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Dyeing of Han Jee with Loess (황토를 이용한 한지의 염색성)

  • 김애순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.619-627
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    • 2000
  • Historically, dyed textiles were symbols of status and, because of their expense, reserved only for people of wealth and specalist, Early dye sources probably included plant, animal and mineral extracts. As synthetic dyes have been developed, beginning with synthetic indigo in 1897, reliance on natural dye sources diminished. But renewed interest in natural dyes is fueled by a pro-environment consumer aware of the ecological liabilities of the dye industry. Han Jee was imported from China where it was influenced to period of the three kingdoms(Silla, Baekje, Kokuryo). After that, Han Jee was used for paper in old Korea for long thime before paper was came with civilization. In this paper, dyeing of Han Jee with loess were investigated according to dyeing temperature, dyeing time, loess concentration, and effects of additives. As a reuslts, λmax of Han Jee dyed by loess was 710nm. ΔE values of Han Jee increased by loess concentration, dyeing time, dyeing temperature. Dyeing with additives treatment increased dyeability. Especially, Han Jee treated with aluminium acetate shows the largest dyeability of the Han Jee. The Han Jee dyed loess had very good lightfastness.

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Dyeing properties of Gardenia on Han Jee (치자를 이용한 한지의 염색성)

  • 김애순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.1493-1499
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    • 2001
  • This paper investigated the dyeabiltiy and surface color of Han Jee dyed with Gardenia extract after mordanted with mordants under the various dyeing conditions. The results obtained were as follows 1) λmax of the dyeing Han Jee dyed with Gardenia appeared at 660 and 710nm. 2)K/s value of dyeing Han Jee was increased when dyeing condition, temperature, time was higher. 3) Surface color of Han Jee with mordants changed differently according to the mordants used : 3.2Y by Aluminum acetate, 2.0GY by Copper sulfate, 9.5YR by Iron sulfate. 3.4Y by Tin chloride, and 4.5Y by non-mordanting.

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Research Trends on Engineering Education in Korea and United States(I): Based on the Articles in JEER of Korea and JEE of U.S. (한국과 미국의 공학교육 연구주제의 동향 분석(I):한.미 공학교육학회지 투고논문을 중심으로)

  • Jung, Joon Oh;Choi, Sun-Mi
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, articles in full body of JEER in Korea and JEE in U.S. were classified into two categories- Research area and Key words-to endeavor a comparative study of the engineering education research(EER) topics and their temporal changes. In the recent 4 year term, 'Accreditation of Engineering Education' and 'Courses & Curriculum' were the most common key words appearing in JEER and 'Researches on EER' and 'Learner's Factor' in JEE. If we put curriculum/teaching materials/teaching as the input elements and learning/assessment as the output elements for education achievement, JEE demonstrates that many of the research topics have shifted from input to output in the recent years, while JEER research is in the transient stage.

The contents of Yuk Mee Jee Dae Ron(六微旨大論) are as follows. (${\ll}$소문(素問).육미지대론(六微旨大論)${\gg}$ 에 대(對)한 연구(硏究))

  • Park Gyeong;Geum Gyeong-Su;Kim Nam-Su;Jeong Dong-Su
    • Journal of Korean Medical classics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.233-252
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    • 2000
  • The contents of Yuk Mee Jee Dae Ron(六微旨大論) are as follows. 1. The Yuk Mee Jee Dae Ron(六微旨大論) is one of the Wun Gi Chil Pean(運氣七篇) which are inserted in So Moon(素問) by Wang Bing(王氷) who compile the So Moon(素問) into 24 volume. Wun Gi Chil Pean(運氣七篇) are Chun Won Ki Dae Ron(天元紀大論), O Woon Heng Dae Ron(五運行大論), Yuk Mee Jee Dae Ron(六微旨大論), Gi kuoo Beun Dae Ron(氣交變大論), O Sang Jeong Dae Ron(五常政大論), Yuk Won Jeong KI Dae Ron(六元正紀大論), Gee Gean Yoo Dae Ron(至眞要大論). 2. It prescribe the Sa Chun(司天) Jae Chun(在泉) Jwa Gan Gi(左間氣) Woo Gan Gi(右間氣). 3. It prescribe the Pheo Gi(標氣) Bon Gi(本氣) Juoog Gi(中氣). 4. It prescribe the Youk BO(六步) and the Sheung Gi(承氣). 5. It prescribe the Hamg Hae Sheung Jae(亢害承制) which is feedback control system between each Yuk Gi(六氣). 6. It prescribe the Sae whae(歲會), the Chun Boo(天符) and the Tae Il Chun Boo(太一天符). 7. It prescribe the active time of Yuk gi(六氣) within a year and Sae gi Whae Dong(歲氣會同). 8. It prescribe the Gi Gieo(氣交) which human beings and all the creation are living on. 9. It prescribe the Bo(步) which are composed of Chun Gi(天氣) and Jee Gi(地氣). 10. It prescribe the Duk(德) Wha(化) Yooung(用) bean(變) which are created by quarrel of Yuk Gi(六氣). 11. It prescribe the outbreak of the Sa Gi(邪氣). 12. It prescribe the Sin Gi(神機) and Gi Rib(氣立). 13. It prescribe all the creations existence are up to the Seoung Gang Chul Ip(升降出入). Like the past, the Yuk Mee Jee Dae Ron(六微旨大論) is include very important concep of the medicine. So the study should be continued with minute attention.

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ALPINE KARST IN EASTCENTRAL KOREA

  • Oh, Jongwoo
    • Journal of the speleological society of Korea
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.16-26
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    • 1994
  • Karst in Korean peninsula is not widely known. Since karst studies had been initiated a few hundred years ago based on the historic records “Dong Guck Ye Jee Seoung Lam” and “Sae Jong Sill Rok Gee Ri Jee” (1993, Oh), modern caverns during the 60s have inactively started to search on the karst phenomena to the eastern mountaineious areas.(omitted)

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The Study on the transition of types of Deul-E-Yul-Gae windows and doors in Korean traditional architecture - focused on the wall between Dae Chung and Bang - (傳統建築의 들어열개 窓戶形式 變遷에 관한 硏究 - 廳房間을 중심으로 -)

  • 정명섭
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 1996
  • The study is to investiagte the transition of types of Deul-E-Yul-Gae(lift up) windows and doors in Korean traditional architecture which was on the wall batween Dar Chung and Bang. As the result of studying and analysizing the transition of those the following conclusion could be obtained. The first type was to attach windows on the middle of Deul-E-Yul-Gas(lift up) doors, the second type remove windows attached on that or be(Maeng-Jang-Jee) dark paper covered door annexed Bool-Bal-Gee, and the third type to be (Myung-Jang-Jee) bright paper covered door of bottom panel slender ribs which was the most openness. Finally, we could understand the transition which would be changed from the type of(Maeng-Jang-Jee) bright paper covered lift up door of bottom panel slender ribs that had a pliable and open mood.

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Comparison of Korean and International Environmental Education Trends through Research Synthesis (국내.외 환경교육 논문 분석을 통한 연구 경향 비교)

  • Shin, Dong-Hee;Lee, Ji-Hee
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.111-133
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    • 2009
  • To understand the research trend of environmental education(EE) during last two decades, we analyzed a total of 801 research papers published from 1990 to 2008, 418 research papers from "Hwankyungkyouk" and 393 research papers from "The Journal of Environmental Education(JEE)", respectively. The majority of the authors in both journals majored in EE, followed by authors of science education major in "Hwankyungkyouk" and authors of social science major in JEE. In both journals, more researches were data-collected by quantitative method rather than qualitative method. In particular, the ratio of researches by qualitative method have been dramatically increased since the mid 1990s. The significance test was less used in Korean EE researches than those in JEE. In both journals, more EE researches for elementary and secondary school students were accomplished, which tended to be more salient in Korea. The result of the analysis of 119 EE programs in both journals proposed that EE program needs to be developed more diversely in content as well as in educational method.

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