• Title, Summary, Keyword: ICR mouse

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Mouse Strain-Dependent Osteoclastogenesis in Response to Lipopolysaccharide

  • Choi, Ho-Gil;Kim, Jin-Moon;Kim, Bong-Ju;Yoo, Yun-Jung;Cha, Jeong-Heon
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.566-571
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    • 2007
  • Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a potent stimulator of bone resorption in periodontitis. Co-culture systems of mouse calvaria-derived osteoblasts and bone marrow-derived preosteoclasts were used as an in vitro osteoclast differentiation. This study revealed that co-cultures using ddY or ICR mouse strain responded differently to LPS while responded equally to $1{\alpha},25(OH)_2D_3$. Thus, the different response to LPS indicates dissimilarity of two mouse stains in their capacity for generating osteoclasts while the two mouse strains share the similarity in response to $1{\alpha},25(OH)_2D_3$. To identify which cells between osteoblasts and preosteoclasts in the co-culture are responsible for the dissimilarity, the reciprocal co-cultures were performed between ddY and ICR mouse strains. The treatment of $1,25(OH)_2D_3$ to ddY/ICR (osteoblasts from ddY/preosteoclasts from ICR) and ICR/ddY reciprocal co-cultures also showed the similarity. In case of LPS treatment, the results of ddY/ICR were similar to ddY/ddY and the results of the other reciprocal co-culture, ICR/ddY combination, were consistent with those of ICR/ICR. It suggests that the dissimilarity between the two mouse strains may resident in osteoblasts but not in preosteoclasts. Therefore, the osteoblast is responsible for mouse strain-dependent osteoclastogenesis in response to LPS. Although mouse models will continue to provide insights into molecular mechanisms of osteoclastogenesis, caution should be exercised when using different mouse strains, especially ddY and ICR strains as models for osteoclast differentiation.

Evaluation of Water Quality using ICR Mouse 1-cell Embryo (ICR계 생쥐 1세포배를 이용한 수질의 평가)

  • Kim, Chung-Hyon;Cheong, Kyung-Soon;Park, So-Hyun;Hwang, Do-Yeong;Kim, Ki-Chul;Min, Eung-Gi
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 1994
  • To confirm the overcome of in vitro 2-cell block, ICR mouse I-cell embryos were cultured in CZB media. All embryos in CZB were overcome in vitro 2-cell block and 92% of embryos were developed to the blastocyst at day 4. However, in m-KRB group(control) only 20% of embryos were developed over 2-cell. Any embryos in m-KRB did not develop to the morular stage. Developments and degenerations of ICR mouse I-cell embryos were compared in CZB medium prepared with water of three quality:(l) Milli-Q ultrafiltration water(UF);(2) Milli-Q reverse osmosis water(RO);(3) tap water(TAP). The objective was to evaluate the potential of quality control using ICR mouse 1-cell embryos. The more water was purified, the better embryo developments were supported and the less embryos were degenerated. As a quality control system, the culture of ICR 1-cell mouse embryos in CZB was useful.

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Effects of Bupleurum falcatum Extract on the Survival of Cancered ICR Mouse and the Growth of Cancer Cells such as J774A.1 Cells and L1210 Cells (시호추출물의 ICR 발암생쥐의 생존율 및 J774A.1 세포와 L1210 세포의 증식에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Kye-Kyung;Jung, Dae-Young;Park, Sie-Won
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.293-299
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    • 2004
  • The current investigation was carried out to find out the anticancer activity of the methanol extract from Buplerum falcatum against cancered ICR mouse and cancer cell lines such as J774A.1 and L1210 cells. Extract of Buplerum falcatum displayed the considerable augmentation(134%) of the survival of ICR mouse bearing Sarcoma 180 cancer. In addition, the cytotoxic effects of methanol extract of Buplerum falcatum against J774A.1 cells and L1210 cells were found to show $IC_{50}$ values of $57.3\;{\mu}g/ml$ and $54.6\;{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. In contrast to such cytotoxicity against cancer cells, the extract exerted only meagre toxicity against normal lymphocytes. The increased generation of $O_2^-$ and the considerably increased activities of super-oxide dismutase(SOD) and glutathione peroxidase(GPx) of both J774A.1 cells and L1210 cells in the presence of Buplerum falcatum extract implied that the observed cytotoxicities may have resulted from the detrimental effect of reactive oxygen species(ROS) evoked by Buplerum falcatum extract on the cancer cells.

Anticancer Effect of Houttuynia cordata Extract on Cancered ICR Mouse and L1210 Cells With Changes of SOD and GPx Activities (어성초 추출물의 ICR생쥐와 L1210 세포에 대한 항암작용 및 SOD, GPx 효소활성변화)

  • 하혜경;정대영;박시원
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2004
  • The present investigation was undertaken to examine the anticancer activity of the methanol extract from Houttuynia cordata on ICR mouse with induced abdominal cancer and L1210 cancer cells. When the methanol extract of Houttuynia cordata (10∼200 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$) was administered orally to ICR mouse with abdominal cancer, 47.8% of the best life prolonging effect was obtained. In case of cytotoxicity study (inhibition of cell proliferation) of Houttuynia cordata extract against L1210 cells, $IC_{50}$/ was found to be 62.8 $\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$. In contrast to such considerable toxicity against cancer cell line, the toxicity demonstrated by the identical extract against normal lymphocytes was very meagre as shown to be < 5% compared with 86.5% in case of L1210 cells at the same condition. To get an insight into the reaction mechanism undelying the anticancer activity, $O_2$ion quantity and antioxidant enzyme activities such as superoxide dismiutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) of L1210 cells in the presence of Houttuynia cordata extract were measured. The increased values of SOD and GPx enzyme activities in addition to the augmented generation of $O_2$ ion in L1210 cells implied that the reactive oxygen species induding $O_2$ion which were presumably induced by Houttuynia cordata extract might have participated in the process of L1210 cells cytotoxicity.

The Effects of Haedoksamul-tang on Oxidative Stress and Hyperlipidemia in LPS-induced ICR Mouse (해독사물탕(解毒四物湯)이 LPS 유도 ICR mouse의 산화스트레스 및 고지혈증에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Gyu-ho;Jung, Yu-sun;Shin, Hyeon-cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.77-89
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The present study was conducted to examine whether Haedoksamul-tang (HS), a traditional oriental herbal medicine, have beneficail effects on anti-inflammation and dyslipidemia in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ICR mouse. Methods: Twenty four 8-week old male ICR mouse were divided into four groups: normal untreated; LPS treatment only; HS 10 mg/kg plus LPS treatment; and HS 30 mg/kg plus LPS treatment. HS was orally administered per day for 2days. Twenty-four hours after LPS injection (10 mg/kg/day, i.p.), all the mice were sacrificed, and serological changes were evaluated. The levels of nuclear factor-${\kappa}B$ (NF-${\kappa}B$), sterol regulatory element-binding transcription protein 1 (SREBP-1) activity and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), tumor necrosis factor a (TNF-a), monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), acetyl-CoA carboxylase a (ACCa) expression were analyzed in Western blot analysis. Results: HS inhibited oxidative stress in the liver of LPS-induced ICR mice. The LPS-induced ICR mice exhibited the increase of NF-${\kappa}B$ activity and COX-2, iNOS, TNF-a, MCP-1 expressions in the liver, while HS treatment significantly inhibited them. Moreover, The administration of HS significantly decreased the elevated serum triglyceride and down-regulated the levels of SREBP-1, ACCa in the liver of LPS-induced ICR mice. Conclusions: In conclusion, HS could have hepato-protective effects against the oxidative stress-related inflammation and abnormal lipid metabolism.

Effect of Making a Hole in Zona Pellucida by Laser on Hatching of Frozen-thawed ICR Mouse Embryos (레이저를 통한 투명대내의 천공이 동결융해 ICR 마우스 수정란의 부화에 미치는 영향)

  • Yong, Hwan-Yul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of laser-assisted hole in the zona pellucida (ZP) of frozen-thawed ICR mouse embryos on the process of hatching that is critical for expanded blastocysts to implant into endometrium, Vitrification medium, composed of ethylene glycol and sucrose supplemented with 7.5% (w/v) PVP, was used to freeze $2{\sim}4$ cell stage embryos recovered from oviducts of superovulated and mated female mice before storing them in $LN_2$. Right after thawing them, a laser beam was shot to make a hole in ZP followed by culturing in KSOM for $96{\sim}120\;hr$ and examining development to blastocyst and hatching every 12 hr. Laser-treated embryos showed significantly higher hatching rate compared to control (92.9% vs. 22.1%, p<0.05). From around Day 4, blastocysts developed from laser-treated embryos started hatching while the blastocysts of control group failed to hatch showing a lot of shrinkage. This study shows that a laser-assisted hole in ZP improves the hatching rate of blastocysts developed from frozen-thawed, in vitro cultured ICR mouse embryos.

Anticancer Effects of Aloe on Sarcoma 180 in ICR Mouse and on Human Cancer Cell Lines (복수암 생쥐와 인체 암세포에 대한 알로에의 항암 작용)

  • Jeong, He-Yun;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Hwang, Se-Jin;Rhee, Dong-Kwon
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.311-321
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    • 1994
  • Anticancer effects of Aloe on sarcoma 180 in ICR mouse or human cancer cells were determined. Sarcoma 180 cells were inoculated subcutaneously into male ICR mouse to determine effect of Aloe on tumor gowth, or inoculated intraperitoneally into male ICR mouse to determine effect of Aloe on life span prolongation, followed by oral administration of Aloe vera(10 mg/kg/day, 50 mg/kg/day) or Aloe arborescens(10 mg/kg/day, 100 mg/kg/day) once a day for 14 days. The administration of Aloe vera or Aloe arborescens did not suppress tumor growh. However the life span of ICR mouse was prolonged to 19%(p<0.05), 22%(p<0.05) and 32%(p<0.05) by administration of Aloe vera 10 mg/kg/day, Aloe vera 50 mg/kg/day, and Aloe arborescens 100 mg/kg/day, respectively. To determine anticancer effect of Aloe in vitro, Aloe extract was added to the culture of human gastric cancer cells(SNU-1) and colorectal cancer cells(SNU-C2A), and concentration of Aloe to inhibit cancer cell growth was determined using MTT(3-[ 4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) cytotoxicity assay. High $ID_{50}$ values of Aloe vera and Aloe arborescens against gastric cancer cell line(SNU-1) and colorectal cancer cell line(SNU-C2A) suggest that Aloe gel does not have anticancer effect on these specific human cancer cells although high concentration of Aloe inhibited growth of human cancer cells significantly.

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Immunohistochemical study of the pancreatic endocrine cells in the ICR mice (ICR 마우스 췌장 내분비세포에 대한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Ku, Sae-kwang;Lee, Hyeung-sik;Lee, Jae-hyun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2002
  • The regional distribution and relative frequency of the pancreatic endocrine cells in the ICR mouse were studied by immunohistochemical (PAP) method using four types of specific antisera against insulin, glucagon, somatostatin and human pancreatic polypeptide (PP). The pancreas of mice could be divided into three portions; pancreatic islets, exocrine and pancreatic ducts. Pancreatic islets, furthermore, were subdivided into three regions (central, mantle and peripheral region) according to their located types of immunoreactive cells. In the pancreatic islet portions, insulin-immunoreactive cells were located in the central and mantle regions but most of somatostatin-, glucagon- and PP-immunoreactive cells were detected in the mantle and peripheral regions with various frequencies. In addition, PP-immunoreactive cells were also found in the central regions of pancreatic islets of ICR mouse. In the exocrine portions, all four types of immunoreactive cells were demonstrated in the ICR mouse. In the pancreatic duct portions, insulin- and glucagon-immunoreactive cells were situated in the epithelial lining of ICR mouse with a few and rare frequencies, respectively. In addition, rare PP-immunoreactive cells were also demonstrated in the subepithelial regions of the pancreatic duct. However, no somatostatin-immunoreactive cells were demonstrated.

Embryonic Effects of Ultrasound Irradiation on Preimplantation Stage of ICR Mouse Embryos - About embryonic death and malformation of ultrasound mechanisms - (초음파(超音波)에 대한 ICR Mouse 착상전기(着床前期)의 개체(個體) Level 영향(影響)(기형(奇形).배사망.(胚死亡))으로부터 초음파(超音波)의 물리학적(物理學的) 특성(特性)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Song, Jae-Kwan;Kim, Ye-Hyun
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 1995
  • Embryos and fetuses are more sensitive to various environmental agents than adults of children biological effects following the exposure, such as intrauterin, malformation, have intimate conception with the prenatal exposure. There have been many studies on radiation and other agent. However, imformation about the ultrasound effects is limited. It is very important to study the effect of ultrasound with these kinds of fatera in consideration of ultrasound protection and safty. In this study, embryonic and fefal effects of ICR mouse embryos irradiated on 24, 48, 12 and 192 hpc of preimplantation and organogenesis period at the intensity of $0.5{\sim}3\;W/cm^2$ were investigated. Many type of external malformation observed in mouse irradiated on 72 hpc and 192 hpc. However, the embryos irradiated on 24 hpc and 48 hpc, at witch embryos had less then 6 cells and were pre-compaction stage, had no sensitivity for external malformation. The threshold doses of external malformation in mouse irradiated on 72 hpc and 192 hpc, at which embryos were consisted of $16{\sim}32$ cells and neural formation stage, were $1\;W/cm^2$ and $0.5\;W/cm^2$.

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Acute Intravenous and Oral Toxicity of DWC-751 in Rats and Mice (랫드 및 마우스에서 DWC-751의 급성정맥 및 경구 독성시험)

  • 김재현;박창원;강진석;유영효;박정식
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 1995
  • Single intravenous and oral administration to SD rats and ICR mice of both sexes were performed to investigate the acute toxicity of DWC-751, a new parenteral cephalosporin. $LD_50$ values for ICR mice and SD rats administered intravenously with DWC-751 were as follows; 1151.1 mg/kg (male SD rat), 1183.5 mg/kg (female SD rat), 2698.1 mg/kg (male ICR mouse), 2833.0 mg/kg (female ICR mouse). It is suggested that $LD_50$ values in rats and mice of both sexes would be 5000 mg/kg in oral route. Major general symptoms induced by injection intravenously with DWC-751 are decreased motor activity, increased respiratory rate, tremor and convulsion. In oral route, piloerection and soft stool are observed to 4 day after administration. No significant body weight changes were observed at any level in the groups administered with DWC-751. The gross finding of rats administered intravenously was observed cecum distension.

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