• Title/Summary/Keyword: HL-60 cells

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Induction of Apoptosis by Baicalein in Human Leukemia HL-60 Cells

  • Kim, Jang-Ho;Park, Sun-Young;Shin, Kwang-Sig;Yoo, Byung-Sun
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 2001
  • Baicalein, a major flavonoid of extract from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, has been shown to exhibit antioxidant and anti proliferative effects. In the present study, we investigate the effects of baicalein on viability and induction of apoptosis in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. Baicalein was found to induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells in a concentration-dependent and time-dependent manner. When HL-60 cells were exposed to 100 $\mu\textrm{M}$ baicalein for 6h, the viability was decreased remarkably to 27% of control, whereas DNA fragmentation was significantly increased to 64%. Nucleosomal fragmentation of baicalein treated HL-60 cells, a hallmark of apoptosis, was further identified by agarose gel electrophoresis (DNA ladder). Flow cytometric analysis showed that apoptotic cells were increased to 66.6% after treatment with 100 $\mu\textrm{M}$ baicalein for 6 h. Baicalein-induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells was reduced by 1h pretreatment with inhibitor of caspases, z-Asp-$CH_2$-DCB. At 3 and 10 $\mu\textrm{M}$ of z-Asp-$CH_2$-DCB, DNA fragmentation of HL-60 cells induced by baicalein (50 $\mu\textrm{M}$) was 36.8 and 17.1 %, respectively, whereas, that of HL-60 cells treated by baicalein (50 $\mu\textrm{M}$) without pretreatment with inhibitor of caspases was 62.7%. These data suggest that baicalein induces apoptosis in human leukemia HL-60 cells, and that caspase enzymes might be involved in baicalein-induced apoptosis.

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Antitumor Activity of Crude Sesaminol in Sesame Seed

  • Ryu, Su-Noh;Lee, Bong-Ho
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.168-171
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    • 1998
  • Sesaminol in sesame seed was postulated to have antitumor activity. The present study was performed to characterize the role of crude sesaminol extracted from sesame seed (Sesame Crude Sesaminol; SCS) on inhibiting the in vitro growth of human leukemia HL-60 cells. SCS inhibited the growth of human leukemia HL 60 cells in culture and macromolecular synthesis in a dose and time dependent manner. The cytostatic range of SCS concentration was found to be 60 to 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml. SCS concentration greater than 200 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mlwere cytocidal to HL-60 cells. When SCS concentraction was 6 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mland 50 $\mu\textrm{g}$/ml the synthesis of HL-60 cells was inhibited by 35% for DNA, 6% for RNA and 5% for protein and 83% for DNA, 76% for RNA and 60% for protein. Of specific interest was the irreversible effect of SCS in inhibiting DNA synthesis of HL-60 cells. This was evidenced from the fact that, even after washed with PBS three times, preincubated HL-60 cells still showed the inhibited DNA synthesis.

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Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Accordance with the Cytotoxicity of Farnesol Against HL-60 Cells (Farnesol의 HL-60 세포에 대한 세포독성과 활성산소 및 항산화효소 활성 변화)

  • Lim, So-Yoon;Park, Sie-Won
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.372-380
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    • 2006
  • Farnesol in fruits, vegetables, herbs and leaves acts as bioactive component related with prevention of cancer and psychological malaise. We investigated the cytotoxic effects of farnesol on human leukemic cell, HL-60 cells, by MTT assay using 3- (4,5-Oirnethylthiazol-2-yl) -2,5-diphenyltetrazoliumbromide. Farnesol (0.1${\sim}$50 ${\mu}$g/ml) exhibited cytotoxicities against HL-60 cells in concentration and culture period dependent manner, In the cytotoxic condition induced by farnesol against HL-60 cells, the generation of reactive oxygen species such as O$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$ were found to be considerably increased. The most prominent augmentations of O$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$ were over five folds of controls. In an attempt to explore the response of HL-60 cells to the increased O$_2$ and H$_2$O$_2$, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase activities of HL-60 cells treated with farnesol were measured. SOD and GPx activities were found to be remarkably elevated by addition of farnesol showing the best results of 273% and 167% of controls, respectively: All data suggest that farnesol may have played as an apoptosis inducer in HL-60 cells via production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and HL-60 cells may have failed to overcome the damage of ROS on account of still defcient ROS scavengers including SOD and GPx.

Structural Changes on the HL-60 Cells of TPA-induced Adherence by Asadisulphide

  • Ahn, Byung-Zun;Kim, Seon-Hee;Park, Mi-A;You, Kwan-Hee
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.13-20
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    • 2002
  • Asadisulphide were purified from Ferrula assafoetida by organic solvent extraction and chromatography. Since ethyl acetate extracts of F. assafoetida has the strongest inhibitory effects on adherence of HL-60 cells, it was reextracted with ethyl acetate, hexane, and ethyl ether and chromatographed three times to isolate asadisulphide. HL-60 cells were grouped into untreated control, TPA-treated, asadisulphide-teated and TPA+asadisulphide-treated groups, and structural changes of these cells were observed using light microscope, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope to examine the inhibitory effects of asadisulfide on the TPA-induced adherence of HL-60 cells. Light microscopic observations showed that asadisulphide has inhibitory effects on the cell aggregation, extention of cytoplasmic processes and inhibition of substrate adhesion of HL-60 cells. Using scanning and transmission electron microscope, it was observed that cell surfaces and several ultrastructures of TPA-treated HL-60 cell were different from control group, while there were no remarkable differences between asadisulphide-treated and TPA+asadisulphide-treated group. These results could suggest that asadisulphide has the inhibitory effects on the TPA-induced structural changes of HL-60 cells.

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Study on the influence of Cheongyulsodokeum that effects on apoptosis of HL-60 tumor cell (청열소독음(淸熱消毒飮)이 HL-60 세포주의 Apoptosis에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Jin-Sock;Kim, Jong-Han;Park, Su-Yeon;Choi, Jeong-Hwa
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.66-79
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was carried out to evaluate anti-tummor effect about apoptosis of Cheongyulsodok-Eum (CSE) Results : 1. Anti-tumor(HL-60 cells) effects of CSE water extracts(Exts) were more effective in high density.($IC_{50:}:572$ ${\mu}g/ml$) 2. The generation of $O_2\;^-$ in HL-60 cells were according to the concentration of CSE water Exts, specially more effective on 100 ${\mu}g/ml$ and 1000 ${\mu}g/ml$ concentration. 3. The SOD activities in HL-60 cells were in proportion as cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells of CSE water Exts. 4. The GPx activities in HL-60 cells were in proportion as cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells of CSE water Exts(more effective on 100 ${\mu}g/ml$ and 1000 ${\mu}g/ml$ concentration), but the catalase activities in HL-60 cells were not effective. 5. DPPH radical scavenging activity of CSE water Exts was effective.(3 ${\mu}g/ml:31.2{\pm}5.2$ %, 10 ${\mu}g/ml:49.6{\pm}7.3$ %, 30 ${\mu}g/ml:35.8{\pm}5.7$ % 100 ${\mu}g/ml:42.3{\pm}6.4$ %) 6. The results of cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells of CSE were as follows. 1) In hexane fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells($IC_{50:}:592$ ${\mu}g/ml$) was more effective than against NIH3T3 cells. 2) In ethyl acetate fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells was not effective. 3) In butanol fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cell($IC_{50:}:306$ ${\mu}g/ml$) was more effective than against NIH3T3 cells. 4) In $H_2O$ fraction, the cytotoxicity against HL-60 cells was not effective. Conclusion : These result suggest that CSE has antioxidative effects and anti-tumor effects by apoptosis of free radical($O_2\;^-$) activity, especially butanol and hexane fraction from water extract has more effective in anti-twnor effects.

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A Natural Product, Chios Gum Mastic, Induces the Death of HL-60 Cells via Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest

  • Koo, Byung-Chan;Kim, Duck-Han;Kim, In-Ryoung;Kim, Gyoo-Cheon;Kwak, Hyun-Ho;Park, Bong-Soo
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2011
  • Chios gum mastic (CGM) is produced from Pistiacia lentiscus L var chia, which grows only on Chios Island in Greece. CGM is a kind of resin extracted from the stem and leaves, has been used for many centuries in many Mediterranean countries as a dietary supplement and folk medicine for stomach and duodenal ulcers. CGM is known to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in some cancer cells. This study was undertaken to investigate the alteration of the cell cycle and induction of apoptosis following CGM treatment of HL-60 cells. The viability of the HL-60 cells was assessed using the MTT assay. Hoechst staining and DNA electrophoresis were employed to detect HL-60 cells undergoing apoptosis. Western blotting, immunocytochemistry, confocal microscopy, FACScan flow cytometry, MMP activity and proteasome activity analyses were also employed. CGM treatment of HL-60 cells was found to result in a dose- and time-dependent decrease in cell viability and apoptotic cell death. Tested HL-60 cells showed a variety of apoptotic manifestations and induced the downregulation of G1 cell cycle-related proteins. Taken collectively, our present findings demonstrate that CGM strongly induces G1 cell cycle arrest via the modulation of cell cycle-related proteins, and also apoptosis via proteasome, mitochondrial and caspase cascades in HL-60 cells. Hence, we provide evidence that a natural product, CGM could be considered as a novel therapeutic for human leukemia.

Anti-tumor activity and mitochondrial stability of disulfiram in HL-60 cells (HL-60세포에서 disulfiram의 항암작용과 미토콘드리아 안정성에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Hyowon;Han, Yong;Joo, Hong-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.59 no.4
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 2019
  • Disulfiram (DSF) is a member of the dithiocarbamate family that can bind copper. Recent studies have shown that DSF has anti-cancer activities, but the mechanism has not been clarified. Therefore, it is important to study the action mechanism of DSF to maximize its anticancer effects. A human leukemia cell line, HL-60, was used in this study. HL-60 cells were treated with DSF and the cellular metabolic activity was measured. DSF increased the cell death of HL-60 cells in annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining analysis. In addition, DSF decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) of the HL-60 cells. The cytotoxicity of DSF on HL-60 cells was observed at 0.4 μM. Interestingly, the reduction of MMP by DSF was recovered by N-acetyl-L-cysteine, an inhibitor of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. This suggests that the decrease in MMP by DSF is closely related to the production of ROS in HL-60 cells, which indicates the relationship between the apoptosis of HL-60 cells by DSF and the role of the mitochondria. This study provides clinicians and researchers with valuable information regarding the anti-cancer activity of DSF in terms of the action mechanism.

Investigation of Chemotactic Activities in Differentiated HL-60 Cells by a Time-lapse Videomicroscopic Assay

  • Jung, Yun-Jae;Woo, So-Youn;Ryu, Kyung-Ha;Jang, Myoung-Ho;Miyasaka, Masayuki;Seoh, Ju-Young
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.76-85
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    • 2006
  • Background: Chemotaxis is one of the cardinal functions of leukocytes, which enables them to be recruited efficiently to the right place at the right time. Analyzing chemotactic activities is important not only for the study on leukocyte migration but also for many other applications including development of new drugs interfering with the chemotactic process. However, there are many technical limitations in the conventional in vitro chemotaxis assays. Here we applied a new optical assay to investigate chemotactic activities induced in differentiated HL-60 cells. Methods: HL-60 cells were stimulated with 0.8% dimethylformamide (DMF) for 4 days. The cells were analyzed for morphology, flow cytometry as well as chemotactic activities by a time-lapse videomicroscopic assay using a chemotactic microchamber bearing a fibronectin-coated cover slip and an etched silicon chip. Results: Videomicroscopic observation of the real cellular motions in a stable concentration gradient of chemokines demonstrated that HL-60 cells showed chemotaxis to inflammatory chemokines (CCL3, CCL5 and CXCL8) and also a homeostatic chemokine (CXCL12) after DFM-induced differentiation to granulocytic cells. The cells moved randomly at a speed of $6.99{\pm}1.24{\mu}m/min$ (n=100) in the absence of chemokine. Chemokine stimulation induced directional migration of differentiated HL-60 cells, while they still wandered very much and significantly increased the moving speeds. Conclusion: The locomotive patterns of DMF-stimulated HL-60 cells can be analyzed in detail throughout the course of chemotaxis by the use of a time-lapse videomicroscopic assay. DMF-stimulated HL-60 cells may provide a convenient in vitro model for chemotactic studies of neutrophils.

Influence of Rubiae Radix Extract on the Mechanism of Apoptosis in HL-60 Cells (천초근 추출물이 HL-60 세포주의 세포자멸사 기전에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Ho-Seung;Park, Jin-Mo;Ju, Sung-Min;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Dae-Keun;Kim, Won-Sin;Jeon, Byung-Hun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.548-555
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    • 2008
  • Rubiae radix belonging to the family Rubiaceae have been used in traditional medicine to blood stasis and hemostasis. In this study, we reported that methanol extract of Rubiae radix (RRME) induced apoptotic cell death through MAPKs activation in human promylocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells. The cytotoxic activity of activity of RRME in HL-60 cells was increased in a dose-dependent manner. RRME was cytotoxic to HL-60 cells, with IC50 of $8{\mu}g/mL$. Treatment of RRME to HL-60 cells showed apoptotic bodies, and the fragmentation of DNA, suggesting that these cells underwent apoptosis. Caspase-3 activity and PARP cleavage were time-dependently increased the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax. And ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 protein expression. Activation of p38 and JNK were increased 6 hr after RRME treatment in HL-60 cells, but activation of ERK was reduced 24 hr after treatment. Taken together, these results suggest that RRME induces apoptotic cell death through activation of p38 and JNK in HL-60 cells.

Effect of AC-264, a Novel Indole Derivative, on Apoptosis in HL-60 Cells

  • Lee, Kyeong;Kwon, Ok-Kyoung;Xia, Yan;Ahn, Kyung-Seop
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.12
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    • pp.3777-3781
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    • 2010
  • The anticancer effect and apoptotic mechanism of a novel indole derivative AC-264, a lead derived from a chemical library, were investigated in human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. HL-60 cells treated with AC-264 at various concentrations showed the morphological features of apoptosis, such as plasma membrane blebbing and cell shrinkage. AC-264 exhibited cytotoxic effect in various cancer cell lines with different degrees of potency. Especially, AC-264 was effective on increasing the population of apoptotic cells in HL-60 cells, as detected by the number of cells stained with Annexin V and PI. Furthermore, AC-264 activated caspase-3 enzyme activity and induced internucleosomal DNA fragmentation. These results indicated that AC-264 produces anti-cancer effect via apoptotic cell death by activating caspase-3 and inducing internucleosomal DNA fragmentation in HL-60 cells.