• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intention to quit smoking

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Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking in Elderly Smokers following a Stroke (뇌졸중 흡연노인의 금연의도 예측요인)

  • Do, Eun Su;Seo, Young-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.48-56
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify factors based on the theory of planned behavior that predict smoking cessation in elderly smokers following a stroke. Method: Between March and May 2013, data related to intention, attitude toward the behavior, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control, were collected through questionnaire from 223 elders who smoked and who had a stroke. Data analysis was performed using PASW (SPSS) 18.0 program, and included t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple stepwise liner regression analysis. Results: Results showed a positive correlation between intention and attitude toward the behavior (r=.494, p<.001), subjective norm (r=.390, p<.001), and perceived behavioral control (r=.189, p=.005). These variables such as perceived behavior control, subjective norm, number of cigarettes per day, and usefulness of quitting smoking explained 50% of intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that there is a need to develop smoking cessation nursing strategies for elderly smokers following a stroke in order to provide effective counseling on subjective norm and perceived behavioral control.

Hardcore Smoking in Three South-East Asian Countries: Results from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey

  • Kishore, Jugal;Jena, Pratap Kumar;Bandyopadhyay, Chandan;Swain, Monali;Das, Sagarika;Banerjee, Indrani
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.625-630
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    • 2013
  • Background: Hardcore smoking is represented by a subset of daily smokers with high nicotine dependence, inability to quit and unwillingness to quit. Estimating the related burden could help us in identifying a high risk population prone to tobacco induced diseases and improve cessation planning for them. This study assessed the prevalence and associated factors of hardcore smoking in three South-East Asian countries and discussed its implication for smoking cessation intervention in this region. Materials and Methods: Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) data of India, Bangladesh and Thailand were analyzed to quantify the hardcore smoking prevalence in the region. On the basis of review, an operational definition of hardcore smoking was adopted that includes (1) current daily smoker, (2) no quit attempt in the past 12 months of survey or last quit attempt of less than 24 hours duration, (3) no intention to quit in next 12 months or not interested in quitting, (4) time to first smoke within 30 minutes of waking up, and (5) knowledge of smoking hazards. Logistic regression analysis was carried out using hardcore smoking status as response variable and gender, type of residence, occupation, education, wealth index and age-group as possible predictors. Results: There were 31.3 million hardcore smokers in the three Asian countries. The adult prevalence of hardcore smoking in these countries ranges between 3.1% in India to 6% in Thailand. These hardcore smokers constitute 18.3-29.7% of daily smokers. The logistic regression model indicated that age, gender, occupation and wealth index are the major predictors of hardcore smoking with varied influence across countries. Conclusions: Presence of a higher number of hardcore smoking populations in Asia is a major public health challenge for tobacco control and cancer prevention. There is need of intensive cessation interventions with due consideration of contextual predictors.

A Study on The Effect of The Tobacco Price Raise on The Smoking Rate and Smoking Attributable Death (담배 가격인상이 흡연률과 흡연귀속사망에 미칠 영향에 대한 연구 -대도시 일부 사무직 근로자를 대상으로-)

  • Kang, Jonw-Won;Kim, Joung-Soon
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.697-707
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    • 1997
  • This study was performed to estimate the quantity of the effects of tobacco price raise on the smoking rate, and the smoking attributable deaths in Korea. The data were collected by questionnaire survey from 538 male of male workers. The questionnaire contained items on age, sex, living place, status of education, smoking history, the intention to quit smoking when the tobacco price be raised. The questionnaire, were distributed to the offices of enterprises, hospitals, research centers, and public agencies and then collected. Data were analyzed by using the age specific smoking rate, relative risks of eight major smoking related diseases, vital statistics, and the population attributable risk of deaths of smoking males. On the other hand, the impact of the tobacco price raise on the population attributable risk of death due to smoking in Korea was estimated by applying the presumed smoking rate after the price raise. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The smoking rate of male white color workers in large cities was 59.5%. 2. The proportion of male smokers who has the intention to quit smoking when the tobacco price be raised was 61.5%. 3. The proportion of male smokers who has the intention to quit smoking if the price of tobacco be raised was proportional to the degree of increasing tobacco price. It is estimated that if the tobacco price were raised more than four times as now, the presumed smoking rate goes down as low as 26.7%. If the tobacco price be raised 20% each year, presumed smoking rate is 46.2%. 4. The number of attributable male death of smoking estimated by using 8 major smoking related diseases(lung cancer, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, stomach cancer, pancreatic cancer, cerebrovascular disease, ischemic heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) was 25,863 death each year. That is 20.1% of total age over 20 male deaths. 5. f the tobacco price were raised more than four times as now and all smokers who has intention to quit smoking quits smoking, 12,336 lives, or 47.7% of smoking related deaths could be saved. 6. IF the actual practice rate of quitting smoking among male smokers with intention to stop smoking when the price of tobacco be raised is 10%, 25%, or 50%, then the expected decrease of death numbers when the tobacco price were raised more than four times as now can be 1,112, 3,483, 5,796 respectively.

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Process Evaluation of the First Computer Tailored Program for Smoking Cessation among Romanian Smokers

  • Lotrean, Lucia Maria;Ailoaiei, Roxana;Popa, Monica;De Vries, Hein
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.20
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    • pp.8809-8814
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this paper is to present the implementation and process evaluation of the first computer tailored program for smoking cessation among Romanian smokers. The program targeted adult smokers who declared the intention to quit smoking in the next six months. The intervention consisted of a letter tailored to several respondent characteristics: gender, cognitive variables (attitude, social influence, and self-efficacy), intention to quit smoking, goal and relapse prevention strategies (action and coping plans), and smoking behaviour. The first 80 participants entered into the program filled in a process evaluation questionnaire one month after the intervention. The results of our study confirmed that the participants had read and remembered the letter. Moreover, new for Romania, this approach was positively appreciated by the participant and the score received for the tailored letter was high. The opinions of the participants confirmed that the tailored letter provided information that was useful, trustworthy and relevant for the individual. At the same time, the participants appreciated the polite, easy to understand content of the letter. These data underlined the premises for continuing the program and for using the information and communication technologies for healthy lifestyle promotion among Romanian population.

Actual conditions and recognition of dental hygienists for the smoking (치과위생사의 흡연실태 및 인식조사)

  • Seong, Jeong-Min;Hwang, Ji-Min;Kim, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Jin-Kyoung;Choi, Young-Suk;Jang, Jong-Hwa;Yoo, Su-Min;Beom, Kyung-Chul;Park, Yong-Duk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.306-318
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : There were reports about the decreasing of quit-smoking ratio because of taking professional advices. This study were to investigate smoking prevalence rate of the dental hygienist study in nationwide and quit-smoking counseling activity for patients in dental clinic. Methods : The registered Korea Dental Hygienists Association Meeting in 2005 were recruited as subjects. The personal surveyed, 486(87.7%) returned completed questionnaires. Results : The smoking rate of dental hygienist is 3.1%, past smoking rate 1.4% and smoking cessation 95.5%. In smoking cessation counseling activity, only 20.8% of dental hygienist would advise to quit smoking. However, 63.8% intended to advise to quit smoking but they have no idea about quit smoking program and 15.4% had no intention of advising to quit. It is a whole consent that Smoking dental hygienist is tend to against smoking and necessary training about smoking cessation same opinion. Conclusions : Dental hygienist is more effective for health care professional to help people stop smoking, therefore dental hygienist is important for them to have through knowledge of subject and confidence in their role in smoking cessation.

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Development and Test of the Hypothetical Model to Explain Smoking Cessation Behaviors Based on Triandis상 Interpersonal Behavior Theory (Triandis의 인간상호간 행위이론 (The Theory of Interpersonal Behavior)을 적용한 금연행위 예측 모형)

  • 오현수
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.16-27
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    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to develop and test the hypothetical model which explains smoking cessation behavior was established based on the Triandis' interpersonal behavior theory. Method: The data were collected from the 400 university student smokers enrolled in the universities located in Seoul and Kyung-In province. The study was analyzed by path analysis with LIESREL 8 program. Results: All of the fit statistics, except the Chi-square value, it showed the hypothetical model was well fitted to the data. Benefit, affect, and social influences related to smoking cessation behavior had significant direct effect on intention to smoking cessation as shown in the study of the hypothetical model. Perceived barrier and the physiologic arousal related to smoking cessation had significant direct effects on performing smoking cessation behavior, whereas numbers of previous attempts to quit smoking and intention to smoking cessation did not.

Factors Influencing Intention to Quit Smoking of High School Students in a Community (일 지역 고등학생의 금연의도 영향 요인)

  • Jeong, Chu-young;Choi, Eun-Jung;Seo, Young-sook
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.963-972
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    • 2017
  • Purpose. This study uses Ajzen's theory of planned behavior to investigate predictors associated with the intention of smoking cessation in smokers among high school students in a community. Method. The study population consisted of 138 smokers from high school students in a community. Between May to April 2015, Data was collected through questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using the PASW 21.0 program, and one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis. Results. The mean intention of smoking cessation of this study was 3.98/5. The significant correlates of the intention of smoking cessation were attitudes toward smoking cessation (${\beta}=.36$, p=.003), self efficacy for smoking cessation (${\beta}=.44$, p<.001), satisfaction of school life (${\beta}=.22$, p=.009), number of friends smoking (${\beta}=.76$, p<.001), and previous experience of smoking cessation (${\beta}=.92$, p<.001). These variables explained 75.6% of variance in the intention of smoking cessation. Conclusion. The study suggests that various factors including previous experience of smoking cessation, number of friends smoking, self efficacy for smoking cessation and attitudes toward smoking cessation were important variables in explaining the intention of smoking cessation among high school students. Therefore, these variables are crucial in determining the promotion and intention of smoking cessation among high school students.

Stages of Smoking Cessation among Malaysian Adults - Findings from National Health Morbidity Survey 2006

  • Lim, Kuang Hock;Ibrahim, Normala;Ghazali, Sumarni Mohd;Kee, Chee Cheong;Lim, Kuang Kuay;Chan, Ying Ying;Teh, Chien Huey;Tee, Eng Ong;Lai, Wai Yee;Nik Mohamad, Mohd. Haniki;Sidek, Sherina Mohd
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.805-810
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    • 2013
  • Increasing the rate of smoking cessation will reduce the burden of diseases related to smoking, including cancer. Understanding the process of smoking cessation is a pre-requisite to planning and developing effective programs to enhance the rate of smoking cessation.The aims of the study were to determine the demographic distribution of smokers across the initial stages of smoking cessation (the pre-contemplation and contemplation stages) and to identify the predictors of smoking cessation among Malaysian adult smokers. Data were extracted from a population-based, cross-sectional survey carried out from April 2006 to July 2006. The distribution of 2,716,743 current smokers across the pre-contemplation stage (no intention to quit smoking in the next six months) or contemplation stage (intended to quit smoking in the next six months) was described. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between socio-demographic variables and the stages of smoking cessation. Of the 2,716,743 current smokers, approximately 30% and 70% were in the pre-contemplative and contemplative stages of smoking cessation respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that male gender, low education level, older age group, married and those from higher income group and number of cigarettes smoked were associated with higher likelihood of pre-contemplation to cease smoking in the next six months. The majority of current smokers in Malaysia were in the contemplative stage of smoking cessation. Specific interventions should be implemented to ensure the pre-contemplative smokers proceed to the contemplative stage and eventually to the preparation stage.

The Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Advertisement on Smoking Cessation Intention in Citizens of Ulsan Metropolitan City (울산광역시 시민에서 금연 광고가 금연 의향 및 유지에 미치는 영향)

  • Ock, Jongwoo;Pyo, Jeehee;Ock, Minsu;Kim, Seo-jun;Yoo, Cheolin
    • The Journal of Health Technology Assessment
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.114-122
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of the typical anti-smoking advertisement on smoking cessation intention in citizens of Ulsan Metropolitan City. Methods: A total of 700 citizens (600 adults and 100 high school student) participated in face-to-face interviews survey using paper questionnaire. Three anti-smoking advertisements were used in this study; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patient video advertisement, tobacco hazard information advertisement, and COPD patient voice advertisement. Each participant randomly evaluated only one of the three non-smoking anti-smoking advertisements. Participants were asked whether they had seen or heard anti-smoking advertisements before and asked whether they understood the advertisement well. They also assessed the effectiveness of non-smokers to maintain smoking cessation and how effective it would be to help smokers quit. Results: Among the three anti-smoking advertisements, 54.8% of participants said that they watched COPD patient video advertisement before. More than 95% of participants said they can understood anti-smoking advertisements. Among the three anti-smoking advertisements, tobacco hazard information advertisement was evaluated to be most effective to maintain non-smokers' smoking cessation (234, 92.5%). Tobacco hazard information advertisement was also evaluated to be most effective to make smokers quit smoking (216, 84.7%). Conclusion: Anti-smoking advertisements have a positive effect on non-smoker's willingness to keep smoking and smokers' willingness to quit smoking. In future studies, it would be meaningful to look at the long-term effects of smoking cessation or to evaluate the effectiveness of the more various anti-smoking advertisements.

Changes in Vietnamese Male Smokers' Reactions Towards New Pictorial Cigarette Pack Warnings Over Time

  • Tran, Thu Ngan;Le, Vu Anh;Nguyen, Thi Tuyet My;Nguyen, Ngoc Bich
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.sup1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2016
  • Printing of pictorial health warnings (PHWs) on cigarette packages became obligatory by the Vietnam Law on Prevention and Control of Tobacco Harm in May 2013. Literature from high-income countries suggests that PHWs motivate smokers to quit smoking although their long-term effects have been questioned due to reduction of impact over time. This study aimed to assess the salience of PHWs and smokers' reactions towards PHWs over time. In May 2014 and May 2015, a cross-sectional questionnaire-based household survey was administered to respectively 1,462 and 1,509 Vietnamese male smokers aged 18 to 35. The result showed that salience of the PHWs 2 years after the implementation was higher than at the point of 1 year after the implementation. The proportion of respondents who tried to avoid noting the PHWs was reduced from 35% in wave 1 to 23% in wave 2. However, "Tried to avoid looking/thinking about the PHWs" increased 1.5 times the odds of presenting quit intention compared to those respondents who did not try to avoid looking/thinking about the PHWs (OR=1.5; 95%CI: 1.2-2.0). In conclusion, avoidance regarding PHWs may not work as a barrier when aiming at a higher level of quit intention. Salience of the PHWs may increase in the period shortly after their introduction onto packs but can be expected to decrease with time. In other words, it might be advisable to change or renew PHWs after a period of implementation to maintain their beneficial effects.