• Title, Summary, Keyword: Historical Science Viewpoint

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A Study on the Valuation of Seoggur - Am from the Viewpoint of Indoor Environment Control (실내환경조절 측면에서 본 석굴암(石窟庵) 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Sik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.21-30
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    • 1998
  • It is very important that we try to keep our traditional historical assets in the original form for a long time. Seoggur-Am has a very long and old history of about 1200 years. Yet, for the past several years there are many factors ruinning this historical treasure. Recently, specialist are new scientifically examining Seoggur-Am and evaluating its current condition, If you only judge these historical assets from the exterior structural environmental approach your scientific conclusion will not be complete. No one has studied Seoggur-Am from the viewpoint of indoor environmental climate. Therefore, I have surveyed and prepared a report of investigation as well as countermeasure so to understand the impact of indoor environmental climate on Seoggur-Am. The purpose of this paper is to first survey the existing research data based on exterior structural environment. Secondly, closely evaluate the new data of Seoggur-Am from the viewpoint of indoor environmental climate.

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Issues of the Socio-historical Interpretation in Art - Interpretation of inter-dependency as Imputation and Circle - (예술에서 사회.역사적 해석의 문제 -귀속(歸屬)과 순환(循環)의 상호의존적 해석-)

  • Park, Nam-Hee
    • Journal of Science of Art and Design
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    • v.9
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    • pp.25-47
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    • 2006
  • Amongst various methods of interpreting art, a understanding of the intention of artistic creation has been traditionally considered the most essential. Hermeneutics is the typical way of approaching it. With a focus on interpretation and understanding of the object, Hermeneutics delves into methodological techniques of interpretation and understanding of the existence of art from ancient Greece to the present. Nevertheless, from the Hermeneutic viewpoint, art as the object of interpretation is not free from social conditions and tradition; for this reason, interpretation of art basically has a socio-historical aspect. The starting point of this thesis is to examine the methods of understanding art from the socio-historical viewpoint. For this purpose, I study the theory of Hermeneutics as a basic of socio-historical interpretation of art, calling for methodology I need to justify inter-dependency of the epistemological viewpoint aid the ontological viewpoint in interpretation of art. Here, I suggest 'imputation(Zurechung)' and 'cycle(Zirkel)' as methodological concepts to support interdependency of these two viewpoints in Hermeneutics. Zurechung means explanation of meaning based upon the higher standard that includes to object of interpretation, while Zirkel means perception of part in order to understand the whole and, in turn, recognition of the whole in order to understand the part. These two concepts function inter-dependently in clarifying the object of interpretation and various problems of understanding human beings derived from it in the process of interpretation. This is also a key to the explanation that the object in social condition is closely related to historical perspective.

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A Study on the Indoor Climate Control of Artificial Grotto on Natral Environmental Phnomenon (자연환경상태에서 인공석굴법당의 실내기후조절에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Young-Sik;Cho, Young-Wha
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 1999
  • It is very important that we try to keep our traditional historical assets in the original form for a long time. Artificial grotto has a very long and old history of about 1250 years in Korea. Yet, for the past several years there are many factors ruinning this historical treasure. Recently, specialist are new scientifically examining artificial grotto and evaluating its current condition. If you only judge these historical assets from the exterior structural environmental approach your scientific conclusion will not be complete. No one has studied artificial grotto from the viewpoint of indoor climate environmental. Therefore, I have surveyed and prepared a report of investigation as well as countermeasure so to understand the impact of indoor climate environmental on artificial grotto. The purpose of this paper is to first survey the existing research data based on exterior structural environment. Secondly, closely evaluate the new data of artificial grotto from the viewpoint of indoor environmental control by a natural climate phenomenon in Korea.

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The Analysis of Concepts Related to Basic Unit of Matter Properties and Matter Change in Science Textbooks (교과서에 제시된 물질의 성질을 나타내는 기본 단위에 대한 개념과 물질변화에 대한 개념 분석)

  • Ryu, Oh-Hyeon;Paik, Seoung-Hey;Kim, Dong-Uk
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.53-65
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    • 2004
  • This study aimed to analyze the historical evolution of general ideas concerning the particles that represent matter properties and matter changes divided into physical change and chemical change. In the science historical viewpoint, the general ideas of the base that represent matter properties has been variously revised the 5types. The definition of the matter change have also changed the 3 types. From the analysis of the definitions in secondary school science textbooks and general chemistry textbooks, we found that a lot of confusion of eras in the contents that define the concepts. Sometimes, the definition presented in one textbook was contradictory to the definitions in other textbooks. This tendency has been sustained in the textbooks from the 4th to 7th science curriculum.

Korean Alcohol Beverage from the Viewpoint of Food Culture (한국(韓國) 술의 음식문화적(飮食文化的) 고찰(考察))

  • Koh, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2009
  • Alcoholic beverages can be viewed as repositories of historical information reflecting agricultural environment, economic and scientific level, religion, literature and art of their country. Korean Alcoholic beverages are based largely on rice, which have been developed in the following order: Takju, Cheongju and distilled spirits, Soju. They are closely related with the development of agriculture and historical levels of science and technology, and thus can be seen as symbolizing economic and political changes as well as rises and declines throughout the culture's history. The present review assessed the past and present flows of Korean alcoholic beverage culture, which has had a significant influence on the mental world of Korean people, based on literature concerning the history of food in Korea. Another focus of the study was a discussion on the future transmission and refining of Korean alcoholic beverage culture, which is undeniably informed by the Korean people's unique imagination and cultural sense.

Analysis of Historical Documents from a Viewpoint of Paper Science

  • Han, Yoon-Hee;Enomae, Toshiharu;Isogal, Akira;Yamamoto, Hirofumi;Hotate, Michihisa
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2006
  • Restoration of historical documents and arts has become important to inherit cultural properties. Most of historical documents were recorded on paper. Therefore, restoration of ancient papers is demanded and techniques for this purpose must be developed and sophisticated. In our study, several nondestructive methods for analyzing ancient paper have been developed. Image analysis using fast Fourier transform with suitable modifications was applied to optical micrographs of traditionally-handmade Korean and Japanese papers. This analysis determines the angle and anisotropy of fiber orientation of paper surfaces. Fiber orientation of traditionally-handmade Korean and Japanese papers was found to show their own characteristics in accordance with the motion of a papermaking screen made of bamboo splints. Consequently, the information on fiber orientation was found to be possible to distinguish the flow-sheet forming typical of Japanese paper and still-sheet forming typical of Korean paper. Moreover, the anisotropy was always higher for the screen side than for the top side, thus meaning that surface fiber orientation is possible to distinguish the two sides of paper of which papermaking history is unknown. An application of this technique to actual historical documents evidenced that wrapping papers were used as envelops with a lateral side up, namely, after rotating 90 degrees. A variety of cultural habits in writing letters was revealed by discrimination of the two sides.

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A Study on the Historical Changes in the Theory of 'Syndrome Differentiation' from the Viewpoint of Yoon Gilyeong (윤길영(尹吉榮)의 변증론(辨證論) 변천(變遷) 연구(硏究)에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Gyeong Cheol;Lee, Hai Woong
    • The Journal of the Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.151-158
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    • 2015
  • Objectives Syndrome differentiation and treatment (辨證論治) is one of the core theories in Korean medicine and syndrome differentiation (辨證) constitutes a branch of disease diagnosis in Korean medicine. Yoon Gil-Young, one of the modern outstanding scholar of basic medical science in Korean medicine, wrote on basic theories of Korean medicine such as physiology, pathology, formula science, etc. Hereby we will analyze and discuss his works to understand his recognition of historical changes in the syndrome differentiation. Methods We conducted researches into the two works of Yoon Gil-Young's, which are "The Clinical Formula Science of Eastern Medicine (東醫臨床方劑學)" and "The theory of Four-Constitution Medicine (四象體質醫學論)". From Yoon's academic standpoint which connects the basic medical science with the clinical medicine, we analyzed his opinion about syndrome differentiation and its historical changes. Results According to Yoon's research work on syndrome differentiation and its historical changes, the development of syndrome differentiation, which goes in harmony with the history of Korean medicine, has its deep root in " Huangdi's Internal Classic (黃帝內經)" and "Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases (傷寒雜病論)". And through "Treatise on the Spleen and Stomach (脾胃論)" and the articles of warm disease (溫病論), the theory of syndrome differentiation became extended to the whole clinical diagnostic field in Korean medicine, finally including the achievements in "Treasured Mirror of Eastern Medicine (東醫寶鑑)", "Longevity and Life Preservation in Eastern Medicine (東醫壽世保元)". Conclusions Yoon Gil-Young recognized that the system of syndrome differentiation was developed in accordance with the theories from the "Treatise on Cold Damage and Miscellaneous Diseases", then the "Treatise on the Spleen and Stomach" and the articles of warm disease. The four-constitution medicine in Korea and Koho school in Japan which lays emphasis on abdominal signs also contributed to its development. Syndrome differentiation can be categorized basically into three states of intrinsic cold (本寒), intrinsic deficiency (本虛), intrinsic heat (本熱) according to the deficiency and excess in human body metabolism.

A Study on Educational Methods of Nature-Study for Science Education through Nature ('자연을 통한 과학학습'을 위한 Nature-Study 교육방법 고찰)

  • Park, Sangmin;Park, Jongseok
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2015
  • This research aims to study on educational methods of Nature-Study extracted through a wide body of literatures and meaning of Nature-Study toward today's science education. For this, viewpoints of Nature-Study were drown by previous historical study about Nature-Study. And educational methods of Nature-Study based on viewpoints of Nature-Study were abstracted by collecting and analyzing of literatures. Meaning of Nature-Study toward today's science education was considered. The research resulted in the following; First, Nature-Study emphasize the sympathy with nature, aim for integrated subject study and include non-formal study from a viewpoint of 'studying with nature'. Second, Nature-Study aim for outdoor activities, emphasize experiences than texts, value fundamental observation from a viewpoint of 'study through first-hand experiences'. Third, Nature-Study value interest of students, support the study for all students, emphasize the teachers' role as a helper from a viewpoint of 'learner-centered education'. Nature-Study is suggested to change view of point over to science education through nature toward today's science education.

Institutional Evolution of Korea's International Cooperation of Science and Technology from the Viewpoint of the Historical Institutionalism (과학기술 국제협력의 제도적 진화: 역사적 제도주의의 관점)

  • Park, Se-In
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.516-551
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    • 2011
  • This study analysed the institutional evolution of Korea's international cooperation of science and technology (S&T) from the viewpoint of the historical institutionalism. For this, it examined Korea's institutions for international S&T cooperation by dividing the whole period from the Korean war to the present into five sub-periods; period of technology aids, technology transfer, mutual cooperation, expanded cooperation, and highly sophisticated cooperation, respectively. It, then, reviewed the evolving process and characteristics of each period. In this study, the structure (environment), the actor (government), the institution of higher rank (science & technology policy) were considered as variables influencing upon the institutions of the international S&T cooperation. Upon this assumption, this study analysed how and through what evolutionary process the international S&T cooperation institutions have evolved so far. This study obtained the following conclusions; First, the study confirmed the existence of the "institutional layering" in the institutions of the international S&T cooperation in Korea. The momentums for the change of the institutions of the international S&T cooperation stem from international environment and domestic economic environment. They influence upon economic policy, industrial policy, and S&T policy, which, together with the actor (the government), again brings about the institutional evolution of the international S&T cooperation. Second, the institutional evolution of the international S&T cooperation is taking place gradually. As mentioned above, the momentums for the change of the institutions of the international S&T cooperation originate from international and domestic macro environment. These momentums do not directly influence upon the institutions of the international S&T cooperation, rather they give indirect influence, through other related institutions, upon the institutions of the international S&T cooperation and make its gradual change or evolution. This is because the institutions of the international S&T cooperation have the "institutional layering".

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A study on the biographical records and meritorious certification awarded to Jeong In-Kyung in Koryo Dynasty (고려 후기 정인경의 정책과 공신록권의 분석)

  • 여은영;남권희
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.21
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    • pp.485-528
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    • 1994
  • The aim of this study is to analyze biographical records and Meritorious Certification of Jeong In-Kyung. The analysis is made in the respects of : 1) Bibliographical analysis of the (SeoSan Jeongshi GaSeung) 2) Biographical study of Jeong In-Kyung 3) Historical and Political background in the period of king ChungYeul The summary of this study is as follows: 1. The

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