• 제목/요약/키워드: Hyperthermia

검색결과 298건 처리시간 0.22초

Array of Slot-Sleeve Antennas for Hyperthermia Therapy

  • Park Soo-Man;Lim Yeongseog
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • 제5권3호
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    • pp.126-131
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    • 2005
  • To increase the efficiency of an applicator during microwave hyperthermia therapy, first, the length from the antenna end to a slot is varied to get the optimal matching of the characteristic impedance at the frequency of 2.45 GHz. Using the electric and thermal constants of biological tissue, we compose a phantom to calculate temperature increment as well as the resonance characteristics and the SAR distributions. The proposed 3-slot sleeve antenna inserted in an applicator plays an effective role in increasing the therapy size in the view of heating performance as electromagnetic energy tends to concentrate on not feed point direction but treatment area. The SAR is then used in combination with a finite difference heat transfer equation to determine the temperature distribution. Also, in order to shorten treatment time and increase therapy size, a square-array structure is suggested and analyzed.

온열료법을 이용한 고주파 및 마이크로웨이브 암치료기에 관한 연구 (A Study on the RF and Microwave Hyperthermia System for Cancer Therapy)

  • 유재병;박덕규;양성화;박민용;추성실;이상배
    • 대한전자공학회논문지
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    • 제24권3호
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    • pp.486-492
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    • 1987
  • This study is an attempt to review the theories about the RF and microwave hyperthermia and to get the practical implementation of hyperthermia system on the basic clinical experiments with agar phantoms and four patients. The frequencies of RF power are 8 MHz and 16 MHz, which are effective for the heating of deep-seated and superficial tumors, and microwave is 2.45 GHz, also suitable for the heating of superficial tumors. Even if the long-term effect of clinical applications were not investigated for human living body, it was observee that the RF and microwave hyperthermias are effective for many kinds of cancers in the fixed frequency ranges.

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A Study on the Hybrid Heater Composed of a Temperature Sensitive Ferrite with Low Permeability for Hyperthermia

  • Kim, Y.H.;Kang, H.K.;Shin, K.H.
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • 제12권4호
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    • pp.161-164
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    • 2007
  • Constant temperature regulation of a hybrid heater which is composed of a temperature sensitive ferrite with low permeability and a Cu tube is investigated for hyperthermia. The temperature sensitive ferrite is inserted into a Cu tube and its length and diameter are 10 mm and 3 mm. Below B=0.05 T, the measured temperature and the calculated one increased with the ratio of $B^{1/2}$ and agreed well with each other. Above B=0.05 T, the measured temperatures maintained constantly almost $50^{\circ}C{\pm}1.5^{\circ}C$ because of the influence of Curie temperature of the temperature sensitive ferrite. This result shows that the hybrid heater is able to regulate the temperature constantly at the rate of $50^{\circ}C{\pm}1.5^{\circ}C$.

초음파를 이용한 온열료법시 온도분포에 관한 연구 (Thermometry in Hyperthermia induced by Ultrasound A Phantom study)

  • 박찬일;고경환;하성환
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • 제2권1호
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    • pp.21-23
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    • 1984
  • Temperature homogeniety and stationary temperature is the most important thermometric considerations for the clinical use of hyperthermia. A thermal mapping was done in a phantom with thermocouple during hyperthermia which was induced by 1.0MHz,$0.7\~0.8watts/cm^2$ ultrasound and unfocused 2.5cm-diameter transducer. The results were as follows 1. Effective heating range$(42.5^{|circ}C\pm0.5^{\circ}C)$ were obtained 3cm in width and 4cm in depth from surface of phantom and temperature distribution was relatively uniform. 2. There was little heating effect more than 2cm away from transducer axis and more than 5cm in depth. 3. There was hot spots(more than $43^{\circ}C$) in $2.0\pm0.5cm$ depth from transducer along tranducer axis.

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Thermosensitizing Effects of Amiloride and 4,4-Diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic Acid on FsaII Mouse Fibrosarcoma

  • Lee, Soo-Young
    • BMB Reports
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    • 제32권5호
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    • pp.511-514
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    • 1999
  • Enhancement of the hyperthermia effect in FsaII fibrosarcoma of C3H mice in vivo by amiloride and 4,4- diisothiocyanatostilbene.2,2'-disulfonic acid (DIDS) was studied. Heating alone significantly increased the tumor lactic acid content and lowered the tumor energy levels, as indicated by the PCr and ATP contents which were measured using invasive chemical analysis. An i.p. injection of amiloride, DIDS, or amiloride combined with DIDS prior to heating further increased the lactic acid content and reduced the energy status in the tumors. Amiloride and DIDS may be useful in increasing the therapeutic efficacy of hyperthermia treatments by enhancing the reduction in tumor pH.

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라디오 파를 이용한 국소 온열치료 : 정상 개의 간에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Radiofrequency Induced Local Hyperthermia on Normal Canine Liver)

  • 서창옥;노준규;신현수;이형식;문성록;성진실;추성실;김귀언;한은경;박찬일
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • 제9권1호
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    • pp.37-45
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    • 1991
  • 간조직에 온열치효를 시행시 출현하는 조직병리학적 소견 및 혈액의 생화학적 소견을 관찰하고자 13마리의 정상 간에 8 MHz 라디오파를 이용한 온열치료를 시 행하였다. $42\pm0.5^{\circ}C$로 30분간 온열치료를 받은 군(제 1 군, n=5), $45\pm0.5^{\circ}C$로 30분간 온열치료를 받은 군(제 2군, n=5) 및 온열치료를 받지않은 대조군(n=3)으로 나누어 분석하였을때, 혈액의 SGOT의 SGPT는 온열치료를 시행한 두군 공히 증가된 소견을 보였고 제 1군에서는 간세포의 부종소견외 특이한 조직병 리학적소견이 관찰되지않아 가역성 변화로 생각되었지만 제 2군에서는 간세포의 심한 괴사소견이 관찰되어 있는 불가역성의 가조직 손상으로 생각되었다. 이상의 결론으로 유추할때 임상에서 행하여지는 간암의 온열치료시에 정상 가조직의 손상을 가능한 방지하기위하여는 정확한 종괴의 구역에 치료온도의 주의깊은 관찰이 요구된다.

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흰쥐의 장조직에 X-선 조사와 마이크로파 온열요법의 효과에 관한 실험적 연구 (An Experimental Study on the Effectiveness of Microwave Hyperthermia Combined with Radiation on the Small and Large Intestine in rats)

  • 안경숙;이경자;이정식
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • 제5권2호
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    • pp.83-95
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    • 1987
  • 온열요법은 조직에 $40^{\circ}C-44^{\circ}C$의 열을 가함으로서 방사선에 저항성이 큰 DNA합성기의 세포 및 pH가 낮은 세포에 민감하게 작용하는 생물학적 효과를 암 치료에 이용하는 것이다. 그러나 온열요법은 방사선과의 병행요법에 의하여 발생되는 열증강율 및 치료 이득이 방사선량, 열량, 온도, 가열시간, 온도분포, 조사시간 등에 민감하고 변화가 많으므로 객관적인 치료효과와 통일된 치료방법을 결정하기가 어렵다. 저자는 2450MHz, 100watt의 마이크로파 온열기구와 조직등가인 팬톱을 직접제작하여 예비측정을 통해 방열 조사조건과 방법을 결정한 후 생물학적 반응을 관찰하기 위하여 102마리 흰쥐 소장 및 대장의 조직학적 면화를 관찰하고 열증강율에 따른 효과를 비교 평가하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1 온열요법 단독으로는 소장과 대장의 조직학적 면화는 볼 수 없었다. 2. 방사선 조사 단독군과 병행군에서 소장 및 대장의 점막상피 괴사는 방사선 조사 6Gy에서 관찰되었으며 방사선량의 증가와 관찰시간 경과에 따라 그 정도가 심하여졌다. 3. 방사선 조사 단독군과 병행군에서 소장 및 대장의 근육층의 괴사는 방사선 조사 10Gy에서 관찰되기 시작하였으며 관찰시간의 경과에 따라 그 정도가 심하여졌다. 4. 방사선 조사와 온열요법 병행군에서 소장과 대장의 조직학적 변화(점막상피와 근육층의 괴사)를 관찰하여 열증강율은 증가되지 않았다.

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진행된 원발성 간암 환자에서 방사선 치료 및 온열 요법에 따른 간 기능의 변화 (Biochemical Changes of Liver Function in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma Following Radiotherapy and Hyperthermia)

  • 오영택;성진실;신현수;김귀언
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • 제11권1호
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 1993
  • To analyze biochemical changes of liver function following combined radiotherapy and hyperthermia, we reviewed retrospectively 37 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with radiotherapy and hyperthermia between July 1988 and December 1990 at Department of Radiation Oncology, Yonsei University College of Medicine. Mean age was 52.7 years and male to female ratio was 11:1. The patients were classified as follows; to A and B group by Child's classification, to M and L group by irradiated volume, and subclassified into BM, BL, AM and AL group according to the combination of Child's classification and irradiated volume. Radiation dose to the primary tumor was 3060 cGy with daily 180 cGy, 5 fraction per week using 10 MV or 4 MV linear accelerator. Hyperthermia (Thermotron RF-8) was performed more than 4 times in all patients. Biochemical parameters including albumin (Alb), total bilirubin (T. Bil), aspartate aminotransferase (AST or SGOT), alanine aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were regularly followed from 1 week before the treatment to 3 months after the treatment. The results are summerized as follows; 1) In all the patient, mean ALP level peaked at 1 month, decreased at 2 months, slightly increased at 3 months after the treatment. Mean SGOT and SGPT levels peaked at 1 month after the treatment. Mean T. Bil level increased continuously and highest at 3 months after the treatment. Mean Alb level did not show significant changes.; 2) Mean ALP level retured to normal level at 3 month after the treatment in A but increased in B group and the differences were statistically significant (p<0.01). Mean SGOT and SGPT levels peaked 1 month in A and 2 months after the treatment in B group. All the biochemical parameters did not show significant difference between M and L group. Mean ALP level increased at 3 months after the treatment in BM and BL groups and decreased in AM and AL groups. Mean SGOT level increased at 3 months after the treatment in BL groups.; 3) Hepatic failure occurred within 3 months after the treatment in 4 patients, all of whom were in BL group. It is suggested that pre-treatment liver function and irradiated volume influence biochemical changes of liver in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma following combined radiotherapy and hyperthermia, and this treatment modality appears generally to be safe but might cause hepatic failure particularly in patient with poor liver function and large treatment volume.

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심재성 암치료를 위한 RF hyperthermia system의 설계 및 제작 (Design and implementation of RF hyperthermia system for deep-seated cancer therapy.)

  • 유재형;박민용
    • 대한의용생체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 대한의용생체공학회 1985년도 춘계학술대회
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 1985
  • This paper covers the design and implementation process of RF hypertermia system for cancer therapy. Among many hyperthermic methods, RF capacitive heating method is discussed because it can heat the deep-seated tumors selectively. The RF power oscillator and its applicators were designed and implemented. And the experiments were performed with agar phantom and dog to prove that the system can heat any depth selectively. And the electrical safety and appropriateness of clinical application was proved through the human living-body test.

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