• Title, Summary, Keyword: Injection Moulding Analysis

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Risk Priority Number using FMEA by the Plastic Moulding Machine (사출성형기의 고장모드 영향분석(FMEA)을 활용한 위험 우선순위)

  • Shin, Woonchul;Chae, Jongmin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.108-113
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    • 2015
  • Plastic injection moulding machine is widely used for many industrial field. It is classified into mandatory safety certification machinery in Industrial Safety and Health Act because of its high hazard. In order to prevent industrial accidents by plastic injection moulding machine, it is necessary for designer to identify hazardous factors and assess the failure modes to mitigate them. This study tabulates the failure modes of main parts of plastic injection moulding machine and how their failure has affect on the machine being considered. Failure Mode & Effect Analysis(FMEA) method has been used to assess the hazard on plastic injection moulding machine. Risk and risk priority number(RPN) has been calculated in order to estimate the hazard of failures using severity, probability and detection. Accidents caused by plastic injection moulding machine is compared with the RPN which was estimated by main regions such as injection unit, clamping unit, hydraulic and system units to find out the most dangerous region. As the results, the order of RPN is injection unit, clamping unit, hydraulic unit and system units. Barrel is the most dangerous part in the plastic injection moulding machine.

Design of Runner System and Prediction of Moving Distance of the Screw for the Improvement of Formability of a Housing Part of Small-Size Air Cleaner (소형 공기청정기 하우징의 성형성 향상을 위한 런너시스템 설계 및 스크류 전진 거리 예측)

  • Kim, Dong-In;Lee, Ho-Jin;Ahn, Dong-Gyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.33 no.12
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    • pp.1021-1030
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    • 2016
  • The runner system of the injection mould and the injection volume of the injection molding process greatly affect the quality of the produced part. The goal of this paper is the design of the runner system and the prediction of the injection volume for the injection moulding of a housing part of small-size air cleaner to improve the formability through the three-dimensional injection moulding analysis. The effects of the runner system of the mould on the injection moulding characteristics are investigated. From the results of the investigation, a proper design of the runner system with uniform filling characteristics and the minimized defect formation is obtained. In addition, the influence of the moving distance of the screw on filling characteristics, weldline formation and deformation characteristics is examined. From the results of the examination, an appropriate moving distance of the screw for the housing part of small-size air cleaner is estimated.

A Study on Development of Automobile Interior Parts through Al-Insert Injection Moulding (Al-Insert 사출성형을 이용한 자동차 내장재 부품 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lho T.J.;Kim J.Y.;Kang D.J.;Kim J.H.;Kim G.Y.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2005
  • Generally, Aluminum is superior to durability, light, and characteristics of the material are embossed luminant. So, these characteristics of aluminum will be used automobile interior parts by aluminum injection moulding. Especially, The external of Aluminum plate is engraved differing pattern by roller working. This working can use any longer and be seen gracefully. This is the reason why aluminum insert moulding is used. This feature of research can be characterized by simple process to customize aluminum sheet of blanking and forming process with internal parts of configuration if products are injected by aluminum sheet. Besides, to analysis completed Automobile interior parts to be concerned volumetric shrinkage, best gate location, fill time analysis and so on through the mold-flow before the aluminum insert moulding is worked.

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A Study on the Design of Cooling Channels of Injection Mould to Manufacture a Flat Part with a Partly Thick Volume (부분적으로 후육부를 가지는 평판형 제품의 제작을 위한 사출성형 금형의 냉각채널 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Dong-Gyu;Park, Min-Woo;Kim, Hyung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.824-833
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    • 2012
  • The shrinkage and the warpage of the moulded part are influenced by the design of the product and injection mould. In a flat part with a partly thick volume, the warpage of the flat part is created from the difference of the shrinkage between thin and thick regions. The warpage of the flat part with a partly thick volume can be reduced by a proper design of the cooling system in the injection mould. The goal of this paper is to design properly cooling channels of injection mould to manufacture a flat part with a partly thick volume. The conformal cooling channel is adopted to improve cooling characteristics of a region with the thick volume. The linear cooling channels are assigned to the other region. The proper design of the conformal cooling channels is obtained from three-dimensional injection molding analysis for various design alternatives. The moulding characteristics of the designed mould with both conformal and linear cooling channels are compared to those of the mould with linear cooling channels from viewpoints of temperature, shrinkage and warpage of the moulded part using numerical analysis. Injection mould with both conformal and linear cooling channels for the flat part with a partially thick volume is fabricated. In addition, injection moulding experiments are performed using the fabricated mould. From the results of the injection moulding experiments, it has been shown that the designed mould can successfully fabricate the flat part with a partially thick volume.

Design of Conformal Cooling Channels for the Mould of a Plastic Drawer of a Refrigerator by Analysis of Three-Dimensional Injection Moulding (3 차원 사출성형 해석을 통한 냉장고 플라스틱 서랍 제작용 사출 성형 금형의 형상적응형 냉각수로 설계)

  • Ahn, Dong-Gyu;Park, Min-Woo;Park, Seung-Hwa;Kim, Hyung-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.10
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    • pp.1487-1492
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this study is to design the conformal cooling channels for the mould of a plastic drawer of a refrigerator by analysis of three-dimensional injection molding. In order to obtain the desired design of the conformal cooling channels, the influence of the diameter and the position of the conformal cooling channels on the moulding characteristics and the product qualities were quantitatively examined. From the results of the examination, an optimal design of the conformal cooling channels, which ensures uniform cooling and minimum potential deformation of the molded drawers, was estimated. By comparing the designed mould and a conventional mould with linear cooling channels from the viewpoints of the product qualities as well as cooling and cycle times, it was shown that the mould with conformal cooling channels can simultaneously improve the productivity of the injection moulding process and the product qualities.

Development of Injection Moulding Method of Sabot using Polyetherimide Composite Material (PEI계 복합 재료를 이용한 탄자 운반체의 사출 성형 기술 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 정태형;이범재;하영욱;이성계
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.269-274
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    • 2001
  • This research covers the development of new technique for composite injection molding of high stiffness Sabot. An analysis of polymer resin is performed by means of making test specimen mold and doing test with accordance of ASTM test guidelines. Structural analysis and simulation of injection molding process are carried out in order not only to estimate but also to predict the characteristics of molding stresses what both product and structure of mold may have. For structural analysis software, Moldflow and LS-dyna are used and universal test machine is utilized for evaluating performance of sabot. Cases of adopting this material to sabot are not announced yet in domestic academic world. In addition to that, materials for polymer-metal mixed injection molding are imported on the whole due to deficient level of domestic technology. Therefore, this new developed injection molding technique using PEI material can make it available to ensure the technology of making mold, injection and design. Finally, this technique may be applicable to another sabot having different radius of warheads from now on.

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Microstructural Morphology of Molded Thin Composites of Thermotropic Liquid Crystalline Polymer and Polyamide 6 (서모트로픽 액정폴리머와 폴리아미드6으로 성형된 얇은 복합재료의 미세구조형태)

  • Choe, Nak-Sam;Choe, Gi-Yeong;Ha, Seong-Gyu
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.24 no.7
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    • pp.1703-1711
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    • 2000
  • Microstructural morphology of molded composites of thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer(LCP) and polyamide 6 (PA6) has been studied as a function of epoxy fraction. Injection-moulding of a thin composite plaque at a temperature below the melting point of the LCP fibrils by suing the extruded LCP/PA6 pellets produced multi-layered structures: 1) the surface skin layer with thickness of 65-120 ym exhibiting a transverse orientation, 2) the sub-skin layer with an orientation perpendicular to the surface skin, i.e. in the flow direction, 3) the core layer with arc-curved flow patterns. Similar microstructural orientations were observed in the respective layers for the composite plaques with different fractions of epoxy.

Injection Moulding of Polyetherimide Axi-Symmetric Elements (PEI계 플라스틱 축대칭 부품의 사출 성형에 관한 연구)

  • 하영욱;정태형;이범재
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2002
  • This research covers the development of axi-symmetric plastic elements for injection molding with insert steel such as high stiffness Sabot. The functional requirements of sabot are concentricity and fracture resistance about vertical and horizontal forces. For these, an analysis of characteristics of PEI(polyetherimide) polymer is performed by standard test specimen with accordance of ASTM test guidance. Moldflow analysis and simulation of injection molding process are carried out in order not only to estimate of the warpage but also to predict the characteristics of residual stresses which both product and structure of mold may have. A new vertical side injection machine and transverse mold have been constructed. Results of the measuring concentricity and fracture test after molding of sabot are satisfied to design specification over Cp $ratio{\geq}1.33$. Finally, this technique needs more research application to others axi-symmetric elements having different radius with insert steel md structure analysis from now on.