoks-Woo;Joo, Won-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.585-590
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    • 2001
  • Turbine blade is subject to torsional load by torsion-mount, centrifugal load by rotation of rotor and repeated bending load by steam pressure. Turbine with partially cracked blade has normal working condition at initial repair time but vibratory working condition at middle repair time due to crack growth. Finite element analysis on turbine blade indicates that repeated bending load out of all loads is the most important factor on fatigue strength of turbine blade. Therefore, this study shows root mean square roughness has linear relation with stress intensity factor range in 12% Cr steel and can predict loading condition of fractured turbine blade.

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Comparison of Fatigue Strength Criteria for TiNi/Al6061-T6 and TiNi/Al2024-T4 Shape Memory Alloy Composite (TiNi/Al6061-T6과 TiNi/Al2024-T4 형상기억복합재료에 대한 피로강도기준의 비교)

  • Jo, Young-Jik;Park, Young-Chul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2009
  • This study produced a design curve and fatigue limit for a variation in volume ratio and reduction ratio of TiNi/Al composites. In many cases, stress-life curve does not indicate fatigue limit, so it was presented by probabilistic-stress-life curve. Goodman diagram was used to analyze the fatigue strength of materials with a finite life determined by repeated load and the fatigue strength of endurance limit with an infinite life. The fatigue experiment was conducted using the scenk-type plane bending specimen in same shape. The result of the fatigue test, which had been conducted under consistent stress amplitude, was examined. (i) The optimal condition for TiNi/Al in accordance with hot pressing (ii) Impacts of fatigue limit caused by a variation in reduction ratio and volume ratio of TiNi/Al composites (iii) Probability distribution for fatigue limit of TiNi/Al2024 and TiNi/Al6061.

The clinical study for hearing handicaps by Goodman classification (Goodman 씨 분류에 따른 청력장애도에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • 김기령;김영명;정진선;이정권
    • Proceedings of the KOR-BRONCHOESO Conference
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    • pp.5.2-5
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    • 1977
  • Many persons, both children and adults, suffer from impaired hearing. The handicaps that arise from this are economic, educational and above all, social. These persons need help, both medical and educational. In order to plan facilities for the medical treat ment, the rehabilitation, and the special education required by those with impaired hearing, we must know how many persons with hearing problems there are and the severity of their handicaps. The first step in knowing these is to devide hearing impairent into categories of handicap. Historically, since Beasley (1940) proposed progressive stages of deafness in terms of social disability, there was no well organized classification. of hearing handicap except related material from Huzing (1959) and Silverman (1960). In 1965, Goodman advocated a guide hearing threshold levels and degres of relating hearing impairment. During recent one year, on the bases of Goodman classification of hearing impairment and the report from Illinois Comission on children (1968), we have studied about hearing handicaps and speech life for the 180 cases, who visited to our otolaryngology department with hearing impairment. Now, we report the results of study with the referred references.

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