• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Holism

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위계적 총체성과 개방적 상호의사소통에 의한 환경캠프 프로그램 평가방법 (An Evaluation Method on the Environmental Camp Program: Hierarchical Holism and Open Inter-communication)

  • 이재영;이선경
    • 한국환경교육학회지:환경교육
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.107-121
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    • 1995
  • The goal of this study was to establish the evaluation method, which consist of the principle, factor, procedure and checklist, on environmental camp program and then to support staffs of environmental camp for decision-making to improve pre-program and develop new one. The main principles of the evaluation method established in this study were Hierarchical holism and Open inter-communication. First, hierarchical holism focused at the interaction among six factors, which were divided by 3 steps : 1) goal(and objectives) 2) learners and sites 3) activities, staffs and media. Second, open inter-communication could be defined a feedback process among all program participants : manager, staff, teacher, volunteer, learner and so on. The evaluation checklist had been developed of 10 comprehensive items and 30 factor-items at the preliminary step but some items were assessed some complex or duplicate in the result of 3 case studies. The suggested checklist was diminished to 5 comprehensive items and 25 factor-items. Several alternatives, which included specifing learners and objectives, developing site-oriented program and establishing the evaluation sheet were suggested for improving environmental camp program.

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A big picture view of precision nutrition: from reductionism to holism

  • Kwon, Oran
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This review describes the historical changes in nutrition philosophy from a reductionist to a holistic approach during the $20^{th}$ century. Also, the role and efficient use of a holistic approach to precision nutrition are discussed. Results: Over the past century, significant progress has been made in human nutrition research, unraveling fundamental mechanisms of single nutrients on single targets or pathways. This kind of a reductionist approach has helped to save populations from nutrient deficiency diseases and improve associated health outcomes in large parts of the world. However, a new set of nutrition problems, like obesity and diet-related chronic diseases, are growing each year worldwide, increasing the financial burden on the health care system. A linear cause-effect association between single nutrients and a single physiologic effect, is insufficient to solve the complex nutrition-health relationships. Research that involves a more holistic rather than reductionist approach is needed to tackle a new set of nutrition problems. Recent advances in technology, informatics, and statistical methods are enabling an understanding of the diversity of individuals and the complex interactions between foods and human bodies, leading to the concept of "precision nutrition." Conclusion: The emerging goal of precision nutrition is to provide tailored dietary advice for maintaining health and preventing obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. The parts are already being installed. To grab the complexity, reductionism and holism must be used interdependently.

전일적(holistic) 관점에 의한 환경디자인 접근방법 고찰 (A Study on the Methods of Environmental Design with the View of Holism)

  • 이희정
    • 한국실내디자인학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.71-74
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    • 1999
  • Mechanical world view was built by Newton and Decarte approximately 400 years ago. Modern Society has reached at the time for fundamental adjustment and in effect, the paradigm shift is now under way. The new paradigm is the holistic world view that considers the world as the integrated entirety rather than the unity of separated parts. The pluralistic phase which can be considered as general characteristics observed in the art, society and culture in the end of the 20th century is seen as the reflection of this new world view. the complementary relationship between traditionism and modernity and oriental intuitive, holistic approach and western rational analytical approach can be explained when the complementary relationship is recognized with holistic and integrated view. The holistic paradigm and integrated-artistic view are the new aesthetic value which can suggest an alternative for public art of environmental design.

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지능 접속을 위한 인체 운동 포착 및 재현 시스템 (A motion capture and mimic system for intelligent interactions)

  • 윤중선
    • 제어로봇시스템학회논문지
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.585-592
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    • 1999
  • A new paradigm of technology, based on the overall interactions of technology, human and environment, is explored. History of technology and machines is reviewed in terms of the interactions of human and machines. Two main concepts of intelligent interactions proposed, holism and embodiment, are based on the interactions of machines and human through human body : Korperlichkeit ( corporeality). Human body movements are the result of long periods of evolution and, thus, are very optimized motions. Complicated and flexible motions could be easily achieved by mimicking human body movements. Motion capture and mimic systems based on the electromagnetic, visual, and gyroscopic type trackers, are being implemented to demonstrate these concepts. Also, various motion mappings are investigated on these interactive systems. By exploring a new paradigm of technology through Korperlichkeit, an oriental view of technology as relativities may evolve to embrace the limitations of western view of machines as an absolute independent form.

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시스템생물학의 한의학적 응용 (Application of Systems Biology to Traditional Korean Medicine)

  • 박영철;이선동
    • 대한예방한의학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2016
  • In Korea and China, traditional medicine's holistic approaches, based on the views of whole-body and whole-person, have been applied to make the solution of health problem. However, these holistic approaches of traditional korea or chinese medicine have been limited in interpreting their theories in a view of modern scientific aspects of medicine. This limitation seems to be mainly due to the reductionism approaches of modern scientific medicine. Traditionally, science has taken a reductionism approach; dissecting biological systems into their constituent parts and studying them in isolation. However, systems biology based on omics technologies is providing a new thought and method for traditional medicine's research and interpretation. Systems biology uses integrity study as the characteristic and bioinformatic technology as the key method for connecting reductionism and holism. Therefore, it has much in common with the theory of traditional medicine. It was reviewed that how systems biology is applied to traditional medicine in Korea and China. Also it was suggested that more future researches on interpretation between traditional medicine and systems biology must be focused on personalized medicine since systems biology will have a major impact on future personalized therapeutic approaches.

체육과 무(武), 국가 번영의 기초 -플라톤과 박은식의 사상을 중심으로- (Physical Training and Martial Art, the Foundations for a Flourishing State -Focusing on the Thoughts of Plato and Park Eun-sik-)

  • 홍영기;홍진기
    • 한국콘텐츠학회논문지
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.560-576
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    • 2018
  • 플라톤의 존재론은 물질과 정신의 영역을 독립적으로 간주하는 이원론보다는, 이데아를 중심으로 하는 전체론(Holism)에 가깝다. 그의 형이상학에서 감각적 사물은 이데아의 모상이며, 이데아는 그것의 원형이다. 그에 따라 인간의 육체와 영혼도 서로 단절된 것이 아니라, 존재론적으로 연속적이며 기능적으로 상보적인 관계에 놓여있다. 영혼의 완성을 추구하는 플라톤의 교육관에서 체육을 중시하며 그것을 공부의 전제로 삼은 이유는 이러한 존재론에 근거한 것이다. 구한말 독립운동가 박은식 역시 플라톤과 비슷한 교육관을 지니고 있는 것으로 보인다. 그는 우리 민족이 회복해야 하는 내면의 가치인 '마음'을 발견하기 위해선, 무(武)의 교육이 중요함을 역설하였다. 플라톤과 박은식 모두는 체육과 무(武)의 교육이 그들이 추구했던 인간상을 만들기 위한 공부의 전제가 된다고 보았다. 그리고 그들이 제시한 교육과정을 통해 육성된 인재들은 사회에서 각자 자신의 직분을 다함으로써 국가의 번영을 이끌 것이라 기대했다. 결론적으로, 플라톤과 박은식의 사상에서 학생들에 대한 체육과 무(武)의 교육은 인간의 개인적 완성을 위한 공부의 전제이자, 그들이 꿈꾸었던 이상국가를 만들기 위한 필수적 교육과정 이었다고 할 수 있다.

인터액티브 테크놀로지와 진화로봇 (Evolutionay Robotics based on Interactive Technology)

  • 윤중선
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.530-530
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    • 2000
  • A new paradigm of technology, based on the overall interactions of technology, humans and environment through Korperlichkeit(corporeality or philosophy of Mom), is explored. Parallelism based on holism and embodiment, and relative interactions based on correspondence and interrelationships, are the key ideas in the proposed paradigm. Biological information processing systems much resemble the key ideas of interactive technology. Robots could be easily implemented from this evolutionary engineering approach.

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A Study of Holism based Service Experience Analysis System

  • Kim, Sung-Su;Lee, Eun-Jong
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to offer a holism based Service Experience Analysis System(HSEAS) for service design. Background: Customer experience has been focused in a lot of service area. But it is difficult to understand the customer's needs and their experiences because it's so complex and uncertain. Thus it needs holistic approach that means it's difficult to explain general character merely through the understanding of small parts that composes an object and it must be analyzed within the overall context. Method: Accordingly, the thesis paper proposes the Service Experience Analysis System that satisfies the four following needs. (1) Need of solid Experience Framework in which the special quality of the service experience is considered, (2) need of support for the semantic cohesion between different kinds of data, (3) need of support for the management and search of vast data, and (4) need of building the knowledge base system for collaborative research. Results: HSEAS combines the short information in the customers' words and behaviors or situations and circumstances and provides a place of analysis where the context of the general experience can be read and allows concrete understanding of the actual state and factor of the problem as a Combined Data Analysis Tool. Conclusion: HSEAS becomes the center of information management, analysis and connection and it provides a free collaboration place where physical condition has no relations to as a knowledge base system based on network. Application: It is expected that length and width will be added to the analysis and assistance for effectively accumulating information will be provided in the area of diverse service.