• Title, Summary, Keyword: Independent Component Analysis

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A Study of Automatic Medical Image Segmentation using Independent Component Analysis (Independent Component Analysis를 이용한 의료영상의 자동 분할에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Soo-Hyun;Yoo, Sun-Kook;Kim, Nam-Hyun
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers D
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.64-75
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    • 2003
  • Medical image segmentation is the process by which an original image is partitioned into some homogeneous regions like bones, soft tissues, etc. This study demonstrates an automatic medical image segmentation technique based on independent component analysis. Independent component analysis is a generalization of principal component analysis which encodes the higher-order dependencies in the input in addition to the correlations. It extracts statistically independent components from input data. Use of automatic medical image segmentation technique using independent component analysis under the assumption that medical image consists of some statistically independent parts leads to a method that allows for more accurate segmentation of bones from CT data. The result of automatic segmentation using independent component analysis with square test data was evaluated using probability of error(PE) and ultimate measurement accuracy(UMA) value. It was also compared to a general segmentation method using threshold based on sensitivity(True Positive Rate), specificity(False Positive Rate) and mislabelling rate. The evaluation result was done statistical Paired-t test. Most of the results show that the automatic segmentation using independent component analysis has better result than general segmentation using threshold.

Independent Component Biplot (독립성분 행렬도)

  • Lee, Su Jin;Choi, Yong-Seok
    • The Korean Journal of Applied Statistics
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2014
  • Biplot is a useful graphical method to simultaneously explore the rows and columns of a two-way data matrix. In particular, principal component factor biplot is a graphical method to describe the interrelationship among many variables in terms of a few underlying but unobservable random variables called factors. If we consider the unobservable variables (which are mutually independent and also non-Gaussian), we can apply the independent component analysis decomposing a mixture of non-Gaussian in its independent components. In this case, if we apply the principal component factor analysis, we cannot clearly describe the interrelationship among many variables. Therefore, in this study, we apply the independent component analysis of Jutten and Herault (1991) decomposing a mixture of non-Gaussian in its independent components. We suggest an independent component biplot to interpret the independent component analysis graphically.

A Comparison on Independent Component Analysis and Principal Component Analysis -for Classification Analysis-

  • Kim, Dae-Hak;Lee, Ki-Lak
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.717-724
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    • 2005
  • We often extract a new feature from the original features for the purpose of reducing the dimensions of feature space and better classification. In this paper, we show feature extraction method based on independent component analysis can be used for classification. Entropy and mutual information are used for the selection of ordered features. Performance of classification based on independent component analysis is compared with principal component analysis for three real data sets.

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Independent Component Analysis(ICA) of Sleep Waves (수면파형의 독립성분분석)

  • Lee, Il-Keun
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.67-71
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    • 2001
  • Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is a blind source separation method using unsupervised learning and mutual information theory created in the late eighties and developed in the nineties. It has already succeeded in separating eye movement artifacts from human scalp EEG recording. Several characteristic sleep waves such as sleep spindle, K-complex, and positive occipital sharp transient of sleep (POSTS) can be recorded during sleep EEG recording. They are used as stage determining factors of sleep staging and might be reflections of unknown neural sources during sleep. We applied the ICA method to sleep EEG for sleep waves separation. Eighteen channel scalp longitudinal bipolar montage was used for the EEG recording. With the sampling rate of 256Hz, digital EEG data were converted into 18 by n matrix which was used as a original data matrix X. Independent source matrix U (18 by n) was obtained by independent component analysis method ($U=W{\timex}X$, where W is an 18 by 18 matrix obtained by ICA procedures). ICA was applied to the original EEG containing sleep spindle, K-complex, and POSTS. Among the 18 independent components, those containing characteristic shape of sleep waves could be identified. Each independent component was reconstructed into original montage by the product of inverse matrix of W (inv(W)) and U. The reconstructed EEG might be a separation of sleep waves without other components of original EEG matrix X. This result (might) demonstrates that characteristic sleep waves may be separated from original EEG of unknown mixed neural origins by the Independent Component Analysis (ICA) method.

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Face Recognition by Using Principal Component Anaysis and Fixed-Point Independent Component Analysis (주요성분분석과 고정점 알고리즘 독립성분분석에 의한 얼굴인식)

  • Cho, Yong-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents a hybrid method for recognizing the faces by using principal component analysis(PCA) and fixed-point independent component analysis(FP-ICA). PCA is used to whiten the data, which reduces the effects of second-order statistics to the nonlinearities. FP-ICA is applied to extract the statistically independent features of face image. The proposed method has been applied to the problems for recognizing the 20 face images(10 persons * 2 scenes) of 324*243 pixels from Yale face database. The 3 distances such as city-block, Euclidean, negative angle are used as measures when match the probe images to the nearest gallery images. The experimental results show that the proposed method has a superior recognition performances(speed, rate). The negative angle has been relatively achieved more an accurate similarity than city-block or Euclidean.

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Improving the Subject Independent Classification of Implicit Intention By Generating Additional Training Data with PCA and ICA

  • Oh, Sang-Hoon
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.24-29
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    • 2018
  • EEG-based brain-computer interfaces has focused on explicitly expressed intentions to assist physically impaired patients. For EEG-based-computer interfaces to function effectively, it should be able to understand users' implicit information. Since it is hard to gather EEG signals of human brains, we do not have enough training data which are essential for proper classification performance of implicit intention. In this paper, we improve the subject independent classification of implicit intention through the generation of additional training data. In the first stage, we perform the PCA (principal component analysis) of training data in a bid to remove redundant components in the components within the input data. After the dimension reduction by PCA, we train ICA (independent component analysis) network whose outputs are statistically independent. We can get additional training data by adding Gaussian noises to ICA outputs and projecting them to input data domain. Through simulations with EEG data provided by CNSL, KAIST, we improve the classification performance from 65.05% to 66.69% with Gamma components. The proposed sample generation method can be applied to any machine learning problem with fewer samples.

Enhanced Independent Component Analysis of Temporal Human Expressions Using Hidden Markov model

  • Lee, J.J.;Uddin, Zia;Kim, T.S.
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.487-492
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    • 2008
  • Facial expression recognition is an intensive research area for designing Human Computer Interfaces. In this work, we present a new facial expression recognition system utilizing Enhanced Independent Component Analysis (EICA) for feature extraction and discrete Hidden Markov Model (HMM) for recognition. Our proposed approach for the first time deals with sequential images of emotion-specific facial data analyzed with EICA and recognized with HMM. Performance of our proposed system has been compared to the conventional approaches where Principal and Independent Component Analysis are utilized for feature extraction. Our preliminary results show that our proposed algorithm produces improved recognition rates in comparison to previous works.

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Power line interference noise elimination method based on independent component analysis in wavelet domain for magnetotelluric signal

  • Cao, Xiaoling;Yan, Liangjun
    • Geosystem Engineering
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.251-261
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    • 2018
  • With the urbanization in recent years, the power line interference noise in electromagnetic signal is increasing day by day, and has gradually become an unavoidable component of noises in magnetotelluric signal detection. Therefore, a kind of power line interference noise elimination method based on independent component analysis in wavelet domain for magnetotelluric signal is put forward in this paper. The method first uses wavelet decomposition to change single-channel signal into multi-channel signal, and then takes advantage of blind source separation principle of independent component analysis to eliminate power line interference noise. There is no need to choose the layer number of wavelet decomposition and the wavelet base of wavelet decomposition according to the observed signal. On the treatment effect, it is better than the previous power line interference removal method based on independent component analysis. Through the de-noising processing to actual magnetotelluric measuring data, it is shown that this method makes both the apparent resistivity curve near 50 Hz and the phase curve near 50 Hz become smoother and steadier than before processing, i.e., it effectively eliminates the power line interference noise.

Recognition of Numeric Characters in License Plate based on Independent Component Analysis (독립성분 분석을 이용한 번호판 숫자 인식)

  • Jeong, Byeong-Jun;Kang, Hyun-Chul
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2009
  • This paper presents an enhanced hybrid model based on Independent Component Analysis(ICA) in order to features of numeric characters in license plates. ICA which is used only in high dimensional statistical features doesn't consider statistical features in low dimension and correlation between numeric characters. To overcome the drawbacks of ICA, we propose an improved ICA with the hybrid model using both Principle Component Analysis(PCA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis(LDA). Experiment results show that the proposed model has a superior performance in feature extraction and recognition compared with ICA only as well as other hybrid models.

Multivariate Time Series Simulation With Component Analysis (독립성분분석을 이용한 다변량 시계열 모의)

  • Lee, Tae-Sam;Salas, Jose D.;Karvanen, Juha;Noh, Jae-Kyoung
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.694-698
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    • 2008
  • In hydrology, it is a difficult task to deal with multivariate time series such as modeling streamflows of an entire complex river system. Normal distribution based model such as MARMA (Multivariate Autorgressive Moving average) has been a major approach for modeling the multivariate time series. There are some limitations for the normal based models. One of them might be the unfavorable data-transformation forcing that the data follow the normal distribution. Furthermore, the high dimension multivariate model requires the very large parameter matrix. As an alternative, one might be decomposing the multivariate data into independent components and modeling it individually. In 1985, Lins used Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The five scores, the decomposed data from the original data, were taken and were formulated individually. The one of the five scores were modeled with AR-2 while the others are modeled with AR-1 model. From the time series analysis using the scores of the five components, he noted "principal component time series might provide a relatively simple and meaningful alternative to conventional large MARMA models". This study is inspired from the researcher's quote to develop a multivariate simulation model. The multivariate simulation model is suggested here using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Independent Component Analysis (ICA). Three modeling step is applied for simulation. (1) PCA is used to decompose the correlated multivariate data into the uncorrelated data while ICA decomposes the data into independent components. Here, the autocorrelation structure of the decomposed data is still dominant, which is inherited from the data of the original domain. (2) Each component is resampled by block bootstrapping or K-nearest neighbor. (3) The resampled components bring back to original domain. From using the suggested approach one might expect that a) the simulated data are different with the historical data, b) no data transformation is required (in case of ICA), c) a complex system can be decomposed into independent component and modeled individually. The model with PCA and ICA are compared with the various statistics such as the basic statistics (mean, standard deviation, skewness, autocorrelation), and reservoir-related statistics, kernel density estimate.

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