• Title, Summary, Keyword: Holism

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An Evaluation Method on the Environmental Camp Program: Hierarchical Holism and Open Inter-communication (위계적 총체성과 개방적 상호의사소통에 의한 환경캠프 프로그램 평가방법)

  • 이재영;이선경
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.107-121
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    • 1995
  • The goal of this study was to establish the evaluation method, which consist of the principle, factor, procedure and checklist, on environmental camp program and then to support staffs of environmental camp for decision-making to improve pre-program and develop new one. The main principles of the evaluation method established in this study were Hierarchical holism and Open inter-communication. First, hierarchical holism focused at the interaction among six factors, which were divided by 3 steps : 1) goal(and objectives) 2) learners and sites 3) activities, staffs and media. Second, open inter-communication could be defined a feedback process among all program participants : manager, staff, teacher, volunteer, learner and so on. The evaluation checklist had been developed of 10 comprehensive items and 30 factor-items at the preliminary step but some items were assessed some complex or duplicate in the result of 3 case studies. The suggested checklist was diminished to 5 comprehensive items and 25 factor-items. Several alternatives, which included specifing learners and objectives, developing site-oriented program and establishing the evaluation sheet were suggested for improving environmental camp program.

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A big picture view of precision nutrition: from reductionism to holism

  • Kwon, Oran
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This review describes the historical changes in nutrition philosophy from a reductionist to a holistic approach during the $20^{th}$ century. Also, the role and efficient use of a holistic approach to precision nutrition are discussed. Results: Over the past century, significant progress has been made in human nutrition research, unraveling fundamental mechanisms of single nutrients on single targets or pathways. This kind of a reductionist approach has helped to save populations from nutrient deficiency diseases and improve associated health outcomes in large parts of the world. However, a new set of nutrition problems, like obesity and diet-related chronic diseases, are growing each year worldwide, increasing the financial burden on the health care system. A linear cause-effect association between single nutrients and a single physiologic effect, is insufficient to solve the complex nutrition-health relationships. Research that involves a more holistic rather than reductionist approach is needed to tackle a new set of nutrition problems. Recent advances in technology, informatics, and statistical methods are enabling an understanding of the diversity of individuals and the complex interactions between foods and human bodies, leading to the concept of "precision nutrition." Conclusion: The emerging goal of precision nutrition is to provide tailored dietary advice for maintaining health and preventing obesity and diet-related chronic diseases. The parts are already being installed. To grab the complexity, reductionism and holism must be used interdependently.

A Study on the Methods of Environmental Design with the View of Holism (전일적(holistic) 관점에 의한 환경디자인 접근방법 고찰)

  • 이희정
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.71-74
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    • 1999
  • Mechanical world view was built by Newton and Decarte approximately 400 years ago. Modern Society has reached at the time for fundamental adjustment and in effect, the paradigm shift is now under way. The new paradigm is the holistic world view that considers the world as the integrated entirety rather than the unity of separated parts. The pluralistic phase which can be considered as general characteristics observed in the art, society and culture in the end of the 20th century is seen as the reflection of this new world view. the complementary relationship between traditionism and modernity and oriental intuitive, holistic approach and western rational analytical approach can be explained when the complementary relationship is recognized with holistic and integrated view. The holistic paradigm and integrated-artistic view are the new aesthetic value which can suggest an alternative for public art of environmental design.

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A motion capture and mimic system for intelligent interactions (지능 접속을 위한 인체 운동 포착 및 재현 시스템)

  • Yoon, Joong-Sun
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.5 no.5
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    • pp.585-592
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    • 1999
  • A new paradigm of technology, based on the overall interactions of technology, human and environment, is explored. History of technology and machines is reviewed in terms of the interactions of human and machines. Two main concepts of intelligent interactions proposed, holism and embodiment, are based on the interactions of machines and human through human body : Korperlichkeit ( corporeality). Human body movements are the result of long periods of evolution and, thus, are very optimized motions. Complicated and flexible motions could be easily achieved by mimicking human body movements. Motion capture and mimic systems based on the electromagnetic, visual, and gyroscopic type trackers, are being implemented to demonstrate these concepts. Also, various motion mappings are investigated on these interactive systems. By exploring a new paradigm of technology through Korperlichkeit, an oriental view of technology as relativities may evolve to embrace the limitations of western view of machines as an absolute independent form.

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Application of Systems Biology to Traditional Korean Medicine (시스템생물학의 한의학적 응용)

  • Park, Yeongchul;Lee, Sundong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.99-110
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    • 2016
  • In Korea and China, traditional medicine's holistic approaches, based on the views of whole-body and whole-person, have been applied to make the solution of health problem. However, these holistic approaches of traditional korea or chinese medicine have been limited in interpreting their theories in a view of modern scientific aspects of medicine. This limitation seems to be mainly due to the reductionism approaches of modern scientific medicine. Traditionally, science has taken a reductionism approach; dissecting biological systems into their constituent parts and studying them in isolation. However, systems biology based on omics technologies is providing a new thought and method for traditional medicine's research and interpretation. Systems biology uses integrity study as the characteristic and bioinformatic technology as the key method for connecting reductionism and holism. Therefore, it has much in common with the theory of traditional medicine. It was reviewed that how systems biology is applied to traditional medicine in Korea and China. Also it was suggested that more future researches on interpretation between traditional medicine and systems biology must be focused on personalized medicine since systems biology will have a major impact on future personalized therapeutic approaches.

Physical Training and Martial Art, the Foundations for a Flourishing State -Focusing on the Thoughts of Plato and Park Eun-sik- (체육과 무(武), 국가 번영의 기초 -플라톤과 박은식의 사상을 중심으로-)

  • Hong, Youngki;Hong, Jinkee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.560-576
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    • 2018
  • Plato's ontology is closer to Holism, which is based on IDEA, than to Dualism, which regards the matter and soul as being independently from each other. According to his metaphysics, the sensory things are the copies of IDEA. and IDEA is the original of them. Hence human body and soul are not separate from each other, but are ontologically continuous and functionally complementary. The reason why Plato's view of education, which pursues the perfection of the soul, emphasizes the physical training and makes it the premise of study is this ontology. It seems that Park Eun-sik, an independent activist in the late period of Joseon Dynasty, has a view of education similar to Plato's. He emphasized the importance of education on martial art in order to restore the our people's inner quality, 'Mind(心)'. Both Plato and Park Eun-sik thoughts that the education of physical training and martial art was the premise of study to make the humanity they pursued. And they expected that the talented people raised through the curriculum proposed by them would lead the prosperity of the nation by fulfilling their respective roles in society. In conclusion, from the view of Plato and Park Eun-sik's thoughts, it can be said that, the education of physical training and martial art for students is the premise of the study for personal perfection of human beings, and essential curriculum for making the ideal state that they dreamed.

Evolutionay Robotics based on Interactive Technology (인터액티브 테크놀로지와 진화로봇)

  • 윤중선
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.530-530
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    • 2000
  • A new paradigm of technology, based on the overall interactions of technology, humans and environment through Korperlichkeit(corporeality or philosophy of Mom), is explored. Parallelism based on holism and embodiment, and relative interactions based on correspondence and interrelationships, are the key ideas in the proposed paradigm. Biological information processing systems much resemble the key ideas of interactive technology. Robots could be easily implemented from this evolutionary engineering approach.

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A Study of Holism based Service Experience Analysis System

  • Kim, Sung-Su;Lee, Eun-Jong
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to offer a holism based Service Experience Analysis System(HSEAS) for service design. Background: Customer experience has been focused in a lot of service area. But it is difficult to understand the customer's needs and their experiences because it's so complex and uncertain. Thus it needs holistic approach that means it's difficult to explain general character merely through the understanding of small parts that composes an object and it must be analyzed within the overall context. Method: Accordingly, the thesis paper proposes the Service Experience Analysis System that satisfies the four following needs. (1) Need of solid Experience Framework in which the special quality of the service experience is considered, (2) need of support for the semantic cohesion between different kinds of data, (3) need of support for the management and search of vast data, and (4) need of building the knowledge base system for collaborative research. Results: HSEAS combines the short information in the customers' words and behaviors or situations and circumstances and provides a place of analysis where the context of the general experience can be read and allows concrete understanding of the actual state and factor of the problem as a Combined Data Analysis Tool. Conclusion: HSEAS becomes the center of information management, analysis and connection and it provides a free collaboration place where physical condition has no relations to as a knowledge base system based on network. Application: It is expected that length and width will be added to the analysis and assistance for effectively accumulating information will be provided in the area of diverse service.