• Title, Summary, Keyword: Housing

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The Consciousness and Current use of Residents for Community Spaces of Rental Housing by Post-Occupancy Evaluation

  • Park, Joon-Young;Lee, Sang-Jun;Cheong, So-Yi;Jeong, Jae-Jin
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to POE(Post-Occupancy Evaluation) analyze the characteristics of residents and their demands on community facilities by types of supplying housing, which can be the basis for making the housing regulations. The following five types of housing are considered in this study ; 1) National Rental Housing(L), 2) Public Rental Housing(L), 3) Permanent Rental Housing(S), 4) Public Rental Housing(S), 5) Private Rental Housing. We surveyed 527 residents from 20 housing complexes in those four housing types. First, each housing type has different household characteristics. Second, the criteria for housing selection are different. Third, local community activities and satisfaction are different in each housing type. Lastly, residents are generally satisfied with service facilities, but their satisfaction level and the facilities they need are different depending on housing type, accordingly. The housing community space plan be should be improved to the amount of areas of community facilities.

A Study of Housing Welfare Regulations of City & Province (시·도별 주거복지 관련 자치법규에 대한 연구)

  • Rhee, Ji-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2016
  • The increase rate of total population slows down and the ratio of the elderly population & single-household in our country is growing rapidly. Korean's housing penetration has already exceeded 100%. So people focus on the qualitative aspects of housing, namely housing welfare than the quantitative supply of housing The purpose of the study proposes the desirable direction for housing welfare policy based on the housing welfare regulations. The data for the analysis was collected through the regulations of 8 cities and 9 provinces. So housing welfare contents like housing welfare business, housing welfare center, etc. were extracted from 4 Housing Welfare Support Regulations, 5 Housing Basic Regulations and 8 Housing Regulations. The results were as follows: To stabilize housing and improve housing, the contents of housing welfare contained in related ordinance are still insufficient. Continue to be effective and housing welfare work, it shall be presented in detail in the regulations with respect to the financing plan. To those who need the housing welfare will have to be built an effective delivery system that can be delivered in a timely manner. For housing welfare for the elderly, housing welfare business information is detailed and broken down, it should be codified.

The Difference of Housing Welfare Outcomes Between Public Rental Housing and Market Rental Housing (공공임대주택과 민간임대주택의 주거복지 성과 차이)

  • Lim, Se-Hee
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.75-101
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the study was to examine the difference of housing welfare outcomes between public rental housing and market rental housing. Housing welfare is defined as living at adequate, affordable housing with stability and measured as substandard housing, unaffordable housing, unstable housing. This study was based on 2016 Housing Fact Finding Survey, sampled the households which their incomes are below 120% average income of city workers. This study controlled the socio-economic characters of householders to identify the difference of housing welfare performance between public and market rental housing. The study showed the ratios of public rental housing of substandard housing and unaffordable housing are not low. But It is revealed that the achievements of housing welfare of the public rental housing are better than market rental housing and the differences between them are more consistent after controlling the socio-economic characters of householders. The problems of substandard housing, unaffordable housing and unstable housing in market rental housing are more than public rental housing. This study provides the basis that the regulation for market tenant protection should be reinforced and the policy of public housing should be expanded and improved for housing welfare.

Korean Public Rental Housing for Low-income Households: Main Outcome and Limitations

  • Jin, Mee-Youn;Lee, Seok-Je
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.303-316
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    • 2013
  • This paper examines the achievements and limitations of housing assistance programs for low-income households. Korean public rental housing has been rapidly developing since 2000, and thereby achieved an increase in public rental housing stock, housing quality improvements, and the reduction of rent over-burden for low-income tenants. Despite some conflicting evidence, it appears that the provision of newly-built public rental housing has helped stabilize the prices of neighboring private rental housing units. But, as we are entering an era of one million long-term public rental housing units, we need to shift our focus from quantity-oriented provision to housing maintenance for tenants, and from cost-based rental housing to affordable rental housing and better access to rental housing for low-income tenants who are not beneficiaries of government assistance. Most of all, it is very important for local governments and the private sector to actively participate in the provision of public rental housing in order to ensure a stable rental housing market.

The proposal of urban regeneration methods for deteriorated downtown residential area, considering the development condition of urban blocks - A case study of Kwangju City (쇠퇴한 구도심 주거지의 개발여건별 재활성화 방법 제안 - 광주광역시 구도심을 사례로)

  • Yoon, Yong-Suk;Yang, Woo-Hyun;Kim, Lee-Won
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.132-137
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to suggest urban regeneration methods for deteriorated downtown residential area, considering the development condition of urban blocks. Through the research that are based on literature, field survey, urban planning map and local experts consulting, it found out suitable sites for development such as a deteriorated residential zone or a unused site and it was deduced eight development types from analyzing the characters of developable sites. And then it is suggested various housing forms which were applied to eight development types of developable sites. The consequences of this research are summarized as follows. There are various housing forms by eight development types; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, medium low rise-high density housing, urban housing for low-income groups belong to T1-development of urban strategic position; block housing, housing on hilly site, semi-detached house, lodging house, urban housing for low-income groups, elderly housing belong to T2-development for living benefit; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, lodging housing, urban housing for low-income groups, elderly housing belong to T3-development of a small-scale rental housing; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, medium low rise-high density housing, terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, block-typed detached house, semi-detached house, cluster-typed low rise housing, town house, urban housing for low-income groups belong to T4-residential environment renewal development; terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, block housing, semi-detached house belong to T5-development of a small-scale housing; terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, cluster-typed low rise housing belong to T6-development to adapt natural environment; block housing, low rise-high density court housing, low rise housing, block-typed detached house, town house belong to T7-development for community; block housing, low rise-high density court housing block housing, medium low rise-high density housing, terrace-house, housing on hilly site, low rise housing, elderly housing belong to T8-development of environment-friendly.

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The Characteristics of Bogeumjari Housing Program and Direction of Future Housing Policy for Low-income Households without Home Ownership (보금자리 주택의 공급 특성과 무주택 저소득 가구를 위한 향후 주택정책 방향)

  • Jin, Mee-Youn
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2011
  • This paper aims to explore the characteristics of Bogeumjari Housing Program and its significance to housing policy, and propose an appropriate direction of future housing policy for low-income households without home ownership based on actual data on housing careers and preferences of the policy target households. Supply of Bogeumjary Housing is characterized by consolidation of existing housing program, housing support by income level, differentiation of eligible households, and housing subscription on-line. Bogeumjari Housing Program is meaningful in that it is a policy that resumed the supply of permanent housing, provides multi-tier support system by income level, and adjusts the imbalances in housing demand and supply. Despite their strong preferences for Bogeumjari Housing, their affordability is very low due to their low income levels and gloomy outlook for household finances. In this light, the government should pursue housing policies that include not only new housing constructions, but also efficient use of housing stocks, expansion of loans for first-time home buyers, and introduction of home mortgage and housing voucher.

Constructing Housing Management Toward Its Professionalization in Korea

  • Lee, Hyunjeong
    • Architectural research
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.139-147
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to explore institutional frameworks to professionalize housing management in Korea. In particular, this research reviews the evolution of professional housing management and its institutional measures in a social constructionist perspective. The main method employed in the study is content analysis in which historical pathways in institutionalization of professional housing management are examined and a wide array of indices from secondary data are drawn out in relation to various actors. The findings show that a series of institutional measures were taken from 1970s to secure the professionalization of housing management ranging from introduction of housing management bylaws, placement of licensed housing managers, legal requirements of professionally managed housing estates, compulsory operation of long-term reserve funds, formation of residents' association, mandatory establishment of long-range maintenance planning, to standardization of multifamily housing management bylaws. Since the Multifamily Housing Management Ordinance of 1979 amended in 1980s, many institutional measures have been legally enforced and shaped contemporary practices of professional housing management such as an association for housing management companies, qualification of on-site housing management agents, national licensing examination for housing managers, an organization for licensed housing mangers, mandatory registration of housing management companies, disclosure of monthly housing management fees, and formalization of public assessment of housing management. In spite of the distinctive marks in the professionalization of housing management, more proactive and competitive approaches to the international professionalization need to be considered.

The Difference of Characters between Housing Poverty Types - Subcriterion Criteria of Substandard Housing, Unaffordable Housing and Double Housing Poverty (유형별 주거빈곤가구의 차이 - 최저주거기준 하위기준미달, 주거비 과부담, 중복주거빈곤가구)

  • Lim, Se hee;Park, Kyung ha
    • 한국사회정책
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.31-62
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    • 2017
  • This study intends to identify the difference of socio-economic characters and housing welfare needs between housing poverty types and to know the independent effects of variables on the housing poverty types. It was revealed that the double housing poverty household, housing below facility standard, unaffordable housing with low income, housing below structure performance environment standard, housing below area standard and housing below room standard should be supported one by one. And the variables related with the housing poverty types are different Suggestions were made for housing welfare policy for the double housing poverty, the control for rental housing market, the policy considering income level for unaffordable housing, the housing policy for the disable household.

A Study on Development of the Objective Indicators of Housing Welfare (주거복지지표 개발에 관한 연구 I - 객관적 측면의 주거복지 지표를 중심으로 -)

  • Hong, Hyung-Ock;Chae, Hye-Won;Choi, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to develop the housing welfare indicators for evaluating housing welfare policies conducted by the Korean government. The contents of this research were as follows: as a phrase of setting up the development of housing welfare indicators, the scope of housing welfare and the direction of developing housing welfare indicators were settled. Second, as a phrase of drawing the housing welfare indicators, the indicators were categorized and selected. Third, as a phrase of applying the housing welfare indicators, the indicators in this research were quantified, and suggest the housing welfare from 2000 to 2005. As a result of this research, selected housing welfare indicators were settled as follows: the housing welfare indicators comprise 9 in the department of 'House', 4 in the department of 'Community', and 6 in the department of 'Policy Environment' (19 in total). Indicators were (1) Ratio of housing with Flush Toilets (2) Ratio of housing with Kitchen Sink (3) Ratio of housing with Bath facilities (4) Ratio of housing provided water supply (5) Ratio of housing supplied a sewage system (6) Floor Space per person (7) Number of persons per Room (8) PIR (9) RIR (10) Community Facilities Space per person (11) Urban Park Space per person (12) Journey to work (13) Crime Ratio (14) Number of Houses per 1,000 persons (15) Ratio of Substandard housing of the Minimum Housing Standard (16) Ratio of Irregular Dwelling Households (17) Ratio of Owner Occupant (18) Ratio of compulsory immigration (19) Ratio of Long-term Public Social Houses. The housing welfare indicators developed in this research will be used for the comprehensive assessment of the results of housing welfare policies and the establishment of housing policies as a basic material in the future.