• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interior noise

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Improved Parallel Thinning Algorithm for Fingerprint image Processing (지문영상 처리를 위한 개선된 병렬 세선화 알고리즘)

  • 권준식
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2004
  • To extract the creditable features in fingerprint image, many people use the thinning algorithm that has a very important position in the preprocessing. In this paper, we propose the robust parallel thinning algorithm that can preserve the connectivity of the binarized fingerprint image, make the thinnest skeleton with 1-pixel width and get near to the medial axis extremely. The proposed thinning method repeats three sub-iterations. The first sub-iteration takes off only the outer boundary pixel by using the interior points. To extract the one side skeletons, the second sub-iteration finds the skeletons with 2-pixel width. The third sub-iteration prunes the needless pixels with 2-pixel width existing in the obtained skeletons and then the proposed thinning algorithm has the robustness against the rotation and noise and can make the balanced medial axis. To evaluate the performance of the proposed thinning algorithm we compare with and analyze the previous algorithms.

Priority of Residential Choice and Housing Satisfaction among Studio-type Multi-family Housing Dwellers in the City of Gwangju (원룸형 다가구주택 거주자의 주거선택 중요도와 주거만족도 - 광주광역시를 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Hi-Goo;Kim, Mi-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to gather baseline data on perceived priority of residential choice and housing satisfaction rates among consumers with the aim of using this information for future planning. Self-administered questionnaires were provided to 196 studio-type multi-family housing dwellers in the City of Gwangju from 2009 Apri 5th to 29th. The collected data was used to conduct comparative and descriptive statistical analysis: factor analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis. The main findings obtained are as follows: Firstly, in relation to perceived priority of residential choice, dwellers identified seven factors as important. Secondly, in terms of housing satisfaction about a unit room, the respondents identified five factors as important. This study confirmed that there existed passive correlation between priority of residential choice and housing satisfaction among residents in studio-type multi-family housings in Gwangju. It is very necessary to project a studio-type multi-family housing close to transportation for easy access, avoiding commercial districts. Delicate interior and design will attract more female residents as well as fully-equipped parking lots for people who drive to their workplace. According to research on a degree of housing satisfaction, all respondents expressed dissatisfaction with "noise". Therefore, in dealing with construction plans of studio apartment units, from now on, sound proofing facilities are required to reduce the acoustic invasion of privacy, especially, for units with more than two people. In order to satisfy all the demand of residents in studio apartment units, we have to pursue systematic and succeeding research about a studio-type multi-family housing well-fitted for the actual circumstances of local area and suitable for longer stay. To sum up, more research and development will be required for high-class studio-type multiplex housing for sale in dealing with households with financial stability such as two-paycheck couples, so-called DINK, or a professional single person, in the future.

Global Sensitivity Analysis of Joints for Plug-in Digital Framework (플러그인 디지털 프레임웍을 위한 연결부 전역민감도 해석)

  • Lee, Dooho;Won, Young-Woo;Kwon, Jong-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.483-488
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    • 2016
  • Plug-In Digital Framework is a system response analysis tool that is employed when system components are composed of black-box modules. Generally, the dynamic characteristics of joints between the system components significantly affect system responses, and they lead to displacement- and frequency-dependent stiffness and loss factor. Thus, the sensitivity of each joint parameters should be estimated from a global perspective. In this study, we introduce a global sensitivity analysis procedure under the Plug-In Digital Framework. To efficiently calculate the system responses, we introduce the frequency response function (FRF)-based substructuring method. Using the random balance designs (RBD), we generate the system responses and estimate the global first-order sensitivities for each joint stiffness. We apply the proposed global sensitivity analysis method to an interior noise problem of a passenger car, and we evaluate the efficiency of the global sensitivity analysis method.

Dynamic Characteristics of Plastic Materials for Automobile Cockpit Module (자동차 칵핏 모듈용 플라스틱 소재의 열화 동특성 평가)

  • Woo, Chang Su;Park, Hyun Sung;Jo, Jin Ho;Kim, Ji Hoon;Choi, Ju Ho;Kim, Yeoung Kuk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.12
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    • pp.1585-1590
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    • 2012
  • Engineering plastics are used in instrument panels, interior trim, and other vehicle applications, and the thermomechanical behaviors of plastic materials are strongly influenced by many environmental factors such as temperature, sunlight, and rain. As the material properties change, the mechanical parts create unexpected noise. In this study, the dynamic mechanical property changes of plastics used in automobiles are measured to investigate the temperature effects. Viscoelastic properties such as the glass transition temperature and storage modulus and loss factor under temperature and frequency sweeps were measured. The data were compared with the original ones before aging to analyze the behavior changes. It was found that as the temperature increased, the storage modulus decreased and the loss factor increased slightly.

Evaluation of Geometric Error Sources for Terrestrial Laser Scanner

  • Lee, Ji Sang;Hong, Seung Hwan;Park, Il Suk;Cho, Hyoung Sig;Sohn, Hong Gyoo
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2016
  • As 3D geospatial information is demanded, terrestrial laser scanners which can obtain 3D model of objects have been applied in various fields such as Building Information Modeling (BIM), structural analysis, and disaster management. To acquire precise data, performance evaluation of a terrestrial laser scanner must be conducted. While existing 3D surveying equipment like a total station has a standard method for performance evaluation, a terrestrial laser scanner evaluation technique for users is not established. This paper categorizes and analyzes error sources which generally occur in terrestrial laser scanning. In addition to the prior researches about categorizing error sources of terrestrial Laser scanning, this paper evaluates the error sources by the actual field tests for the smooth in-situ applications.The error factors in terrestrial laser scanning are categorized into interior error caused by mechanical errors in a terrestrial laser scanner and exterior errors affected by scanning geometry and target property. Each error sources were evaluated by simulation and actual experiments. The 3D coordinates of observed target can be distortedby the biases in distance and rotation measurement in scanning system. In particular, the exterior factors caused significant geometric errors in observed point cloud. The noise points can be generated by steep incidence angle, mixed-pixel and crosstalk. In using terrestrial laser scanner, elaborate scanning plan and proper post processing are required to obtain valid and accurate 3D spatial information.

Post Occupancy Evaluation for Office Building with An Underfloor Air Distribution System (바닥공조 시스템이 적용된 사무공간의 거주후 성능평가)

  • Yoon, Seong-Hoon;Jang, Hyang-In;Jung, Hae-Kwon;Choi, Sun-Kyu;Yu, Ki-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.78-85
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    • 2011
  • In this study, an underfloor air distribution(UFAD) system installed on the S. office building was evaluated for its indoor environmental quality performance. Field measurement and survey were conducted for the overall POE(Post Occupied Evaluation). PMV(including temperature, humidity, air velocity and globe temperature) and several environmental components were measured while thermal comfort, thermal sensation, acoustical environment and others. were investigated through survey. Except for the direct upper part of the air supply diffuser on the floor, the indoor velocity was less than 0.25m/s, which has been suggested by ASHRAES tandard 55 as the limit for thermal comfort. MRT of the perimeter zone of the room showed a higher value than that in the interior because of the introduced solar radiation through the building envelope. PMV was generally maintained in the range of thermal comfort (from -0.5 to +0.5), though it weighted to the warm side. It was reported to have 61% positive response on thermal comfort and 55% on neutral thermal sensation. The results of each survey item showed some gender-based differences. Specifically, female respondents had higher degree of dissatisfaction with indoor air cleanness and acoustical privacy. The working surface showed more than 400 lux and the equivalent noise level showed less than 50 dB(A). In conclusion, the results of the measurement and survey showed good agreement. Indoor environmental quality of the subject office room where the UFAD system was installed showed an overall excellent performance.

Implementation of Indoor Environment Monitoring and Automatic Control System based on Internet of Things (사물인터넷 기반 실내 환경 모니터링 및 자동제어 시스템 구현)

  • Lee, Sang Hoon;Kim, Jin-Yeop;Kim, Su-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2016
  • Along with the increase in the standard of living, the interest and awareness level of the public about environmental issues have also gradually increased. Recently, time spent on indoor activities have increased and the need for awareness and demand on methods in improving the quality of an indoor environment has been recognized. The purpose of this study is to sense the environment information through real-time monitoring of the room environment by using the IoT based technology and to maintain and improve the indoor environment to an appropriate level through the developed interlocking controller device. This provides an automatic control system in improving the indoor environment at home and other small areas like general offices in place of the traditional passive interior environmental improvement actions or large-scale facility control system. A status analysis with the relative reference values of the air quality and CO2, temperature and humidity and illumination and noise was applied through transmitting a control signal to automatic control module in accordance with the nine indoor environment standards set to improve the indoor environment.

Stick-slip Characteristics of Magnetorheological Elastomer under Magnetic Fields (자기장에 따른 자기유변탄성체의 스틱 슬립 현상 연구)

  • Lian, Chenglong;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Kim, Cheol-Hyun;Lee, Chul-Hee;Choi, Jong Myoung
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.6-12
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    • 2015
  • This paper investigates the stick-slip characteristic of magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) between an aluminum plate and the surface of the MRE. MRE is a smart material and it can change its mechanical behavior with the interior iron particles under the influence of an applied magnetic field. Stick-slip is a movement of two surfaces relative to each other that proceeds as a series of jerks caused by alternate sticking from friction and sliding when the friction is overcome by an applied force. This special tribology phenomenon can lead to unnecessary wear, vibration, noise, and reduced service life of work piece. The stick-slip phenomenon is avoided as far as possible in the field of mechanical engineering. As this phenomenon is a function of material property, applied load, and velocity, it can be controlled using the characteristics of MRE. MRE as a soft smart material, whose mechanical properties such as modulus and stiffness can be changed via the strength of an external magnetic field, has been widely studied as a prospective replacement for general rubber in the mechanical domain. In this study, friction force is measured under different loads, speed, and magnetic field strength. From the test results, it is confirmed that the stick-slip phenomenon can be minimized under optimum conditions and can be applied in various mechanical components.

A Study on Visible Light Communication with Turbo Coded OFDM for Intelligent Transport Systems (지능형 교통 시스템을 위한 Turbo Code OFDM 적용한 가시광 통신 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Koo, Sung-Wan;Kim, Jin-Young
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.60-67
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    • 2010
  • In the ubiquitous age, applications of wireless personal area network (WPAN) technology using LEDs are in progress. However, visible light communications (VLC) using the LEDs have weakness which deteriorate performance of communication because of multi-path fading that occurs propagation delay by interior walls or other things in indoor environments. In this paper, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) scheme is adapted to decrease multi-path fading and multi-path dispersion and to provide high speed data transmission. Besides, to reduce information losses caused by optical noise (incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps, sunbeam etc.) also proposed channel coding using turbo codes. The encoding and decoding of the proposed system is described, and simulation results are analyzed. We can know that performance of proposed system is increased about 4 [dB] through the simulation results. Also, when the system take doppler effect, the system performance worsened.

Study on Background Music of Distributors (유통점의 배경음악에 관한 연구)

  • LEE, Joon-Pyo;HWANG, Hee-Joong
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.127-131
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - This study focuses on clues that can clearly amplify the effects of background music. Review which store environments have a direct and positive impact on consumer responses, such as purchases. Research design, data, and methodology - This study focuses on clues that can clearly amplify the effects of background music. The purpose of this study is to examine what kind of store environment, combined with background music, has a direct and positive effect on consumer reactions such as purchase, and suggest future research directions. Results - The manager decides to use background music in the store because it is relatively inexpensive and easy to identify the emotional response of the consumer. In addition, appropriate background music lowers the psychological purchasing barriers of consumers. Previous studies have often not conducted a basic review of whether consumers perceive background music when it is used in retail stores. For example, it is necessary to make sure that the volume of the background music is loud enough and that the noise is properly excluded despite the congestion of the store so that the pure influence of the background music on the consumer can be measured. A way for store managers to clarify and differentiate their identity is to create a unique and satisfying store atmosphere for their customers. In order to help customers focus on their purchases, store managers must use marketing elements to integrate the five senses. And they should plan background music aiming at synergy effect of these five senses. In other words, in order to make the store atmosphere positive, it is not enough to have a suitable visual design interior or background music in the store, and consumers should have the opportunity to smell, taste and touch it directly. Conclusions - In conclusion, we hope that the following issues will be studied by several scholars in the future. It should be clarified that the impact of background music on customers varies depending on the customer's movement in the store, the selection of the background music genre order, and the timing (interval) of background music exposure to the customer.