• Title, Summary, Keyword: Health-related Factors

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Effects of Health-related Factors on the Use of Health Functional Foods (건강 관련 요인이 건강기능식품의 이용에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Ji-Heon;You, Chang-Hoon;Kwon, Young-Dae
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2011
  • Many Koreans have been interested in health functional foods(HHFs). Use of health functional foods is growing rapidly. This study aims to identify the determinants of HFFs use focusing on health related factors. The subjects were 24,626 samples from Korea Health Panel in 2008. The subjects were divided into two group: under the 20 years old and 20 old and over. The logistic regression model was used to examine influence of health-related factors on use of HFFs for each group. About thirty percent of the subjects have used HFFs. The larger family size, higher education level of parents, more stable economic status and chronic diseases were positively related to use more HFFs in younger 20 years old. Higher education level, more stable economic status, chronic diseases were more likely to use HFFs in 20 years of age and over. Health related factors such as disability, chronic diseases, admission, and physician visit affect the use of HFFs in both groups. We confirmed that health related factors as well as socio-demographic and economic factors affect use of HFFs. In-depth knowledge about relationship between health related factors and HFFs is required.

Related Factors in Health Promotion Behavior by Gender among College Students (성별에 따른 일부 대학생의 건강증진 행위 관련요인)

  • Chung, Young-Hae;Seo, Nam-Sook;Moon, So-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.29-42
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This is an explanatory correlational study to assess the level of and the relationship of the related factors of health promotion behavior by gender among college students. Methods: Subjects were 950 of the freshmen of the year 2010 at a university in a city adjacent to a metropolis, in S. Korea. Data were collected from the freshmen who understood the purpose of the study and agreed to participate during a freshmen core course using a structured questionnaire. Related factors include active- and passive-self efficacy, internal health locus of control, and social support. Related factors were compared between male and female using t-test and the relationship between the related factors and the health promotion behavior was analyzed separately for each sex, by multiple regression analysis using SPSS 12.0. Results: There were differences in the related factors of BMI between male and female students. They were alcohol behavior and perceived health status among female students while smoking status, alcohol behavior, perceived health status, and BMI among male students. Result from the multiple regression analysis revealed difference in the related factors and in the magnitude of the relationship evaluated by the standardized beta coefficients. Significant factors, listed by the magnitude of beta coefficients, among female were social support, active self efficacy, passive self efficacy, internal health locus of control, and alcohol behavior. Significant factors among male students were social support, active self efficacy, smoking, internal health locus of control, passive self efficacy, and perceived health status. Conclusions: There are gender difference in health promotion behavior and the related factors. The results suggest that the gender differences need to be considered when planning health promotion programs in college. Further research is necessary in order to draw consensus on roles of the related factors of health promotion behavior.

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The Comparison between Physical Activity and Health Related Factors of the Korean Male Adult (한국 성인 남성의 신체활동과 건강관련 요인 비교)

  • Kim, Jisu;Lee, Gyeongnam
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.166-173
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to find differences between physical activity and health-related factors of Korean male adults. Methods: Using the 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES V-1), the data of 1,876 Korean males over 30 years old who completed the Health Interview, Health Behavior Surveys and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) were analyzed. Analysis of differences in physical activity according to socio-demographic factors, physical health-related factors and psychological health-related factors was tested using the F-test and chi-square test with SPSS 12.0. Results: The high physical activity group was merely 2.5% and the moderate group was 51.4%. In each group, the study showed significant differences in age (p=.017), education status (p=.019), and economic status (p=.032) of socio-demographic factors, in body mass index (p=.003), vitamin D (p=.020) and hypertension status (p=.007) of physical health-related factors, and in recognition of stress (p=.027) of psychological health-related factors. Conclusion: These results revealed that physical activity can play an important role in nursing intervention of physical and psychological health-related factors in male adults.

Depressive stress related symptoms and associated factors among marriage immigrant women: Focused on risk factors and protective factors (결혼이주여성의 우울 스트레스 증상과 그 영향 요인: 위험 요인과 보호 요인을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Wonsup;Yoo, Seunghyun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.47-65
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This paper aims to identify depressive or stress related symptoms and its associated risk and protective factors among marriage immigrant women in Korea. Methods: The study participants were 490 immigrant wives from '2012 Survey of Foreign Residents in Korea'. The participants completed self-administered questionnaires on socio-demographics, health status, family members' related factors, and other environmental factors. Results: Difficulties on child nursing, finance, family conflict, and experience of physical or verbal violence were significant risk variables to the depressive stress related symptoms. Family life satisfaction, discussion about troubles with Koreans, healthy status, social trust, and discussion about troubles with people from home country were the significant protective variables to mental health. However economic activities were not protective factors but risk factors. Conclusions: Mental Health promotion programs for marriage immigrant women and their family members need to consider the family and community related protective mental health factors and develop supportive system with pre-existing programs and policy modification.

Factors Associated With Oral Health Related-quality of Life in Elderly Persons: Applying Andersen's Model (노인의 구강건강 관련 삶의 질 결정 요인에 관한 연구 - 앤더슨 모델(Andersen Model)의 적용 -)

  • Yom, Young-Hee;Han, Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.18-28
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to apply Andersen's behavioral model to identify factors that determine oral health-related quality of life in elderly persons. Methods: Participants were 257 people ages 65 years or older. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and hierarchical multiple regression. Results: The variables in the behavioral model, predisposing factors, enabling factors and need factors, explained 31% (F=12.7, p<.001) of variance in oral health-related quality of life. The predisposing factors, enabling factors, need factors and health behavior collectively explained 35% (F=9.22, p<.001) of variance in oral health-related quality of life. Factors influencing oral health-related quality of life in older adults were ADL and IADL, self-reported oral health status, xerostomia and dental care in last 12 months. Conclusions: The analysis results showed that the need factor had the highest level of relative importance of the three factors. The model used for this study can be used to predict oral health-related quality of life.

Subhective Symptoms and Work-related Health Risk Factors in Korean Dental Laboratory Technicians (우리 나라 치과 기공사의 신체 자각 증상과 직업 관련 건강 위험 요인)

  • Kim, Woong-Chul;Lee, Se-Hoon
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.89-112
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    • 2000
  • Although dental laboratory technicians are prone to be exposed to various work-related health hazardous materials such as dusts, chemicals, etc., the prevalence and nature of work-related health problems of them have not been a matter of great concern in the field of occupational health service in Korea. The purpose of the present investigation was to describe a collected profile of subjective health symptoms and their attributable factors in Korean dental laboratory technicians. A questionnaire listing five groups of health symptoms and five health symptom-related factors was mailed to randomly selected 1,900 dental laboratory technicians. Among them, 1,344 dental laboratory technicians filled out the questionnaires and returnde them. Five groups of health symptoms included musculoskeletal symptom, dermal symptoms, respiratory symptoms, eys symptoms, and ear symptoms. Five health symptom-related factors were occupational environment-related health risk factors, work history, health related habits and status, use of personal protective equipment and general characteristics. Detailed parameters of health risk factors were work posture, vibration, and chemical or physical hazards such as dust, fume, vapor, solvent, light, and noise for occupational environment-related factors; work place, area, number of employees, work hours, career, work part, and work load for work history; Broca's index, hours of sleep, eating, smoking, alcohol, exercise, health examination, and self assessed health status for health habits and status; face masks, goggles, and so on for use of personal protective equipment, and; age, sex, marital status, and education for general characteristics. Before the start of main survey, a pilot survey was carried out for validity and reliability tests of the questionnaire. All the data obtained were coded and analyzed with PC/SAS 6.12 program. The prevalence of health symptoms was the highest in musculoskelton (87.3%), and followde by eyes (78.9%), respiratory organs (64.3%), ears (57.8%), and skin (52.2%) in descending order. Statistically significant risk factors by multiple logistic regression analyses were sex, health examination, self assessed health status, and hand/finger posture in musculoskeletal symptoms; sex, self assessed health status, career, acid gas, and hand contact with resin mixture in deraml symptoms; Broka's smoking, exercise, self assessed health status, and face mask in respiratory symptoms; sex, hours of sleep, self assessed health status, work hours, work load, plaster dust, inadequate lighting, and goggle in eys symptoms, and eating, smoking, self assessed health status, and work load in ear symptoms. With the above considerations in mind, prevalence of subjective symptoms among Korean dental laboratory technicians was relatively high, and they were attributable to most of the occupational environment-related factors, work history, use of personal protective equipment, health habits and status, and general characteristics. Particularly, it is suggested that health promotion programs for promoting self- assessed health status and smoking cessation, preventive measures for protection of the female technicians’health, and reducing work load be necessary, since those factors were associated with more than one subjective symptom.

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Analysis of the association between health-related and work-related factors among workers and metabolic syndrome using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016)

  • Kim, Kyoung Yun;Yun, Jung-Mi
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.444-451
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    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed health-related factors for metabolic syndrome (Mets) among workers in South Korea. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This analysis included 4,666 adults aged 19-64 years to analyzed health-related risk factors for Mets from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016). The sociodemographic, working, health-related, and biochemical characteristics were presented as percentages (%) by chi-square tests. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and associations between health-related factors characteristic of workers and the odds ratios of Mets. RESULTS: An increased prevalence of Mets was associated with male day workers compared to male shift workers (1.726-fold increase, 95% CI: 1.077-2.765), and with ${\geq}8hrs/day$ sleep duration compared to < 6 hrs/day sleep duration in female workers (2.133-fold, 95% CI: 1.041-4.368). In addition, reduced odds of high Mets were associated with male workers consumed of breakfast 5-7 times/wk compared to those consumed < 1 time/wk (0.593-fold decrease, 95% CI: 0.372-0.944). CONCLUSIONS: Health-related factors (sleep duration, frequency of breakfast) and working type in Korean workers may affect the prevalence of Mets.

Study about the factors related to gingival symptoms in Korean adolescents according to the mental health factors (우리나라 청소년에서 정신건강 요인에 따른 치은증상 관련 요인 분석)

  • Lee, Mi-Ra
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.371-384
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to gingival symptoms by mental health factors among the adolescents in Korea. Methods: The data were used which were collected from the web-based survey of the National 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior of Korean Center for Disease Control. The study sample comprised of 65,528 adolescents in middle- and high schools. Data were analyzed using SPSS Ver. 20.0 and multiple regression analysis was conducted to identify the factors related to gingival symptoms by mental health factors. Results: The relationship between mental health factors and gingival symptoms were examined. And, subject characteristics about gingival symptoms were identified to be significant factors such as gender, grade, economic level, smoking and drinking status in all poor mental health groups. The number of brushing per day was related to the gingival symptoms for both good mental health groups and poor mental health groups. Conclusions: Mental health, characteristics, health behaviors of the adolescents should be considered when establishing the policies and institutions to improve oral health targeted adolescents.

Effects of Health Status and Health Behaviors on Health-related Quality of Life in Korean Adults (우리나라 성인의 건강상태 및 건강행태가 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hwa;Lee, Sang-Goo
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.161-176
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of health status and health behaviors on health-related quality of life in Korean adults. Methods: The study was based on the 2017 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Of the total 8,127 people, 5,780 (71.1%) participated: 2,553 (44.2%) were male and 3,227 (55.8%) were female. The variables for this study were demographic factors, disease count, subjective health status, health behaviors, and health-related quality of life (measured by the EQ-5D Index). Results: After analysis, the statistically significant factors associated with health-related quality of life were gender, age, income, education, daytime health status, number of comorbidities (6 or more) and stress. Conclusions: Seven demographic factors have been identified as having a significant impact on health-related quality of life, categorized by model, gender, age and income. Therefore, it is possible that quality of life can be improved through proactive management and by improving subjective health status and health behaviors while in considering of demographic and sociological factors by providing indicators as per gender and age.

The association between oral and general health-related characteristics and health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) by age groups among the elderly in Korea: The Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (한국 노인의 연령계층별 구강 및 전신 건강관련 특성과 건강관련 삶의 질(EQ-5D)과의 관계 : 국민건강영양조사 제6기 자료를 이용하여)

  • Han, Su-Jin
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.699-713
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study aimed to identify the relationships of oral and systemic health-related characteristics with health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) in the elderly, and factors related to quality of life were compared according to age subgroups classified as either younger (young-old) or older (old-old) than 75 years of age. Methods: Data acquired by the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES) from 2013 to 2015 were used, and the research target was 3,124 people aged 65 years or older. A complex samples general linear model was used to identify health-related quality of life factors. Results: Education, economic activity, depression, stress, regular walking, self-rated oral health, pronunciation problems, and unmet dental care had significant effects on quality of life in both young-old and old-old participants. Marriage, income, number of systemic diseases, sleeping, and chewing inconveniences were significant factors for the young-old but not in the old-old participants. Instead, obesity and drinking were identified as significant factors in the old-old participants. Conclusions: We reaffirmed that factors affecting health-related quality of life in older adults differed by age group. We also confirmed the impact of oral health-related characteristics on this quality. Therefore, to improve quality of life for older adults, it would be efficient to divide groups by age and develop and implement programs that take relevant factors into consideration.