• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hybrid Quantum Structure

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Magnetoconductance of a Hybrid Quantum Ring: Effects of Antidot Potentials

  • Kim, Nammee;Park, Dae-Han;Kim, Heesang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.335.1-335.1
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    • 2016
  • The electronic structures of a hybrid magnetic-electric quantum ring and two terminal conductance taking into account the resonant backscattering via both magnetic and electric edge channels are studied. The hybrid magnetic-electric quantum ring is formed by a magnetic quantum dot combined with an additional antidot electrostatic potential at the center of the dot. Electrons are both magnetically and electrically confined to the plane. The antidot potential repelling electrons from the center of the dot plays an important role in the energy spectra and magnetoconductance. The angular momentum transition in the ground state and the behavior of magnetoconductance due to a change of the antidot potential are shown in comparison with the conventional magnetic quantum dot.

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Magnetization of a Modified Magnetic Quantum Dot

  • Park, Dae-Han;Kim, Nammee
    • Applied Science and Convergence Technology
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.154-157
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    • 2016
  • The energy dispersion and magnetization of a modified magnetic dot are investigated numerically. The effects of additional electrostatic potential, magnetic field non-uniformity, and Zeeman spin splitting are studied. The modified magnetic quantum dot is a magnetically formed quantum structure that has different magnetic fields inside and outside of the dot. The additional electrostatic potential prohibits the ground-state angular momentum transition in the energy dispersion as a function of the magnetic field inside the dot, and provides oscillation of the magnetization as a function of the chemical potential energy. The magnetic field non-uniformity broadens the shape of the magnetization. The Zeeman spin splitting produces additional peaks on the magnetization.

A Study on the Information Reversibility of Quantum Logic Circuits (양자 논리회로의 정보 가역성에 대한 고찰)

  • Park, Dong-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.189-194
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    • 2017
  • The reversibility of a quantum logic circuit can be realized when two reversible conditions of information reversible and energy reversible circuits are satisfied. In this paper, we have modeled the computation cycle required to recover the information reversibility from the multivalued quantum logic to the original state. For modeling, we used a function embedding method that uses a unitary switch as an arithmetic exponentiation switch. In the quantum logic circuit, if the adjoint gate pair is symmetric, the unitary switch function shows the balance function characteristic, and it takes 1 cycle operation to recover the original information reversibility. Conversely, if it is an asymmetric structure, it takes two cycle operations by the constant function. In this paper, we show that the problem of 2-cycle restoration according to the asymmetric structure when the hybrid MCT gate is realized with the ternary M-S gate can be solved by equivalent conversion of the asymmetric gate to the gate of the symmetric structure.

Electrically Driven Quantum Dot/wire/well Hybrid Light-emitting Diodes via GaN Nano-sized Pyramid Structure

  • Go, Yeong-Ho;Kim, Je-Hyeong;Kim, Ryeo-Hwa;Go, Seok-Min;Gwon, Bong-Jun;Kim, Ju-Seong;Kim, Taek;Jo, Yong-Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.47-47
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    • 2011
  • There have been numerous efforts to enhance the efficiency of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by using low dimensional structures such as quantum dots (QDs), wire (QWRs), and wells (QWs). We demonstrate QD/QWR/QW hybrid structured LEDs by using nano-scaled pyramid structures of GaN with ~260 nm height. Photoluminescence (PL) showed three multi-peak spectra centered at around 535 nm, 600 nm, 665 nm for QWs, QWRs, and QDs, respectively. The QD emission survived at room temperature due to carrier localization, whereas the QW emission diminished from 10 K to 300 K. We confirmed that hybrid LEDs had zero-, one-, and two-dimensional behavior from a temperature-dependent time-resolved PL study. The radiative lifetime of the QDs was nearly constant over the temperature, while that of the QWs increased with increasing temperature, due to low dimensional behavior. Cathodoluminescence revealed spatial distributions of InGaN QDs, QWRs, and QWs on the vertices, edges, and sidewalls, respectively. We investigated the blue-shifted electroluminescence with increasing current due to the band-filling effect. The hybrid LEDs provided broad-band spectra with high internal quantum efficiency, and color-tunability for visible light-emitting sources.

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Electron Trapping and Transport in Poly(tetraphenyl)silole Siloxane of Quantum Well Structure

  • Choi, Jin-Kyu;Jang, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Ki-Jeong;Sohn, Hong-Lae;Jeong, Hyun-Dam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.158-158
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    • 2012
  • A new kind of organic-inorganic hybrid polymer, poly(tetraphenyl)silole siloxane (PSS), was invented and synthesized for realization of its unique charge trap properties. The organic portions consisting of (tetraphenyl)silole rings are responsible for electron trapping owing to their low-lying LUMO, while the Si-O-Si inorganic linkages of high HOMO-LUMO gap provide the intrachain energy barrier for controlling electron transport. Such an alternation of the organic and inorganic moieties in a polymer may give an interesting quantum well electronic structure in a molecule. The PSS thin film was fabricated by spin-coating of the PSS solution in THF organic solvent onto Si-wafer substrates and curing. The electron trapping of the PSS thin films was confirmed by the capacitance-voltage (C-V) measurements performed within the metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) device structure. And the quantum well electronic structure of the PSS thin film, which was thought to be the origin of the electron trapping, was investigated by a combination of theoretical and experimental methods: density functional theory (DFT) calculations in Gaussian03 package and spectroscopic techniques such as near edge X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS) and photoemission spectroscopy (PES). The electron trapping properties of the PSS thin film of quantum well structure are closely related to intra- and inter-polymer chain electron transports. Among them, the intra-chain electron transport was theoretically studied using the Atomistix Toolkit (ATK) software based on the non-equilibrium Green's function (NEGF) method in conjunction with the DFT.

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Various Quantum Ring Structures: Similarity and diversity

  • Park, Dae-Han;Kim, Nammee
    • Applied Science and Convergence Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2016
  • Similarity and diversity of various quantum ring structures are investigated by classifying energy dispersions of three different structures: an electrostatic quantum ring, a magnetic quantum ring, and a magnetic-electric quantum ring. The wave functions and the eigenenergies of a single electron in the quantum ring structures are calculated by solving the Schrdinger equation without any electron-electron interaction. Magnetoconductance is studied by calculating a two-terminal conductance while taking into account the backscattering via the resonance through the states of the quantum rings at the center of a quasi-one dimensional conductor. It is found that the energy spectra for the various quantum ring structures are sensitive to additional electrostatic potentials as well as to the effects of a nonuniform magnetic field. There are also characteristics of similarity and diversity in the energy dispersions and in the single-channel magnetoconductance.

Hybrid polymer-quantum dot based single active layer structured multi-functional device (Organic Bistable Device, LED and Photovoltaic Cell)

  • Son, Dong-Ick;Kwon, Byoung-Wook;Park, Dong-Hee;Kim, Tae-Whan;Choi, Won-Kook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.97-97
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    • 2010
  • We demonstrate the hybrid polymer-quantum dot based multi-functional device (Organic bistable devices, Light-emitting diode, and Photovoltaic cell) with a single active-layer structure consisting of CdSe/ZnS semiconductor quantum-dots (QDs) dispersed in a poly N-vinylcarbazole (PVK) and 1,3,5-tirs- (N-phenylbenzimidazol-2-yl) benzene (TPBi) fabricated on indium-tin-oxide (ITO)/glass substrate by using a simple spin coating technique. The multi-functionality of the device as Organic bistable device (OBD), Light Emitting Diode (LED), and Photovoltaic cell can be successfully achieved by adding an electron transport layer (ETL) TPBi to OBD for attaining the functions of LED and Photovoltaic cell in which the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level of TPBi is positioned at the energy level between the conduction band of CdSe/ZnS and LiF/Al electrode (band-gap engineering). Through transmission electron microscopy (TEM) study, the active layer of the device has a p-i-n structure of a consolidated core-shell structure in which semiconductor QDs are uniformly and isotropically adsorbed on the surface of a p-type polymer core and the n-type small molecular organic materials surround the semiconductor QDs.

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Hybrid Filter Based on Neural Networks for Removing Quantum Noise in Low-Dose Medical X-ray CT Images

  • Park, Keunho;Lee, Hee-Shin;Lee, Joonwhoan
    • International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.102-110
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    • 2015
  • The main source of noise in computed tomography (CT) images is a quantum noise, which results from statistical fluctuations of X-ray quanta reaching the detector. This paper proposes a neural network (NN) based hybrid filter for removing quantum noise. The proposed filter consists of bilateral filters (BFs), a single or multiple neural edge enhancer(s) (NEE), and a neural filter (NF) to combine them. The BFs take into account the difference in value from the neighbors, to preserve edges while smoothing. The NEE is used to clearly enhance the desired edges from noisy images. The NF acts like a fusion operator, and attempts to construct an enhanced output image. Several measurements are used to evaluate the image quality, like the root mean square error (RMSE), the improvement in signal to noise ratio (ISNR), the standard deviation ratio (MSR), and the contrast to noise ratio (CNR). Also, the modulation transfer function (MTF) is used as a means of determining how well the edge structure is preserved. In terms of all those measurements and means, the proposed filter shows better performance than the guided filter, and the nonlocal means (NLM) filter. In addition, there is no severe restriction to select the number of inputs for the fusion operator differently from the neuro-fuzzy system. Therefore, without concerning too much about the filter selection for fusion, one could apply the proposed hybrid filter to various images with different modalities, once the corresponding noise characteristics are explored.

ONIOM and Its Applications to Material Chemistry and Catalyses

  • Morokuma, Keiji
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.797-801
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    • 2003
  • One of the largest challenges for quantum chemistry today is to obtain accurate results for large complex molecular systems, and a variety of approaches have been proposed recently toward this goal. We have developed the ONIOM method, an onion skin-like multi-level method, combining different levels of quantum chemical methods as well as molecular mechanics method. We have been applying the method to many different large systems, including thermochemistry, homogeneous catalysis, stereoselectivity in organic synthesis, solution chemistry, fullerenes and nanochemistry, and biomolecular systems. The method has recently been combined with the polarizable continuum model (ONIOM-PCM), and was also extended for molecular dynamics simulation of solution (ONIOM-XS). In the present article the recent progress in various applications of ONIOM and other electronic structure methods to problems of homogeneous catalyses and nanochemistry is reviewed. Topics include 1. bond energies in large molecular systems, 2. organometallic reactions and homogeneous catalysis, 3. structure, reactivity and bond energies of large organic molecules including fullerenes and nanotubes, and 4. biomolecular structure and enzymatic reaction mechanisms.

Electrical and Optical Characteristics of QD-LEDs Using InP/ZnSe/ZnS Quantum Dot (InP/ZnSe/ZnS 양자점을 이용한 QD-LED의 전기 및 광학적 특성)

  • Choi, Jae-Geon;Moon, Dae-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.151-155
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    • 2014
  • We have developed quantum dot light emitting diodes (QD-LEDs) using a InP/ZnSe/ZnS multi-shell QD emission layer. The hybrid structure of organic hole transport layer/QD/organic electron transport layer was used for fabricating QD-LEDs. Poly(4-butylphenyl-diphenyl-amine) (poly-TPD) and tris[2,4,6-trimethyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)phenyl]borane (3TPYMB) molecules were used as hole-transporting and electron-transporting layers, respectively. The emission, current efficiency, and driving characteristics of QD-LEDs with 50, 65 nm thick 3TPYMB layers were investigated. The QD-LED with a 50 nm thick 3TPYMB layer exhibited a maximum current efficiency of 1.3 cd/A.