• Title, Summary, Keyword: Image Loading Steps

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Effective Optimization by Comparison with Game Loading Time for File Format of Textures - Based on Virtools Engine - (텍스처의 파일 저장형식에 따른 게임 로딩 시간 비교를 통한 효과적인 최적화 기법에 관한 연구 - Virtools 엔진을 기반으로 -)

  • Chae, Heon-Joo;Ryu, Seuc-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 2007
  • A game starting, the process of running has some loading steps. In general, textures use corresponding images saved externally and the file format of images affects the loading time of game. We propose some ideas for the texture using method by comparison with loading time according to some file formats.

Multi-scale modelling of the blood chamber of a left ventricular assist device

  • Kopernik, Magdalena;Milenin, Andrzej
    • Advances in biomechanics and applications
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.23-40
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    • 2014
  • This paper examines the blood chamber of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) under static loading conditions and standard operating temperatures. The LVAD's walls are made of a temperature-sensitive polymer (ChronoFlex C 55D) and are covered with a titanium nitride (TiN) nano-coating (deposited by laser ablation) to improve their haemocompatibility. A loss of cohesion may be observed near the coating-substrate boundary. Therefore, a micro-scale stress-strain analysis of the multilayered blood chamber was conducted with FE (finite element) code. The multi-scale model included a macro-model of the LVAD's blood chamber and a micro-model of the TiN coating. The theories of non-linear elasticity and elasto-plasticity were applied. The formulated problems were solved with a finite element method. The micro-scale problem was solved for a representative volume element (RVE). This micro-model accounted for the residual stress, a material model of the TiN coating, the stress results under loading pressures, the thickness of the TiN coating and the wave parameters of the TiN surface. The numerical results (displacements and strains) were experimentally validated using digital image correlation (DIC) during static blood pressure deformations. The maximum strain and stress were determined at static pressure steps in a macro-scale FE simulation. The strain and stress were also computed at the same loading conditions in a micro-scale FE simulation.

A Study on the COntour Machining of Text using CNC Laser Machine (CNC레이저 가공기를 이용한 활자체 가공에 관한 연구)

  • 구영회
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.554-559
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is the machining of texture shapes by the contour fitting data. The hardware of the system comprises PC and scanning system, CO2 laser machine. There are four steps, (1) text image loading using scanning shapes or 2D image files, (2) generation of contour fitting data by the line and arc, cubic Bezier curve, (3) generation of NC code from the contouring fitting data, (4) machining by the DNC system. It is developed a software package, with which can conduct a micro CAM system of CNC laser machine in the PC without economical burden.

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Development of Automatic Optical Fiber Alignment System and Optimal Aligning Algorithm (자동 광 정렬시스템 및 최적 광 정렬알고리즘의 개발)

  • Um, Chul;Kim, Byung-Hee;Choi, Young-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.194-201
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    • 2004
  • Optical fibers are indispensable fer optical communication systems that transmit large volumes of data at high speed. But the aligning technology under the sub-micron accuracy is required for the precise axis adjustment and connection. For the purpose of precise alignment of the optical arrays, in this research, we have developed the 12-axis(with 8 automated axis and 4 manual axis) automatic optical fiber alignment system including the image processing-based searching system, the automatic loading system using the robot and the suction toot and the automatic UV bonding system. In order to obtain the sub-micron alignment accuracy, two 4-axis PC-based motion controllers and the two 50nm resolution 6-aixs micro-stage actuated by micro stepping motors are adopted. The fiber aligning procedure consists of two steps. Firstly, the optical wave guide and an input optical array are aligned by the 6-axis input micro-stage with the IR camera. The image processing technique is introduced to reduce primary manual aligning time and result in achieving the 50% decrease of aligning time. Secondly, the IR camera is replaced by the output micro-stage and a wave guide and two optical arrays are aligned simultaneously before the laser power intensity delivered to the optical powermeter reached the threshold value. When the aligning procedure is finished, the wave guide and arrays are W bonded. The automatic loading/unloading system is also introduced and the entire wave guide handing time is reduced significantly compared to the former commercial aligning system.

Fast booting solution with embedded linux-based on the smart devices (임베디드 리눅스 기반 단말기의 빠른 부팅 개선 방법)

  • Lee, Gowang-Lo;Bae, Byeong-Min;Park, Ho-Jun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.387-390
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we propose a fast booting solution with embedded linux-based smart devices. We have divided the fast boot process into six steps, such as boot loader, kernel, file system, the init-scripts, shared libraries, and applications for an embedded linux-based boot process to improve the fast booting. Improvements for the fast boot are made in the boot loader phase, which is the first phase at power-up, and the init-script that runs the boot loader phase. To improve the fast booting, standby time from the boot loader and unnecessary initialization routine have been removed, and uncompressed kernel image loading as well as optimized copy routine have been applied. Further, a technology that replaces binary scripts in init-script phase and light-weight init process have been utilized to improve the boot.

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Evaluation of Stiffness Structure and Grouting Efficiency beneath the Precast Slab Track by Elastic Wave Tests (탄성파시험에 의한 프리캐스트 슬래브궤도의 강성구조와 충전성능 평가)

  • Lee, Il-Wha;Joh, Sung-Ho;Jang, Seung-Yup;Kang, Youn-Suk;Han, Sung-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1303-1308
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    • 2007
  • Recently, precast concrete tracks are replacing ballast track for efficient and economic maintenance of track. Precast concrete railroad tracks are manufactured in factory, and transported to railroad construction site for installation. Therefore, quality of precast concrete track itself should be sufficiently good. On the contrary to the convenient manufacturing of precast concrete track, the installation of a precast concrete track requires careful steps. Typically, a precast concrete track is placed on an approximately 15-cm thick lean concrete layer. A mortar is filled between lean concrete layer and precast concrete track to adjust the sloping angle of a precast concrete track for a safe train operation at a curvy section. Then, the use of filled mortarproduces a void underneath a precast concrete track, which is harmful to structural safety of a precast concrete track undercyclic loading. Therefore, it is essential to make sure that there is no void left beneath a precast concrete track after mortar filling. In the continuous resonance method, the amplitude of frequency response measured using an instrumented hammer and an accelerometer is plotted against a pseudo-depth, which is half of the wave velocity divided by frequency. The frequency response functions are measured at consecutive measurement locations, 6-cm interval between measurement points, and then combined together to generate a 2-D plot of frequency response. The sections with strong reflections or large amplitude of frequency response are suspicious areas with internal voids and unfilled areas. The 2-D frequency response plot was efficient in locating problematic sections just by examining the color shade of a visualized plot in 2-D format. Some of the problematic sections were drilled to make a visual inspection of mortar filling. The visual image of interface between mortar and precast concrete track was verified using the validity of the continuous resonance technique adopted in this research.

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Technique for the Measurement of Crack Widths at Notched / Unnotched Regions and Local Strains (콘크리트의 노치 및 비노치 구역에서의 균열폭 및 국부 변형률 정밀 측정기법)

  • Choi, Sok-Hwan;Lim, Bub-Mook;Oh, Chang-Kook;Joh, Chang-Bin
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.205-214
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    • 2012
  • Crack widths play an important role in the serviceability limit state. When crack widths are controlled sufficiently, the reinforcement corrosion can be reduced using only existing concrete cover thickness due to low permeability in the region of finely distributed hair-cracks. Thus, the knowledge about the tensile crack opening is essential in designing more durable concrete structures. Therefore, numerous researches related to the topic have been performed. Nevertheless accurate measurement of a crack width is not a simple task due to several reasons such as unknown potential crack formation location and crack opening damaging strain gages. In order to overcome these difficulties and measure precise crack widths, a displacement measurement system was developed using digital image correlation. Accuracy calibration tests gave an average measurement error of 0.069 pixels and a standard deviation of 0.050 pixels. Direct tensile test was performed using ultra high performance concrete specimens. Crack widths at both notched and unnotched locations were measured and compared with clip-in gages at various loading steps to obtain crack opening profile. Tensile deformation characteristics of concrete were well visualized using displacement vectors and full-field displacement contour maps. The proposed technique made it possible to measure crack widths at arbitrary locations, which is difficult with conventional gages such as clip-in gages or displacement transducers.