• Title, Summary, Keyword: HAZ

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THE EFFECTS OF TiN PARTICLES ON THE HAZ MICROSTRUCTURE AND TOUGHNESS IN HIGH NITROGEN TiN STEEL

  • Jeong, Hong-Chul;An, Young-Ho;Choo, Wung-Yong
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.217-221
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    • 2002
  • In the coarse grain HAZ adjacent to the fusion line, most of the TiN particles in conventional Ti added steel are dissolved and austenite grain growth is easily occupied during welding process. To avoid this difficulty, thermal stability of TiN particle is improved by increasing the nitrogen content in steel. In this study, the effect of high nitrogen TiN particle on preventing austenite grain growth in HAZ was investigated. Increased thermal stability of TiN particle is helpful for preventing the austenite grain growth by pinning effect. High nitrogen TiN particle in simulated HAZ were not dissolved even at high temperature such as 1400 C and prevented the austenite grain growth in simulated HAZ. Owing to small austenite grain size in HAZ the width of coarse grain HAZ in high nitrogen TiN steel was decreased to 1/10 of conventional TiN steel. Even high heat input welding, the microstructure of coarse grain HAZ consisted of fine polygonal ferrite and pearlite and toughness of coarse grain HAZ was significantly improved.

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Effects of Nitrogen on the Microstructure and Toughness of HAZ in Ti-Containing Steel (Ti 첨가강 열영향부 조직과 인성에 미치는 질소의 영향)

  • 김병철;방국수
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2002
  • Variation of HAZ toughness of Ti-containing steel with nitrogen content was investigated and interpreted in terms of its microstructure and the amount of soluble nitrogen present. The amounts of Ti and Al combined in TiN and AlN, respectively, in HAZ at $1400^{\circ}C$ peak temperature were less than those in base plate; 55~88% in TiN and 21~28% in AlN, indicating the dissolution of nitrifies in HAZ. The calculated amounts of soluble nitrogen using the thermodynamic analysis showed a good agreement with the measured values in other experiment. Therefore, the analysis can be used to estimate the amount of soluble nitrogen in HAZ. Simulated HAZ toughness was influenced not only by its microstructure but also by the amount of soluble nitrogen present after the formation of BN during the cooling cycle of welding. It showed maximum value when the nitrogen content is in stoichiometric ratio with titanium content, showing that soluble nitrogen in HAZ is detrimental to its toughness.

The Study for Hazardous Material Incidents in Korea

  • Kim, Geun-Young;Il, James E. Moore
    • Journal of Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 2009
  • Hazardous material (HazMat) is the material or substance that poses an unreasonable risk to human safety and health, and to property when transported in gases, solids, and liquids of all sizes. When HazMats are improperly released, they have potential to harm humans, property, or the environment to be considered hazardous, resulting in human-caused disasters. As the Korean economy has advanced, the use of HazMats has increased. And, the total number and the impacts of HazMat incidents have grown up. It increases the risk of HazMat incidents. When many goods of HazMats are transported from supply points to demand places, it is important to know what the types and characteristics of HazMat incidents are in terms of disaster management. The objectives of this research are: (1) to investigate types and characteristics of HazMats that generate HazMat incidents in Korea, and (2) to analyze time-series trends of HazMat incidents in terms of facilities and/or transportation. Statistical analysis methods including frequency analysis or analysis of category data are applied to examine the significance of difference in HazMat incidents.

A Study on Hot Straining Embrittlement of Subcritical HAZ in Steel Weldments (강 용접 열영향부 취화역 의 열변형취화 에 관한 연구)

  • 정세희;김태영;임재규
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 1985
  • The fracture toughness of subcritical HAZ in the hot strained weldments of two structural steels(SB 41 and SA 537) has been investigated by COD test method and metallurgical study. The obtained results are summarized as follows; 1. The hot straining embitterment of subcritical HAZ depends on the hot straining amounts of notch tip, and the transition temperature( $T_{tr}$ ) increases with the accumulated hot straining amounts(.SIGMA. vertical bar .delta.$_{t}$vertical bar). 2. The fracture toughness of subcritical HAZ depends on materials and microstructure. The transition temperature( $T_{tr}$ ) of subcritical HAZ in SB 41 is almost same as that of parent material, however in SA 537 the temperature is higher than that of parent and lower than that of transformed HAZ. 3. The subcritical HAZ in SA 537 shows a higher toughness at small amounts of hot straining (.SIGMA. vertical bar .delta. $_{t}$vertical bar<0.3mm).mm).

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HAZ 연화부를 가진 TMCP형 고장력강판의 압축최종강도에 관한 연구 - 정사각형판

  • 백점기;고재용
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.69-75
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    • 1990
  • In this paper, ultimate compressive strength of TMCP 50HT steel plates (yield stress .sigma.$_{o}$=36kg/mm$^{2}$) with HAZ softening is studied. Finite element method formulated by the author is applied to analyze the elasto-plastic large deflection behaviour of the plates. The influence of HAZ softening breadth, welding direction and slenderness ratio on the ultimate compressive strength is investigated. The results obtained are summarized as 1) With the increasing of the HAZ softening breadth, early plasticity on the plates is formed and then the ultimate compressive strength is decreased, in which about 8% of the ultimate strength for the plate with h/t=4(h: HAZ softening breadth, t: plate thickness) was reduced comparing with no HAZ softening. 2) The large decrease of the ultimate strength for the case that the welding direction is normal to the loading direction is occurred than the case that the welding direction is parallel to the loading direction. 3) The influence of HAZ softening on the ultimate compressive strength is serious for thick plates, while it may be negligible for thin plates.s.

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Correlation between Microstructure and Charpy Impact Properties of FCAW HAZ of Thick Steel Plates for Offshore Platforms (해양플랜트용 후판강의 FCAW HAZ 미세조직과 샤르피 충격 특성의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Hun;Lee, Hyunwook;Cho, Sung Kyu;Choi, Dongki;Kim, Hyoung Chan;Kwon, Yongjai;Lee, Jung Gu;Shin, Sang Yong
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.497-504
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the correlation between microstructure and Charpy impact properties of FCAW(Flux cored arc welding) HAZ(Heat affected zone) of thick steel plates for offshore platforms was investigated. The 1/4 thickness(1/4t) location HAZ specimen had a higher volume fraction of bainite and finer grain size of acicular ferrite than those of the 1/2 thickness (1/2t) location HAZ specimen because of the post heat effect during the continuous FCAW process. The Charpy impact energy at $-20^{\circ}C$ of the 1/4t location HAZ specimen was lower than that of the 1/2t location HAZ specimen because of the high volume fraction of coarse bainite. The Charpy impact energy at -40 and $-60^{\circ}C$ of the 1/2t location HAZ specimen were higher than those of the 1/2t location HAZ specimen because the ductile fracture occurred in the fine acicular ferrite and martensite regions. In the ductile fracture mode, the deformed regions were observed in fine acicular ferrite and martensite regions. In the brittle fracture mode, long crack propagation path was observed in bainite regions.

An Investigation on the Microstructure Evolution and Tensile Property in the Weld Heat-Affected Zone of Austenitic FeMnAlC Lightweight Steels (오스테나이트계 FeMnAlC 경량철강의 용접열영향부 미세조직 변화 및 인장특성에 관한 연구)

  • Moon, Joonoh;Park, Seong-Jun
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2017
  • IMicrostructure evolution and tensile property in the weld heat-affected zone (HAZ) of austenitic Fe-30Mn-9Al-0.9C lightweight steels were investigated. Five alloys with different V and Nb content were prepared by vacuum induction melting and hot rolling process. The HAZ samples were simulated by a Gleeble simulator with welding condition of 300kJ/cm heat input and HAZ peak temperatures of $1150^{\circ}C$ and $1250^{\circ}C$. Microstructures of base steels and HAZ samples were observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and their mechanical properties were evaluated by tensile tests. The addition of V and Nb formed fine V and/or Nb-rich carbides, and these carbides increased tensile and yield strength of base steels by grain refinement and precipitation hardening. During thermal cycle for HAZ simulation, the grain growth occurred and the ordered carbide (${\kappa}-carbide$) formed in the HAZs. The yield strength of HAZ samples (HAZ 1) simulated in $1150^{\circ}C$ peak temperature was higher as compared to the base steel due to the formation of ${\kappa}-carbide$, while the yield strength of the HAZ samples (HAZ 2) simulated in $1250^{\circ}C$ decreased as compared to HAZ 1 due to the excessive grain growth.

HAZ TOUGHNESS AND MICROSTRUCTURE IN HIGH NITROGEN AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL

  • Sato, Yoshihiro;Shiotsu, Tomoya;Nakagawa, Takafumi;Kikuchi, Yasushi
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.38-42
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    • 2002
  • HAZ(Heat Affected Zone of weldm ents) properties were investigated for a high nitrogen austenitic stainless steel with a chemical composition of Fe-0.02C-0.15Si-6.00Mn-10.0Ni-23.0Cr-2.00Mo-0.48N-0.14V. Thermal cycle of HAZ was simulated by the thermal cycle simulator (Gleeble 1500). The heat treatment was applied to the Charpy test size sample without notch under various peak temperatures and/or the holding times condition. V-notch Charpy test was performed at the temperature range of 273~77 K. Metallographic examination also was carried out by using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The simulated specimens revealed a slight embrittlement compared with the base materials. The impact toughness of the specimens deteriorated with the decreasing test temperature. The results from Charpy V-notch test, however, showed that significant degradation of absorbed energy caused by brittle fracture was not observed for the specimen tested in the test temperature range.

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Weldability of 12% Cr steel by thermally simulated HAZ (열 영향부의 시물레이션에 의한 12% Cr강의 용접성 평가)

  • 김재도
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.40-46
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    • 1986
  • This investigation is concerned with the toughness and microstructure of manneristically simulated HAZ in 12% Cr steel. Unnotched specimens were subjected to weld thermal cycles a weld simulator. The parameters-peak temperatures, cooling rate, influence of PWHT and plastic deformation were considered. After weld simulation, the specimens were heat-treated, V-notched and impact tested. An optical metallographic examination was performed to correlate the HAZ toughness with microstructure. Also a fractographic examination was done to obtain information on the fracture mode. The toughness of the coarse grained zone and the part of HAZ subjected to a peak temperature range 700-800.deg. C are lower than the other parts. However, they are still high enough. The double PWHT cycle could not improve the HAZ toughness in present study. However, if the first PWHT is conducted before the work piece is cooled below $M_f$, it is expected that the double PWHA may be beneficial to the toughness of the HAZ. It is also expected that martensitic welding can be used on production welds.

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A Study on the Behaviour of Plastic Deformation in Weld HAZ of Mild Steel (연강 용접열영향부의 소성변형거동에 관한 연구 1)

  • 박창언;정세희
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.38-45
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    • 1989
  • In this study, in order to evaluate the shape and the size of the plastic zone at the notch tip before stable crack growth, a newly developed technique for plastic strain measurement, that is, the recrystallization-etching technique was applied to observe the intense strain zone at the notch tip of weld HAZ. 1) The recrystallized specimens showed that the amount of the intense strain zone, more than 20% plastic zone, was quantitatively observed as the plane strain state during the growth of the plastic zone. 2) The behavior of plastic deformation at midsection are different for parent and weld HAZ. In addition, the micro crack initiation occurs at midsection, parent and weld HAZ when the crack opening displacement(COD) value is .delta.$_{t}$=0.4mm. 3) The plastic zone for parent proceeds in the forward direction at notch tip and for weld HAZ in the right and left direction at the notch tip. 4) The relation between plastic strain energy(Wp) and COD(.delta.$_{t}$) depended on yield stress, gradient and plastic strain size.ize.

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