• Title, Summary, Keyword: Herringbone Grooved Journal Bearing(빗살무늬 저널베어링)

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Analysis of a Hydrodynamic Herringbone-Grooved Journal Bearing in a Small Precision Motor Considering Cavitation (공동현상을 고려한 소형 정밀 모터용 빗살무늬 저널베어링의 해석)

  • 창동일;장건희
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.2680-2687
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    • 2000
  • The Reynolds equation, incorporating Elrods cavitation algorithm, is discretized on a rectangular grid in computational space through coordinate mapping in order to accurately analyze a herringbone grooved journal bearing of a spindle motor in a computer hard disk drive. The pressure distribution and cavitation area are determined by using the finite volume method. Predicted results are compared to experimental data of previous researchers. It was found that positive pressure is developed within the converging section of the bearing and that a cavity occurs in the diverging section. Cavitation has been neglected in the previous analysis of the herringbone grooved bearing. Load capacity and bearing torque are increased due to the increased of eccentricity and L/D and the decrease of the grooved width ratio. The maximum load capacity was found to occur at a groove angle of 30 degrees while bearing torque remains constant due to the variation of the groove angle. The cavitation region is significantly decreased with the inclusion of herringbone grooves. However, the region increases with the increase of the eccentricity, L/D, groove angle and the rotational speed and the decrease of the grooved width ratio.

Stability Analysis of a Herringbone Grooved Journal Bearing with Rotating Grooves (홈이 회전하는 빗살무늬 저널 베어링의 안정성 해석)

  • 윤진욱;장건희
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.247-257
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents an analytical method to Investigate the stability of a hydrodynamic journal bearing with rotating herringbone grooves. The dynamic coefficients of the hydrodynamic Journal bearing are calculated using the FEM and the perturbation method. The linear equations of motion can be represented as a parametrically excited system because the dynamic coefficients have time-varying components due to the rotating grooves, even in the steady state. Their solution can be assumed as a Fourier series expansion so that the equations of motion can be rewritten as simultaneous algebraic equations with respect to the Fourier coefficients. Then, stability can be determined by solving Hill's infinite determinant of these algebraic equations. The validity of this research is proved by the comparison of the stability chart with the time response of the whirl radius obtained from the equations of motion. This research shows that the instability of the hydrodynamic journal bearing with rotating herringbone grooves increases with increasing eccentricity and with decreasing groove number, which play the major roles in increasing the average and variation of stiffness coefficients, respectively. It also shows that a high rotational speed is another source of instability by increasing the stiffness coefficients without changing the damping coefficients.

Stability Analysis of a Herringbone Grooved Journal Bearing with Rotating Grooves (홈이 회전하는 빗살무의 저널 베어링의 안정성 해석)

  • 윤진욱;장건희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.166-174
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents an analytical method to Investigate the stability of a hydrodynamic journal bearing with rotating herringbone grooves. The dynamic coefficients of the hydrodynamic journal bearing are calculated using the FEM and the perturbation method. The linear equations of motion can be represented as a parametrically excited system because the dynamic coefficients have time-varying components due to the rotating grooves, even in the steady state. Their solution can be assumed as a Fourier series expansion so that the equations of motion can be rewritten as simultaneous algebraic equations with respect to the Fourier coefficients. Then, stability can be determined by solving Hill's infinite determinant of these algebraic equations. The validity of this research is proved by the comparison of the stability chart with the time response of the whirl radius obtained from the equations of motion. This research shows that the instability of the hydrodynamic journal bearing with rotating herringbone grooves increases with increasing eccentricity and with decreasing groove number, which play the major roles in increasing the average and variation of stiffness coefficients, respectively. It also shows that a high rotational speed is another source of instability by increasing the stiffness coefficients without changing the damping coefficients.

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An Optimum Design of Herringbone Grooved Journal Bearings for Spindle Motor of Hard Disk Drive System (HDD 스핀들용 빗살무늬 저널베어링의 최적설계)

  • ;Y. Muraki;M. Tanaka
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.530-532
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents an optimum design of herringbone grooved journal bearing for spindle motor of hard disk drive (HDD) system. In addition to the conventional “rectangular” groove, various groove profiles are designed. The stiffness and damping coefficients of the oil film and frictional torque are calculated and compared for tile various groove profiles. The “circular”, “valley”, and “reversed saw tooth” grooves do not produce high direct stiffness, since they partly increase the groove depths in the direction of lubricant flow, causing to reduce the pumping action of the bearing. The maximum direct stiffness can be obtained by the “rectangular”, “saw tooth”, and “step” grooves. With the same cross sectional area of the grooves, these three grooves have the same maximum stiffness, damping coefficients, and frictional torque. Among these recommendable grooves, the saw tooth groove may keep its original profile for long, enduring metal-to-metal contact during startup and shutdown.

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Dynamic Characteristics of a Coupled Journal and Thrust Hydrodynamic Bearing in a HDD Spindle System Due to Groove Location (HDD 스핀들 시스템에 사용되는 저널과 트러스트가 결합된 유체 동압 베어링의 홈 위치에 따른 동특성 해석)

  • 윤진욱;장건희
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.304-311
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    • 2001
  • This research numerically analyzes the dynamic characteristics of a coupled journal and thrust hydrodynamic bearing due to its groove location which has the static load due to the weight of a rotor in the axial direction and the dynamic load due to its mass unbalance in the radial direction. The Reynolds equation is transformed to solve a plain member rotating type of journal bearing(PMRJ), a grooved member rotating type of journal bearing (GMRJ), a plain member rotating type of thrust bearing (PMRT) and a grooved member rotating type of thrust bearing (GMRT). FEM is used to solve the Reynolds equations in order to calculate the pressure distribution in a fluid film. Reaction forces and friction torque are obtained by integrating the pressure and shear stress along the fluid film, respectively. Dynamic behaviors, such as whirl radius or floating height of a rotor, are determined by solving its nonlinear equations of motion with the Runge-Kutta method. This research shows that the groove location affects the pressure distribution in the fluid film and consequently the dynamic performance of a HDD spindle system.

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