• Title, Summary, Keyword: IL-10$IFN-{\gamma}$

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Effect of Codonopsis lanceolatae Extracts on Mouse IL-2, IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-10 Cytokine Production by Peritoneal Macrophage and the Ratio of IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-10 Cytokine (더덕 추출물의 경구 투여가 마우스의 사이토카인 생성과 IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-10 Ratio에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2009
  • Codonopsis lanceolatae have been used as one of the traditional remedies as well as food source. We previously reported that in vitro supplementation of Codonopsis lanceolatae water extracts enhanced the splenocytes proliferation compared to the control group. This study, the combined immunomodulative effect of water extract Codonopsis lanceolatae was Seven to eight weeks old mice(balb/c) was fed ad libitum on chow diet and water extract of Codonopsis lanceolatae was orally administrated every other day for four weeks at two different concentrations(50 and 500 mg/kg B.W.). The production of cytokine(IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-${\gamma}$), secreted by macrophages stimulated with LPS or not, were detected by ELISA assay using the cytokine kit. The result of ex vivo study showed that the IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-${\gamma}$ was detected at 500 mg/kg B.W. supplementation group with LPS stimulation in all cases. Also, ratio of IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-10 was the range of 3${\sim}$7 with mitogen stimulation such as Con A and LPS. In conclusion, this study suggests that Codonopsis lanceolatae extracts may enhance the immune function by regulating the cytokine(IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-${\gamma}$) prodution capacity by activated macrophages in mice.

The Significance of IL-10, IL-12, IFN-$\gamma$ and ADA in Tuberculous Pleural Fluid (결핵성 흉수에서 IL-10, IL-12, IFN-$\gamma$, ADA 측정의 의의)

  • Jeon, Doo-Soo;Yun, Sang-Myung;Park, Sam-Seok;Lee, Hyo-Jin;Kim, Yun-Seong;Lee, Min-Ki;Park, Soon-Kew
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.301-310
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    • 1998
  • Background: Cell mediated immune response mediated by interaction between CD4+ T lymphocytes and macrophagies is thought to play an important role in tuberculous pleurisy. This interaction is dependent on the interplay of various cytokines. The immunologic response of tuberculous pleurisy is thought to depend on the balance between helper T cell(Th1) cytokine Interleukin-12, Interferon gamma and Th2 cytokine IL-4, IL-10. To understand immunologic mechanism in tuberculous pleurisy and evaluate diagnostic value of these cytokines, the concentrations of Th1 cytokine IL-12, IFN -$\gamma$ and Th2 cytokine IL-10 were measured in tuberculous pleurisy and malignant pleural effusion group. Material and Methods: The concentrations of IL-10, IL-12 and IFN-$\gamma$ were measured by ELISA method in pleural fluids and serums of 20 patients with tuberculous pleurisy and 20 patients with malignant pleural effusion ADA activities were measured by spetrophotomery in pleural fluids of both groups. Results: In tuberculous pleurisy, the mean concentrations of IL-10, IL-12 and IFN-$\gamma$ of pleural fluids showed $121.3{\pm}83.7$ pg/mL, $571.4{\pm}472.7$ pg/mL and $420.4{\pm}285.9$ pg/mL. These were significantly higher than that of serum, $21.2{\pm}60.9$ pg/mL, 194.5 pg/mL, $30.1{\pm}18.3$ pg/mL respectively(p< 0.01). In malignant pleural effusion, the mean concentrations of IL-10, IL-12 and IFN-$\gamma$ of pleural fluids showed $88.4{\pm}40.4$ pg/mL, $306.5{\pm}271.1$ pg/mL and $30.5{\pm}54.8$ pg/mL respectively. Compared with that of serum ($43.4{\pm}67.2$ pg/mL, $206.8{\pm}160.6$ pg/mL, $14.6{\pm}3.3$ pg/mL), only IL-10 was significantly higher (p<0.001), but IL-12, IFN-$\gamma$ were not significant. In tuberculous pleural effusion compared with malignant pleural effusion, the concentration of IL-12, IFN-$\gamma$, ADA were significantly higher (p=value 0.046, <0.001, <0.001), but IL-10 was not significant. For differential diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy from malignant pleural effusion, using cut-off value of IL-12, IFN-$\gamma$, ADA as 300 pg/mL. 100 pg/mL, 45 U/L, the sensitivity/specificity were 60%/70%, 90%/87.5%, 85%/90% respectively. Conclusion: In tuberculous pleurisy, IL-10, IL-12 and IFN-$\gamma$ were selectively concentrated highly in pleural space than serum. Compared with malignant pleural effusion, IL-12 and IFN-$\gamma$ were significantly higher, but IL-10 were not in tuberculous pleural effusion. The results suggest that Th1 pathway contributes to immune resistant mechanism in tuberculous pleurisy. IFN-$\gamma$ and ADA revealed useful methods of differential diagnosis in tuberculous pleurisy from malignant pleural effusion.

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Effect of Interleukin-10 on Lipopolysaccahride/Interferon-γ-Induced Chemokine Mig Gene Expression

  • Jin, Hee;Jin, Jung-Sook;Park, Ho-Sun;Kim, Sung-Kwang;Lee, Jai Youl;Kim, Hee-Sun
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.12-18
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    • 2002
  • Interferon-${\gamma}$ (IFN-${\gamma}$) is well known as a potent inducer in monokine induced by IFN-${\gamma}$ (Mig) mRNA expression. Although lipopolysaccharide (LPS) alone is weakly effective on Mig mRNA expression. the stimulation of LPS and IFN-${\gamma}$ (LPS/IFN-${\gamma}$ simultaneously has been shown to synergize to produce a high level of Mig mRNA in mouse peritoneal macrophages. In this study, interleukin-10 (IL-10) was found to suppress the LPS/IFN-${\gamma}$-induced Mig mRNA expression in cell type- and mouse strain-specific fashion, but IFN-${\gamma}$ alone-induced Mig mRNA was unaffected by IL-10 under identical experimental conditions. The IL-10-mediated suppression of LPS/IFN-${\gamma}$-stimulated Mig mRNA expression was dependent on the concentration of IL-10, and was prevented when the agent was added 2 hours after LPS/IFN-${\gamma}$ treatment. The suppressive action of IL-10 was dependent on a protein synthesis. However, IL-10 did not reduce the stability of LPS/IFN-${\gamma}$-induced Mig mRNA. These data may have important implications for a previously unrecognized role for IL-10 as a regulator of synergistic effect of LPS on the IFN-${\gamma}$-induced expression of the Mig gene in macrophages.

Effect of Corn Extracts on Mouse IL-2 Cytokine Production by Peritoneal Macrophage and the Ratio of IFN-${\gamma}$, IL-10 Cytokine (옥수수 추출물의 경구 투여가 사이토카인 IL-2 생성과 IFN-${\gamma}$와 IL-10 Ratio에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.362-367
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    • 2012
  • Corn has been used for a long time as a traditional remedy, as well as a food source. We previously reported that in vitro supplementation of corn water extracts enhanced the proliferation of splenocytes, compared to the control group. In this study, we examined the immunomodulative effect of a water extract of corn. Seven to eight weeks old mice(Balb/c) were fed an ad libitum chow diet, and were orally administrated a water extract of corn every other day, for four weeks, at two different concentrations(50 and 500 mg/kg B.W). Cytokine production(IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-${\gamma}$) by macrophages stimulated with LPS or not stimulated with LPS was detected by ELISA assay using the cytokine kit. In an ex vivo study, the cytokines IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-${\gamma}$ were detected at 500 mg/kg b.w. supplementation group with LPS stimulation in all cases. Also, the ratio of IFN-${\gamma}$ to IL-10 was in the range of 0~3 with mitogen stimulation, such as con A and LPS. In conclusion, this study suggests that in mice, corn extracts may enhance immune function by regulating the cytokine production(IL-2, IL-10 and IFN-${\gamma}$) of the activated macrophages.

Effects of IFN-γ on IL-18 Expression in Pregnant Rats and Pregnancy Outcomes

  • Si, Li-Fang;Zhang, Shou-Yan;Gao, Chun-Sheng;Chen, Shu-Lin;Zhao, Jin;Cheng, Xiang-Chao
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.1399-1405
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    • 2013
  • The present study focused on establishing the effects of interferon-gamma (IFN-${\gamma}$) on interleukin-18 (IL-18) expression patterns and pregnancy outcomes in pregnant rats. Pregnant rats at the post-implantation stage were randomized into control, low IFN-${\gamma}$ (L-IFN-${\gamma}$) and high IFN-${\gamma}$ groups (H-IFN-${\gamma}$) that received normal saline, 100 IU/g of IFN-${\gamma}$ and 500 IU/g of IFN-${\gamma}$ vaginal muscular injection, respectively. The effects of IFN-${\gamma}$ on IL-18 expression and pregnancy outcomes were assessed systematically using several methods, including immunohistochemistry streptavidin-perosidase (SP), image pattern analysis, enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA), whole blood count (WBC) count, microscopy and visual observation. IL-18 was detected in the uteri of all pregnant rats, and mainly distributed in the endometrium, decidual cells, vascular endothelium and myometrium. Immunohistochemistry and image pattern analyses revealed significantly lower IL-18 expression in the H-IFN-${\gamma}$ group compared to the L-IFN-${\gamma}$ and control groups (p<0.01), indicating that high doses of IFN-${\gamma}$ induce downregulation of IL-18 in the uterus of pregnant rats. ELISA results disclosed that IL-18 expression in peripheral blood of the H-IFN-${\gamma}$ group was lower than that of the L-IFN-${\gamma}$ group (p<0.05), and significantly reduced compared to the control group (p<0.01). Moreover, the number of peripheral leukocytes in the H-IFN-${\gamma}$ group was significantly higher than those in the control and L-IFN-${\gamma}$ groups (p<0.01). Morphology analysis showed no evident differences between the L-IFN-${\gamma}$ and control groups. However, for the H-IFN-${\gamma}$ group, uterine mucosa bleeding, necrosis and excoriation were observed using microscopy. Visual observation revealed marroon, swelling, crassitude and no embryo in the uterus, which are obvious indicators of abortion. These results indicate that IFN-${\gamma}$ plays a regulatory role in IL-18 expression in the uterus and peripheral blood of pregnant rats at the post-implantation stage. Moreover, high levels (500 IU/g) of IFN-${\gamma}$ influence normal pregnancy at the early stages in rats by downregulating IL-18 expression in the uterus and peripheral blood and increasing the number of peripheral leukocytes, consequently triggering termination of pregnancy.

Effects of Chitosan on the Production of Th1 and Th2 Cytokines in Mice (키토산이 Th1과 Th2 사이토카인 생성에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Kwang-Hyuk
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 2009
  • Chitosan is derived from chitin by a process of controlled deacetylation. In the present study, we investigated the effects of chitosan on the production of cytokines such as interleukin-2 (IL-2), interferon-$\gamma$ (IFN-$\gamma$), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in mice. The culture supernatants of splenocytes exposed with chitosan alone or chitosan plus cell stimulants, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), concanavalin A (Con A), and phytohemagglutinin-P (PHA-P) were harvested to assay IL-2, IFN-$\gamma$, IL-4, and IL-10 production. IL-2, IFN-$\gamma$, and IL-4 from splenocytes exposed to chitosan showed a greater increase compared to the PBS control group. IL-2 and IFN-$\gamma$ levels in the culture supernatants from splenocytes exposed to LPS+chitosan were higher than those of the groups exposed to LPS alone. IL-4 and IL-10 levels in the culture supernatants from splenocytes exposed to LPS+chitosan were lower than those of the groups exposed to LPS only. These findings demonstrate that chitosan upregulates the immune responses by Th1 cytokines (IL-2 and IFN-$\gamma$) and downregulates those by Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10) in LPS-associated immunity. These results show the potential of its usefulness for balancing the Th1/Th2 immune response, if more research results were accumulated.

Cytotoxicity of lymphokine activated peritoneal macrophages against Trichomonas vaginalis (질트리코모나스에 대한 림포카인황성대식세포의 세포독성능)

  • Yoon, Kyong;Ryu, Jae-Sook;Min, Duk-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.381-388
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    • 1991
  • Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic nagellate in the urogenital tract of human. Innate cytotonicity of macrophages against T. vaginalis has been recognized, but any report on the cytotoxicity of Iymphokine-activated macrophages to T vaginalis is not yet available. The present study aimed to elucidate the Iymphokine-activated cell mediated cytotoxic effect against T. vaginalis by mouse peritoneal macrophages. Cytotoxicity was measured by counting the release of $^3H-thymidine$ from prelabeled protozoa, and tested in U-bottom microtiter plates. Nitrite concentration in culture supernatants was measured by standard Griess reaction. The results obtained are as follows: 1, The cytotoxicity of macrophages was increased by addition of rIL-2 or $rIFN-{\gamma}$$. 2, Cytotoxicity of macrophages was reduced by addition of rIL-4 to rOM-CSV, rIL-2 or $rIFN-{\gamma}$. 3. Crude Iymphokine mixed with anti-lL-2 decreased the cytotoxity of macrophages. 4. In case of macrophages cultured with $rIFN-{\gamma}$ or rIL-4, the concentration of nitrite was related with cytotokity of macrophages against T. vaginalis, but the cytotoxicity of macrophages cultured with rIL-2 and $rIFN-{\gamma}$ was decreased in spite of its high production of llitrite. From the results obtained, it is assumed that rIL-2 and $rIFN-{\gamma}$ enhance the cytotoxicity of macrophages while rIL-4 inhibits the cytotoxicity against T. vaginalis, and that the production of nitrite does not relate with the cytotoxicity of macrophages, but nitric oxide may play a role as an inhibitory factor on the proliferation of T. vaginalis.

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The Effects of Zingiber officinale Roscoe Extracts on Mouse $IFN-{\gamma}$ and IL-10 Production (생강 추출물 투여가 전구염증성 사이토카인 $IFN-{\gamma}$와 항염증성 사이토카인 IL-10 분비량에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2007
  • Ginger(Zingiber officinale Roscoe) has been used as a raw material in many various traditional preparations since the ancient times. As a component of traditional health products, ginger is known to be effective as an appetite enhancer, and has anti-cold and anti-inflammatory activities. This study was performed to investigate the immunomodulative effects of Zingiber officinale Roscoe in mice, using ex vivo experiments. In order to elucidate ginger's immunomodulative effects of Ginger, water extracts were orally administered to mice, and isolated macrophages were used as the experimental model. To identify the ex vivo effects, six to seven week old Balb/c mice were fed a chow diet ad libitum and the ginger water extracts were administered orally every other day for two or four weeks at two different concentrations(50 and 500 mg/kg b.w.). The results show that IL-IO and $IFN-{\gamma}$ were detected in the 500 mg/kg b.w. supplemented group with LPS stimulation in all cases. Also, the $IFN-{\gamma}$ /IL-10 ratio ranged from 3~5 with mitogen stimulation such as Con A and LPS. In conclusion, this study suggests that ginger extracts may enhance the immune function by regulating the cytokine(IL-10 and $IFN-{\gamma}$) production capacity of activated macrophages in mice.

Anti-proliferative Activity of T-bet

  • Oh, Yeon Ji;Shin, Ji Hyun;Won, Hee Yeon;Hwang, Eun Sook
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.199-205
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    • 2015
  • T-bet is a critical transcription factor that regulates differentiation of Th1 cells from $CD4^+$ precursor cells. Since T-bet directly binds to the promoter of the IFN-${\gamma}$ gene and activates its transcription, T-bet deficiency impairs IFN-${\gamma}$ production in Th1 cells. Interestingly, T-bet-deficient Th cells also display substantially augmented the production of IL-2, a T cell growth factor. Exogenous expression of T-bet in T-bet deficient Th cells rescued the IFN-${\gamma}$ production and suppressed IL-2 expression. IFN-${\gamma}$ and IL-2 reciprocally regulate Th cell proliferation following TCR stimulation. Therefore, we examined the effect of T-bet on Th cell proliferation and found that T-bet deficiency significantly enhanced Th cell proliferation under non-skewing, Th1-skewing, and Th2-skewing conditions. By using IFN-${\gamma}$-null mice to eliminate the anti-proliferative effect of IFN-${\gamma}$, T-bet deficiency still enhanced Th cell proliferation under both Th1- and Th2-skewing conditions. Since the anti-proliferative activity of T-bet may be influenced by IL-2 suppression in Th cells, we examined whether T-bet modulates IL-2-independent cell proliferation in a non-T cell population. We demonstrated that T-bet expression induced by ecdysone treatment in human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells increased IFN-${\gamma}$ promoter activity in a dose dependent manner, and sustained T-bet expression considerably decreased cell proliferation in HEK cells. Although the molecular mechanisms underlying anti-proliferative activity of T-bet remain to be elucidated, T-bet may directly suppress cell proliferation in an IFN-${\gamma}$- or an IL-2-independent manner.

Protective Effect of Dried Mackerel Extract on Lipopolysaccharide-induced Inflammation (Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)에 의해 유도된 염증에 대한 건조 고등어 추출물의 항염증 효과)

  • Kim, Kwang-Hyuk;Choi, Myoung Won;Choi, Hyang Mi;Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.1140-1146
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    • 2013
  • The effect of dried mackerel extract on the production of nitric oxide (NO) and cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$), and interferon-${\gamma}$ (IFN-${\gamma}$), was investigated. All extracts and fractions from dried mackerel significantly reduced NO production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Among the extracts, acetone+methylene chloride (A+M), n-hexane, and 85% aqueous methanol (MeOH) showed the strongest inhibitory effects. The 85% aqueous MeOH fraction at a concentration of $10{\mu}g$ significantly decreased LPS-induced IL-6 and TNF-${\alpha}$ production after 6 hr of incubation. In the case of LPS-induced IFN-${\gamma}$ production, the 85% aqueous MeOH fraction decreased the production of IFN-${\gamma}$ afer 6, 24, and 72 hr of incubation in a dose-dependent manner. The results show that an 85% aqueous MeOH fraction inhibits the production of NO and proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$, IFN-${\gamma}$), suggesting that this fraction acts as a potent immunomodulator.