• Title, Summary, Keyword: Holism

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The principles and values of health promotion: building upon the Ottawa charter and related WHO documents (건강증진이 기반한 주요 원칙과 가치: 오타와 헌장 및 세계보건기구 관련 문헌 등을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Myoung-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: This paper reviews the main principles and values underlying health promotion and reflects upon recent health promotion efforts in Korea. Methods: The essay approaches these issues through the framework of the Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (WHO, 1986) and other related (WHO) documents. The Ottawa Charter has been an important basis for health promotion worldwide over the last three decades since 1986. Emphasizing the instrumental value of health and the prerequisites for health, it provides the definition of health promotion and elaborates the strategies for health promotion as well as the main health promotion actions. Results: Beyond the values of health as both a fundamental human right and a resource for everyday life, the values and principles related to health promotion shown in WHO documents and other literature include holism, social justice and equity, public and community participation, autonomy, empowerment, socioecological approaches to health, sustainability, intersectoral collaboration, partnership-building, responsibility for health, and so on. Conclusions: Reflecting, subjectively, on health promotion efforts in Korea, some values, including holism in terms of target population, equity, public and community participation, empowerment, and socio-ecological approaches have been realized to some extent, while other values like intersectoral collaboration and partnership have not been considered sincerely in public efforts relating to health promotion. Therefore, future health promotion efforts in Korea should concentrate on incorporating these critical values and principles-based approaches into health promotion activities.

Metatechnology: Correspondence of the Arts, Sciences, Technology and Humans

  • Joongsun Yoon;In Hwang;Sungho Chang
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2000
  • Current Western-dominated paradigms of technology are based on a reductionstic view, i.e., machines evolve to an intelligent but isolated object form by serially integrating precise subtechnology, humans and the environment through K rperlichkeit(corporeality or philosophy of Mom), is explored. Parallelism based on holism and embodiment, and relative interactions based on correspondence and interrelationships, are the key ideas in the proposed paradigm. An interactive system, called the Emotional intelligence Interface and Performance System(EIPS), is proposed and implemented to explore the proposed interactive technology paradigm. Also, recent collaborations by ASTA(Arts, Sciences & Technology in Asia), an interdisciplinary project team of artists and engineers, are introduced to demonstrate these explorations.

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Circulation, priventive medicine, Korean Oriental medicine Taoisma (도(道)와 정신치료에 대한 고찰)

  • Ku Byung-Su
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.167-182
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    • 1997
  • The fallowing result are obtained through study on the Dao expressed in Korean Oriental medicine and Taoism 1. Putting importance in all, circuration, preventive medicine and psychosomatic medicine is similar to Taoism and Korean Oriental medicine.2. Perfect understanding of No-striving and Emptiness in Taoisma and expension of meaning of Self-transcendence and Empathy can be of use to medical cure.3. Perfect understanding of Dao is essential in maturity of therapist.4. Psychotherapy of Korean Oriental medicine agree with Psychoanalysis and Daseinanalysis from the point of view of the holism.5. Korean oriental medicine is medicine of Dao and Dao is a great help to recover patient's heath.6. The disrase come to dishamony of Qi in Korean Oriental medicine and Taoism.Through the above result, the new cure will come on the basis of Dao, and it will need enlightening Dao to prevent from psychosis.

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Analysis of the main contents and structure of the visceral manifestation theoretical systems in "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" ($\ll$황제내경(黄帝内经)$\gg$ 장상학리론체계적주요내용여결구간석(藏象学理论体系的主要内容与结构简析))

  • Zhang, Yu-Peng
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.125-128
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    • 2010
  • The visceral manifestation theory in the "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" was constructed by the reference of the study of Confucian classics which main characteristics is the extensive application of the five phase theory. "Image" plays an important role in the thinking of the Chinese ancient people and it is the basis of the construction of the visceral manifestation theory. "Concept of holism" is the main directed thinking of the "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)" "Four seasons, five viscera, Yin yang" theory is the core contents of the visceral manifestation theory in the "Hwangjenaegyeong(黃帝內經)".

Why do registered nurses choose to offer complementary and alternative medicine?

  • Johannessen, Berit
    • CELLMED
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.7.1-7.4
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    • 2012
  • The use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) is increasing in Norway. A growing number of nurses choose to offer CAM, and the purpose of the study presented in this article was to examine the reasons for their choices. Fieldwork including interviews with 20 nurses offering CAM was conducted. The results showed that the nurses in general are not satisfied with the public health service. They had four main reasons for their choice to offer CAM: 1. A desire to perform holistic nursing. 2. A tendency to value self-realization. 3. A wish to experience meaning in their work and develop a stronger professional identity. 4. A freedom to mix care and cure. The results of this study are also discussed in view of medicalization.

A Study about Office Design through Gaia Theory (가이아 이론에 의한 오피스 디자인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Min-Gu;Oh, In-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Interior Design Conference
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to get a possibility of maintenance architecture, which present instead of contemporary architecture through interrelation between Organic architecture and Gaia theory. Through this study to fine a interrelation part between Organic architecture and Gaia Theory as general case, and through the Gaia theory, Organic architecture being progress as new design experiment exposition. After modern time, we can have presentation of main subject which corresponds to mechanical rationalism and rising Organic architecture from Organic Holism. Organic architecture is get close to biological or ecological access to nature and environment so from and inner order could apply to architecture after that better circumstances and maintenance(sustain architecture) development could possible, although the point became more importance. In this point, Jim E. Lovelock's Gagia theory which try to proscript relationship(element of enviroment) of earth, this is pretty big deal and we can find a connection with Organic architecture in the theory.

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An Introduction of Hakomi Therapy and Its Application to Korean Medicine (하코미세라피의 이해와 한의학적 응용)

  • Sue, Joo-Hee;Kang, Hyung-Won
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.24 no.spc1
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    • pp.101-118
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : Hakomi therapy is a body-centered psychotherapy established by Ron Kurtz in the 80s. Here we introduce the clinical possibilities of application in Korean medicine through Hakomi therapy. Methods : At first, we present the definition, basic principles, terms and outline of Hakomi therapy in reference to "Body-centered psychotherapy The Hakomi Method," published by Ron Kurtz. Then we study the clinical application of Hakomi therapy on Korean medicine. Results : There are many similarities between Hakomi and Korean medicine, such as Mind-Body holism, organicity through homeostasis of living things, non-violent attitude of therapist like Tao, and emphasis on breathing by corresponding with Nature. Also, there are similarities in methods, such as Ohjisangseung, Iijungbyunqi, and Qigong. Hence, Hakomi therapy can be useful in Korean psychotherapy. Conclusions : If we can graft Hakomi therapy onto Korean psychotherapy, it will be efficacious for Korean psychotherapy to be systematized.

The Present and Future for the Protection, Management and Planning of Landscape in the Country - A Perspective from Holism - (국토경관 보호·관리·계획의 현재와 미래 - 전체론의 관점을 중심으로 -)

  • Ryu, Je-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.166-175
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    • 2015
  • Nowadays, in the European countries, landscape is spoken of its importance as often as environment, by those who are engaged in such fields as politics, administration, research and civil society. In Korea, while recognizing such an international trend, academics and administrators have made a series of efforts to reflect landscape concept on a variety of policies. However, it is recognized that the effects of these policies have not been satisfactory. Under these circumstances, this paper aims to examine the complex values and multiple meanings in the landscape, which have been discussed by landscape experts in the European countries. Then, it aims to the explore the future direction of policy and research on the landscape to be pursued in Korea, where there is relatively less interest in the issues of landscape. It is argued that landscape should be approached and understood from a holistic perspective, because it is a very complex concept with multiple meanings that have been coined differently depending on the situation. All the academic fields, involved in the landscape research, should try in co-operation to develop the comprehensive approach rather than the inter- and multi-disciplinary approach to the landscape study. In Korea, moreover, it is also necessary in the legislation to recognize the fact that degradation and retreat in the quality of landscape would make a negative effect on the quality of human daily life. Natural and cultural heritages contained in the rural landscape are also now in danger of disappearing. These heritages, therefore, should become an important subject for research and policy on landscape before the countryside is completely evacuated after the aging population die out. To make this happen, it is very urgent that evaluation and classification of landscape character should be undertaken from the holistic perspective, which is equipped with a methodology overcoming as well as encompassing the boundaries of academic fields. It is also equally very urgent that education on landscape should be provided to the politicians, citizens and students as well as the officials dealing with landscape matters. Finally, government should strive to make the landscape concept penetrate deeply as well as widely into the spatial planning and legislation process while designing and implementing a comprehensive landscape policy at the national level.

A Study of Nursing Students' Spiritual Care Experiences (간호 대학생의 영적 간호 경험 분석)

  • Koh, Myung-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.175-185
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    • 2003
  • The purpose: This study was to describe the spiritual nursing care experiences of nursing students who were in a university, Seoul, Korea. Method: This study is based on descriptive analysis of case studies that were submitted by nursing students. Nursing students were 64 person who were sophomores in a university of the year 2000, 2001. Results: 1. The problems that students report for their subjects were: Loss of self-confidence, body image complex, health status problems, maladaptability, economic problems of home, guilty feeling, problems with dating, loneliness, uncertainty of their future, faith problem, accountability, stress and apart from intimate friends. 2. The methods which students use to solve the subjects's problems were: prayer with subjects, use the Scripture, conversation, meet frequently, listening, frequent phone call, explore problem solving methods together, write letters or E-mails, present with books or music CD etc. 3. After the students have experienced spiritual nursing care they feel that: satisfaction, lack of knowledge of spiritual care, understanding the importance of spiritual nursing care make a new resolution for others, understanding the importance of listening, understanding the power of prayer, the need of Bible study. Conclusion: Maintaining spiritual wellness is a important as maintaining physical fitness and essential for optimal well being. Therefore educating nursing students in developing and maintaining spiritual wellness is essential for the patient to achieve holism.

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A study of Meridian Scraping Therapy (괄사요법(刮痧療法)에 대한 고찰(考察))

  • Yu, Jin-Ho;Koh, Hyung-Kyun;Kang, Sung-Keel
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : Meridian Scraping Therapy(MST: Kwal-Sa: 刮痧) has not well known in Korea. But it's a kind of Traditional Physical Therapy wide spreaded in China and Taiwan. So I want to introduce this new Therapy by summarizing the basic theories and practical manipulations. Conclusions : To analyse the meaning of the character Kwal-Sa, Kwal(刮) means scraping the skin by some tools and Sa(痧) means originally the red spots on skin of measles but in this therapy it's the red spot on skin after the treatment. Meridian Scraping Therapy is based on the meridiology and holism which are the basic theory of Oriental Medicine. The main effects of Meridian Scraping Therapy are draining of pathogenic factors, promoring the flow of ki and blood, tonify yang, balancing the harmony of intemal organs and enhancing the immuno-ability in body. Rhinoceros corpus is common matrial of MST-plate which is the tool of manipulation. And by this plate several manipulation is performed according to the symptom and the locations of pain. The merits of MST are that easily learned by practician, the effects of the treatment are very quickly manifest and no significant side-effects. And additionally this therapy performed not only for treat diseases but prevent it and preserve health.

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