• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interleukin-4

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Effects of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on collagenase and TIMP-1 expression in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (기계적 자극과 interleukin-$1{\beta}$가 치주인대 섬유아세포의 collagenase와 TIMP-1의 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myung-Lip;Bae, Chang
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 1998
  • The turnover of collagen is controlled by the balance between collagen synthesis and degradation. The production of collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1) and its inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of matrix metallopmteinase-1 (TIMP-1) are one of the substances which regulate this balance. The periodontal ligament fibroblast plays an important role in collagen metabolism during orthodontic treatment and is believed to be an origin of the osteoblast in the alveolar bone. The collagenase secreted by the periodontal ligament fibroblast and the osteoblast initiates the bone resorption by removing the osteoid layer in the alveloar bone. The interleukin-$1{\beta}$ is secreted by the macrophage during orthodontic treatment. The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on the expression of collagenase and TIMP-1 in the periodontal ligament fibroblasts using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining. The periodontal ligament fibroblasts were stitched by placing the $Petriperm dish^{\circledR}$ dish on the top of spheroidal convex watch glass ($5\%$ surface increase) and tented with interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (1.0 ng/ml), or treated with both of them. Treatment with mechanical stress and/or interleukin-$1{\beta}$ resulted in increased collagenase mRNA expression. The mechanical stress treated group (1.61, 1.62, 1.37 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$, tented group (1.68, 1.60, 3.78 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (1.89, 1.72, 5.48 fold increase) induced increases in collagenase mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours respectively. But TIMP-1 mRNA expressions at experimental groups were decreased after 2, 4 hours and increased after 8 hours. The mechanical stress treated group (0.16, 0.49 fold decrease and 3.77 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (0.15,0.44 fold decrease and 4.46 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ tented group (0.15, 0.69 fold decrease and 4.81 fold increase) induced changes in TIMP-1 mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours, respectively. Immunohistochemical stain showed that increased collagenase and TIMP-1 staining of the mechanical stress tented group, the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group, and the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group compared with that of the control group after 8 hours. These findings suggest that mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ regulate expression of collagenase and TIMP-1.

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A study on the effects of herbal acupuncture with Liriopis Tuber extract on airway inflammation in the mouse induced with bronchial asthma

  • Park, Young-Whan;Park, Hee-Soo
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.105-121
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    • 2001
  • Objectives: Herbal acupuncture has been administered with Liriopis Tuber extract on the point of BL 13 (Pyesu) to treat bronchial asthma and a certain degree of clinical benefits have been observed but lacking scientific substantiation. Methods: The present report describes on Th1 cytokine (Interleukin-2, Interferon-gamma), Th2 cytokine, (Interleukin-4, Interleukin-5), and IL-12 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (ELISA). Five groups were devised to study the effects of herbal acupuncture with Liriopis Tuber extract at BL 13 (Pyesu) for airway inflammation in the mouse model with bronchial asthma. Results shows that herbal acupuncture with Liriopis Tuber extract at BL 13 increased Th1 cytokine (Interleukin-2) in allergic sensitization and allergic challenge, and decreased Th2 cytokine (Interleukin-2, Interleukin-5) in allergic sensitization.

The Effects of Okwada on the Lung Fibrosis Mouse Model (오과다가 쥐의 폐섬유화 모델의 치료에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hai-Ja
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.233-240
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    • 2009
  • Objectives To evaluate that Okwada affected which factors for treatment of lung fibrosis. Methods Bleomycin induced lung fibrosis model made in mice. After Okwada lyophilized, power sample obtained and melt in distilled water. Okwada solution administered mice through oral route on 21 days after bleomycin instillation and this procedure performed once a day for 7 days. We divided by three groups; normal (control), bleomycin induced lung fibrosis without treatment (experimental), bleomycin induced lung fibrosis with treatment (treatment). On six weeks after bleomycin instillation, mice sacrificed and removed lung. Weperformed Western blot analysis for TGF-beta, phosphodiesterase 5A, interleukin (4,5,13) and compared therapeutic effects of Okwada. Results On western blot analysis, all normal and experimental mice detected TGF-beta, phosphodiesterase 5A, interleukin 4,5,13. The amount of band of TGF-beta, phosphodiesterase 5A, interleukin 5 in experimental and treatment group was similar. However, interleukin 4,13 of treatment group decreased compared with experimental group. Conclusions Okwada would be effected the lung fibrosis through suppression of interleukin 4,13.

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Bach2 represses the AP-1-driven induction of interleukin-2 gene transcription in CD4+ T cells

  • Jang, Eunkyeong;Lee, Hye Rim;Lee, Geon Hee;Oh, Ah-Reum;Cha, Ji-Young;Igarashi, Kazuhiko;Youn, Jeehee
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.50 no.9
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    • pp.472-477
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    • 2017
  • The transcription repressor Bach2 has been proposed as a regulator of T cell quiescence, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Given the importance of interleukin-2 in T cell activation, we investigated whether Bach2 is a component of the network of factors that regulates interleukin-2 expression. In primary and transformed $CD4^+$ T cells, Bach2 overexpression counteracted T cell receptor/CD28- or PMA/ionomycin-driven induction of interleukin-2 expression, and silencing of Bach2 had the opposite effect. Luciferase and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that Bach2 binds to multiple Maf-recognition element-like sites on the interleukin-2 proximal promoter in a manner competitive with AP-1, and thereby represses AP-1-driven induction of interleukin-2 transcription. Thus, this study demonstrates that Bach2 is a direct repressor of the interleukin-2 gene in $CD4^+$ T cells during the immediate early phase of AP-driven activation, thereby playing an important role in the maintenance of immune quiescence in the steady state.

The Antioxidant Effect, Inhibition of Interleukin-4 and the Effect on the Gene Expression by Using cDNA Chip of Chungsangboha-tang(Qingshangbuxia-tang) (청상보하탕의 항산화 효과, Interleukin-4 억제 및 cDNA chip을 이용한 유전자발현에 미치는 영향)

  • 이동생;정희재;정승기;이형구
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.148-158
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    • 2003
  • Backgrounds & Objectives: In many recent studies, molecular biological methods have been used to investigate the role of cytokines in pathogenesis and new therapeutic targets of asthma. Recently, as a method of research on the gene expression, they are applying another method which assays multiple gene expressions at the same time by the microarray. In this study, the antioxidant effect, the inhibitory effect against interleukin-4 and the effect on the CD/cytokine gene expression in PBMC (peripheral blood mononuclear cells) was evaluated by using cDNA microarray chip of Chungsangboha-tang. Methods: Experimental studies were performed for the antioxidant effect of Chungsangboha-tang on DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) solution, for the IL-4-inhibiting effect on BALB/c mouse spleen, and for the gene expression effect on PBMC (peripheral blood mononuclear cells) with microarray. Results: Chungsangboha-tang showed antioxidant effect dose-dependently. Chungsangboha-tang inhibited interleukin-4 dose-dependently and showed significant difference in 10ug/ml and 100ug/ml of test groups. There was no 2 more times upregulated genes than in the control group by using cDNA microarray chip of Chungsangbohn-tang, but there were 140%-200% upregulated genes. There was no 2 more times downregulated genes than in the control group by using cDNA microarray chip of Chungsangboha-Tang, but there was 50%-75% downregulated genes. Conclusions: This study showed that Chungsangboha-tang has an antioxidant effect and inhibition of Interleukin-4, but further studies are necessary with microarray.

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Up-Regulation of Interleukin-4 Receptor Expression by Interleukin-4 and CD40 Ligation via Tyrosine Kinase-Dependent Pathway

  • Kim, Hyun-Il;So, Eui-Young;Yoon, Suk-Ran;Han, Mi-Young;Lee, Choong-Eun
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.83-88
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    • 1998
  • Recently a B cell surface molecule, CD40, has emerged as a receptor mediating a co-stimulatory signal for B cell proliferation and differentiation. To investigate the mechanism of synergy between interleukin-4 (IL-4) and CD40 ligation in B cell activation, we have examined the effect of CE40 cross-linking on the IL-4 receptor expression in human B cells using anti-CE40 antibody. We observed that IL-4 and anti-CD40 both induce IL-4 receptor gene expression with a rapid kinetics resulting in a noticeable accumulation of IL-4 receptor mRNA within 4 h. While IL-4 caused a dose-dependent induction of surface IL-4 receptor expression, the inclusion of anti-CD40 in the IL-4-treated culture, further up-regulated the IL-4-induced IL-4 receptor expression as analyzed by flow cytometry. Pretreatment of B cells with inhibitors of protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) resulted in a significant inhibition of both the IL-4- and anti-CD40-induced IL-4 receptor mRNA levels, while protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors had no effects. These results suggest that IL-4 and CD40 ligation generate B cell signals, which via PTK-dependent pathways, lead to the synergistic induction of IL-4 receptor gene expression. The rapid induction of IL-4 receptor gene expression through the tyrosine kinase-mediated signal transduction by B cell activating stimuli, would provide cells capacity for an efficient response to IL-4 in the early phase of IL-4 action, and may in part constitute the molecular basis of the reported anti-CD40 co-stimulatory effect on the IL-4-induced response.

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Effect of Palmultang on the Phagocytosis of Murine Peritoneal Macrophage (팔물탕이 복강 마크로파지의 탐식능에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Hoon;Kim, Dae-Keun;Eun, Jae-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.363-367
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    • 1999
  • Palmultang(PMT) consists of Ginseng Radix Alba, Atractylodis Rhizoma Alba, Hoelen, Glycyrrhizae Radix, Rehmanniae Radix Preparata, Paeoniae Radix, Cnidii Rhizoma and Angelicae Gigantis Radix. PMT enhanced the lucigenin chemiluminescence and the engulfment of fluorescein-conjugated E. coli particles and inhibited the production of nitric oxide in murine peritoneal macrophage. PMT enhanced the production of ${\gamma}-interferon$, interleukin-2 and the cell viability in murine thymocyte, but did not affect the production of interleukin-4. These results indicate that PMT enhances the phagocytosis of macrophage via the stimulation of ${\gamma}-interferon$ production in $T_H1$ cells and the reduction of nitric oxide production in peritoneal macrophage.

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A Study on the Relationship between Polymorphism of Interleukin 4 Receptor and Korean Patients with Cerebral Infarction (Interleukin 4 Receptor 유전자 다형성과 한국인 뇌경색 환자와의 상관성에 대한 연구)

  • Ahn, Kwang-Hyun;Seo, Jung-Chul;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Lee, Yun-Ho
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2006
  • 목적 : 본 연구는 뇌경색에서 일반적으로 많이 사용하는 한방치료가 뇌경색 환자의 단일유전자 염기 다형성에 미치는 영향에 대하여 분석하였다. 2003년 3월부터 2003년 12월까지 경희대학교 한의과대학 부속한방병원 침구과에 입원한 뇌경색 환자 146명과 경희의료원 종합검진센터에 건강검진을 위해 내원한 건강인 192명을 대상으로 하였다. 방법 : 한국인 뇌경색 환자와 건강인에서 혈액을 채취하여 개인마다 DNA를 분리 정제하고 Taq polymerase로 증폭한 후 Pyrosequencing을 통하여 IL4R(interleukin 4 receptor)의 유전형을 관찰하였다. 결과 : 본 연구 결과 IL4R 유전자의 경우 한국인 뇌경색 환자군과 대조군 사이에 유의성 있는 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 결론 : 이상의 결과를 통하여 IL4R 유전자 다형성은 한국인에서 뇌경색의 발병에 관련이 적은 것으로 사려되며 더 많은 환자를 대상으로 다른 환경요인 또는 유전자와의 연관성에 대한 심도 깊은 연구가 필요할 것으로 사려된다.

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Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in experimentally induced rat Pulpal inflammation (실험적으로 유도된 백서의 치수염에서의 INTERLEUKIN-6와 INTERLEUKIN-10의 농도와 분포에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Seok-Woo;Baek, Seung-Ho;Kim, Chul-Ho;Lim, Sung-Sam
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.232-238
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    • 2002
  • 연구목적 : Cytokine은 유해 미생물에 대한 숙주의 방어기전으로서의 염증반응에서 숙주세포 상호간의 작용을 매개해 주는 역할을 하며, 인간의 치수조직에서도 그 존재가 확인된 바 있다. Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10은 염증의 초기에 작용하는 cytokine으로 알려져 있으나, 치수 및 치근단 질환에서의 역할과 상호작용에 대해서는 잘 알려져 있지 않다. 본 연구에서는 치수염의 원인균으로 알려진 Prevotella nigrescens를 이용하여 백서의 치수염을 유도한 후 시간의 변화에 따른 Interleukin-6, Interleukin-10의 농도의 변화를 측정하여 이들의 치수염에서의 작용을 알아보는 것을 목적으로 한다. 방법 : 실험적으로 치수의 염증반응을 일으키기 위하여 치수염의 원인균으로 알려진 Prevotella nigrescens를 이용하였다. 실험동물의 하악절치의 incisal tip부분을 절단한 후(n=120), 치수강을 개방시켰다. 실험군에서는 Prevotella nigrescens를 멸균된 면구에 묻혀서 개방된 치수강 내에 접종하였으며, 대조군에서는 균을 접종하지 않고 멸균된 면구만을 개방된 치수강 내에 위치시켰다. 그 후 1, 2, 5일이 경과되었을 때 실험에 사용된 치아를 발치하여, 치수조직을 적출하였다. Amersham사의 ELISA kit를 사용하여 적출된 치수조직내의 Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10의 양을 측정하였으며 그 결과를 Mann-Whitney rank sum test를 사용하여 통계학적 유의성을 검증하였다. 조직학적 검사를 위해서는 발치된 치아를 nitric acid를 사용하여 탈회시킨 후 헤마톡실린-에오신 염색을 시행한 후 관찰하였다. 결과 : 1) Interleukin-6의 농도는 균접종 후 1일, 2일, 5일 모두에서 실험군에서 대조군보다 높게 나타났으며, 균접종 1일째의 결과는 통계적 유의성이 있었다(P<0.05). 2) Interleukin-10의 농도는 균접종 후 1일, 2일, 5일 모두에서 실험군에서 대조군보다 높게 나타났으며, 균접종 1일째의 결과는 통계적 유의성이 있었다(P<0.05). 3) Interleukin-10/1nterleukin-6 ratio는 실험군과 대조군 모두에서 1일보다 2일째의 결과에서 더 높은 값을 보였으며 대조군에서는 통계적 유의성을 보였다(P<0.05). 4)조직학적 관찰결과 균접종 후 2일째의 조직표본에서는 림프구의 침윤과 부분적인 조직의 괴사 등 염증반응의 양상을 관찰할 수 있었으며, 균접종 5일째의 조직표본에서는 염증의 정도가 감소되는 양상을 확인할 수 있었다.

Experimental Study on the Immunoregulative Action of Kamiboatang (가미보아탕(加味補兒湯)의 면역조절작용(免疫調節作用)에 대(對)한 실험적(實驗的) 연구(硏究))

  • Jeong Yeon-Hee;Yoo Dong-Yeol
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.61-84
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Kami boatang(KBT) on the immune cells in Balb/c mice. KBT (500mg/kg) was administerd p.o. once a day for 7 days. KBT enhanced the proliferation of thymocytes and splenocytes. KBT enhanced the subpopulation of helper T(Th) cells, but did not affect the subpopulation of Thyl/B220 cells and Th/Tc cells in splenocytes. KBT enhanced the production of ${\gamma}$-interferon and interleukin-2 in thymocytes, but decreased the production of interleukin-4. KBT enhanced the production of ${\gamma}$-interferon, interleukin-2 and interleukin-4 in splenocytes and serum. KBT suppressed the production of nitric oxide, and enhanced the phagocytic activity in peritoneal macrophages. These results suggest that KBT has a potent activity on the immune response via the increase of the production of cytokines and phagocytic activity in vivo.

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