• Title, Summary, Keyword: HSP72

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Hypothermic Preconditioning Lowers the Incidence of Hypothermic Arrest in Neonatal Rat

  • Park, Sung-Sook;Na, Heung-Sik;Nam, Hyun-Jung;Hong, Seung-Kil
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to examine 1) Whether hypothermic cardiac arrest produces myocardial HSP72 expression; 2) And if, whether it serves to protect the heart against the subsequent hypothermic arrest. In the present study, neonatal rats were placed in an icebath to induce hypothermia. To determine whether hypothermic cardiac arrest produces myocardial HSP72, experimental animals were subjected to 10-min hypothermic insult before the extraction of the heart. The intervals between the insult and extraction were 1 (1 HR), 4 (4 HR), 8 (8 HR), 24 (24 HR) or 72 (72HR) hours. A minimal amount of HSP72 was detected in control, 1 HR and 72 HR groups. In contrast, 8 HR and 24 HR groups showed a significant level of HSP72 expressions. To assess the cardioprotective effect of HSP72 against hypothermic cardiac arrest, we compared the proportion of recovery from the arrest between control and preconditioned (PREC) animals. Control animals were subjected to 20-min hypothermic insult, while PREC group was preconditioned by 10-min hypothermic insult 8 hours before the 20-min test hypothermic insult. Resuscitation rate from cardiac arrest induced by the 20-min hypothermic insult in PREC group was significantly higher than that in controls. These results suggest that the cardioprotective effect of hypothermic preconditioning is associated with an increase in HSP72 expression.

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Effect of Heat Shock Protein 72 on the Generation of Reperfusion Arrhythmias

  • Chang, Moon-Jun;Na, Heung-Sik;Nam, Hyun-Jung;Pyun, Kyung-Sik;Hong, Seung-Kil
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2000
  • The causal relationship between heat shock protein (HSP) and second window of cardioprotective effect is still undetermined. In the present study, we assessed whether HSP-producing substances, amphetamine and ketamine, afforded protection against reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) and these protective effect remained after the inhibition of HSP72 production by quercetin, a mitochondrial ATPase inhibitor. Adult mongreal male cats $(n=60,\;2.5{\sim}4\;kg)$ were used in this study. Experimental animals were divided into five groups; control group (n=15), amphetamine ('A', n=11) group, ketamine ('K', n=9) group, amphetamine-ketamine ('AK', n=16) group and amphetamine-ketamine-quercetin ('AKQ', n=9) group. Twenty-four hours after the drug treatment, an episode of 20-min coronary artery occlusion was followed by 10-min reperfusion. The incidence of reperfusion-induced VF in the AK and AKQ groups was significantly lower than that in control group (p<0.01). After the ischemia/reperfusion procedure, western blot analysis of HSP72 expression in the myocardial tissues resected from each group was performed. HSP72 production in the AK group was marked, whereas HSP72 was not detected in the AKQ and control groups. These results suggest that the suppressive effect against reperfusion-induced VF induced by amphetamine and ketamine is not mediated by myocardial HSP72 production but by other mechanisms.

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Ultrasound Targeted Microbubble Destruction for Novel Dual Targeting of HSP72 and HSC70 in Prostate Cancer

  • Wang, Hang-Hui;Song, Yi-Xin;Bai, Min;Jin, Li-Fang;Gu, Ji-Ying;Su, Yi-Jin;Liu, Long;Jia, Chao;Du, Lian-Fang
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.1285-1290
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    • 2014
  • The aim was to determine whether ultrasound targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) promotes dual targeting of HSP72 and HSC70 for therapy of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), to improve the specific and efficient delivery of siRNA, to induce tumor cell specific apoptosis, and to find new therapeutic targets specific of CRPC.VCaP cells were transfected with siRNA oligonucleotides. HSP70, HSP90 and cleaved caspase-3 expression were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Apoptosis and transfection efficiency were assessed by flow cytometry. Cell viability assays were used to evaluate safety. We found HSP72, HSC70 and HSP90 expression to be absent or weak in normal prostate epithelial cells (RWPE-1), but uniformly strong in prostate cancerous cells (VCaP). UTMD combined with dual targeting of HSP72 and HSC70 siRNA improve the efficiency of transfection, cell uptake of siRNA, downregulation of HSP70 and HSP90 expression in VCaP cells at the mRNA and protein level, and induction of extensive tumor-specific apoptosis. Cell counting kit-8 assays showed decreased cellular viability in the HSP72/HSC70-siRNA silenced group. These results suggest that the combination of UTMD with dual targeting HSP70 therapy for PCa may be most efficacious, providng a novel, reliable, non-invasive, safe targeted approach to improve the specific and efficient delivery of siRNA, and achieve maximal effects.

Effect of Yanggyuksanhwa-tang on Pyramidal Neuron and HSP72 Expression in Ischemic Damaged Hippocampus of Aged BCAD Rats (노령 흰쥐의 뇌허혈 손상시 양격산화탕이 뇌해마의 신경세포 및 HSP72 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Park Eun Kyung;Shin Jung Won;Sohn Young Joo;Jung Hyuk Sang;Won Ran;Sohn Nak Won
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.791-797
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effect of Yanggyuksanhwa-tang on cerebral ischemia of the rats. Considering age-related impact on cerebral ischemia, aged rats (18 months old) were used for this study. Ischemic damage was induced by the transient occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries (BCAO) under the hypotension. Yanggyuksanhwa-tang was administered twice orally. Then changes of pyramidal neurons and heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) expressions in ischemic damaged hippocampus were of observed. The BCAO in aged rats led significant decrease of pyramidal neurons in CA1 hippocampus. While the treatment of Yanggyuksanhwa-tang significantly attenuated the reduction of pyramidal neurons in CA1 hippocampus following BCAO ischemia. The BCAO in aged rats led significant increase of HSP72 expression in CA1 and mild in CA3 hippocampus. While the treatment of Yanggyuksanhwa-tang significantly attenuated the increase of HSP72 expression in CA1 hippocampus following BCAO ischemia. The extent of HSP72 expression in CA2 and DG of hippocampus was not different between the sham operated group, the BCAO ischemia control group, and the group of Yanggyuksanhwa-tang administration after BCAO ischemia. The treatment of Yanggyuksanhwa-tang significantly attenuated the increase of normalized optical density depending on HSP72 expression in CA1 hippocampus following BCAO ischemia.

Effects of 17-DMAG Administration on Autophagy Flux in Mouse Skeletal Muscle (17-DMAG이 마우스 골격근에서 autophagy flux에 미치는 영향)

  • Ju, Jeong-sun;Lee, Yoo-Hyun
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.387-397
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to determine if heat shock proteins are involved in autophagy in skeletal muscle. We used the autophagy flux strategy, which is an LC3 II/p62 turnover assay conducted with and without an autophagy inhibitor, to determine whether 17-DMAG (an Hsp90 inhibitor/Hsp72 activator) stimulates autophagy in skeletal muscle. We treated C2C12 cells with 17-DMAG (500 nM) for 24 hr with and without the autophagy inhibitor (Bafilomycin A1, 200 ng/ml), and we injected C57BL/6 mice i.p. with 17-DMAG (10 mg/kg) daily for 7 days with and without colchicine as an autophagy inhibitor (0.4 mg/kg/day, administered on the last 2 days). C2C12 myotubes and tibialis anterior muscles were harvested for analysis of mTOR-dependent autophagy signaling pathway proteins and autophagic marker proteins (p62 and LC3 II) by Western blot analysis. The blots showed that 17-DMAG upregulated hsp72 and decreased Akt protein levels and S6 phosphorylation in C2C12 cells. However, an in vitro autophagic flux assay demonstrated that 17-DMAG did not increase LC3 II and p62 protein concentrations to a greater extent than Bafilomycin A1 treatment alone. Similarly, 17-DMAG increased Hsp72 protein levels and decreased the expression of Akt and the phosphorylation of S6 in mouse skeletal muscle. However, unlike the response seen in C2C12 myotubes, the p62 protein levels were significantly decreased in 17-DMAG-treated mouse skeletal muscle (~50%; p<0.05). The LC3 II protein levels in 17-DMAG-treated mice were increased ~2-fold more when degradation was inhibited by colchicine (p<0.01). This suggests that 17-DMAG stimulates basal autophagy in skeletal muscle but is not found in C2C12 myotubes.

Paeonia lactiflora Pall Pprevents $H_2O_2$-induced Hepatotoxicity by Increasing HSP72 and HO-1 (작약에 의해 유도되는 HSP72 및 HO-1 유전자의 간독성 보호 효능)

  • Oh, Su-Young;Lee, Ji-Seon;Seo, Sang-Hee;Kim, Tae-Soo;Ma, Jin-Yeul
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.843-848
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    • 2011
  • In Korea, China, and Japan, Paeonia lactiflora Pall (PL) has been used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, hepatitis, and fever for more than 1200 years. It has been reported that PL has protective effects against $H_2O_2$-induced oxidative stress and LPS-induced liver inflammation. However cellular and molecular mechanism of PL protection against oxidative stress has not fully been elucidated. Here, we describe that the water-soluble extract of PL decreased $H_2O_2$-induced hepatotoxicity. This hepatoprotective effect of PL is reason to decrease the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increase expression of heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and heat shock protein 72 (HSP72) which proteins are involved in protecting the cells from stress like as oxidative stress. We also elucidated that hepatoprotective effect of PL was abolished by knock down of HO-1 and HSP72 by siRNA. These results suggest that the increasing of HO-1 and HSP72 protein by PL treatment might be participated in hepatoprotective effect against oxidative stress such as $H_2O_2$.

Effects of Venlafaxine and Dexamethasone Treatment on HSP70 Expression in Rat C6 Glioma Cells (흰쥐 C6 신경교종 세포에서 Venlafaxine 그리고 Dexamethasone 처리가 열충격 단백질 70의 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Jae-Hak;Lee, Jun-Seok;Yang, Byung-Hwan;Choi, Mi-Ran;Chai, Young-Gyu;Kim, Seok-Hyeon;Roh, Sung-Won;Oh, Dong-Yul;Choi, Ihn-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.136-142
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    • 2005
  • Object:The intracellular action of the antidepressant, venlafaxine, was studied in C6-gliomas using heat shock protein 70(HSP70) immunocytochemistry and HSP70 Western blots because HSP70 is associated with stress and depression. Methods:To examine how the glucocorticoid affects the expression of HSP70 in nerve cells, the rat C6 glioma cell was treated with dexamethasone for 6 hours. In addition, venlafaxine was administered to the experimental groups of C6 glioma cells for 1, 6, 24, and 72 hours each, after which the expression of HSP70 was investigated. Finally, venlafaxine and dexamethasone were simultaneously administered to the experimental groups for 1, 6, 24, and 72 hours, followed by an investigation of the expression of HSP70. Results:The short term(1 hour) venlafaxine treatment significantly increased the level of HSP70 expression. The short term treatment of venlafaxine with dexamethasone also increased the level of HSP70 expression but this reduction was not statistically significant. The long term(72 hours) venlafaxine with dexamethasone treatment significantly reduced the level of HSP70 expression. The long term treatment of venlafaxine also reduced the level of HSP70 expression but this reduction was not statistically significant. Dexamethasone(10uM, 6hours) did not affect the level of HSP70 expression compared with controls. Conclusion:Venlafaxine increases the expression of HSP70 at short term treatment, but prolonged treatment with dexamethasone suppresses the expression of HSP70.

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Four Members of Heat Shock Protein 70 Family in Korean Rose Bitterling (Rhodeus uyekii)

  • Kim, Jung Hyun;Dong, Chun Mae;Kim, Julan;An, Cheul Min;Baek, Hae Ja;Kong, Hee Jeong
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.135-144
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    • 2015
  • Heat shock protein (HSP) 70, the highly conserved stress protein families, plays important roles in protecting cells against heat and other stresses in most animal species. In the present study, we identified and characterized four Hsp70 (RuHSP4, RuHSC70, RuHSP12A, RuGRP78) family proteins based on the expressed sequence tag (EST) analysis of the Korean rose bitterling R. uyekii cDNA library. The deduced RuHSP70 family has high amino acid identities of 72-99% with those of other species. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that RuHsp70 family clustered with fish groups (HSP4, HSC70, HSP12A, GRP78) proteins. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis showed the specific expression patterns of RuHsp70 family members in the early developmental stages and several tissues in Korean rose bitterling. The expression of 4 groups of Hsp70 family was detected in all tested tissue. Particularly, Hsp70 family of Korean rose bitterling is highly expressed in hepatopancreas and sexual gonad (testis and ovary). The expression of Hsp70 family was differentially regulated in accordance with early development stage of Rhodeus uyekii.

Osmoregulation and mRNA Expression of a Heat Shock Protein 68 and Glucose-regulated Protein 78 in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas in Response to Salinity Changes

  • Jo, Pil-Gue;Choi, Yong-Ki;An, Kwang-Wook;Choi, Cheol-Young
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.205-211
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    • 2007
  • Stress-inducible proteins may function in part as molecular chaperones, protecting cells from damage due to various stresses and helping to maintain homeostasis. We examined the mRNA expression patterns of a 68-kDa heat shock protein (HSP68) and 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) in relation to physiological changes in Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas under osmotic stress. Expression of HSP68 and GRP78 mRNA in the gill significantly increased until 48 h in a hypersaline environment (HRE) and 72 h in a hyposaline environment (HOE), and then decreased. Osmolality and the concentrations of $Na^+$, $Cl^-$, and $Ca^{2+}$ in the hemolymph of HRE oysters significantly increased until 72 h (the highest value) and then gradually decreased; in HOE oysters, these values significantly decreased until 72 h (the lowest value), and then increased. These results suggest that osmolality and $Na^+$, $Cl^-$, and $Ca^{2+}$ concentrations were stabilized by HSP68 and GRP78, and indicate that these two stress-induced proteins play an important role in regulating the metabolism and protecting the cells of the Pacific oysters exposed to salinity changes.

Relationship between HSP70 Gene Polymorphisms and IVF Embryo Development in Pigs (돼지에서 HSP70 유전자형과 IVF 수정란 배 발달과의 관련성)

  • Jin H. J.;Kim I. C.;Wee M. S.;Yeon S. H.;Kim C. D.;Cho C. Y.;Choi S. H.;Cho S. R.;Son D. S.;Kim Y. K.;Jung J. H.;Choi H. S.;Park C. K.
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.289-295
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to investigate the relationship between Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) gene polymorphism and in vitro fertilization(IVF) embryo development in the pigs. The single strand conformation polymorphism(SSCP) genotypes from HSP70 K1, K3 and K4 PCR products were detected different patterns. In cleavage rate of oocyte fertilized in vitro, HSP70 K1-AA genotype($73.1\%$) and K1-AB genotype($62.3\%$) showed significantly higher oocyte cleavage rate than HSP70 K1-BB genotype($49.3\%$)(p<0.05). And HSP70 K3-AA genotype ($72.4\%$) and K3-AB($62.2\%$) also showed significantly higher oocyte cleavage rate than HSP70 K3-BB genotype($49.1\%$)(p<0.05). The IVF embryo development of 2-cell stage according to HSP70 genotypes of sperm and pig breeds also showed a significant difference. The number of embryos developed to 2-cell stage in Landrace(28.8) and Duroc(29.8) were significantly higher than in Yorkshire(10.9)(p<0.05). And also HSP70 K4-AB genotype group(29.6) higher than HSP70 K4-AA genotype group(10.6)(p<0.05). However, the number of embryos developed to blastocyst stage did not showed significant differences among breeds as well as HSP70 genotypes. These resrults suggest that in vitro development in porcine early embryos may be affected by HSP70 genotypes and breeds.