• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interior noise

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Priority of Residential Choice and Housing Satisfaction among Studio-type Multi-family Housing Dwellers in the City of Gwangju (원룸형 다가구주택 거주자의 주거선택 중요도와 주거만족도 - 광주광역시를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Hi-Goo;Kim, Mi-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to gather baseline data on perceived priority of residential choice and housing satisfaction rates among consumers with the aim of using this information for future planning. Self-administered questionnaires were provided to 196 studio-type multi-family housing dwellers in the City of Gwangju from 2009 Apri 5th to 29th. The collected data was used to conduct comparative and descriptive statistical analysis: factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis. The main findings obtained are as follows: Firstly, in relation to perceived priority of residential choice, dwellers identified seven factors as important. Secondly, in terms of housing satisfaction about a unit room, the respondents identified five factors as important. This study confirmed that there existed passive correlation between priority of residential choice and housing satisfaction among residents in studio-type multi-family housings in Gwangju. It is very necessary to project a studio-type multi-family housing close to transportation for easy access, avoiding commercial districts. Delicate interior and design will attract more female residents as well as fully-equipped parking lots for people who drive to their workplace. According to research on a degree of housing satisfaction, all respondents expressed dissatisfaction with "noise". Therefore, in dealing with construction plans of studio apartment units, from now on, sound proofing facilities are required to reduce the acoustic invasion of privacy, especially, for units with more than two people. In order to satisfy all the demand of residents in studio apartment units, we have to pursue systematic and succeeding research about a studio-type multi-family housing well-fitted for the actual circumstances of local area and suitable for longer stay. To sum up, more research and development will be required for high-class studio-type multiplex housing for sale in dealing with households with financial stability such as two-paycheck couples, so-called DINK, or a professional single person, in the future.

VLSI Architecture Design of Reconstruction Filter for Morphological Image Segmentation (형태학적 영상 분할을 위한 재구성 필터의 VLSI 구조 설계)

  • Lee, Sang-Yeol;Chung, Eui-Yoon;Lee, Ho-Young;Kim, Hee-Soo;Ha, Yeong-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics S
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    • v.36S no.12
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 1999
  • In this paper, the new VLSI architecture of a reconstruction filter for morphological image segmentation is proposed. The filter, based on the $h_{max}$ operation, simplifies the interior of each region while preserving the boundary information. The proposed architecture adopts a partitioned memory structure and an efficient image scanning strategy to reduce the operations. The proposed memory partitioning scheme makes it possible that every data required for processing can be read from each memory at a time, resulting in parallel data processing. By the extended connectivity consideration, the operation is much decreased because more simplification is achieved in scanning stage. The selective raster scan strategy endows the satisfactory noise removal capability with negligible hardware complexity increase. The proposed architecture is designed using VHDL, and functional evaluation is performed by the CAD tool, Mentor. The experiment results show that the proposed architecture can simplify image profile with less than 18% operations of the conventional method.

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Improved Parallel Thinning Algorithm for Fingerprint image Processing (지문영상 처리를 위한 개선된 병렬 세선화 알고리즘)

  • 권준식
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2004
  • To extract the creditable features in fingerprint image, many people use the thinning algorithm that has a very important position in the preprocessing. In this paper, we propose the robust parallel thinning algorithm that can preserve the connectivity of the binarized fingerprint image, make the thinnest skeleton with 1-pixel width and get near to the medial axis extremely. The proposed thinning method repeats three sub-iterations. The first sub-iteration takes off only the outer boundary pixel by using the interior points. To extract the one side skeletons, the second sub-iteration finds the skeletons with 2-pixel width. The third sub-iteration prunes the needless pixels with 2-pixel width existing in the obtained skeletons and then the proposed thinning algorithm has the robustness against the rotation and noise and can make the balanced medial axis. To evaluate the performance of the proposed thinning algorithm we compare with and analyze the previous algorithms.

Stick-slip Characteristics of Magnetorheological Elastomer under Magnetic Fields (자기장에 따른 자기유변탄성체의 스틱 슬립 현상 연구)

  • Lian, Chenglong;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Kim, Cheol-Hyun;Lee, Chul-Hee;Choi, Jong Myoung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 2015
  • This paper investigates the stick-slip characteristic of magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) between an aluminum plate and the surface of the MRE. MRE is a smart material and it can change its mechanical behavior with the interior iron particles under the influence of an applied magnetic field. Stick-slip is a movement of two surfaces relative to each other that proceeds as a series of jerks caused by alternate sticking from friction and sliding when the friction is overcome by an applied force. This special tribology phenomenon can lead to unnecessary wear, vibration, noise, and reduced service life of work piece. The stick-slip phenomenon is avoided as far as possible in the field of mechanical engineering. As this phenomenon is a function of material property, applied load, and velocity, it can be controlled using the characteristics of MRE. MRE as a soft smart material, whose mechanical properties such as modulus and stiffness can be changed via the strength of an external magnetic field, has been widely studied as a prospective replacement for general rubber in the mechanical domain. In this study, friction force is measured under different loads, speed, and magnetic field strength. From the test results, it is confirmed that the stick-slip phenomenon can be minimized under optimum conditions and can be applied in various mechanical components.

Implementation of Indoor Environment Monitoring and Automatic Control System based on Internet of Things (사물인터넷 기반 실내 환경 모니터링 및 자동제어 시스템 구현)

  • Lee, Sang Hoon;Kim, Jin-Yeop;Kim, Su-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2016
  • Along with the increase in the standard of living, the interest and awareness level of the public about environmental issues have also gradually increased. Recently, time spent on indoor activities have increased and the need for awareness and demand on methods in improving the quality of an indoor environment has been recognized. The purpose of this study is to sense the environment information through real-time monitoring of the room environment by using the IoT based technology and to maintain and improve the indoor environment to an appropriate level through the developed interlocking controller device. This provides an automatic control system in improving the indoor environment at home and other small areas like general offices in place of the traditional passive interior environmental improvement actions or large-scale facility control system. A status analysis with the relative reference values of the air quality and CO2, temperature and humidity and illumination and noise was applied through transmitting a control signal to automatic control module in accordance with the nine indoor environment standards set to improve the indoor environment.

Evaluation of Geometric Error Sources for Terrestrial Laser Scanner

  • Lee, Ji Sang;Hong, Seung Hwan;Park, Il Suk;Cho, Hyoung Sig;Sohn, Hong Gyoo
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2016
  • As 3D geospatial information is demanded, terrestrial laser scanners which can obtain 3D model of objects have been applied in various fields such as Building Information Modeling (BIM), structural analysis, and disaster management. To acquire precise data, performance evaluation of a terrestrial laser scanner must be conducted. While existing 3D surveying equipment like a total station has a standard method for performance evaluation, a terrestrial laser scanner evaluation technique for users is not established. This paper categorizes and analyzes error sources which generally occur in terrestrial laser scanning. In addition to the prior researches about categorizing error sources of terrestrial Laser scanning, this paper evaluates the error sources by the actual field tests for the smooth in-situ applications.The error factors in terrestrial laser scanning are categorized into interior error caused by mechanical errors in a terrestrial laser scanner and exterior errors affected by scanning geometry and target property. Each error sources were evaluated by simulation and actual experiments. The 3D coordinates of observed target can be distortedby the biases in distance and rotation measurement in scanning system. In particular, the exterior factors caused significant geometric errors in observed point cloud. The noise points can be generated by steep incidence angle, mixed-pixel and crosstalk. In using terrestrial laser scanner, elaborate scanning plan and proper post processing are required to obtain valid and accurate 3D spatial information.

Global Sensitivity Analysis of Joints for Plug-in Digital Framework (플러그인 디지털 프레임웍을 위한 연결부 전역민감도 해석)

  • Lee, Dooho;Won, Young-Woo;Kwon, Jong-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.483-488
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    • 2016
  • Plug-In Digital Framework is a system response analysis tool that is employed when system components are composed of black-box modules. Generally, the dynamic characteristics of joints between the system components significantly affect system responses, and they lead to displacement- and frequency-dependent stiffness and loss factor. Thus, the sensitivity of each joint parameters should be estimated from a global perspective. In this study, we introduce a global sensitivity analysis procedure under the Plug-In Digital Framework. To efficiently calculate the system responses, we introduce the frequency response function (FRF)-based substructuring method. Using the random balance designs (RBD), we generate the system responses and estimate the global first-order sensitivities for each joint stiffness. We apply the proposed global sensitivity analysis method to an interior noise problem of a passenger car, and we evaluate the efficiency of the global sensitivity analysis method.

Dynamic Characteristics of Plastic Materials for Automobile Cockpit Module (자동차 칵핏 모듈용 플라스틱 소재의 열화 동특성 평가)

  • Woo, Chang Su;Park, Hyun Sung;Jo, Jin Ho;Kim, Ji Hoon;Choi, Ju Ho;Kim, Yeoung Kuk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.12
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    • pp.1585-1590
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    • 2012
  • Engineering plastics are used in instrument panels, interior trim, and other vehicle applications, and the thermomechanical behaviors of plastic materials are strongly influenced by many environmental factors such as temperature, sunlight, and rain. As the material properties change, the mechanical parts create unexpected noise. In this study, the dynamic mechanical property changes of plastics used in automobiles are measured to investigate the temperature effects. Viscoelastic properties such as the glass transition temperature and storage modulus and loss factor under temperature and frequency sweeps were measured. The data were compared with the original ones before aging to analyze the behavior changes. It was found that as the temperature increased, the storage modulus decreased and the loss factor increased slightly.

Study on Background Music of Distributors (유통점의 배경음악에 관한 연구)

  • LEE, Joon-Pyo;HWANG, Hee-Joong
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - This study focuses on clues that can clearly amplify the effects of background music. Review which store environments have a direct and positive impact on consumer responses, such as purchases. Research design, data, and methodology - This study focuses on clues that can clearly amplify the effects of background music. The purpose of this study is to examine what kind of store environment, combined with background music, has a direct and positive effect on consumer reactions such as purchase, and suggest future research directions. Results - The manager decides to use background music in the store because it is relatively inexpensive and easy to identify the emotional response of the consumer. In addition, appropriate background music lowers the psychological purchasing barriers of consumers. Previous studies have often not conducted a basic review of whether consumers perceive background music when it is used in retail stores. For example, it is necessary to make sure that the volume of the background music is loud enough and that the noise is properly excluded despite the congestion of the store so that the pure influence of the background music on the consumer can be measured. A way for store managers to clarify and differentiate their identity is to create a unique and satisfying store atmosphere for their customers. In order to help customers focus on their purchases, store managers must use marketing elements to integrate the five senses. And they should plan background music aiming at synergy effect of these five senses. In other words, in order to make the store atmosphere positive, it is not enough to have a suitable visual design interior or background music in the store, and consumers should have the opportunity to smell, taste and touch it directly. Conclusions - In conclusion, we hope that the following issues will be studied by several scholars in the future. It should be clarified that the impact of background music on customers varies depending on the customer's movement in the store, the selection of the background music genre order, and the timing (interval) of background music exposure to the customer.

Design and fundamental test on the cargo pump sump scaled model of tankers (탱크선 카고 펌프장 축소모델 설계 및 기초 실험)

  • Lee, Jo-Yeon;Kim, Seung-Jun;Chen, Zhenmu;Singh, Patrick Mark;Choi, Young-Do
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2017
  • The internal flow of a pump system that is installed in the interior of large vessels such as tankers is largely affected by the water level and flow conditions of the pump sump. However, the performance of the pump is generally evaluated with the consideration of only the performance of the pump itself, without considering the pumping station operating environment. Therefore, if the pump is affected by the incoming flow that exhibits vortex and swirl, the occurrence of vortex and swirl accompanied with air may cause problems with the pump sump. This effect of flow condition can lead to a decrease in efficiency, increase in vibration, and noise generation in the pump. In this study, to investigate the internal flow of the pump sump according to several water levels, a pump sump scale-model was designed and constructed. The frequency of vortex occurrence and the shape of the vortex were investigated according to the different water levels of a fundamental test. The Class C vortex type, which has a larger volume of air intake to the pump, was confirmed by the higher occurrence frequency at a relatively lower water level.