• Title, Summary, Keyword: J적분

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Fracture Mechanics Analysis of a Interface Crack in the Weld of Dissimilar Steels using the J-integral (J-적분을 이용한 이종강재 용접접합부 계면균열의 파괴역학적 해석)

  • Lee Chin-Hyung;Chang Kyong-Ho
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.423-431
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    • 2004
  • For the fracture mechanics analysis of cracks in welds of dissimilar steels, residual stress analysis and fracture analysis must be performed simultaneously. The standard definition of the J -integral leads to a path dependent value in the presence of a residual stress field. And unlike cracks in homogeneous materials, a bimaterial interface crack always induces both opening and shearing modes of stress in the vicinity of the crack tip. Therefore, it is necessary to develope a path independent J-integral definition for a crack in a residual stress field generated by welding of dissimilar steels. This paper addresses the modification of the Rice-J-integral to produce a path independent J -integral when residual stresses due to welding of dissimilar steels and external forces are present. The residual stress problem is treated as an initial strain problem and the J-integral proposed for this class of problems is used. And a program which can evaluate the J -integral for a crack in a weld of dissimialr steels is developed using proposed J integral definition.

Fracture Mechanics Analysis of a Crack in the Weld using the J-integral (J-적분을 이용한 용접접합부 균열의 파괴 역학적 해석)

  • Chang, Kyong Ho;Lee, Chin Hyung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.243-251
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    • 2005
  • The fracture mechanics analysis of a crack in a weld must consider residual stress generated during welding. The standard definition of the J-integral requires a path dependent value in the presence of a residual stress field. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a path independent J-integral definition for a crack in a residual stress field. This paper addresses the modification of the Rice-J-integral to produce a path- independent J-integral when residual stresses and external forces are present. The residual stress problem is treated as an initial strain problem and the J-integral proposed for this type of problems is used. A program which can evaluate the J-integral for a crack in a weld is developed using the proposed J-integral definition. The situation when only residual stress is present is examined as is the case when mechanical stresses are applied in conjunction with a residual stress.

Fracture Analysis of Welded Plates using the J-integral (J-적분을 이용한 용접구조물의 파괴해석)

  • 심용래
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 1996
  • Study of weldment fracture behavior includes thermal analysis, residual stress analysis, and fracture analysis. The J-integral loses its path-independency in a residual stress field. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a program to calculate the J-integral in a welded plate. In this study, theoretical formulation and program were developed for the evaluation of the J-integral at the crack tip of weldments. To verify equations and program, welded thin plate and thick plate were used to calculate residual stress and the J-integral.

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J-Integral under Transient Temperature State (천이온도 상태에서의 J적분)

  • 이강용;박정수
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1781-1791
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    • 1991
  • For the cracked plate under transient temperature distribution, J-integral is expressed in the form of line integral by using convolution integral. The J$_{1}$ integral is calculated for a through line center cracked steel plate under thermal and mechanical loading conditions and the calculated values are in good agreement with previous results. The effect of inertia term on the J$_{1}$ integral is not negligible for a glass but for a steel. For the glass plate, the rates of J$_{1}$ integral value to time increase if the values of material properties such as specific heat, thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity and Young`s modulus as well as crack length and temperature difference in cracked edge increase.

Fracture Analysis of Weldments Using the J-integral (J-integral을 위한 용접부 파괴해석)

  • Shim, Yong-Lae
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 1993
  • 용접부의 파괴특성을 J-적분을 이용하여 유한요소법으로 해석하였다. 용접부 의 열전달 해석 및 응력해석을 수행한후 crack을 도입하여 crack 주위의 자류응력 해석을 통하여 crack tip에서의 J- 적분치를 계산하였다. 이차원 및 삼차원에서의 파괴해석을 위한 modeling 과정을 소개하였으며 대표적인 계산결과를 소개하였다.

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p-Version Finite Element Analysis of Elasto-Plastic Cracked Plates Including Strain Hardening Effects (변형률 경화효과를 고려한 탄소성 균열판의 p-Version 유한요소해석)

  • 우광성;홍종현;윤영필
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.537-549
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    • 1999
  • 선형탄성 파괴해석은 균열을 갖는 변형률 경화재료의 파괴거동을 예측하는데 불충분하기 때문에 최근에는 균열 선단 부에서 대규모 소성 역을 갖는 균열 체에 적용할 수 있는 많은 파괴역학개념이 제안되고 있다. 따라서, 본 연구에서는 대규모항복 조건하의 연성파괴를 보이는 평판을 정확하게 해석할 수 있는 새로운 유한요소모델을 제시하고자 한다. 균열 선단 부의 응력 장을 정의하는데 가장 지배적인 파괴매개변수인 J-적분 값과 소성 역의 크기 및 형상을 J-적분법과 등가영역적분법을 통해 파괴거동을 설명할 수 있도록 증분소성이론에 기초를 둔 p-version 유한요소해석이 채택되었다. 제안된 유한요소모델에 의한 수치해석결과는 이론 해와 h-version 유한요소해석과 비교되었다.

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Calculation of J-Integral by CMOD at Impact Behavior of 3-Point Bend Specimen (삼점 굽힘 시험편의 충격 거동에 있어서의 CMOD에 의한 J-적분의 계산)

  • Cho Jae-Ung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.6 no.6
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    • pp.542-546
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    • 2005
  • The J-integral used as a ductile crack initiation criterion has been discussed for the impact loaded elastic-plastic 3PB specimens. The experimental method to measure or estimate the J-integral history has been investigated and its result has been compared to the obtained elastic-plastic values by the finite element model of this study. These numerical results and the experimental curves are found to agree closely. J-integral can be calculated by only numerical analysis with the finite element model. It is proved that simple calculation can be made in order to find the possible value of J-integral by crack mouth opening displacement(CMOD) in the dynamic nonlinear fracture experiment of 3-point bend(3PB) specimen. The property of elastic-plastic material is considered at different impact velocities. The J-integral may be estimated from the crack mouth opening displacement which can be measured directly kom photographs taken during impact experiments.

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The Method of J Integral Analysis and Estimate (J적분 해석과 산정방법)

  • 이강용;김옥환
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.427-431
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    • 1986
  • 3점 굽힘 시험편, 중앙균열 인장 시험편, 콤팩트 인장 시험편에 대한 J적분식을 하나의 일반화된 형태로 유도한다. 이 일반식은 Eftis와 Liebowitz에 의해 제안된 하중과 하중점 변위 사이의 관계와 Sumpter에 의한 탄성과 소성성분 J적분의 중첩개념을 이용함으로써 유도된다. 일반식에 포함된 .eta.계수를 위 3가지 시험편에 대해서 결정한다. 위 3가지 시험편에 대한 J적분의 최종식은 하중과 하중점 변위곡선 아래의 면적을 측정하지 않아도 되는 형태로 나타난다. 본 연구의 결과식은 Landes등에 의한 실험치와 비교하여 매우 잘 일치함을 보인다.

J-Integral Estimate for Circumferential Cracked Pipes Under Primary and Secondary Stress in R6, RCC-MR A16 (원주방향 균열 배관에 대한 R6, RCC-MR A16 코드에 의한 1,2 차 복합 하중하에서 J-적분 비교)

  • Nam, Hyun Suk;Oh, Chang Young;Kim, Yun Jae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.631-640
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    • 2013
  • This paper provides a comparison of the J-integral estimation method under combined primary and secondary stress in the R6, RCC-MR A16 code. The comparisons of each code are based on finite element analysis using ABAQUS with regard to the crack shape, crack depth, and magnitude of secondary load. The estimate of the R6 code is conservative near $L_r=1$, and that of the RCC-MR A16 code is conservative near $L_r=0$. As a result, this paper proposes a modified method of J-integral estimation in the R6, RCC_MR A16 code. The J-integral using the modified method corresponds to the finite element analysis result.

Dislocation analyses of semi-brittle fracture I

  • Chung, Soon-Kil;Lee, Byung-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 1981
  • 균일 인장하중하에 있는 고체 내부에 고립된 제 1형 탄소성 크랙의 반취성 파괴를 경사슬립밴드모델(inclined slip band model)로서 연속크랙전위(conticuum crack dislocation) 및 연속격자 전위(continum lattice dislocation)을 이용하여 이론적으로 연구하였다. 크랙전위 및 격자전위에 관한 힘평형을 나타애는 연립특이적분방정식의 해는크랙전위 및 격자전위에 관한 적정밀도함수를 가지고 특이함을 해소하는 조건을 부가하여 얻는다. 이특이항 해소조건의 타당성은 처음으로 소성영역의 크기를 그 판단기준으로 검토되었으며, 그결과 합당한 것으로 확인되었다. 또한 상기방법으로부터 산출된 COD는 소규모 성역을 넘어서도 선형적으로 .KAPPA.$^{2}$.EPSILON..sigma.$_{Y}$ 에 따라 변화함을 알게 된다. 상기모델에서 위축적분경로(Shrunk path) 상의 J 적분치를 J=.delta..sigma.$_{Y/}$sin2.theta.의 형태로 유도하였는데, 이것은 J 적분에 관한 Eshelby의 힘개념을 구체적으로 표현한다: J는 크랙전파방향으로 탄소성크랙정점에 작용하는 가상적인 힘이며, 1/2 J의 한 슬립편면상에서의 분력은 그 슬립정면사으이 보든 격자전위에 작용하는 전단력의 총화와 같다. 같다.