• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hysteresis

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Analysis of the Thickness Effect for Hysteresis Ring of Hysteresis Motor with Vector Hysteresis Model

  • Hong, Sun-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Illuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.84-89
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents the thickness effect of hysteresis ring of hysteresis motor using finite element method combined with a vector hysteresis model. From the magnitude and direction of the magnetic field intensity, the magnetization of each ring element is calculated by a vector hysteresis model. The developed torque can be obtained with the vector sum of individual torque of each element on the hysteresis ring. From these calculations, it can be found that the motor torque is not in proportion to the thickness of the ring. As a result, there exists a proper point of thickness and that can be determined using the proposed methoㅇ in this paper.

Finite Element Analysis for Hysteresis Motors (히스테리시스 전동기의 유한요소해석)

  • Hong, Sun-Ki;Won, Jong-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.15-17
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    • 1995
  • Hysteresis motor is a synchronous machine which has simple structure and self-start characteristic but also has serious difficulties in numerical analysis. In this study, a finite element analysis for hysteresis motor considering the hysteresis characteristics is presented. The hysteresis model is the magnetization-dependent Preisach model which explains hysteresis phenomena very well. From this, we estimate the instantaneous torque, average torque and hysteresis loss of the rotor, considering slot and winding distribution.

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Study of hysteresis model for magnetic hysteresis analysis (자화이력 해석을 위한 hysteresis 모델에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Jong;Song, Baik-Kee;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.871_872
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents study of hysteresis model for magnetic hysteresis analysis by Preisach model. In ferromagnetic material, magnetization is non-linear and varies according to magnetic field which is called B-H curve. As hysteresis phenomenon affect on performance of motor, magnetic hysteresis analysis is essential and needed for designing motor that satisfies specification. Therefore, in this paper, methods for calculating magnetization are presented and discussed.

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Precision Position Control of Piezoactuator Using Inverse Hysteresis Model and Neuro-PID Controller (역히스테리시스 모델과 PID-신경회로망 제어기를 이용한 압전구동기의 정밀 위치제어)

  • 김정용;이병룡;양순용;안경관
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 2003
  • A piezoelectric actuator yields hysteresis effect due to its composed ferroelectric. Hysteresis nonlinearty is neglected when a piezoelectric actuator moves with short stroke. However when it moves with long stroke and high frequency, the hysteresis nonlinearty can not be neglected. The hysteresis nonlinearty of piezoelectric actuator degrades the control performance in precision position control. In this paper, in order to improve the control performance of piezoelectric actuator, an inverse modeling scheme is proposed to compensate the hysteresis nonlinearty. And feedforward - feedback controller is proposed to give a good tracking performance. The Feedforward controller is an inverse hysteresis model, base on neural network and the feedback control is implemented with PID control. To show the feasibility of the proposed controller and hysteresis modeling, some experiments have been carried out. It is concluded that the proposed control scheme gives good tracking performance.

Precision Position Control of Piezoactuator Using Inverse Hysteresis Model (역 히스테리시스 모델을 이용한 압전 구동기의 정밀위치 제어)

  • 김정용;이병룡;양순용;안경관
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.349-352
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    • 1997
  • A Piezoelectric actuator yields hysteresis effect due to its composed ferroelectric. Hysteresis nonlinearity is neglected when a piezoelectric actuator moves with short stroke. However when it moves with long stroke and high frequency, the hysteresis nonlinearity can not be neglected. The hysteresis nonlinearity of piezoelectric actuator degrades the control performance in precision position control. In this paper, in order to improve the control performance of piezoelectric actuator, an inverse modeling scheme is proposed to compensate the hysteresis nonlinearity problem. And feedforward-feedforward-feedback controller is proposed to give a good tracking performance. The Feedforward controller is inverse hysteresis model, and PID control is sued as a feedback controller. To show the feasibility of the proposed controller and hysteresis modeling, some experiments have been carried out. It is concluded hat the proposed control scheme gives good tracking performance.

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Ultra-Precision Position Control of Piezoelectric Actuator System Using Hysteresis Compensation (히스테리시스 보상을 이용한 압전구동기의 초정밀 위치제어)

  • 홍성룡;이병룡
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.85-88
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, the ultra precision positioning system for piezoelectric actuator using hysteresis compensation has been developed. Piezoelectric actuators exhibit limited accuracy in tracking control due to their hysteresis nonlinearity. The main purpose of the proposed controller is to compensate the hysteresis nonlinearity of the piezoelectric actuator. The controller is composed of a PD, hysteresis compensation and neural network part in parallel manner, at first, the excellent tracking performance of the neural network controller was verified by experiments and was compared with the classical PD controller.

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The Effects of Eddy Currents and Hysteresis on the Performance of Inductive Position Sensor for Magnetic Bearings (자기베어링용 유도형 위치 센서의 성능에 미치는 와전류와 히스테레시스의 영향)

  • Noh, Myoung-Gyu;Jeong, Min-Kyoung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.36-41
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    • 2001
  • The performance of an inductive position sensor is described by the accuracy and the dynamic characteristics of the sensor. Both of these performance indices are affected by magnetic hysteresis and eddy currents. In this paper, a model of an inductive sensor is presented. This model includes the effects of hysteresis and eddy currents. Computer simulation shows that the sensitivity of the sensor is greatly affected by hysteresis and eddy currents. Repeability error increases with hysteresis and eddy currents effects. Results also show that eddy currents influence more on the sensor performance than hysteresis does. To reduce the effects of hysteresis and eddy currents, the sensor should be made out of thin laminations with high resistivity.

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Temperature dependent hysteresis characteristics of a-Si:H TFT (비정질 실리콘 박막 트랜지스터 히스테리시스 특성의 온도의존성)

  • 이우선;오금곤;장의구
    • Electrical & Electronic Materials
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 1996
  • The temperature dependent characteristics of hydrogenerated amorphous silcon thin film transistor (a-Si:H TFT) with a bottom gate of N-Type <100> Si wafer were investigated. Drain current on the hysteresis characteristic curve showed an exponential variation. Hysteresis area of TFT increased with the gate voltage increased and decreased with the small gate voltage. According to the variation of gate voltages, drain current of TFT increased by temperature increase, and hysteresis characteristics mainly depended on the temperature increase. The hysteresis current showed negative characteristics curve over 383K. The hysteresis occurance area and the differences of forward and reverse sweep were increased at the higher temperature. Hysteresis current of I$_{d}$(on/off) ratio decreased at the lower temperature and increased at the higher temperature.e.

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Capillary Hysteresis Model in Unsaturated Flow : State of the Art

  • Park, Chan-Kun;Sonu, Jun-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Hydrosciences
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    • v.4
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    • pp.33-49
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    • 1993
  • The Purpose of this study is to classify existing hysteresis models and to discuss a possibility of a new type of the hysteresis model. The existing hysteresis models are classified into three types: the interpolation model, the scaling model and the domain model, of which only domain model is to simulate hysteresis curves based on the theoretical approach, It is useful to develop a hysteresis model that requires only one branch of hysteresis curves for the model calibration because obtaining hysteresis curves by experiments is expensive and time-concept by many investigators, however their models are not successful to accurately simulate real data of Rubicon Sandy Loam and Dune Sand. There is a possibility that a new model is based on the dependent domain concept considering the weighting factor, $P_a$($\theta$), which accounts for the pore blockage effect against air entry. Conclusively, a new model where the weighting factor $P_a$($\theta$) in Model III-1 (Mualem, 1984) reduces to a known variable through an appropriate method is an alternative model which required only one branch of main curves for the model calibration.

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Improvement of the Performance of Hysteresis Compensation in SMA Actuators by Using Inverse Preisach Model in Closed - Loop Control System

  • Ahn Kyoung-Kwan;Kha Nguyen-Bao
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.634-642
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    • 2006
  • The aim of this paper is to increase the performance of hysteresis compensation for Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) actuators by using inverse Preisach model in closed-loop control system. This is used to reduce hysteresis effects and improve accuracy for the displacement of SMA actuators. Firstly, hysteresis is identified by numerical Preisach model implementation. The geometrical interpretation from first order transition curves is used for hysteresis modeling. Secondly, the inverse Preisach model is formulated and incorporated in closed-loop PID control system in order to obtain desired current-to-displacement relationship with hysteresis reducing. The experimental results for hysteresis compensation by using this method are also shown in this paper.