• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interleukins

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Effect of Gamisaengkiokhonggo on the wound healimg (加味生肌玉紅膏가 生肌에 미치는 影響)

  • Kim, Nam-Uk;No, Seok-Seon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to prove the effect of GMSKOHG on the cytotoxicity of human monocyte, the inhibition for prostaglandins($PGE_2$) and interleukins($IL-l.{\Beta}$), the produce of $TNF-{\alpha}$, and the size of mouse wounded. The result were obtainde as follows : 1. $0.001\%\;and\;0.0005\%$ of GMSKOHG was not showed the cytotoxicity of human monocyte. 2. $0.01\%\;and\;0.005\%$ of GMSKOHG inhibited the production of interleukins($IL-l{\Beta}$) in the human monocyte, but $0.001\%\;and\;0.0005\%$ of GMSKOHG didn't. 3. $0.001\%$ of GMSKOHG inhibited the production of $TNF-{\alpha}$ in the human monocyte. 4. $0.01\$(MeOH 및 EtOH) of GMSKOHG inhibited the production of prostaglandins($PGE_2$) in the human monocyte. 5. Wound healing was not effect.

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Inhibitory Effect of Gallic acid on Production of Interleukins in Mouse Macrophage Stimulated by Lipopolysaccharide (Gallic acid가 Lipopolysaccharide로 활성화된 마우스 대식세포의 인터루킨 생성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Wan-Su
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: Gallic acid (GA) is the major component of tannin which could be easily founded in various natural materials such as green tea, red tea, grape juice, and Corni Fructus. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Gallic acid (GA) on production of interleukin (IL) in mouse macrophage Raw 264.7 cells stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Methods: Productions of interleukins were measured by High-throughput Multiplex Bead based Assay with Bio-plex Suspension Array System based on $xMAP^{(R)}$ (multi-analyte profiling beads) technology. Firstly, cell culture supernatant was obtained after treatment with LPS and GA for 24 hour. Then, it was incubated with the antibody-conjugated beads for 30 minutes. And detection antibody was added and incubated for 30 minutes. And Strepavidin-conjugated Phycoerythrin (SAPE) was added. After incubation for 30 minutes, the level of SAPE fluorescence was analyzed on Bio-plex Suspension Array System and concentration of interleukin was determined. Results: The results of the experiment are as follows. 1. GA significantly inhibited the production of IL-3, IL-10, IL-12p40, and IL-17 in LPS-induced mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells at the concentration of 25, 50, 100, 200 uM (p<0.05). 2. GA significantly inhibited the production of IL-6 in LPS-induced mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells at the concentration of 50, 100, 200 uM (p<0.05). 3. GA diminished the production of some cytokine such as IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 in LPS-induced mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. 4. GA did not show the inhibitory effect on the production of IL-$1{\alpha}$ and IL-9 in LPS-induced mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. Conclusions: These results suggest that GA has anti-inflammatory activity related with its inhibitory effects on the production of interleukins such as IL-3, IL-10, IL-12p40, IL-17, and IL-6 in LPS-induced macrophages.

Influence of Autologous and Homologous Blood Transfusion on Interleukins and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α in Peri-operative Patients with Esophageal Cancer

  • Xing, Yue-Li;Wang, Yan-Chun
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.18
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    • pp.7831-7834
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    • 2014
  • Objective: To explore the influence of different ways of blood transfusion on the expression levels of interleukins (IL) and tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$) inperi-operative patients with esophageal cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent radical operations were selected as study patients and randomly divided into an observation group (treated with autologous blood transfusion) and control group (with homologous blood transfusion). Changes of intra-operative indexes and peri-operative blood indexes, from hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit value (Hct), to levels of inflammatory factors like interleukins-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ (TNF-${\alpha}$) were compared. Results: Operations for patients in both groups were successfully conducted, and no significant differences in mean surgical duration and intra-operative hemorrhage volume, fluid infusion volume and blood transfusion volume were detected (p>0.05). Compared with values before surgery, Hb and Hct levels decreased significantly while white blood cell count (WBC) increased 1, 5 and 7 d after operation (p<0.05, p<0.01). In addition, WBC was apparently higher in observation group than in control group 5 and 7 d after operation (p<0.01). Compared with before surgery, in the observation group, levels of IL-6, IL-8 and IL-10 had no significant differences after operation (P>0.05), but TNF-${\alpha}$ level increased y (p<0.01), whereas in control group, IL-6 level had no significant difference (p>0.05), IL-8 level decreased obviously (p<0.05), IL-10 level increased markedly first and then decreased gradually as time passed but its level remained elevated (p<0.01), and TNF-${\alpha}$ level increased first and then decreased, and there was no significant difference 7 d after operation (p>0.05). Conclusions: Decreased IL-8 and increased IL-10 levels are two important reasons for immunosuppression after homologous blood transfusion, whereas autologous blood transfusion can alleviate this while increasing the TNF-${\alpha}$ level, which also has potential to improve anti-tumor immunity in the human body.

Experimental study on the Anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect of Hyelgalsan (혈갈산(血竭散)이 항염작용(抗炎作用)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Im, Nak-cheol
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.921-938
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    • 1998
  • Hyelgalsan(HGS) is important prescriptions that have been used in oriental medicine for stomatitis and wound healing. The study was done to evaluate the inhibitory effects of cytotoxicity, formation of superoxide on the macrophage and neutrophil, prostaglandins($PGE_2$), interleukins($IL-1{\beta}$), collagenase activity and synthesis of collagen and DNA. The results were obtained as follows: 1. HGS was not showed the proliferation difference of human fibroblast and monocyte in all concentrations to be experimented and in result, it was concluded that they have no cytotoxicity. 2. HGS inhibited the formation of superoxide to 48% at the concentration of 0.01% in the mouse monocyte. 3. HGS was not showed the proliferation difference of human monocyte in all concentrations to be experimented and in result, it was concluded that they inhibited the formation of superoxide. 4. HGS was not showed the proliferation difference of human neutrophil in all concentrations to be experimented and in result, it was concluded that they inhibited the formation of superoxide. 5. The concentration of inhibiting the production of prostaglandins($PGE_2$) to slight in the human monocyte stimulated with E. coli were 0.01% of HGS. 6. The concentration of inhibiting the production of interleukins($IL-1{\beta}$) to slight in the human monocyte stimulated with E. coli were 0.001% and 0.0001% of HGS. 7. HGS didn't influence on collagen synthesis and total protein in fibroblasts. 8. HGS inhibited the collagenase activity to 22% at 0.1%, 45% at 0.2%, 57% at 0.5% respectively.

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Butyrate and taurine exert a mitigating effect on the inflamed distal intestine of European sea bass fed with a high percentage of soybean meal

  • Rimoldi, Simona;Finzi, Giovanna;Ceccotti, Chiara;Girardello, Rossana;Grimaldi, Annalisa;Ascione, Chiara;Terova, Genciana
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.40.1-40.14
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    • 2016
  • Background: Due to the paucity of oceanic resources utilized in the preparation of diets for cultured fish, commercial feed producers have been trying to replace fishmeal (FM) using alternative protein sources such as vegetable protein meals (VMs). One of the main drawbacks of using VMs in fish feed is related to the presence of a variety of anti-nutritional factors, which could trigger an inflammation process in the distal intestine. This reduces the capacity of the enterocytes to absorb nutrients leading to reduced fish growth performances. Methods: We evaluated the mitigating effects of butyrate and taurine used as feed additives on the morphological abnormalities caused by a soybean meal (SBM)-based diet in the distal intestine of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax). We used three experimental diets, containing the same low percentage of FM and high percentage of SBM; two diets were supplemented with either 0.2% sodium butyrate or taurine. Histological changes in the intestine of fish were determined by light and transmission electron microscopy. Infiltration of $CD45^+$ leucocytes in the lamina propria and in the submucosa was assessed by immunohistochemistry. We also quantified by One-Step Taqman$^{(R)}$ real-time RT-PCR the messenger RNA (mRNA) abundance of a panel of genes involved in the intestinal mucosa inflammatory response such as $TNF{\alpha}$ (tumor necrosis factor alpha) and interleukins: IL-8, IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-10, and IL-6. Results: Fish that received for 2 months the diet with 30% soy protein (16.7% SBM and 12.8% full-fat soy) developed an inflammation in the distal intestine, as confirmed by histological and immunohistochemistry data. The expression of target genes in the intestine was deeply influenced by the type of fish diet. Fish fed with taurine-supplemented diet displayed the lowest number of mRNA copies of IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-8, and IL-10 genes in comparison to fish fed with control or butyrate-supplemented diets. Dietary butyrate caused an upregulation of the $TNF{\alpha}$ gene transcription. Among the quantified interleukins, IL-6 was the only one to be not influenced by the diet. Conclusions: Histological and gene expression data suggest that butyrate and taurine could have a role in normalizing the intestinal abnormalities caused by the SBM, but the underling mechanisms of action seem different.

The Study On The Effect Of Chungsang bangpungtang and Lonicerae Flos, Coicis Semen (CBTLC) On Acnes (淸上防風湯加味이 面포에 미치는 影響)

  • Hong, Seok-Hoon;Roh, Seok-Seon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.315-335
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to prove the effects of CBTLC on the $5{\alpha}$-reductase inhibition, the sterilizing power for Propionibactrium acnes, the cytotoxicity of human monocyte, the inhibition for prosta-glandins($PGE_2$), Interleukins(IL-$1{\beta}$) and TNF-${\alpha}$ in inflammation, and the size of Hamster ear sebaceous gland concerned with Acnes. The result were obtained as follows : 1. On the $5{\alpha}$-reductase inhibition of CBTLC in vitro, An undiluted solution of CBTLC was $71{\%}$ inhibition on $5{\alpha}$-reductase and $\frac{1}{10}$ diluted solution of CBTLC was $20{\%}$ inhibition on $5{\alpha}$-reductase. 2. On the sterilizing power for Propionibactrium acnes concerned in Acnes, an undiluted solution and $\frac{1}{10}$ diluted solution of CBTLC formed 12mm clear zone diameters. 3. CBTLC was showed the cytotoxicity of human monocyte in $0.08{\%}$ and $0.12{\%}$ of CBTLC. 4. $0.01{\%}$ and $0.04{\%}$ of CBTLC inhibited the production of prostaglandins($PGE_2$) in the human monocyte stimulated with P. acnes LPS. 5. $0.08{\%}$ and downward of GMHBS inhibited the production of interleukins(lL-$1{\beta}$) in the human monocyte stimulated with P. acnes LPS. 6. $0.08{\%}$ and $0.12{\%}$ of GMHBS inhihited the production of TNF-${\alpha}$ in the human monocyte stimulated with P. acnes LPS. 7. As the antiandrogenic compound, CBTLC was used in hamster ears with topical application. CBTLC was diminished slightly on the size of hamster ears sebaceous gland.

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Experimental study on the Anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect of Hoichunyanggyuksan and Yongseksa. (回春凉膈散과 龍石散이 抗炎作用에 미치는 影響)

  • Kang, Shung-won;Roh, Seok-seon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.47-78
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    • 1999
  • Hoichunyonggyuksan(HCYGS) and Yongseksan(YSS) are important prescriptions that have been used in oriental medicine for stomatitis and wound healing. The study was done to evaluate the inhibitory effects of cytotoxicity, formation of superoxide on the macrophage and neutrophil, prostaglandins($PGE_2$), interleukins($IL-1{\Beta}$), collagenase activity and synthesis of collagen and DNA. The results were obtained as fo1lows: 1. HCYGS and YSS were not showed the proliferation difference of human fibroblast and monocyte in all concentrations to be experimented and in result, it was concluded that they have no cytotoxicity. 2. YSS inhibited the formation of superoxide to $48\% at the concentration of $0.001\%$ in the mouse monocyte. 3. HCYGS inhibited the formation of superoxide to $13\%$ at the concentration of $0.001\%$ as compared with control in the human monocyte. 4. HCYGS and YSS inhibited the formation of superoxide to $25\%\;and\;35\%$ respectively at the concentration of $0.0001\%\;and\;HCYGS\;showed\;38\%$ inhihitory rate on the formation of superoxide at concentration of $0.001\%$ in the human neutrophil. 5. The concentration of inhibiting the production of prostaglandins($PGE_2$) to $11\%$ in the human monocyte stimulated with E. coli were $0.01\%$ of HCYGS. 6. The concentration of inhibiting the production of interleukins($IL-l{\Beta}$) to $43\%\;and\;39\%$ in the human monocyte stimulated with E. coli were $0.01\%$ of HCYGS and YSS. 7. HCYGS and YSS didn't influence on collagen synthesis and total protein in fibroblasts. 8. HCYGS and YSS inhibited the collagenase activity to $22\%\;and\;19\%\;at\;0.1\%,\;45\%\;and\;56\%\;at\;0.2\%,\;57\%\;and\;52\%$ at $0.5\%$ respectively, but YSS exerted the inhibitory effect on collagenase activity to $27\%$ at the lower concentration of $0.01\%$. 9. HCYGS and YSS didn't show the faster recovary than control group hut exerted the consistant effect on the anti-inflammations and the formation of granulation tissue.

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Experimental study on the Anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect of Ulmus parvifolia (유백피(楡白皮)가 항염작용(抗炎作用)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • No, Seok-seon
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.837-852
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    • 1998
  • Ulmus parvifolia(UP) is important prescriptions that have been used in oriental medicine for stomatitis and wound healing. The study was done to evaluate the inhibitory effects of cytotoxicity, formation of superoxide on the macrophage and neutrophil, prostaglandins($PGE_2$), interleukins($IL-1{\beta}$), collagenase activity and synthesis of collagen and DNA. The results were obtained as follows: 1. UP was not showed the proliferation difference of human fibroblast and monocyte in all concentrations to be experimented and in result, it was concluded that they have no cytotoxicity. 2. UP inhibited the formation of superoxide to 22% at 0.01%, 52% at 0.001% in the mouse monocyte. 3. UP inhibited the formation of superoxide to 6% at the concentration of 0.001% as compared with control in the human monocyte. 4. UP was not showed the proliferation difference of human neutrophil in all concentrations to be experimented and in result, it was concluded that they inhibited the formation of superoxide. 5. UP was not showed the proliferation difference of human monocyte in all concentrations to be experimented and in result, it was concluded that they inhibited the formation of prostaglandins($PGE_2$) in the human monocyte stimulated with E. coli. 6. UP was showed the all concentration of inhibiting the production of interleukins($IL-1{\beta}$) to slight in the human monocyte stimulated with E. coli. 7. UP influence on collagen synthesis and total protein in fibroblasts to at the slight of 0.05%, specially to excellent to 0.2%. 8. UP inhibited the collagenase activity to 20% at 0.1%, 31% at 0.2%, 45% at 0.5%, 24% at 0.01% respectively.

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Studise on the Effects of Gami-Shengmnayuipung-tang on Acnes (가미승마위풍탕이 면포(Acne)에 미치는 실험적 연구)

  • Seo Hyung Sik
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.134-147
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    • 2005
  • Objective: This study was carried out to investigate the effects of Gami-Shengmayuipung-tang on acne. Methods : The effects of Gami-Shengmayuipung-tang (SYTSRG) on acne were measured by the $5\alpha-reductase$ inhibition, the sterilizing power for Propionibactrium acnes, the cytotoxicity of human monocyte, the inhibition for prostaglandins$(PGE_2)$, interleukins $(IL-l\beta)$ and $TNF-\alpha$ in inflammation, and the size of the hamtster ear sebaceous gland related to P. acnes. Results: On the $5\alpha-reductase$ inhibition of SYTSRG in vitro, an undiluted solution of SYTSRG showed $80\%$ inhibition on $5\alpha-reductase$ and 1/10 diluted solution of SYTSRG showed $40\%$ inhibition on $5\alpha-reductase$. On the sterilizing power for Propionibactrium acnes related acne, an undiluted solution and 1/10 diluted solution of SYTSRG formed $12\beta{\AE}$ clear zone diameters. SYTSRG did not show cytotoxicity of human monocyte. Concentrations of $0.01\%\;and\;0.04\%\;and\;0.08\%$ of SYTSRG inhibited the production of prostaglandins $(PGE_2)$ in the human monocyte stimulated with P. acnes LPS. $0.08\%$ and less of SYTSRG inhibited the production of interleukins $(IL-l\beta)$ in the human monocyte stimulated with P. acnes LPS. Concentrations of $0.04\%,\;0.08\%\;and\;0.12\%$ of SYTSRG inhibited the production of $TNF-\alpha$ in the human monocyte stimulated with P. acnes LPS. As the antiandrogenic compound, SYTSRG was used in hamster ears with topical application. SYTSRG diminished the size of the hamster ear sebaceous gland in males, but not in females. Conclusion: The present data suggest that SYTSRG may affect the primary stage of inflammation of acne.

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Cytokine expression pattern in milk somatic cells of subclinical mastitis-affected cattle analyzed by real time PCR

  • Bhatt, Vaibhav D.;Khade, Prasad S.;Tarate, Sagar B.;Tripathi, Ajai K.;Nauriyal, Dev S.;Rank, Dharamshi N.;Kunjadia, Anju P.;Joshi, Chaitanya G.
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.231-238
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    • 2012
  • The expression profiles of inflammatory cytokines viz. interleukins (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-12, granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor, interferon-${\gamma}$ and tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ in response to subclinical mastitis in indigenous cattle breed Kankrej (n = 6), Gir (Bos indicus) (n = 12) and crossbred (Bos taurus${\times}$Bos indicus) (n = 7) were investigated using quantitative real time PCR. Significant correlation (p < 0.05) was observed between total bacterial load and somatic cell count (SCC) in all three breeds of cattle. All the cytokines were observed to be up-regulated compared to cows with healthy quarters, however, level of their expression varied among three breeds of cattle. In Kankrej most cytokines were found to be transcribed to higher levels than in other two breeds; the milk had higher load of bacteria but not so high SCC, implying that Kankrej has a higher inherent resistance against mastitis. The results of present study indicated that mammary glands of crossbred cattle are more sensitive to bacterial infection than indigenous breed of cattle as they elicit immune response at lower bacterial load and result into higher SCC. Research on identification of factors responsible for differentially expressed cytokines profiles and use of cytokines as immunomodulatory tools can pave way for formulating control strategies against bovine mastitis.