• Title, Summary, Keyword: Islands and Sea Areas

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Evaluatinon of the Surface Water in Southwest Area of Vietnam

  • Thai, Thanh Luom
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.445-452
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    • 2009
  • This study surveys the surface water environment in Southwest sea areas of Vietnam in order to evaluate the current environment. It collects and analyzes experimental results of programs, scientific subjects, and international projects relevant to ecological areas and coastlines of Kien Giang province. The methods analyzed and discussed by specialists are evaluated according to pollution coefficients established by the World Health Organization (WHO), sampling methods, and case study analyses. Comparison between the scale of pollution levels and the surface water quality in experimental areas of Long Xuyen Quadrangle shows a light-moderate pollution level. In Ca Mau Peninsula, the surface water source is only slightly polluted. Sea areas and islands are also light-moderately polluted. Computing results from water quality indices (WQI) show the level of pollution in experimental sites. Activities such as constructing infrastructures for tourism, exploiting minerals, and increasing population accelerate environmental pollution by deteriorating inherently sensitive ecosystems like corals, sea grass, mangrove swamps, and Melaleuca forests. Surveying and evaluating the present situation of surface water are fundamental solutions for environmental protection in the Southwest sea areas of Vietnam.

Analysis of the Actual Conditions about Managing Marine Environment at Island Areas in Incheon (인천 도서지역의 해양환경자원과 관리실태분석)

  • Byun, Byung-Seol;Jeon, Ha-Na
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.618-630
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    • 2008
  • There are islands about 3,200 in Korea surrounded by the sea side. The region of islands is the transition areas which are a border in the land and marine ecosystem. It is rich in biodiversity depending on the interaction among inland, sea and atmosphere. However, it is worried that damages of marine environment is increased because the more national income and demands ofmarine leisure increase, the more development projects are grown in marine areas. Also this trends are extending in island areas. Incheon Metropolitan city has huge island areas which are both inhabited and deserted islands. The range of island areas is very wide, so it is difficult for the city government to manage environment in the island areas. Therefore, this paper analyzed and discussed the actual conditions about managing marine environment at island areas.

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An Unusual Coastal Environment and Cochlodinium polykrikoides Blooms in 1995 in the South Sea of Korea

  • Kang, Young-Shil;Kim, Hak-Gyoon;Lim, Wol-Ae;Lee, Chang-Kyu;Lee, Sam-Geun;Kim, Sook-Yang
    • Journal of the korean society of oceanography
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.212-223
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    • 2002
  • Cochlodinium polykrikoides bloom in 1995 was studied with a focus on an unusual coastal environment in the South Sea of Korea. Data on temperature, salinity, and zooplankton biomass during 1965-1998 and nutrients during 1990-1998 and chlorophyll-a during 1995-1998 were used in this study. These data were obtained from the serial oceanographic observations in Korean waters carried out by the National Fisheries Research and Development Institute. In 1995 the C. polykrikoides bloom began in the coastal area around Narodo Island in August and consequently occurred to the whole coastal area of the South and East Seas of Korea. During June-October 1995, the coastal environment was unusual compared with the long-term means during 1965-1998. In June 1995, sea surface temperature was 1-2$^{\circ}C$ warmer than in other years in all coastal areas, while salinity was high only to the east of Jeju Island. In August 1995, a strong coastal front appeared inshore of a line between Jeju and Tsushima Islands. In particular, a strong coastal front which showed the characteristics of upwelling front occurred in the coastal area around Narodo and Sorido Islands, not only because of a strong intrusion of the Tsushima Warm Current but also because of the upwelling of cold bottom water. Salinity was low in the neighboring waters of western side of Jeju Island. Nutrients and chlorophyll-a were high in the inshore area between Narodo and Sorido Islands in 1995 in contrast with the other years and areas. Zooplankton showed an unusually high abundance in the coastal area in October 1995. We conclude that the Tsushima Warm Current strongly influenced the South Sea of Korea in 1995 and created strong upwelling front bordering cold upwelled water in the coastal area around Narodo and Sorido Islands. It leads us that these physical structures introduce the favorable environment for the development of C. polykrikoides blooms. We suggest that C. polykrikoides has a bio-physical tolerance of high shear and stress and prefers frontal and upwelling relaxed areas as its habitat. We also find that nutrients were not supplied to the coastal area from the offshore where a low salinity water mass with high nutrients appeared around Jeju Island. Because the strong upwelling front protect the reach of offshore low saline water mass. The main source of nutrients was the upwelled water mass in the coastal area of Wando-Narodo-Sorido.

Occurrence of the Toxic Benthic Dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus spp. in the Uninhabited Baekdo Islands off Southern Coast and Seopsom Island in the Vicinity of Seogwipo, Jeju Province, Korea (남해무인도서 백도와 서귀포 인근 섶섬에서 맹독성 저서와편모조류 Gambierdiscus spp.의 출현)

  • Baek, Seung-Ho
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2012
  • Gambierdiscus toxicus, Adachi et. Fukuyo, is a benthic ciguatoxin-producing armored dinoflagellate, often attached to macroalgae. This organism is the primary causative agent of ciguatera fish poisoning which occurs in tropical and subtropical regions. However, regardless of the fact that the population of Gambierdiscus spp. has expanded to such temperate areas from sub-trophic and trophic areas, monitoring of G. toxicus has been lacking in the Korean coastal waters of temperate areas. This study was performed at the uninhabited Baekdo Islands off the southern coast of Korea and at Seopsom Island in the vicinity of Seogwipo, Jeju Province during April and May, 2011. Cell densities of Gambierdiscus spp. on macroalgae at Baekdo and Jeju Island ranged from zero to 56.4 cells $g^{-1}$. Maximum density was recorded on the brown alga Cladophora japonica at St. 3 of Jeju Island. In particular, the cell densities of Gambierdiscus spp. were influenced by the substrate characteristics of macroalgae. In the future, the continuous monitoring of toxic benthic dinoflagellate is necessary to predict and prevent ciguatera poisoning in Korean coastal waters.

Island-Biogeographical Characteristics of Insular Flora in Southern Sea of Jeollanamdo, Korea (전라남도 남해안 도서식물상의 도서생물 지리학적 특성)

  • Kim, Hyun Hee;Kim, Da Bin;Won, Hyun Kyu;Kim, Chan Soo;Kong, Woo Seok
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2016
  • Present work aims to establish the countermeasure for the better maintenance and preservation of insular floristic diversity at the South Sea of Jeollanamdo Province, ROK, where unique ecosystems are under threat due to climate change, anthropogenic disturbance and habitat destruction. Numerous flora reports from 15 inhabited islands and 60 uninhabited islands as well as field survey data are collated for the compilation of floristic data base and island biogeographical analysis. Out of the 1,940 vascular plant species from 180 families occurring in studies areas, 30.1 percentage or 584 plant species are physiognomically belonging to arboreal plants. Average number of species at individual island is numbered about 222 species, but it varies from about 591 species at the inhabited islands to 129 species at the uninhabited islands. Only 0.15 percentage of species with high proportion above 0.9 in its relative occurrence rate occurs at 68 islands and it includes three species, such as Pinus thunbergii, Eurya japonica and Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum. However, about 68 percentage of plant species occurring in study area is confined their distribution to less than seven islands. Presence of high proportion of notable plants in small islands, i.e., 10 critically endangered species compared with 5.5 species in average, 9 endangered species (average 4.2 spp.) at Sonjookdo, and 7 critically endangered species, 8 endangered species at Sokomundo may due to existence of diverse geological and topographical environmental diversity as well as lower human population density and remoteness from the mainland. Since island is small in size and geographically isolated, minor environmental and ecological burdens can cause the critical damages to the diversity of flora and vegetation, urgent island biogeographical research is needed for the scientific conservation and management of island biodiversity.

Community Structure of Soft-bottom Macrozoobenthic Communities near the Sori-Keumo Islands, Southern Coast of Korea after the Sea Prince Oil Spill (Sea Prince호 유류유출 후의 남해안 소리도-금오도 주변 연성퇴적물 대형저서동물의 군집구조)

  • Choi Jin-Woo;Seo Jin-Young;Lim Hyun-Sig;Shin Hyun-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.39 no.spc1
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    • pp.151-164
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    • 2006
  • We monitored the current macrozoobenthic community structure after the Sea Prince oil spill around Keumo-do and Sori-do, Korea. Macrobenthic animals were collected seasonally around Sori-Keumo do using a van Veen grab ($0.1m^2$) from October 1999 to April 2000. In total, 196 species were identified at 46 sites around Keumho-do. The mean density was 1,460 individuals/$m^2$, and polychaetes comprised 80% of the total density of the macrozoobenthic. Dominant species were the polychaete Tharyx sp. (51%), the echinoderm Amphioplus megapomus (5%) and the polychaete Lumbrineris longifolia (3%). We identified 176 macrobenthic species at 36 sites around Sori-do. The mean density was 1,068 individuals/$m^2$, and polychaetes was the most abundant faunal group, comprising 41%, followed by mollusks (24%) and echinoderms (20%). Dominant species in Sori-do were the mollusk Potamocorbula amurensis (23%), the chinoderm Amphioplus megapomus (14%), and the polychaete Tharyx sp. (10%). The overall community structures in the study area showed few seasonal changes, although there was a gradual change in the species composition within each benthic community. Tharyx sp. was the most abundant species in the study area. Because this species has not been found in the other coastal areas except during recent investigations, it is considered to have increased during the course of community succession after the oil spill. The macrozoobenthic around Keumo-do showed little change in species richness, whereas around Sori-do, it showed a few increases in species richness after the summer of 1998. The overall density showed the same trend as species richness. Based on improved community indices, we suggest that the macrozoobenthic communities around Sori-Keumo Islands are gradually recovering from the oil-spill damagecaused by the oil spill.

Study on the Method of Extracting Unregistered Islands using LiDAR Data (항공라이다 데이터를 이용한 미등록 섬 추출 연구)

  • Wie, Gwang-Jae;Yun, Hong-Sik;Kang, Sang-Gu;Kang, In-Gu
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.109-114
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    • 2009
  • Although island is great worth in ecology, environmental conservation and important territory as a national land for developing the marine, the bottom of the sea and also ecological studying field for the ages to come, it has not been managed because of lack of a scientific surveying. In the case of a cadastral record, inaccessible islands have not been registered in current cadastral record because of the limit of surveying technology in 1910. Therefore, a scientific investigation and systematic management about unregistered islands are necessary. But, a airborne laser scanning system is possible to acquire an accurate positions with digital images about inaccessible islands. Therefore, scientific detection of unregistered islands became possible. This paper presented the results of the shoreline extraction around the Heuksan island using Lidar data and the detection of unregistered islands comparing the cadastral map to the ortho-image. Also, we presented the extraction technique of unregistered islands by calculating their positions and areas. As a result, we extracted effectively 16 unregistered islands around the Heuksan island.

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The Application of High-resolution Land Cover and Its Effects on Near-surface Meteorological Fields in Two Different Coastal Areas (연안지역 특성에 따른 상세 토지피복도 적용 효과 및 기상장에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Jeong, Ju-Hee;Kim, Yoo-Keun
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.432-449
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    • 2009
  • In this study, the effects of high-resolution land cover on the simulation of near-surface meteorological fields were evaluated in two different coastal regions using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. These analyses were performed using the middle classification land cover data upgraded by the Korean Ministry of Environment (KME). For the purpose of this study, two coastal areas were selected as follows: (1) the southwestern coastal (SWC) region characterized by complex shoreline and (2) the eastern coastal (EC) region described a high mountain and a simple coastline. The result showed that the application of high-resolution land cover were found to be notably distinguished between the SWC and EC regions. The land cover improvement has contributed to generate the realistic complex coastline and the distribution of small islands in the SWC region and the expansion of urban and built-up land along the sea front in the EC region, respectively. The model study indicated that the improvement of land cover caused a temperature change on wide areas of inland and nearby sea for the SWC region, and narrow areas along the coastal line for the EC region. These temperature variations in the two regions resulted in a decrease and an increase in land-breeze and sea-breeze intensity, respectively (especially the SWC region). Interestingly, the improvement of land cover can contribute large enough to change wind distributions over the sea in coastal areas.

A Study on the Landscape Characteristics for Palkyung of the West Coast and the Islands in Saemankeum Area

  • Huh, Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.38 no.5_2
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    • pp.176-185
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    • 2010
  • This study aimed to clarify meanings of Palkyung(八景) in different regions which can be considered as the prototype of the region's cultural landscape and also to confirm the change process by pointing out landscape characteristics and finally, to provide a foundation for the regions to establish their own identities, so they could be provided against the changes from developments in other areas. The relationship between the characteristics of landscape values and the components of 32 Palkyung in 4 places those are Gogunsan, Wido, Gunsan and Byunsan under Saemankeum area have been analyzed and evaluated from operational point of view to clarify the structure of the landscape concept. Some important differentiation points would be the sunset of the West Sea, sailing boats and the sceneries related to fishing as they are in the West Sea Islands and the coastal regions; and it clearly reflects the local customs and the characteristics of the landscapes. Each of Gogunsan, Wido and Gunsan Palkyung has 2 distance views with 4km of visible area while Byunsan Palkyung has only 1; and it is considered that because it is mountain area. Most of the Byunsan Palkyung has close range views except for Seohaenakjo and there are around 4 close range views in other areas. There were 4 landscape dominated influence areas each in Gunsan and Byunsan, which means that there are comparatively more close to middle range views. Moreover, each region contains 2 to 3 views of psychological influence but as mentioned, Byunsan has only 1 view of psychological influence. Therefore it is very important and valuable thing to consider the scenic relationship, preservation and reconstruction of Palkyung when planning the project.