• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intention to quit smoking

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Factors Contributing to the Intention to Quit Smoking in Community-dwelling Elderly Smokers (지역사회 거주 노인의 금연의도 영향요인)

  • Kim, Jung Soon;Yu, Jung Ok;Kim, Myo Sung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.358-365
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with the intention to quit smoking in community-dwelling elderly smokers. Methods: From the database of the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES-IV), the researchers selected 448 elderly smokers over the age of 65. Data were analyzed with the $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Of the respondents, 45.5% intended to quit. The factors associated with the intention to quit were relative youth, having limit of activity day living and having past attempts to quit. Conclusion: Population-based smoking cessation programs, especially those targeted at the elderly, should take these predictors into consideration in the design of interventions.

Factors which Differentiate Ex-smokers from Smokers among Patients with Cardiovascular Disease (심혈관계 질환자의 금연성공 예측 요인)

  • Choi, Jung-Myung;Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors which differentiate ex-smokers from smokers among patients with cardiovascular disease. Ex-smokers were patients who abstained from smoking for at least 6 months. Method: The subjects were 92 male cardiovascular patients who try to quit. The stepwise discriminant analysis was used to identify predictors of smoking cessation. Result: 1. The ex-smokers(n=47) and smokers(n=45) were significantly different regarding the age, duration after diagnosis, nicotine dependence, family support for smoking cessation, and intention-to-quit. 2. The family support for smoking cessation, intention-to-quit, nicotine dependence, and age were the predictors which differentiate ex-smokers from smokers among cardiovascular patients. The percentage of grouped cases correctly classified was 92.4%. Conclusion: The higher the family support for smoking cessation, intention-to-quit, age and the lower the nicotine dependence, the more likely these smokers were to success smoking cessation.

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Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (급성관상동맥증후군 환자의 금연의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yun, Kyung-Soon;Cho, Sook-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.107-119
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study is a descriptive research to investigate the predictors of intention to quit smoking in patients with acute coronary syndrome(ACS). Methods: A total of 192 ACS patients hospitalized for an angiogram during symptom management were conveniently recruited from a university hospital cardiovascular care unit. Data were collected from January to December in 2018 and were analyzed using binominal logistic regression. Results: The predictors of intention to quit smoking in patients with ACS were drinking(odds ratio[OR]=0.315, p=.006), experience of smoking cessation education(OR=0.325, p=.007), depression(OR=0.739, p<.001), and smoking-related self-efficacy(OR=1.091 p=.006). Conclusion: The findings suggest that the alleviation of depression and enhancement of smoking-related self-efficacy can prevent recurrence and enhance the treatment of ACS.

Factors Affecting the Intention to Quit Smoking due to the Prevalence of Hypertension (고혈압 유병 여부에 따른 금연의사에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Shin, Jae-Deok;Lee, Sok-Goo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.503-510
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to identify factors related to the intent of quit smoking in adult hypertension and normal group. Data are based on the National Health and Nutrition Survey from 2010 to 2018. The survey was performed on 1,981 male adults(Hypertension group 407, Normal group 1,574). In the hypertension group, single was 0.226 times lower in the will to intention to quit smoking than the group spouses. Also, high school graduation was 2.102 times higher than middle school graduation, and the worse the subjective health status was, the higher the intention was to quit smoking. It was also 5.427 times higher than when people did not walk if the day they walked for more than 10 minutes a day was one day of the week. The characteristics of hypertensive patients should be understood. In quit smoking education, it is necessary to recommend health exercises and proper exercise to patients. It should be used as the basis data for a quit smoking policy for efficient personalized management of hypertensive patients.

Warning Labels on Cigarette Packages: A Special Stimulus for Moslem Smokers to Quit Smoking

  • Halim, Rizal Edy;Sumiyarto, Sumiyarto;Muttaqin, Faisal
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.5-11
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This study aims to explore the influence of combining "non-halal" labels with visual and textual warning labels on cigarette packages to induce the intention to quit smoking and boost the stop-smoking campaign. Research design, data, and methodology - This study examines"non-halal" labeling on cigarette packages using an experimental method. A total of 120 smokers, aged 18-23, were chosen from among Universitas Indonesia students. Data obtained were analyzed using ANOVA and T-Test. Results - The use of a "non-halal" label as a warning on cigarette packages is more effective to influence Muslim smokers to quit smoking. The results also suggest that "non-halal" labels more effectively increase intentions to quit smoking when use din combination with textual-visual labels. Conclusions - The study found that the addition of "non-halal" labels in textual or textual-visual warning labels on cigarette packages would significantly increase the intention of Moslems smokers to quit smoking. These results support previous research findings, that if cigarettes are labeled as "non-halal" (haram) products for Moslem teenagers, it will induce them to quit smoking.

Factors Affecting Preparation Stage to Quit Smoking in Men (성인 남성의 금연 준비단계에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yeon, Jeong-Woon;Kim, Hyeong-Su;Lee, Kun-Sei;Chang, Soung-Hoon;Choi, Hee-Jung;Ham, Eun-Mi;Myong, Jun-Pyo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.377-384
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate factors affecting preparation stage to quit smoking in men. Methods: Based on data from the Community Health Survey conducted in Chungbuk Province in 2008, we estimated rates and odds ratio (OR) of smoking cessation intention for 2,639 men who were current smokers. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors affecting preparation stage to quit smoking. Results: Among current male smokers, the rate of smoking cessation intention was 17.1%. The OR of factors affecting smoking cessation was as follows: Compared to men with middle school education, the OR for rate of smoking cessation intention in men with high school education was 1.47 (p=.018), and for college or higher, 1.55 (p=.017). Compared to being single, the OR for cohabitation after marriage was 1.61 (p=.011) and living alone after marriage, 2.23 (p=.005). The OR for attempt to quit smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke and participation in smoking education were 6.80 (p<.001), 1.32 (p=.020) and 1.69 (p=.005), respectively. Conclusion: Results of this study show that it is necessary to decrease exposure to secondhand smoke and to increase participation in smoking cessation education targeting current smokers to move them from precontemplation or contemplation stage to preparation stage.

Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Intention of Female Workers: Using Community Health Survey, 2014 (여성 근로자의 금연의도 영향요인: 2014년 지역사회건강조사 자료를 활용하여)

  • Jang, Hye-Young;Han, Song Yi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.352-361
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing smoking cessation in female workers. Methods: This study was secondary analysis based on the data from the Community Health Survey, 2014 with the subjects of 2,007 female workers. The data were analyzed using $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression. Results: 29.2% of female workers had the intention to quit smoking. The subjects with office jobs showed higher smoking cessation intention than non-office jobs. Smoking cessation intention was influenced by the amount of smoking per day, previous attempts to quit smoking, sleeping time, the presence of chronic disease, the presence of depressive symptoms, weight control behavior and subjective body images. Conclusion: These findings show that tailored interventions should be provided depending on the types of occupations in order to increase smoking cessation in female workers. In addition, smoking cessation programs need to consider not only the smoking related factors but also physical and psychological health including chronic disease, weight, and depression.

Smoking-cessation Model for Male Patients with Coronary Heart Disease (남성 관상동맥질환자의 금연모형 구축)

  • Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.61-71
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    • 2002
  • purpose : The purpose of this study was to find out the influencing factors of smoking-cessation behavior of patients with coronary heart disease and to suggest the model of smoking-cessation behavior which was based on the relationship between influencing factors and then to test its fitness empirically. method : This study was based on the Theory of Reasoned Action and a hypothetical model was constructed with fifteen paths in consideration of main predictive factors of smoking-cessation behavior such as biological factor, disease-related characteristics, self-efficacy, supportive factor, environmental factor, disease-related perception factor, intention-to-quit, and psychological factor. The validity of a smoking- cessation model was tested to 264 patients with coronary heart disease by using SPSS 8.0 and Window LISREL 8.12a. results : 1. Seven of the 15 paths of smoking-cessation behavior proved to be significant. 2. The final model excluded three paths in the hypothetical model was demonstrated to be improved by $x^2$=44.31 (df=38, p=.22), Goodness of Fit Index (GFI)=.98, Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI)=.96, Non-Normed Fit Index(NNFI)=1.00, Normed Fit Index(NFI)=1.00, and Root Mean Square Residual(RMR)=.24. 3.The smoking-cessation behavior was influenced directly by biological factor, self-efficacy, supportive factor, environmental factor, intention-to-quit, and psychological factor. The smoking-cessation behavior was accounted for 82% of variance by these factors. conclusion : although the adolescents' smoking behavior can be predicted by only smoking intention, it is hard to predict the adults' smoking-cessation behavior by only this factor. Therefore, intention-to-quit, self-efficacy, supportive factor should be improved because these are promotive factors for smoking-cessation behavior. Biological factor, environmental factor, and psychological factor are inhibitive factors, so nicotine replacement therapy is helpful to the high nicotine-dependents, and ex-smokers avoid other smokers in their environment and also patients should learn and practice the stress coping-skills.

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Pathway Analysis on the Influence of Health Promoting Behavior(HPB) and Depression Cognitive Scale(DCS) on Smoking Cessation Thoughts and Intention to Quit Smoking of College Students who Smoke (일개 대학생 흡연자의 금연 생각과 금연의도가 건강증진행위와 우울인지에 미치는 영향에 대한 경로분석)

  • Kim, Hee-Jeong;Ju, Se-Jin;Kim, Gyeong-Suk;Kim, Mi-Ok;Mi, Yu;Choi, Jeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1830-1840
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    • 2013
  • This study attempts to set a pathway on smoking cessation behavior and to verify it by an analysis of the students who smoke. The study was performed with an analysis of the data of 160 students at N university. There were statistically significant differences among the students who desired to quit smoking (or who expressed interest in quitting smoking) in the following areas: thoughts about smoking cessation, intention to quit smoking, health promoting behavior (HPB), and depression cognitive scale (DCS) (p<.01). The student's major was also shown to have a statistically significant influence on one's intention to quit smoking (p=.034) and HPB (p=.044). As thoughts about smoking cessation increased, HPB also showed a significant increase (p<.05). Additionally, as HPB scores increased, DCS scores decreased significantly (p<.001), and thoughts about smoking cessation increased, while DCS scores decreased significantly (p=.027). This study confirmed the pathway that the intention to quit smoking influences DCS by mediating the effects of HPB and that thoughts about smoking cessation influence DCS.

Smoking Cessation Intention according to the Level of Cigarette Price Increase among Adolescent Smokers (담배가격 인상 수준에 따른 흡연 청소년의 금연의도)

  • Hwang, Jun Hyun;Park, Soon-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the intention of smoking cessation according to the level of cigarette price increase among adolescent smokers and to suggest a reasonable cigarette price to effectively reduce smoking prevalence. Methods: In 2007, subjects were selected from middle and high school students except twelfth graders using a complex sampling design which employs a two-stage cluster sampling method. In total, 1,001 current smokers were included in the study. To investigate the intention of smoking cessation according to the level of cigarette price increase, cumulative percentages of smoking cessation of every smoking-related subgroup were presented under the assumption that cigarette prices increased to 3,000, 4,000, 5,000, 6,000 or 10,000 won. Non-parametric statistical methods were used to compare the prices at which the subjects intended to quit smoking among the subgroups. Results: More than 50 percent of current smokers intended to quit smoking under the assumption that cigarette prices were doubled to 5,000 won. However, the effect of cigarette prices on smoking cessation was less sensitive when the prices exceeded 5,000 won. In addition, the median of cigarette prices at which the subjects intended to quit smoking was 5,000 won, excluding the subjects who smoked less than a cigarette a day. Conclusion: This study suggests that 5,000 won for one pack of cigarettes is a reasonable price to effectively encourage smoking cessation, considering the price elasticity. Therefore, this finding may be helpful in establishing a new cigarette price policy for anti-smoking.