• Title, Summary, Keyword: IPR

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Issues of IPR Database Construction through Interdisciplinary Research (학제간 연구를 통한 IPR 데이터베이스 구축의 쟁점)

  • Kim, Dong Yong;Park, Young Chul
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.8 no.8
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2017
  • Humanities and social sciences researchers and database experts have teamed up to build a database of IPR materials prepared by the Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR). This paper presents the issues and solutions inherent in the database construction for ensuring the quality of IPR materials. For the accessibility of the database, we maintain the database on the Web so that researchers can access it via web browsers; for the convenience of the database construction, we provide an integrated interface that allows researchers to perform all tasks in it; for the completeness of IPR materials constructed, we support the responsible input and the responsible approval that identify responsibilities of each IPR material entered; and for the immediacy of the approval, we support an interactive approval process facilitating the input of researchers. We also use database design, query processing, transaction management, and search and sorting techniques to ensure the correctness of IPR materials entered. In particular, through concurrency control using existence dependency relationships between records, we ensure the correctness between the operating system files and their paths. Our future studies include content search, database download and upload, and copyright related work on IPR materials.

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Regime and Innovation in a Developing Country Context: Evidence from the 1986 IPR Reform in Korea

  • Kwon, Seokbeom;Woo, Seokkyun
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.62-86
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    • 2017
  • Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) system is one of the major institutions for incentivizing innovation. However, a strong IPR regime does not necessarily encourage innovation every time. This is because a variety of factors come into play in configuring the ways the IPR system interacts with the dynamics of innovation. In the present study, we examine whether different degrees of absorptive capacity at the industry level bring about heterogeneous effects of a strong IPR regime on the innovation capability of innovators across different industries in developing country. Using the case of the 1986 IPR reform in Korea, which permitted patenting pharmaceutical products and copyrighting computer programs, we analyze the quality of patents produced by Korean applicants between 1982 and 1991. Our analysis finds no evidence that the IPR reform improved the innovation capability of innovators in the two aforementioned sectors, but rather affected their patenting behavior differently.

Analysis of the Change of ETSI IPR Policies (ETSI IPR 정책의 변화 분석)

  • Lee, S.M.;Kim, Y.T.;Kang, B.M
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.86-94
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    • 1999
  • 유럽의 전기통신 표준화기구(ETSI)는 유럽연합(EU) 차원의 지역 표준화를 추진함에 있어서 갈등요인이 될 수 있는 지적재산권 문제를 원활하게 해결하기 위한 노력의 일환으로 1993년 3월 ETSI IPR 정책을 채택하였다. 그러나 동 정책을 재검토하게 되었으며, 그 결과로 IPR 정책 운영상의 주요 문제가 되었던 IPR 협약서 내용을 폐지하고 1994년 11월의 ETSI 21차 총회에서 본 IPR 정책을 새로이 수립하여 그 후 3년이 지난 1997년 11월에 이를 정식 ETSI IPR 정책으로 채택하였다. 이에 본 고에서는 ETSI에서 추구하고 있는 정보통신 표준화와 관련한 IPR 정책의 주요 변화사항을 분석하였으며, 아울러 최근에 개정된 주요 IPR 정책의 내용을 고찰함으로써 국내의 관련 정책 수립시 도움이 되도록 하였다.

Comparative Analysis on the Intellectual Property Right Policies of Standardization Organizations

  • Lee, Sang-mu;Park, Ki-shik
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.26 no.7A
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    • pp.1284-1289
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    • 2001
  • The characteristics of the intellectual property right(IPR) conflict with standardization. This is because standardization aims to achieve the common use of technology while IPRs aim to protect the proprietary right on technology. The license to use IPR should be granted so that standards can be used without an infringement. IPR policies have common characteristics in most parts of their contents and also different application methodologies. The ultimate object of IPR policy is to receive license grant. In this paper, significant typical IPR policies of main standardization organizations are comparatively analyzed. The overall objective of the IPR policy is to make strategic environment for license grant. IPR disclosure becomes the best practice to acquire license grant. With this practice, the action to licensing refusal becomes one of the main strategic factors of IPR policies.

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Beta-adrenergic regulation of the DNA Synthesis and Epidermal Growth Factor Secretion in cultured Submandibular Gland Cells (악하선 배양세포의 DNA합성 및 Epidermal Growth Factor분비에 관련된 Beta-adrenergic 조절에 관한 연구)

  • 이금영;소준노
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.410-419
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    • 1991
  • 마우스 악하선 배양세포의 DNA와 단백질 합성 및 epidermal growth factor(EGF) 분비에 미치는 isoproterenol(IPR)의 효과를 조사하였다. 마우스 악하선으로부터 분리되어 배양된 상피형세포의 DNA및 단백질 합성은 IRP에 의해 농도 의존적으로 현저하게 감소하였다. 이와는 달리 IPR처리 1시간 후에 IPR-처리 마우스로부터 얻은 혈청은 악하선 배양세포의 단백질 합성에는 별 영향을 미치지 못하였으나, DNA합성은 현저하게 증가시켰다. IPR에 의한 악하선 세포의 DNA 합성능의 감소는 propranolol에 의해 차단되지 않았으나 ascorbate에 의해서는 회복되었다. 악하선 배양세포의 DNA 및 단백질 합성을 저해한 IPR의 처리에 의해 배양세포의 EGF분비는 현저히 증가되었다. 이상과 같은 결과는 악하선 세포의 DNA 및 단백질 합성에 작용한 IPR의 효과는 beta-adrenoceptor의 흥분에 의한 것이라기 보다는 IPR로부터 유래된 free radical에 의한 세포독성에 기인함을 시사한다. 따라서 IPR의 생체내 투여에 의한 악하선의 비대화를 보고 한 기존의 결과는 IPR이 악하선에 직접 작용하여 유발된 것이 아닌 다른 경로를 통한 간접적인 효과로 판단될 수 있을 것이다.

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ITU-T IPR 애드혹

  • Gang, Bu-Mi
    • TTA Journal
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    • pp.137-139
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    • 2007
  • ITU의 표준화 추진시 관련된 IPR 이슈를 처리하기 위하여, ITU-T IPR 애드혹 회의가 지난 2월 20과 21일 양일간 스위스 제네바에서 개최되었다. 이번 회의에서는 지난 2년여 간 추진되어 오던 ISO, IEC, ITU 등 3개 국제표준화기구의 공통 특허정책을 최종 채택함으로써, 3개 국제표준화기구간에 조화로운 IPR 정책을 추진하는 발판이 마련되었다. 본 원고는 금번 회의결과를 간단히 소개함으로써 ITU 활동에 도움을 주고자 한다.

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The Analysis on IPR Policy & related Discussion Trends in ITU-T (ITU-T의 IPR 정책 및 논의동향 분석)

  • Park, Wung;Lee, Byoung-Nam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.965-968
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    • 2005
  • According to the rapid development of IT technologies, between different technologies and weakness of entry barriers, standardization for interoperability and intercompatibility is being recognized as a core strategy for preoccupation of global IT market and strengthening of national competitive power. Recently IPR(Intellectual property Rights) including patents is considered indispensably in international standardization. Also advanced countries strengthen their positions through preemption of global IT market by linking their IPR with international standardization. Therefore relationship between IPR and standardization is being changed to mutually complementary from mutually exclusive. In this paper, we will examine ITU-T's IPR policy and related discussion trends in ITU-T and try to find national policy for IPR related issues.

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Operation Analysis and New Current Control of Parallel Connected Dual Converter System without Interphase Reactors (상간리액터 없는 병렬연결 듀얼컨버터 시스템의 동작해석과 새로운 전류제어)

  • Ji, Jun-Geun
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
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    • v.49 no.7
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    • pp.488-493
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, a predictive current control of 12-pulse parallel connected dual converter system without interphase reactors(IPR) is presented. Firstly, the characteristics of system without IPR are analyzed and compared with that of system with IPR. And the predictive current control of this system is discussed. Finally the validity of the presented system and the excellence of the predictive current control response is proved through the simulation results and experimental results.

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Effect of Jasinwhalhyul-tang on MRL/MpJ-Ipr/Ipr Mouse Model with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (자심활혈탕(滋腎活血湯)이 전신성홍반성낭창(全身性紅斑性狼蒼) 동물모델에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Choi, Hoon-Seob;Cho, Chung-Sik;Kim, Cheol-Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.67-84
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    • 2008
  • Objective : The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Jasinwhalhyul-tang (Zishenhuoxue-tang, JWT) on MRL/MpJ-Ipr/Ipr mouse model with systemic lupus erythematosus. Methods: The effect of JWT on MRL/MpJ-Ipr/Ipr mice that have autoimmune disease similar to SLE in humans was evaluated after JWT per oral in the present study. Mice were administered with Jasinwhalhyul-tang (Zishenhuoxue-tang, JWT) (80 or 400mg/kg) or distilled water for control group from experimental week 10 for 22 weeks. Results : The amount of erythematosus skin lesion and proteinuria were significantly decreased. The size and weight of cervical lymph nodes and spleen were significantly reduced. The ratio between activated $CD3^+CD69^+$ T-cells and undifferentiated $CD3^+CD4^-CD8^-$ T-cells in lymph nodes, spleen and kidney was effectively reduced. The gene expression of TGF-$\beta$ in spleen and kidney was increased. The amount of anti-dsDNA IgG in blood was decreased. The gene expression of TGF-$\beta$ in normal mouse spleen cells was increased depending on concentration by treatment of with T cell stimulating agent. In the histological examination of skin and kidney, the amount of infiltration of immune cells involved in the inflammatory response was decreased. Conclusions : According to the above results, JWT should be considered as an applicable therapeutic agent to SLE in clinical practice. Further research is required to investigate other efficacies of JWT on SLE.

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Morphogenetic Alterations of Alternaria alternata Exposed to Dicarboximide Fungicide, Iprodione

  • Kim, Eunji;Lee, Hye Min;Kim, Young Ho
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2017
  • Fungicide-resistant Alternaria alternata impede the practical control of the Alternaria diseases in crop fields. This study aimed to investigate cytological fungicide resistance mechanisms of A. alternata against dicarboximide fungicide iprodione. A. alternata isolated from cactus brown spot was cultured on potato-dextrose agar (PDA) with or without iprodione, and the fungal cultures with different growth characteristics from no, initial and full growth were observed by light and electron microscopy. Mycelia began to grow from one day after incubation (DAI) and continued to be in full growth (control-growth, Con-G) on PDA without fungicide, while on PDA with iprodione, no fungal growth (iprodione-no growth, Ipr-N) occurred for the first 3 DAI, but once the initial growth (iprodione-initial growth, Ipr-I) began at 4-5 DAI, the colonies grew and expanded continuously to be in full growth (iprodione-growth, Ipr-G), suggesting Ipr-I may be a turning moment of the morphogenetic changes resisting fungicidal toxicity. Con-G formed multicellular conidia with cell walls and septa and intact dense cytoplasm. In Ipr-N, fungal sporulation was inhibited by forming mostly undeveloped unicellular conidia with degraded and necrotic cytoplasm. However, in Ipr-I, conspicuous cellular changes occurred during sporulation by forming multicellular conidia with double layered (thickened) cell walls and accumulation of proliferated lipid bodies in the conidial cytoplasm, which may inhibit the penetration of the fungicide into conidial cells, reducing fungicide-associated toxicity, and may be utilized as energy and nutritional sources, respectively, for the further fungal growth to form mature colonies as in Ipr-G that formed multicellular conidia with cell walls and intact cytoplasm with lipid bodies as in Con-G.