• Title/Summary/Keyword: Heavy metal

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A study on the removal of mixed heavy metal ions using crab shell (게 껍질을 이용한 수중의 복합 중금속 제거에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Seog
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.729-735
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    • 2002
  • In order to examine the inhibition effect of other heavy metal ions on the removal of heavy metal ions by crab shell in aqueous solution, 10 heavy metal ions $(Cr^{3+},\;Cd^{2+},\;Ni^{2+},\;Zn^{2+},\;Hg^{2+},\;Cu^{2+},\;Mn^{2+],\;Fe^{2+},\;Fe^{3+},\;Pb^{2+})$ were used as single heavy metal ions and mixed heavy metal ions, respectively. In single heavy metal ions, $Pb^{2+},\;Cr^{3+},\;Cu^{2+}$ were well removed by crab shell, however, $Cd^{2+},\;Ni^{2+},\;Zn^{2+},\;Mn^{2+}$ were not. The heavy metal removal increased as the increase of covalent index (Xm$^2$r), and the relationship classified heavy metal ions as 2 heavy metal groups $(Fe^{3+},\;Fe^{2+},\;Cu^{2+},\; Cr^{3+},\;Mn^{2+},\;Ni^{2+},\;Zn^{2+}\;group\;and\;Pb^{2+},\;Hg^{2+},\;Cd^{2+}\;group)$. In mixed heavy metal ions, the removals of $Fe^{2+},\;Fe^{3+},\;Pb^{2+},\;Cu^{2+}$ as 0.49 m㏖/g, regardless of the existence of other heavy metal ions, were similar to the result of single heavy metal ions experiment. The removals of $Mn^{2+},\;Cd^{2+},\;Ni^{2+}$ decreased as the existence of other heavy metal ions, however, the removal of $Zn^{2+},\;Cr^{3+},\;Hg^{2+}$ increased.

Availability of Carboxylated Magnetic Beads for Extracting Heavy Metals from Aqueous Solution

  • So, Hyung-Suk;Yoo, Yeong-Seok;Schaeffer Andreas
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.98-102
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    • 2006
  • It was examined in this study that magnetic beads, which are assumed to be environmentally functional, could be effective in processing heavy metals that are water pollutants. For the purpose, magnetic beads containing carboxyl groups, which has strong binding force with heavy metals, are mixed with each Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu and Cr(III) solution, then stirred in pH 6. As a results of the process, it was proven that heavy metals bind quickly with magnetic beads through the reaction. In order to analyze heavy metal concentration, magnetic beads bind with heavy metal were collected by external magnetic force and dissolved in acid. The graphite furnace AAS was used to get heavy metal concentration melted in the acid solution. The results showed that heavy metal extractions by magnetic beads were influenced by the type and the concentration of a heavy metal, and over 90% of a heavy metal can be extracted in ppm level save for Cr(III). It was also examined in the study whether heavy metal extraction is influenced when other ions exist in each heavy metal solution. According to experiment, adding other heavy metals to a solution did have little influence on extracting an intended heavy metal. But in case salt or heavy metal chelate was added, Ni extraction changed sensitively although extracting other heavy metals were influenced only when the concentration of an added substance is high. In conclusion, it was shown that magnetic beads could be used to treat wastewater with relatively high heavy metal concentration.

Effect of External Factors on Heavy Metal Accumulation in the Cell of Heavy Metal-Tolerant Microorganisms (중금속내성균의 중금속 축적에 미치는 외부요인의 영향)

  • Cho, Ju-Sik;Lee, Hong-Jae;Lee, Won-Kyu;Heo, Jong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.124-129
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    • 1997
  • This study was performed to develop the biological treatment technology of wastewater polluted with heavy metals. Heavy metal-tolerant microorganisms, such as Pseudomonas putida, P. aeruginosa, P. chlororaphis and P. stutzeri possessing the ability to accumulate cadmium, lead, zinc and copper, respectively, were isolated from industrial wastewater and mine wastewater polluted with various heavy metals. The effect of several external factors, such as temperature, pH and heavy metal compounds on heavy metal accumulation in the cells was investigated. The amount of heavy metal accumulation into cells according to the kind of heavy metal compound was slightly increased in the case of the heavy metal compound with -nitrate group, but generally, there is little change according to the kind of compound in the amount of heavy metal accumulation. The amount of heavy metal accumulation according to the precultured time was increased in the case of the cell precultured for 24 hours, but generally the precultured time did not affect to the amount of heavy metal accumulation. Heavy metal accumulation into cells was affected by several external factors, such as temperature and pH. The optimum temperature and optimum pH of the accumulation of heavy metal into cells were $20{\sim}37^{\circ}C$ and pH $6{\sim}8$, respectively. By increasing the concentration of each heavy metal-tolerant microorganism in the solution, the total amount of heavy metal accumulated was increased, whereas the amount of heavy metal accumulated per cell(mg, heavy metal/g, dry cells) was decreased. These results indicated that the amount of heavy metal accumulated was not proportional to the concentration of microorganisms.

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Characteristics of Heavy Metal Distribution in Bottom Sdeiments of Tributaries of the Han River (한강유역 주요지천의 저질내 중금속 분포)

  • 허준무;박종안
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 1999
  • The Hg, Cd, Cu, Mn, and Zn in bottom sediments of han river and their tributaries were analyzed to evaluate the seasonal variations of heavy metals. Leaching tests were also performed for estimation of availability of heavy metal retention in sediments. Sediments of Anyang stream showed the highest concentration of heavy metal in the sediment samples. Heavy metal concentration was heavily depended upon the heavy metal source of tributaries of han river and particle distribution. Clay and silt had higher concentration of heavy metals than very fine san and fine sand due to difference of retention capability of heavy metal. The highest concentration of heavy metal was observed in bottom sediments irrespective of sites investigated. Heavy metals and ignition loss showed positive relations, and higher relationships with p-value <0.01 were observed between copper and lead. copper and zinc, and depended on the pH condition of leaching test, and leachated fraction increased with decrease of the pH.

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A Study on the Characteristics of Heavy Metal Concentration and Indoor Atmospheric Environments ; Heavy Metal Concentration in School Environments (실내 대기환경과 중금속농도의 분포특성에 관한 연구 - 학교 환경의 중금속농도)

  • 박종길;장난심
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.451-459
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    • 1997
  • This paper alms to describe the indoor-outdoor air quality in school environment through the analyses of heavy metal concentration by inductively Coupled Plasma(ICPI, which were observed at some school environment, such as traffic area, industrial area seme-industrial area, and residence area. The results are as follows : (1) Regardless Indoor and outdoor, the area with the highest concentration of heavy metal is industrial area followed by traffic area, residence area and semi-industrial area in descending order of magnitude. And the heavy metal concentration of indoor is higher than that of outdoor. (2) The main heavy metal components with more high level concentration of Indoor than those of outdoor are Zn, Al, Ca and these heavy metal concentrations are higher in class than In corridor and outdoor.

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Biosorption of Heavy Metal in Aqueous Solution by Heavy Metal Tolerant Microorganism Isolated from Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil (중금속으로 오염된 토양에서 분리한 중금속 내성 미생물의 수용액내 중금속 흡착)

  • Kim, Sung-Un;Choi, Ik-Won;Seo, Dong-Cheol;Han, Myung-Hoon;Kang, Byung-Hwa;Heo, Jong-Soo;Shon, Bo-Kyoon;Cho, Ju-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.379-385
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to find out a useful bioremediation technology for heavy metal contaminated soil and water. We isolated strain CPB from heavy metal contaminated soil and evaluated the tolerance level and adsorption capacity of strain CPB to heavy metals (Strain is not determined yet). Strain CPB showed variable tolerance limit to different kinds heavy metal or concentrations of heavy metals. The growth of strain CPB was significantly inhibited by mixed heavy metals (Cd+Cu+Pb+Zn) than that of by single heavy metal. Strain CPB showed high binding capacity with Pb (Pb>Cd>Cu>Zn). In general, strain CPB showed high uptake of heavy metals such as Pb, Cd and Cu. It was observed that the capacity of heavy metal uptake from mixture of heavy metals was reduced in comparison with single heavy metal treatment. But total contents of heavy metal bound with cell in mixed heavy metal showed higher than in single heavy metal treatment. Heavy metal adsorption in cells was affected by several external factors, such as temperature and pH etc.. The optimum temperature and pH of the adsorption of heavy metal into cells were ca. $25{\sim}35^{\circ}C$ and pH ca. $5{\sim}7$, respectively. A large number of the electron dense particles were found mainly on the cell wall and cell membrane fractions, which was determined by transmission electron microscope. Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy revealed that the electron dense particles were the heavy metal complexes the substances binding with heavy metals.

Adsorption Characteristics of Nickel, Zinc and Cadmium Ions using Alginate Bead (Alginate Bead를 이용한 니켈, 아연, 카드뮴의 흡착특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Heung-Joe
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 2011
  • This study investigated the adsorption characteristics of nickel, zinc and cadmium ions from the aqueous solution onto the alginate bead. Adsorption equilibrium capacities of the heavy metal ions increased with increasing initial pH of the solution. The adsorption equilibrium isotherm of the heavy metal ions was well represented by Langmuir equation. The magnitude of adsorption capacity of the heavy metal ions onto alginate bead was the order of cadmium > zinc > nickel. Kinetic parameters were measured in a batch adsorber to analyze the adsorption rates of the heavy metal ions. The internal diffusion coefficient of the heavy metal ions in the intraparticle were determined by comparing the experimental concentration curves with those predicted from the surface diffusion model (SDM) and pore diffusion model (PDM). The internal diffusion of the heavy metal ions in the intraparticles was explained by PDM.

The Solidification of the Heavy Metal Ion by Using DSP Cement (DSP 시멘트를 이용한 중금속 이온의 고화)

  • 소정섭;최상홀
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.889-894
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    • 1996
  • This study was subjected to the stabilization of heavy metals using DSp cement. Heavy metal Cr and Pb ions were mixed with cement paste and hydration behavior and leaching property by heavy metal were exami-ned. It was found that, Cr ion accelerated the early hydration of the cement and has no accelerating effect in later hydration period. However Pb ion retarded the hydration of the cement for a early hydration periods. As a result of leaching test the quantity of leachant has a very low value and the influence of leached heavy metal effected on the environments is very weak.

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Heavy Metal Son Exchange Reaction in Boron-Rich Containing Plants (다량의 붕소원소를 함유하는 식물의 중금속 이온 교환반응)

  • 배계선;성대동
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.757-762
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    • 1996
  • The removal effectiveness of various heavy metal ions in boron-rich containing plants has been studied by means of spectroscopic and pH methods. Treatment of the boron-rich containing sample which was collected from cherry and root of cabbage to heavy metal ions is resulted in that an excellent removal effect shows in the case of large ionic size of heavy metal. Stability constants are depended on the variation of pH.

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The Adsorption Properties of Heavy Metal Ions on to Cotton Fabrics Treated with Reactive Anionic Agent (반응형 음이온화제 처리 면직물에 대한 중금속 이온의 흡착특성)

  • Kim Mi-Kyung;Yoon Seok-Han;Kim Tae-Kyeong;Lim Yong-Jin
    • Textile Coloration and Finishing
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.20-29
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    • 2005
  • Cotton fabric was treated with a reactive anionic agent in order to have anionic sites(-S03-) on it, which made it possible for the fabric to adsorb various cationic materials. In this study, the adsorptivity of various heavy metal ions such as Pb(II), Cd(II), Cr(III), Co(II), Cu(II), Ni (II) and Cr(VI) on the cotton fabrics treated with anionic agent was examined at the various conditions; concentrations of heavy metal ions, pHs of solution, reaction time and temperature. As a result, the adsorptivity of the heavy metal ions on the cotton fabrics treated with the anionic agent was highly increased comparing to that of untreated cotton fabrics. The order of the adsorptivity was as follows: $Pb(II)>Cd(II)>Cu(II)\geqNi(II)\geqCo(II)>Cr(III)\ggCr(VI)$. The adsorption amounts of most heavy metal ions were increased in weak alkaline conditions and were reached to an adsorption equilibrium within 10 ~ 30 minutes. The maximum adsorption ratios of Pb(II) and Cd(II) were respectively 99% and 80% of the initial concentration of heavy metal ions. Therefore the anionized cotton fabrics seem to be utilized as an adsorption fabrics for the removal of heavy metal ions in the waste water.