• Title, Summary, Keyword: Halitosis

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Comparison Characteristic on Psychological Status between Genuine and Pseudo Halitosis (진성구취 및 가성구취 환자군의 심리적 특성차이에 대한 연구)

  • Jang, Seung-Won;Kim, Jin-Sung;Kang, Kyung;Kim, Ju-Yeon;Son, Ji-Yeong;Baek, Seung-Hwan;Choi, Jane;Ryu, Bong-Ha
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.405-411
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the difference between genuine and pseudo halitosis about qi stagnation and stress. Methods : We recruited 63 halitosis patients who visited the halitosis clinic in the Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital from June 2012 to August 2013. We classified the halitosis patients into two groups, genuine and pseudo halitosis based on organoleptic assesment (OLT) score and evaluated the severity of self-reported halitosis using visual analog scale (VAS), amount of sulfide compounds using Halimeter, qi stagnation level using qi stagnation questionnaire and stress levels using heart rate variability (HRV) parameters. Results : Comparing the genuine halitosis group and the pseudo halitosis group, there was no significant difference in VAS of halitosis but significant difference in halimeter score. Distribution of qi stagnation and non-qi stagnation groups was significantly different between genuine and pseudo halitosis. Compared to the genuine halitosis group, the pseudo halitosis group showed a significant higher value of low frequency/high frequency ratio (LF/HF ratio). Conclusions : The result of this study suggest that there is significant difference about qi stagnation and stress level between genuine halitosis and pseudo halitosis patients, so when approaching pseudo halitosis patients, we should consider their psychological and emotional status.

Retrospective Study on 469 Halitosis Patients (구취환자 469례에 대한 후향적 연구)

  • Kim, Dae Bok;Kim, Jae Ik;Nam, Seung Kyu;Jeong, Gi Hoon;Kim, Chul Jung;Cho, Chung Sik
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.370-377
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    • 2015
  • There is a growing interest in halitosis and diverse Korean medical studies are being conducted about it. But there are few study about teatment effect of halitosis after Korean medical care, treatment duration, and factor affecting recovery rate. Thus, the purpose of this study is to research clinical characteristic of halitosis patients, factor affecting halitosis, recovery rate of halitosis, treatment duration, factor affecting recovery rate by analyzing halitosis patients retrospectively. People who were over 19 and visited Korean medical clinic in Seoul to want to be treated halitosis in 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. We analyzed general and living characteristics of halitosis patients, halitosis-related symptoms and diseases, level of halitosis and halitosis-related symptoms both before and after treatment, treatment duration of halitosis patients, prescription of halitosis patients, recovery rate of level of halitosis and halitosis-related symptoms by general characteristic and duration of symptoms. Female, thirties, and Nonsmoker had the highest proportion in general characteristic. The average duration of halitosis is 41.6months and treatment duration is 2.55months. The average of sensory evaluation score is 3.40±2.53, subjective evaluation score is 5.02±1.53, lump sensation on throat is 3.52±2.50, postnasal drip is 1.11±1.88, dry mouth is 4.13±2.17, quality of life is 6.07±1.13. Gamichiuitang is used the most among prescriptions. Sensory evaluation, subjective evaluation, lump sensation on throat, postnasal drip, dry mouth, and quality of life had better score compared with pre-treatment. Duration of symptoms is in weak inverse proportion to sensory evaluation, subjective evaluation, dry mouth, quality of life. This study is meaningful in the way to find recovery rate of halitosis after korean medical care, treatment duration, and factor affecting recovery rate not progressed until now. But this study also has limits such as not analyzing objective data using halitosis measuring instrument and lack of methodical scale about quality of life. Therefore, succeeding study such as clinical trials is needed to verify reliability of Korean medical treatment.

하악 매복지치의 예방적 발거 후 구취의 평가

  • Sim, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Yeong-Gyun;Choe, Yong-Geun
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.42-47
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    • 2003
  • Dental professions recommend that mandibular impacted third molar be extracted for the prevention of osteomyelities crneoplasm or for the treatment of halitosis. Even the possibility of emergence of unexpected halitosis after the preventive extraction exists, there are few studies describing the unexpected halitosis. This study intended to measure the emergence of halitosis after extraction of mandibular impacted third molar. Thirty-eight patients who visited Daejin Medical Center participated in this study. Halitosis was objectively measured using Halimeter in 3 intervals-before, after I day, after 7 days. Third factors, scaling and gender, which may influence the halitosis were analyzed with stratification. This study finds that in general halitosis decreased after 1 day but increased after 7 days. Scaling was helpful in decreasing halitosis and women have less severe halitosis than men. The effects of time interval(p<0.05), gender(p=0.836), and scaling(p=0.7929) on the severity of halitosis were not statistically significant. However, since this study's patients are neither a representative sample nor a random sample, all data interpretation was focused on clinical significance instead of conventional statistical significance. Clinical significance of this study's findings are: 1) scaling should be conducted in advance, 2) men should be notified of the higher possibility of halitosis.

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Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Halitosis (구취 환자의 임상적 특징)

  • Ryu, Bong-Ha;Kim, Jin-Sung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2007
  • Objective : Halitosis, or bad breath, is a common concern for many people. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical characteristics of halitosis patients and correlation with their various associated elements. Methods: We surveyed 169 halitosis patients by reviewing questionnaires from the Halitosis Clinic in the Hospital of Oriental Medicine, Kyunghee University from January 2004 to March 2006. The questionnaires contained various items including sex, age, history of smoking and alcohol intake, duration of symptoms in a week, time and condition of severe halitosis, suggestive origin of halitosis, taste abnormality, oral hygiene, self-assessed halitosis severity, dry mouth, postnasal drip, tonsillolith, globus pharyngeus, reflux sensation, too much gas and Winkel tongue coating index. Volatile sulfur compounds were measured with a $Halimeter^{\circledR}$. Results : The halitosis patients actively carried out management methods such as non-smoking, moderation in drink, teeth brushing and tongue scraping in order to decrease their oral malodor. Tongue coating significantly affected the $Halimeter^{\circledR}$ reading score, and tongue coating and dry mouth significantly affected self-assessed halitosis severity. Conclusions: Our results suggest that tongue coating and dry mouth should be treated to improve satisfaction in halitosis patients.

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A Study of the Halitosis at Urban Area in Dae-Gu City (대구지역 일부 주민의 구취 실태 조사)

  • Kim, Hye-Jin;Kim, Ji-Hee
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.387-393
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    • 2008
  • This study was undertaken to determine the halitosis status of urban area in Dae-Gu city. The sample of this study consisted of 332 persons who lived at Dae-Gu city. The results were as follows. 1. The persons consisted of 44.6% male and 55.4% female. The 32.5 % persons were under 38 years and 82.2% of persons were married. 2. The 26.8% persons answered the last meal time was before 1-2 hours and 63.3% persons answered middle halitosis. The 26.3% persons answered the time of worst halitosis was after breakfast and 33.1% persons answered the smell type of halitosis was nasty smell. The 11.4% persons experienced dental treatment for halitosis, and 63.9% persons required dental treatment for halitosis. 3. The 100 ppb~149 ppb concentration of halitosis was 156 persons. Over 150 ppb concentration of halitosis was 54 persons. The average of halitosis concentration was 122.76 ppb and, the 63.3% persons required halitosis management and treatment. An aged persons of the halitosis concentration was significantly increased than younger persons (p < 0.05). Higher smell preception of halitosis was significantly increased in halitosis concentration test practically (p < 0.001). Subjects who treated dental treatment for halitosis was significantly increased (p < 0.01). This study results have informed that the knowledge and management of halitosis was demand and required public relation for halitosis. The halitosis management and education program will improve the oral health. Therefore halitosis management program which based on data collection and planning will be developed and activated in further study.

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Analysis of halitosis components following by subjective cognition of halitosis and oral state (주관적인 구취인식도와 구강환경에 따른 구취성분과의 관계 분석)

  • Shin, Kyoung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.263-275
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : This study was performed analysis of Halitosis components following by subjective cognition of halitosis and Oral State in order to provide basic data for halitosis prevention and establish a device to efficiently eliminate halitosis and analyze the factors that affect the halitosis. Methods : 80 adults were participated who visited at the Dental Clinic in Kyoung-gi do, on the period of the March to September in 2010. The obtained results, through the oral examination, halitosis check and interview, Individually, were as followings. Results : According to the ammonia level was a high relationship between sex, CPI, Tongue plaque, DMFT index which were statistically significant (p<0.05). Total oral gas level was a relationship between VAS, tongue plaque, DMFT index(p<0.05). The Correlation coefficient between the Hydrogen sulfide level and Methyl mercaptan was estimated as r=0.534(p<0.01). As for the multiple regression analysis result, there have been selected dimethyl sulfide and Tongue plaque, Gingival index as factors affecting Bridge, Methyl mercaptan level is as factors affecting Hydrogen sulfide level. Conclusions : There was relationship between the periodontal disease and Ammonia gas component, hydrogen sulfide, dimethyl sulfide, methyl mercaptan. Which were statistically significant total oral gas level and oral variables. Such dental caries as the prevention or early treatment of periodontal disease.

Xerostomia and halitosis : A review and current concepts (구강건조증과 구취 : 최신 지견의 고찰)

  • Lee, Yeon-Hee
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.55 no.9
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    • pp.640-656
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    • 2017
  • Xerostomia is usually caused by a reduced salivary flow or by changes in the biochemical composition of saliva. Halitosis or oral malodor is an offensive odor usually originating from the oral cavity. Halitosis can lead to anxiety and psychosocial embarrassment. The occurrence of halitosis closely related with intraoral conditions including the presence of xerostomia. Especially, the relationship between xerostomia and halitosis is prominent in elderly patients receiving polypharmacy with at least two systemic diseases. This study is a review of the update literature of xerostomia and halitosis. A large number of papers have been searched and identified using the words , , , , , , and . Papers not relevant to the issue were removed reducing the entries to 79 only. Most of identified papers were systematic reviews, non-systematic reviews, and observational studies. With a proper diagnosis, identification of the etiology and timely referrals certain steps are taken to create a successful individualized therapeutic approach. It is significant to highlight the necessity of an interdisciplinary method for the treatment of xerostomia and halitosis to prevent misdiagnosis or unnecessary treatment. This article concisely focuses on the development of a systemic flow of events to come to the proper treatment of the xerostomia and halitosis.

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The subjective recognition of halitosis in the elderly in some areas (일부지역 노인들의 주관적인 구취에 대한 인식 및 실태에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Soo;Park, Wha-Soon;Jung, Jung-Ock
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.747-755
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the appropriate prevention and management of halitosis and management for the elderly. Methods : A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 320 elderly over 65 years old in Seoul and Gyeonggi from June to October, 2013. Except 28 incomplete answers, 292 copies were used for the analysis. Results : The correlation coefficient was 0.702 which was the degree of present halitosis and everyday halitosis. Elderly within 65-69 years old felt the halitosis very seriously. the level of halitosis felt everyday was also highest in those within 65-69 years old with mean $2.00{\pm}0.862$ points. Conclusions : The dissemination of correct knowledge of halitosis management can improve the subjective perception of the elderly oral health care.

Self-Perception Halitosis of Firefighters and the Halitosis-Relevant Fused Factors (소방공무원의 구취자각과 관련 융합요인)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra;Jung, Su-Jin;Ji, Min-Gyeong
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine halitosis perception status of firefighters and identify the factors related to halitosis; for this purpose, a survey was conducted in 241 firefighters in Daejeon, obtaining the following results: First. The higher level of smoking and alcohol intake, the more likely to perceive halitosis; all of those with a general disease perceived halitosis; and the more stress, the more likely to perceive halitosis. Second, The respondents who brushed their teeth three times a day, who spent 1~2 minutes in brushing their teeth, who failed to wash their tongue, and who had never received oral health education were most likely to perceive halitosis. And third. such factors as age, the amount of tongue coating, and dry mouth affected halitosis perception status. Firefighters' halitosis perception is related to several factors. For this reason, emphasis is placed on the need to develop a program for helping firefighters prevent halitosis and remove oral symptoms and to give education for good oral health management.

Self-Perception of Halitosis According to Some Soldiers' Halitosis-Related Factors (일부 군인의 구취관련요인에 따른 구취자각도)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra;Shim, Jae-Suk
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.125-135
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to enhance soldiers' oral health level and to offer basic data on controlling and preventing halitosis. It surveyed halitosis-related elements and analyzed relationship between subjective self-perception level of halitosis according to it targeting 253 soldiers in their 20s in some areas of Seoul from September 2012 to October. Thus, the following conclusions were obtained. 1. As for subjects' self-perception of halitosis, the perception status of oral health was indicated to be 'very bad' and to be shown most highly in one place. It was indicated to be high in the group of feeling Xerostomia much and the group of often feeling the white membrane of tongue. The statistically significant difference was shown(p<0.01). 2. Subjects' self-perception of halitosis was indicated to be the highest in the group with the largest intake of snacks. It was shown to be the highest in the group of having sinus infection and rhinitis. It was indicated to be the highest in the group of having a habit of oral respiration. Significant difference was shown(p<0.05). 3. Subjects' self-perception of halitosis was indicated to be lower in the group, which ever received oral health education, than the group in opposite case. Significant difference was shown(p<0.05).