• Title, Summary, Keyword: Inlet Part

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Forming of Dome and Inlet Parts of a High Pressure CNG Vessel by the Hot Spinning Process (열간 스피닝 공정을 통한 CNG 고압용기의 돔 및 입구 부 성형)

  • Lee, Kwang O;Park, Gun Young;Kwak, Hyo Seo;Kim, Chul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.887-894
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    • 2016
  • The CNG pressure vessel is manufactured by a deep drawing and ironing (D.D.I) process for forming cylinder parts, followed by a spinning process for formation of the dome part. However, studies on the buckling phenomenon of the dome part and formation of the inlet part have not been performed yet, and the CNG pressure vessel is produced by the experience of the field engineers and the trial and error method. In this study, buckling phenomenon during the spinning process was predicted by comparing critical buckling loads obtained through theoretical analysis with axial loads from the FEA, and a method for preventing buckling of the dome part was proposed by employing commercial software (Forge NxT 1.0.2). Also, to form the inlet part, forming loads of the roller at contact point between the roller and the dome part were analyzed according to radii of the dome part, and the inlet part was formed by controlling the radius of the dome part.

Shape Optimization of Inlet Part of a PCHE (인쇄형 열교환기 입구부의 최적설계)

  • Koo, Gyoung-Wan;Lee, Sang-Moon;Kim, Kwang-Yong
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2013
  • Inlet part of a printed circuit heat exchanger has been optimized by using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes analysis and surrogate modeling techniques. Kriging model has been used as the surrogate model. The objective function for the optimization has been defined as a linear combination of uniformity of mass flow rate and the pressure loss with a weighting factor. For the optimization, the angle of the inlet plenum wall, radius of curvature of the inlet plenum wall, and width of the inlet pipes have been selected as design variables. Twenty six design points are obtained by Latin Hypercube Sampling in design space. Through the optimization, considerable improvement in the objective function has been obtained in comparison with the reference design of PCHE.

SIMULATION OF THERMAL STRATIFICATION IN INLET NOZZLE OF STEAM GENERATOR

  • Ji, Joon-Suk;Youn, Bum-Su;Jeong, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Sang-Nyung
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.287-294
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    • 2009
  • Due to thermal hydraulics phenomena, such as thermal stratification, various events occur to the parts of a nuclear power plant during their lifetimes: e.g. cracked and dislocated pipes and thermally fatigued, bent, and damaged supports. Due to the operational characteristics of the parts of the steam generator feedwater inlet horizontal pipe, thermal stratification takes place particularly frequently. However, the thermal stress due to thermal stratification at the steam generator feedwater inlet horizontal pipe was not reflected in the design stage of old plants(Kori Unit No.1, 2, 3 and 4, Yeonggwang Unit No. 1 and 2, and Uljin Unit No. 1 and 2; referred to as old-style power plants hereinafter). Accordingly, a verification experiment was performed for thermal stratification in the horizontal inlet nozzle steam generator of old-style plants. If thermal stratification occurred in the horizontal pipe of an old-style power plant, numerical analysis of the temperature distribution of the pipes and fluids was conducted. The temperature distributions were compared at the curved part of the pipe and the horizontal pipe before and after the installation of the improved thermal sleeves designed to alleviate thermal stress due to thermal stratification. The thermal stress reduction measure was proven effective at the steam generator inlet horizontal pipe and the curved part of the pipe.

A study on Discharge Characteristics of Rotating Discharge Hole with inlet edge shape (입구 형상에 따른 회전 송출공의 송출특성 연구)

  • Kang, Se-Won;Ha, Kyung-Pyo;Kauh, S.-Ken
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.746-752
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    • 2000
  • A study on discharge characteristics of a rotating discharge hole is very important to enhance the performance of an induction motor which have external forced cooling system. The discharge characteristics of rotating discharge holes are influenced by rotating speed, length-to-diameter ratio, inlet shape of rotor holes, etc. An experimental study on the effect of chamfered inlet edge of rotor inlet part with various depth-to-diameter and inlet chamfered edge angle is conducted. Depth-to-diameter ratios range from 0 to 0.5 and inlet chamfered edge angle range from 0 to 60. As a result, there is an optimal design point of inlet chamfered edge depth. And the inlet edge angle far maximum discharge coefficient is influenced mainly by the rotating speed of discharge holes.

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Reduction Effect of Nonpoint Source Pollutants and Drainage of Infiltration Grate Inlet (침투형 빗물받이의 배수 및 비점오염물질 저감 효과)

  • Lee, Wonyong;Lim, Bongsu;Park, Insung
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.474-480
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    • 2017
  • This study was to estimate the reduction effect of nonpoint source pollutants according to the rainfall intensity and drainage of infiltration grate inlet. Soil infiltration flow was measured on-site and SS load by the filter part was calculated by the experimental data in laboratory reactor test. Soil infiltration flow was measured to be about $1m^3/hr$ in soil condition saturated with water. The filter part of the infiltration grate inlet was a hydraulic equipment unhindered by soil infiltration on the bottom of the storage tank, because the infiltration flow was measured to be about $3m^3/hr$ continuously in the closing infiltration hole condition. Infiltration flow and SS load were over about $1m^3/hr$ and 1.71 kg according to laboratory results by the filter part using the artifical sample. Therefore, the above values could be presented as the limitted value to start the reduction of filtration effect. Reduction efficiencies of SS load by the filter part for the rainfall intensity were about 87 % at 5 mm/hr and about 61 % at 10 mm/hr in consideration of one infiltration grate inlet got the drainage area about $200m^2$. The reduction efficiency of nonpoint source pollutants was very effective in the first flush rainfall. However, the reduction efficiency by rainfall density was higher than by flow.

Performance Improvement of a Scroll Compressor by Heat Transfer Analysis (열전달 해석을 통한 스크롤 압축기 성능 개선)

  • Hong, S. W.;Rew, H. S.
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 2000
  • Numerical analysis using three dimensional finite volume method for the discretization, adaptive grid method for the numerical accuracy, multiple rotating frame method for the rotating body and the standard $k-{\epsilon}$ model for the turbulent flow was performed to understand the heat transfer phenomena and to improve the efficiency of the scroll compressor. The temperature measurement was carried out under ARI condition. It was found that the fluid temperature in the compressor was predicted accurately while the temperature of the motor coil showed large discrepancy between the calculation and experiment due to the large anisotropy of the conductivity and non homogeneity. We found that the efficiency of the compressor depends on the inlet temperature of the compressing part and the flow pattern around the inlet region of the compressing part influences the inlet temperature due to high surface temperature of the main frame. The efficiency of the compressor using Coanda effect is higher than the previous one because the smooth suction at the inlet region of the compressing part leads to low heat transfer to the refrigerant of the compressor.

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Part Load Performance Characteristics according to Inlet Valve Angle (흡입 밸브 각도에 따른 엔진 부분부하 성능 특성)

  • Lee, Jung-Man;Lee, Jae-Won;Kim, Hyeong-Sig;Kwon, Soon-Tai;Park, Chan-Jun;Ohm, In-Yong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society for Energy Engineering kosee Conference
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    • pp.161-166
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    • 2008
  • This paper searched through mixture ratio response test whether exert effect that is some in part load performance of engine according to inlet valve angle in gasoline engine. Engines that inlet valve angle is narrow decreased quantity of NOx among exhaust gas than engine that inlet valve angle is wide, and ignition timing was retard, and fuel consumption improved a little. That quantity of NOx among exhaust gas decreases and ignition timing was retard can judge that fast burning occurred. Fast burning can decrease output decline and misfire that can happen at lean burning. Can be judged by thing which engine's combustion performance improves if inlet valve angle is narrow if examine test result.

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Numerical Analysis of Flow Phenomena in Cylindrical Shell with Baffle according to the Position of Inlet and Outlet (출.입구 위치에 따른 배플을 갖는 원통내 유동특성에 대한 수치해석)

  • Shin, Y.H.;Sayeed, S.M.;Jean, Y.C.;Chung, H.S.;Jeong, H.M.
    • Journal of the Korea Society For Power System Engineering
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 2011
  • A numerical simulation on the flow field was carried out on the cylindrical shell with baffles. The steady incompressible 3-D Navier-Stokes solution is obtained with the actual operational condition and geometry of the heat exchanger. The effect of the location of inlet and outlet on the cylindrical shell with baffle is investigated by varying flow rate. The angle between the location of In/Outlet and baffle cutting part is $0^{\circ}$, $30^{\circ}$, $60^{\circ}$, $90^{\circ}$, $120^{\circ}$, $150^{\circ}$ and $180^{\circ}$. The present results show that the pressure drop is dependent on Reynolds number in the inlet area and position of inlet and outlet; i.e., the pressure drop increases with increasing Reynolds number and the pressure drop decreases with increasing angle between baffle cutting part and position of inlet and outlet.

Distribution of Air-Water Two-Phase Flow in a Flat Tube Heat Exchanger (알루미늄 다채널 평판관 증발기 내 냉매분배)

  • Kim Nae-Hyun;Park Tae-Gyun;Han Sung-Pil;Lee Eung-Ryul
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.800-810
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    • 2006
  • The R-134a flow distribution is experimentally studied for a heat exchanger composed of round headers and 10 flat tubes. The effects of tube protrusion depth as well as mass flux, and quality are investigated, and the results are compared with the previous air-water results. The flow at the header inlet is stratified. For the downward flow configuration, the liquid distribution improves as the protrusion depth or the mass flux increases, or the quality decreases. For the upward configuration, the liquid distribution improves as the mass flux or quality decreases. The protrusion depth has minimal effect. For the downward configuration. the effect of quality on liquid distribution is significantly affected by the flow regime at the header inlet. For the stratified inlet flow, the liquid is forced to rear part of the header as the quality decreases. However, for the annular inlet flow, the liquid was forced to the frontal part of the header as the quality decreased. For the upward flow, the effect of the mass flux or quality on liquid distribution of the stratified inlet flow is opposite to that of the annular inlet flow. The high gas velocity of the annular flow may be responsible for the trend. Generally, the liquid distribution of the stratified inlet flow is better than that of the annular inlet flow. Possible explanation is provided from the flow visualization results.

Numerical Prediction of Inlet Recirculation in Pumps

  • Lipej, Andrej;Mitrusevski, Dusko
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.277-286
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    • 2016
  • The development of heavy-duty process pumps, usually based on various design criteria, depends on the pump's application. The most important criteria are Q-H, efficiency and NPSH characteristics. Cavitation due to inlet recirculation is not often one of the design criteria, although many problems in pump operation appear because of inlet recirculation, when the operation range is from 0.5-0.8 $Q_{opt}$. The present paper shows that steady state CFD analysis of inlet recirculation can give quite good results for the design of new hydraulic shapes, which have been developed to expand operating range and to minimize the harmful influence of recirculation at part load. In this paper, the structures of inlet recirculation are presented, as well as detailed shapes of vortices between the blades for various operating regimes, axial velocity distribution at the impeller inlet, the experimental results of NPSH and efficiency characteristics of an existing and newly designed pump.