• Title, Summary, Keyword: Herbal medicine

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A Study on the Development of Medication Teaching of Herbal Formulas Based on Evidence (EBM을 기반으로 한 한약처방 복약지도 지침에 대한 구성안 연구)

  • Lee, Nam-Hun;Yu, Young-Beob;Ha, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Ho-Young;Jung, Da-Young;Choi, Ji-Yoon;Ma, Jin-Yeul;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.144-155
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    • 2007
  • Background : In western medicine, there has been much interest in medication teaching since the separation of dispensary from medical practice in 2000. On the other hand, few investigations have been carried out about medication teaching for herbal medicine. Objectives : The purpose of this study wasto investigate the current status of medication teaching of herbal medicine and develop a better guide. Methods : Pharmaceutical affairs law in Korea was searched and some medication teaching guides were compared and analyzed to develop a better guide suitable for herbal medicine. Results and Conclusions : The future guide should be based on scientific evidence and include the following: (1)the origin of each herbal formula (2)the constitution of each herbal formula and proportion of each herb included (3)the chief virtue of each herbal formula (4)the efficacy of each herbal formula (5)the safety of each herbal formula (6)combined treatment with herbal formulas and western drugs (7)the way of decocting each herbal formula (8)the way of safekeeping and period of circulation of each herbal formula (9)a summary and evaluation for each herbal formula (10)references of each herbal formula.

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A Research on Management System of Herbal Medicine in Common Use for Food and Medicine (식약공용 한약재의 관리 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kweon, Kee-Tae
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.25-29
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This article reviews a solution preventing the illegal distribution of herbal medicine in common use for food and medicine and risks on public health by conducting safety management of food and medicine. Also, this article would like to contribute to improvement of public health treating diseases in compliance with accurate diagnosis and prescription of Oriental Medicine Doctor("OMD")'s. Methods : An approach in this research can be categorized into two : first, to examine the current administrative situation and problems of herbal medicine in common use for food and medicine based on policy documents of Ministry of Health and Welfare and Korea Food and Drug Adminstration("KFDA") and academic articles of the herbal medicine;second, to find reasonable administrative solutions to solve the problems. Solutions : A solution is to strengthen the management level of herbal medicine in common use for food and medicine by selecting 117 items as target items requiring concentrated management. In case herbal medicine is imported for food, KFDA strengthens the quality management level of herbal medicine by making use of inspection frequency at random, collecting and verifying herbal medicine on the market. However, KFDA decides to maintain current different quality specification system of food and medicine reflecting a civil complaint that quality specification of food and medicine should separately managed according to the purpose of use. Herbal medicine as medicine that is functioned as treating diseases and alleviating symptoms, unlike herbal medicine for food, can cure all kinds of diseases by recovering inner balance of human body, making use of other properties of herbal medicine. Medicine has its own properties. If a doctor uses properties of medicine appropriately, he cures diseases. If a doctor uses herbal medicine inappropriately. he may damage human body. Thus, whether side effects of medicine depend on a doctor who uses herbal medicine. Conclusions : All herbal medicine will be supplied into the market after strict safety control of manufacturers of herbal medicine according to the revised Pharmaceutical Affairs Act, beginning in April, 2012. Thus, people can take safer and more reliable herbal medicine through strengthening safety management of herbal medicine and improving quality and transparency in the distribution system. Herbal medicine should appropriately be prescribed by licensed OMD because herbal medicine is used to treat diseases and alleviate symptoms, unlike herbal medicine for food.

Studies on the Administration of the Quality of Herbal Medicine (한약재 품질 관리에 관한 연구)

  • 최선미;정희진;윤유식;이미영;최환수;성현제
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.99-112
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    • 2000
  • Objective: This study was conducted to suggest a proper administration system of the quality of herbal medicine. Methods: Related literature was carefully inspected and discussions among specialists in the field of herbal medicine's growth, production, circulation and administration were conducted. Results: 1. The administration of herbal medicine's quality should be done in each stage of its circulation; growing stage, harvesting stage, importing stage, production stage, quality examination stage, wrapping stage, circulating stage, and administration stage. 2. A safety standard should be established for items, parts and origins of each medicinal herb. A standard for the identification of forged products and objective standards for quality discrimination should also be established. 3. A national system for the training of herbal medicine quality administration personnel and herbal medicine discrimination personnel should be established. A data base of standardized product specimens should be established and a pharmacopoeia of herbal medicine should be published as a standard of quality administration in herbal medicine. 4. Research into the following preliminary areas should be conducted to investigate quality adminstration of herbal medicine: research related to herbal medicine's raw materials and herbal medicinal drugs; quality estimation of raw materials and drugs; quality administration in oriental medical hospitals; herbal medicine administration law; herbal medicine administration organization; herbal medicinal pharmacology; and policy-related research for the quality improvement of domestically grown medicinal herbs. Conclusion: For the proper administration of herbal medicine's quality, governmental support and intensive research among specialists should be done for the supply of good quality medicinal herbs and the improvement of the efficacy of herbal medicine.

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Effects of water and ethanol extracts from Ojeok-san on inflammation and its related diseases (오적산의 추출 용매 차이에 따른 염증 및 염증 관련 질환에 대한 효능 비교)

  • Yoo, Sae-Rom;Jeong, Soo-Jin;Kim, Ye-Ji;Lim, Hye-Sun;Jin, Seong-Eun;Jeon, Woo-Young;Shin, In-Sik;Shin, Na-Ra;Kim, Seong-Sil;Kim, Jung-Hoon;Ha, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Mee-Young;Kim, Ohn-Soon;Seo, Chang-Seob;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.418-428
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : Ojeok-san, a traditional herbal formula, has been used for the treatment of cold illness and its related symptoms such as headache, nausea and indigestion. This study was performed to compare effects of water (OJSW) and 70% ethanol extracts (OJSE) of Ojeok-san on inflammation and its related diseases atopy, asthma and obesity in vitro. Methods : We performed HPLC to investigate contents of index components of OJSW and OJSE. We investigated the effects of OJSW and OJSE with an in vitro model, using 5 cell lines, specifically RAW 264. 7, HaCaT, MC/9, BEAS-2B and 3T3-L1. Results : HPLC analysis displayed that the contents of index components were higher in OJSE than OJSW. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 macrophages, OJSE significantly inhibited productions of interleukin (IL)-6, nitrite and prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PEG_2$). In TNF-${\alpha}$/IFN-${\gamma}$-treated HaCaT keratinocytes, OJSE significantly lowered levels of macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC) as well as regulated and normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES). OJSE also had a protective effect on inflammatory response by decreasing RANTES secretion in TNF-${\alpha}$-stimulated BEAS-2B cells. Conclusions : We conclude that OJSE could be more appropriate to enhance the biological activities against inflammation and its related diseases, and could be applied as a bioactive material for developing the potent anti-inflammatory agents.

Analysis for 23 studies of patients that used Herbal Medicine during Pregnancy (임신(姙娠)중 한약복용 환자에 관한 논문 23례 분석)

  • Kim, Yoon-Sang;Lim, Eun-Mee;Lee, Hyun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.185-199
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was designed to establish safety and efficacy of using herbal medicine during pregnancy. Methods : We searched through 23 sources, which had been previously published frome 1988 to 2007, concerned patients that used herbal medicine during pregnancy. We searched diseases for that used herbal medicine, kinds of herbal medicine taken, the period of herbal medicine taken, the duration of herbal medicine taken and results of herbal medicine taken. Results: 1. Whaltae(habitual abortion) was the most of diseases that used herbal medicine during pregnancy. Second disease was hyperemesis gravidum. Third disease was Taegibulan (fetal restlessness). 2. The most of Herb medicines of used for Whaltae was Kyoesamultang and Anjeonecheontang. The most of Herb medicines of used for hyperemesis gravidum was Bosaengtang. The most of Herb medicines of used for Taegibulan was Kyoesamultang. 3. The time of herbal medicine taken mostly was the first period of pregnancy. The rate was 78%. 4. The duration of herbal medicine taken mostly was $18.58{\pm}14.24day$ at mean. 5. The rate of normal delivery was 85% and herbal medication during pregnancy does not cause any deformity to the newborn and of patients used herbal medicine. 6. The patients of taken herbal medicines were recovered from their symptoms and prevented miscarriage. The rate of recovery was 87%. Conclusion: The results of this study show that herbal medication during pregnancy is effective to cure disease and maintain the pregnancy. It is thought that have to actively try to treat diseases and symptoms on pregnancy by using herbal medicine.

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Comparative study on efficacies and ingredient contents of different solvent extracts of Insampaedok-san (인삼패독산의 추출용매에 따른 성분함량 및 효능연구)

  • Lim, Hye-Sun;Ha, Hyekyung;Seo, Chang-Seob;Jin, Seong Eun;Kim, Yeji;Jeon, Woo-Young;Yoo, Sae-Room;Shin, In-Sik;Kim, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Seong-Sil;Shin, Na Ra;Lee, Mee-Young;Jeong, Soo-Jin;Kim, Ohn Soon;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study evaluated activities and ingredient contents concerning extracts according to extraction solvents of Insampaedok-san (IS, Renshen bai du-san). Methods : The herbal constituents of IS were extracted with water and 70% ethanol at $100^{\circ}C$ for 2 hr. Using the HPLC system, the six ingredient contents of different solvent extracts of IS were analyzed. The nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin $E_2$ ($PGE_2$) production and proinflammatory cytokines were measured in RAW264.7 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22) and regulated on activation normal T-cell expression and secreted (RANTES/CCL5) production were measured in HaCaT and BEAS-2B cells stimulated tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$) and interferon-${\gamma}$ (IFN-${\gamma}$). The activities of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) and leptin level were measured in 3T3-L1 cells. Results : The calibration curves showed good linearity ($r^2$=1.0000) for different concentration ranges. The contents of liquiritin, naringin, hesperidin, neohesperirin and glycyrrizin in 70% ethanol extracts of IS were relatively higher than that of water extract, however the content of ferulic acid in 70% ethanol and water extract of IS were similar. The extraction solvents of water and 70% ethanol were evaluated inhibitory effect on the production of NO, $PGE_2$, TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6 in RAW 264.7 cells. Their extractions were inhibitory effect on production of MDC/CCL22 and RANTES/CCL5 in HaCaT cell and BEAS-2B cell, respectively. In addition, evaluated reduced on GPDH activity and leptin level in 3T3-L1 preadipocyte cell. Conclusions : Our results suggest that IS extracts were inhibitory effects of disease such as inflammation, allergies and obesity.

Ecology of Glehnia littoralis Population

  • Choo, Byung-Kil;Ji, Yun-Ui;Moon, Byeong-Cheol;Chae, Sung-Wook;Lee, Hye-Won;Lee, A-Yeong;Choi, Go-Ya;Cheon, Myeong-Sook;Yoon, Tae-Sook;Lee, Do-Yeon;Kim, Ho-Kyoung
    • 한국약용작물학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.312.2-312.2
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    • 2007
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Study on Comparison of Ingredient Quantities and Biological Activities of Galgeun-tang according to Extraction Solvent (용매별 갈근탕 추출물의 성분 분석 및 효능 비교)

  • Kim, Ye Ji;Kim, Ohn Soon;Seo, Chang Seob;Lim, Hye Sun;Yoo, Sae Rom;Jeon, Woo Young;Jin, Seong Eun;Shin, In Sik;Kim, Jung Hoon;Shin, Na Ra;Kim, Seong Sil;Lee, Mee Young;Jeong, Soo Jin;Ha, Hye Kyung;Shin, Hyeun Kyoo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.908-914
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    • 2012
  • To investigate the difference and change of ingredient and efficacy of Galgeun-tang (GGT) according to extraction solvent, water and 70% EtOH, the quantities of index components and the several in vitro activities of two kinds of GGT extract were compared. The contents of extracts were analyzed with HPLC. The biological activities such as anti-inflammatory and anti-obesity effects were measured through cell line-based in vitro assay. The cytotoxicity was measured by CCK-8 assay in RAW 264.7 cell, BEAS-2B cell, HaCaT cell and 3T3-L1 cell. We compared effects of two kinds of extract by measuring NO, PGE2, IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$ in RAW264.7 cell, RANTES in BEAS-2B cell, MDC and RANTES in HaCaT cell and GPDH activity and leptin level in differentiated 3T3-L1. 70% EtOH extract of GGT contained more compositions than water extract. The inhibitory effect of water extract of GGT on NO in RAW 264.7 cell and GPDH activity in 3T3-L1 was stronger than that of 70% EtOH. 70% EtOH has a stronger inhibitory effect on PGE2 in RAW264.7 cell, RANTES in BEAS-2B cell, MDC, RANTES in HaCaT cell, leptin in 3T3-L1 cell than water extraction. These results suggest that the ingredient and efficacy from 70% EtOH extract of GGT are more effective than water extract.

Comparative Study on Biological Activities and Ingredient Contents of Different Solvent Extracts of Samchulkunbi-tang (삼출건비탕의 추출용매에 따른 성분 함량 및 효능 비교 연구)

  • Jin, Seong Eun;Seo, Chang-Seob;Ha, Hyekyung;Lim, Hye-Sun;Kim, Yeji;Jeon, Woo-Young;Yoo, Sae-Rom;Kim, Jung-Hoon;Shin, In-Sik;Kim, Seong-Sil;Shin, Na Ra;Lee, Mee-Young;Jeong, Soo-Jin;Kim, Ohn Soon;Shin, Hyeun-Kyoo
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.328-337
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    • 2012
  • In order to investigate anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-obesity activities of Samchulkunbi-tang (SCT; Shen zhu jian pi-tang) water and 70% ethanol (EtOH) extracts, in vitro inhibitory activities against nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin $E_2$ $PGE_2$), interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-${\alpha}$ production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, and macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC/CCL22) and regulated on activation of normal T-cell-expressed and -secreted (RANTES/CCL5) production in TNF-${\alpha}$/interferon-${\gamma}$-stimulated HaCaT and BEAS-2B cells as well as glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity and leptin production in 3T3-L1 cells were determined. A HPLC was used for quantification of the seven marker components (albiflorin, paeoniflorin, liquiritin, naringin, hesperidin, poncirin and glycyrrhizin) of SCT water and 70% EtOH extracts. SCT showed inhibitory effects against MDC and RANTES production in HaCaT cells, as well as RANTES production in BEAS-2B cells. In addition, SCT reduced not only NO, $PGE_2$, IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$ production in RAW 264.7 cells, but also GPDH activity and leptin production in 3T3-L1 cells. Furthermore, the biological activities and the contents of six compounds (except paeoniflorin) were higher in 70% EtOH extract than water extract. These results suggest that SCT has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic and anti-obesity activities. These efficacies of 70% EtOH extract are relatively higher than that of water extract.