• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Gravity Potential Model

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The Factors Affecting Kyrgyzstan's Bilateral Trade: A Gravity-model Approach

  • Allayarov, Piratdin;Mehmed, Bahtiyar;Arefin, Sazzadul;Nurmatov, Norbek
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2018
  • The study investigates the factors that affect Kyrgyzstan's bilateral trade flows with its main trading partners and attempts to predict trade potential for Kyrgyzstan. Using panel data, the gravity model is applied to estimate Kyrgyzstan's trade from 2000 to 2016 for its 35 main trading partners. The coefficients derived from the gravity-model estimation are then used to predict trade potential for Kyrgyzstan. Results proved to be successful and explained 63% of the fluctuations in Kyrgyzstan's trade. According to the results, Kyrgyzstan's and its partners' GDP have a positive effect on trade, while distance and partners' population prove to have a negative effect. Predicted trade potential reveals that neighboring countries (China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan) and Russia still have a significant trade potential. Kyrgyzstan, being a less developed economy, even by Central Asia standards, can only achieve its goals of reducing poverty and becoming more developed by increasing its overall trade with the rest of the world. Therefore, it is essential to study the main determinants of Kyrgyzstan's bilateral trade. In this way, we can help policy makers formulate policies to expand Kyrgyzstan's trade. This study is the first attempt to apply to the gravity model to Kyrgyzstan in an attempt to predict trade potential.

지구물리학적 방법에 의한 화산 칼데라 지역의 지질구조 연구 (Study of geological structure in area of Hwasan caldera using geophysical method)

  • 권병두;이희순;양준모;박계순;엄주영;김동오
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.267-272
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    • 2007
  • Uiseong subbasin belonging to Kyungsang basin resulted from volcanic activity in the late Cretaceous. In this study, we carry out MT and gravity survey at the Hwasan caldera, which was formed of volcanic and abyssal rocks complex, then analyze and identify geological substructure. Potential survey such as gravity and magnetic survey has been mainly carried out in former studies, so depth information for understanding substructure was not enough. To complement a potential survey, we use MT method, which has high vertical resolution. Moreover we make a simple 2D model comparing with former study. The result of MT and gravity 2D modeling shows that this area is roughly composed of 3 layers; The bottom layer is a basement. In the second layer, intrusive rocks having high resistivity is placed along the ring faults and the sedimentary layer of low resistivity is inside caldera. The highest layer is alluvium. To comprehend the 3D structure of the Hwasan caldera, we perform 3D gravity inversion, and construct the 3D model from the result of 3D gravity inversion. MT responses are calculated by using the constructed 3D model and the 3D model of the Hwasan caldera's structure is suggested after comparing the calculated values with the observed values at MT line.

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농촌어메니티 및 도시수요를 고려한 그린투어리즘 잠재력 평가기법 개발 (Development of Green-Tourism Potential Evaluation Method Considering Rural Amenity and Demand of Citizen)

  • 배승종
    • 농촌계획
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.109-119
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    • 2008
  • The objectives of this study are to develop a green tourism potential evaluation method with rural amenity and demand of citizen. The new index which was named GPD(green tourism potential degree) is designed to propose the green tourism potential of rural areas using spatial analysis of geographic information system and spatial interaction of gravity model. And in order to evaluate the green tourism potential with supply side and demand side, two indices were defined; One is green tourism demand degree(GDD) which is developed to quantify a demand side potential by the analysis of urban population and urbanization index, and the other is green tourism attraction degree(GAD) which is developed to quantify a supply side potential by the analysis of rural amenity values using AHP algorithm, based on opinion of related experts. The developed method was applied to a part of Kyounggi province, Seoul and Incheon. All the study area's GAD, GDD and GPD were assessed and the proposed green tourism potential evaluation method could be used in developing rural development plans and green tourism policies considering spatial interaction with citizen and green tourism resources.

천측 항법 시스템의 수직 방향 결정 (Determination of Local Vortical in Celestial Navigation Systems)

  • 석병석;유준
    • 제어로봇시스템학회논문지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.72-78
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    • 2007
  • Determination of the local vertical is not trivial for a moving vehicle and in general will require corrections for the Earth geophysical deflection. The vehicle's local vertical can be estimated by INS integration with initial alignment in SDINS(Strap Down INS) system. In general, the INS has drift error and it cause the performance degradation. In order to compensate the drift error, GPS/INS augmented system is widely used. And in the event that GPS is denied or unavailable, celestial navigation using star tracker can be a backup navigation system especially for the military purpose. In this celestial navigation system, the vehicle's position determination can be achieved using more than two star trackers, and the accuracy of position highly depends on accuracy of local vertical direction. Modern tilt sensors or accelerometers are sensitive to the direction of gravity to arc second(or better) precision. The local gravity provides the direction orthogonal to the geoid and, appropriately corrected, toward the center of the Earth. In this paper the relationship between direction of center of the Earth and actual gravity direction caused by geophysical deflection was analyzed by using precision orbit simulation program embedded the JGM-3 geoid model. And the result was verified and evaluated with mathematical gravity vector model derived from gravitational potential of the Earth. And also for application purpose, the performance variation of pure INS navigation system was analyzed by applying precise gravity model.

EGM96와 EIGEN-CG01C 모델에 의한 한반도 주변의 중력포텐셜 비교분석 (Gravity Potential Comparative Analysis around Korean Peninsula by EGM96 and EIGEN-CG01C Models)

  • 유상훈;김창환;민경덕
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.261-266
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    • 2005
  • 인공위성 측지학의 발달로 최근 들어 정밀도와 해상도가 높아진 중력포텐셜 모델들이 공개되었다. 근래에 가장 많이 사용되는 EGM96과 CHAMP, GRACE 등의 저고도 위성자료를 기반으로 하는 가장 최근의 EIGEN-CG01C 모델을 이용하여 한반도와 인근지역을 포함하는 $123^{\circ}{\sim}132^{\circ}$ E, $33^{\circ}{\sim}43^{\circ}$ N의 연구지역에서 지오이드와 중력이상을 계산하고, 비교 검토하였다. 두 모델은 지오이드와 중력이상에서 0.90이상의 매우 높은 상관관계를 가지고 있으나, Amplitude 분석에서 EIGEN-CG01C 모델이 고주파영역이 우세한 것으로 나타났다. 두 모델을 통해 계산된 중력이상에서 북한지역 및 황해 연안 일부에서 다소 차이를 보인다. Power spectrum 분석을 통하여 대규모 지구조나 지하자원 탐사에 유용하게 활용될 수 있는 잔여이상을 계산하였다.

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ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTIONS OF HYDRODYNAMIC INTERFACIAL INSTABILITIES IN CYLINDRICAL FLOW

  • Sohn, Sung-Ik
    • 한국수학교육학회지시리즈B:순수및응용수학
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.259-267
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    • 2013
  • We present a high-order potential flow model for the motion of hydrodynamic unstable interfaces in cylindrical geometry. The asymptotic solutions of the bubbles in the gravity-induced instability and the shock-induced instability are obtained from the high-order model. We show that the model gives significant high-order corrections for the solution of the bubble.

A STUDY ON THE MOHO UNDULATION OF THE KOREAN PENINSULA FROM SATELLITE GRAVITY DATA

  • Yu, Sang-Hoon;Hwang, Jong-Sun;Min, Kyung-Duck
    • 대한원격탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.589-592
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    • 2005
  • Gravity characteristics and Moho undulations are investigated in the Korean peninsula by using satellite gravity data. According to the development of satellite geodesy, gravity potential models which have high accuracy and resolution were released. Using the EIGEN-CGOIC model based on low orbit satellite data such as CHAMP and GRACE, geoid and gravity anomaly were calculated by spherical harmonic analysis. The study area is located at $123^{\circ}\sim132^{\circ}E, 33^{\circ}\sim43^{\circ}$N including Korea. Free-air anomalies, which show the effect of terrain, have the values between $-37\sim724 mgal. After Bouguer correction, the range of simple Bouguer anomalies is $-221\sim246$ mgal. Complete Bouguer anomalies after terrain correction increase from continent to marine. This phenomenon is related rise of Moho discontinuity. The cut-frequency for extraction of Moho undulation was determined by power spectrum analysis, and then 3D inversion modeling was implemented. The mean, maximum, minimum, and standard deviation of Moho depth undulation are -26, -36, -8, and 4.9 krn, respectively.

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GEM9 위성자료와 지상자료의 조합에 의한 남한지역의 GRS80 중력지오이드 (The GRS80 Gravimetric Geoid from GEM9 Potential Coefficients and Terrestrial Gravity Anomalies in the South Korea Region)

  • 조규전;이영진;조봉환
    • 대한토목학회논문집
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.141-149
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    • 1993
  • 순수한 위성모델의 조화상수와 지상중력을 조합하여 남한지역에서의 측지기준계 1980(GRS80) 중력지오이드가 산정되었다. Stokes적분의 영역으로는 측점증력을 사용한 $20^{\prime}{\times}20^{\prime}$의 인접범위와 $10^{\prime}{\times}10^{\prime}$ 평균중력을 사용한 $2^{\circ}{\times}2^{\circ}$의 중간범위, 그리고 GEM9 조화상수를 GRS80 기준계로 변환하여 구한 $1^{\circ}{\times}1^{\circ}$평균중력을 외곽범위에 적용하였다. 경계영역을 ${\psi}_0=30^{\circ}$로 한 Stokes 적분의 결과에서는 OSU89B 모델과 약 2~3m 의 차이가 있으며 이는 $1{\times}10^{-6}$ 인 프리에어 지오이드로서 만족됨을 보여주고 있다.

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East Asian Trade Flows of Cultural Goods: A Gravity Model Approach

  • Yu, Shasha;Park, Eui Burm
    • 아태비즈니스연구
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.49-73
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    • 2011
  • With the market evaluation of economic globalization exchanges between different cultures, cultural trade has been developing at an accelerated speed, and also playing an important role in East Asian intra-regional trade. In this research the author used gravity trade model to explain the causal relationship between dependent variable trade flows and several independent variables applying with five categories cultural goods which classified in HS codes. Firstly for cultural heritage trade flow, the results indicated that economic masses of bilateral countries have no significant influences on it; GDP per capita of host country and adjacency factor with partner country have significant negative influences on it; Internet coverage ratio has improved cultural heritages exchanges in East Asian regions. Secondly for printed matter cultural goods trade flow, the distance factor has significant negative influence but common language has significant positive influence on it. Thirdly for recorded media cultural goods, only economic masses and GDP per capita of bilateral countries can improved their trade flows. Fourthly for visual arts cultural products trade flows, almost all variables we tested have significant influences on it. Fifthly for cinema photography cultural goods trade flow, the influenced factor are same with cultural heritage products except they have strong positive interaction relationship with economic masses and common language. At last, the paper figured out some important and potential sectors for cultural goods trade in East Asia and gave some suggestions to government and cultural goods product enterprises.

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지구통계학적 방법을 이용한 포텐셜 자료와 MT 자료의 복합 해석 연구 (Integrated Analysis of Gravity and MT data by Geostatistical Approach)

  • 박계순;오석훈;이희순;권병두;양준모
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 2007
  • We have studied feasibility of the geostatistical approach to enhance the result of analysis of the sparsely obtained MT(Magnetotelluric) data by combining with gravity data. We have attempted to use geostatistics for integrating the MT data along with gravity data. To evaluate the feasibility of this approach, we have studied about interrelation between geological boundary and density distribution, and corrected density distribution for conversion to more sensitive to geological boundary by minimization of difference between z-directional variogram values of resistivity distribution obtained MT inversion and density distributions. Then, this method has been tested on model and field data. In model test, the results obtained were good agreement with real model. And in a real field data, the result of analysis demonstrate convincingly that our geostatistical approach is effective.

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