• Title, Summary, Keyword: Japanese macaque

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Anesthetic Effects of Zoletil on Japanese Macaque (Macaca fuscata) Reared in Zoological Garden (동물원에서 사육중인 Japanese Macaque (Macaca fuscata)에서 Zoletil 마취에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-il;Lee, Soo-Jin;Hong, Sung-hyeok;Shin, Nam-shik;Kim, Duck-hwan;Park, Chang-sik;Jun, Moo-hyung;Cho, Jong-min;Kim, Young-suk;Kim, Myung-cheol
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.301-305
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    • 2003
  • To evaluate the effects of Zoletil (tiletamine- zolazepam) that have been widely used for the chemical restraint and anesthesia of primates, on physiologic alteration, blood gas analysis and anesthetic duration in the Japanese macaque(Macaca fuscata), this study was carried out. Zoletil was administered by intramuscular injection. Evaluation of temperature, heart rate, respiration rate and blood gas analysis were performed before administration and at 1, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 min after administration, and induction and maintenance time was recorded. There was no significant difference in heart rate, $PCO_2$, $PO_2$ after Zoletil administration rut temperature, respiraticn rate, pH were significant difference compared with these of Mere administration. The induction time was $2.5{\pm}1.0min$ and maintenance time was $86{\pm}23.2min$. It was considered that Zoletil could be usefully used for the sedation and immobilization of Japanese macaque reared in zoological garden.

Biliary Cystadenoma in a Captive Japanese Macaque (Macaca fuscata) (일본 원숭이(Macaca fuscata)의 담관 낭샘종(biliary cystadenoma) 증례)

  • Cho Ho-Seong;Masangkay Joseph S.;Kim Young-seob;Park Nam-yong
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.401-403
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    • 2005
  • A seven-year old female captive Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) was mobbed by its cage mates and subsequently died due to trauma. An incidental finding of multiple biliary cystadenoma in the liver is herein reported. Grossly, multiple small cysts were observed throughout the surface of the liver. One particular cyst that measured $1.3\times1.2\times1.0cm$ and contained mucinous fluid was observed in the center of the liver. Microscopically the cysts were lined by biliary epithelium that varied from simple cuboidal to columnar cells. Signs of malignancy and metastasis to other organs were not observed. This is the first report of biliary cystadenoma in Japanese macaque.

Studies on Blood Gas Values in Non-Human Primates Reared in Korea (國內詞育 원숭이의 血液가스値에 관한 硏究)

  • 윤상보;김덕환;서지민;신남식;현병화;박배근;송희종
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.397-401
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    • 2001
  • Blood gas values such as pO$_2$ were studied in common marmosets, crab-eating macaques and Japanese macaques, rhesus macaques and celebes macaque reared in Korea. Blood pH and blood gas values were evaluated in both arterial and venous blood. pH, p$CO_2$, and pO$_2$, of arterial blood in common marmosets were measured as 7.4$\pm$0.1, 29.2$\pm$3.6 mmHg and 81.5$\pm$8.9 mmHg, respectively. Corresponding values in one crab-eating macaque were 7.3, 41.3 mmHg and 46.5 mmHg, respectively. In case of venous blood, pH, p$CO_2$, and pO$_2$, in common marmosets were observed as 7.2$\pm$0.2, 64.9$\pm$18.3 mmHg and 23.5$\pm$5.4 mmHg, respectively. On the while, pH, p$CO_2$, and pO$_2$, of venous blood in crab-eating macaques showed 7.2$\pm$0.2, 49.9$\pm$8.0 mmHg and 38.3$\pm$8.8 mmHg, respectively. Venous pH, p$CO_2$, and pO$_2$, in Japanese macaques were 7.1$\pm$0.2, 56.4$\pm$5.3 mmHg and 40.1$\pm$9.3 mmHg, respectively. Those values in one rhesus macaque were 7.2, 61.1 mmHg and 24.9 mmHg, and in celebes macaque were 7.1, 54.3 mmHg and 31.8 mmHg, respectively.

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Molecular Identification of Oesophagostomum and Trichuris Eggs Isolated from Wild Japanese Macaques

  • Arizono, Naoki;Yamada, Minoru;Tegoshi, Tatsuya;Onishi, Kotaro
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.253-257
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    • 2012
  • Natural habitat fragmentation and reducing habitat quality have resulted in an increased appearance of Japanese macaques, Macaca fuscata (Gray, 1870), in suburban areas in Japan. To investigate the risk of zoonotic infections, a coprological survey of helminth eggs passed by wild Japanese macaques was carried out in 2009 and 2010 in Shiga Prefecture, Japan. Microscopic examination found helminth eggs in high prevalence, and nucleotide sequencing of DNA extracted from the eggs identified Oesophagostomum cf. aculeatum and Trichuris trichiura. A fecal culture also detected infective larvae of Strongyloides fuelleborni. These zoonotic nematodes pose a potential health issue to local people in areas frequented by Japanese macaques.

Hematological analyses of Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) housed in Everland Zoological Gardens (국내 동물원에서 사육 중인 일본원숭이의 혈액상)

  • Kown, Soo-Whan;Oh, Suk-Hun;Shin, Nam-Shik;Song, Hee-Jong;Kwak, Dong-Mi;Kwon, Oh-Deog
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 2010
  • Hematological and serum biochemical values were assessed from 20 clinically healthy Japanese Macaques raised in Everland Zoological Gardens and compared to the International Species Information System (ISIS) reference range that is used internationally as standard for wildlife animals. Taking our standard on sexual maturation at age 4, tRBC values in Macaques under age 4 were significantly lower than those over age 4, but the Hb and PCV values were significantly higher. Compared to the ISIS standard, the tRBC values in Macaques under age 4 were significantly lower whereas the Hb and MCHC values were significantly higher. Moreover, in the samples of Macaques over age 4, the PCV and MCV values were significantly lower than the ISIS standard. On serum biochemistry values the creatinine and amylase values in the Macaques under age 4 were significantly lower than those over age 4. In comparison with the ISIS standard, the values of ALT, ALP, BUN, IP, $Ca^{2+}$ and $K^+$ in the Macaques under age 4 did have no significant difference. The values of TP, GGT, tBil, amylase, TG and UA were significantly higher than the ISIS standard, but the values of albumin, AST, glucose, creatinine, cholesterol, CPK, LDH, $Na^+$ and Clwere significantly lower. In contrast, the values of TP, albumin, ALT, ALP, creatinine, cholesterol, amylase, TG, IP and $Na^+$ in the Macaques over age 4 did have no significant difference, but the values of GGT, BUN, tBil, UA and $Ca^{2+}$ were significantly higher, while the values of AST, glucose, CPK, LDH, $K^+$ and $Cl^-$ were significantly lower. On the other hand, there was no significant difference in hematological and serum biochemical values between the groups of male and female.

Retrospective Survey on the Mortality by Extrinsic Disease in Non-human Primates at Zoological Gardens (동물원 영장류에서 외인성 질환에 의한 폐사원인 분석)

  • 신남식;권수완;이기환;김양범;김명철;이재일;현병화;최양규;이철호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.88-92
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    • 2000
  • In Everland Zoological Gardens, the mortality by extrinsic cause in non-human primates during 1976∼1999 were retrospectively analyzed based on the clinical charts and/or autopsy reports. The number of deaths from extrinsic factor was 61 among a total of 161 monkeys which were died during that period. Among 61 monkeys of death from extrinsic factor, the number at a detailed cause were as follows: strangulation, 17(27.87%); accident fall, 15(24.59%); suffocation, 13(21.31%); drowning, 7(11.48%); death from pressure, 2(3.28%); collision, 2(3.28%); sunstroke, 1(64%); starvation, 1(1.64%); freezing to death, 1(1.64%); contusion, 1(1.64%). The number of deaths from extrinsic factor was 39 among a total of 81 squirrel monkeys which were died during that period. Among 39 squirrel monkeys of death from extrinsic factor, the number at a detailed cause were as follows; suffocation, 11(28.21%); accident fall, 8(20.51%); strangulation, 7(17.95%); drowning, 7(17.95%); death from pressure, 2(5.13%); starvation, 1(2.56%); collision, 1(2.56%). The number of deaths from extrinsic factor was 14 among a total of 50 Japanese macaque died during that period. Among 14 Japanese macaque from extrinsic factor, the number at a detailed cause were as follows; strangulation, 7(50.55%); accident fall, 6(42.85%); suffocation, 1(7.14%). It was considered that far facilities, adequate space and suitable indoor temperature are needed for the prevention of deaths of extrinsic cause at the monkey raising in zoological gardens or research center.

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Effects of Chitosan on Wound Healing in Monkeys (원숭이에서 피부 창상 치유에 대한 키토산의 효과)

  • Byun, Hong-Seob;Lee, Soo-Jin;Lee, Jae-Il;Kim, Moo-Kang;Shin, Nam-Shik;Kim, Myung-Cheol
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.241-246
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    • 2013
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of implanted chitosan applied to surgically created wound in Japanese Macaque monkeys. 4 healthy Japanese Macaque monkeys were used. A 4 cm straight skin incision was made and undermined skin ($4{\times}4cm$) over on the 2 monkeys both sides of the dorsal midline, and a 4 cm circular skin incision was made on 2 monkeys both sides of the dorsal midline. One wound (left side) was implanted 1 mg (straight incision) and daily 0.2 mg (circular incision) of cotton type chitosan and the other wounds were treated with normal saline (3 ml) in monkeys. Each straight wound was closed with two interrupted sutures of 2-0 sutures. The monkey's circular skin incision is opened. At 14 days after initial wounding, each wound was taken for histological observations in monkeys. The inflammatory cells in the chitosan group are observed less than the control group, the collagen and the fibrin in the chitosan are observed more than the control group in monkeys. So the wound healing is moderately enhanced for chitosan treatment. The fibroblasts and the capillaries increased for chitosan treatment. The treatment of chitosan in wound is to promote healing.

Studies on the Serum Total Activities and Isoenzyme PAtterns of LDH in Non-Human Primates Reared in Korea (國內詞育 원숭이의 血淸 LDH의 總活性値와 isoenzyme에 관한 硏究)

  • 윤상보;김덕환;서지민;신남식;현병화;김명철;윤효인;박배근;송희종
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.380-389
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    • 2001
  • Non-human primates have been increasing in demand as important experimental animals and companion animals, domestically and internationally. The number of non-human primates for these purposes will be much enhanced in the near future. Despite this trend, basic physiological data are scarcely available in these animal species, leading to the difficulty to diagnose diseases when necessary, due to the absence of reference values. Particularly, there is not any report on the total activity of LDH of non-human primates, let alone LDH isoenzyme patterns, in Korea. LDH isoenzymes have a high level of efficaciousness as diagnostic and prognostic aids in various diseases. In this study, total activities and isoenzyme patterns of LDH were measured to obtain their reference values in domestically reared common marmosets, crab-eating macaques and Japanese macaques. There were widespread different values of serum total LDH among the non-human primate species experimented in this study. Serum LDH values of common marmosets and crab-eating macaques were 597.5$\pm$243.1 IU/l and 605.3$\pm$312.6 IU/l, respectively, whereas those of Japanese macaque showed 1,209$\pm$473.8 IU/l. Five isoenzyme fractions of LDH were observed in all experimented non-human primates but their ranks and proportions represented different patterns one another. In common marmosets, the percent of fraction for serum LDH1, LDH$_2$, LDH$_3$, LDH$_4$, and LDH$_{5}$ was 13.7$\pm$6.4%, 23.3$\pm$3.6%, 29.2$\pm$5.0%, 9.4$\pm$1.4% and 24.4$\pm$7.5%, respectively. The rank of LDH isoenzymes was LDH$_3$>LDH$_{5}$>LDH$_2$>LDH$_1$>LDH$_4$, in the descending order. For crab-eating macaques, the fraction of serum LDH$_1$, LDH$_2$, LDH$_3$, LDH$_4$, and LDH$_{5}$ occupied 19.5$\pm$12.7%, 25.3$\pm$9.3%, 23.8$\pm$8.1%, 10.2$\pm$2.8% and 21.3$\pm$14.2%, respectively. The order of LDH isoenzymes was LDH$_2$>LDH$_3$>LDH$_{5}$>LDH$_1$>LDH$_4$, from top to down. On the while, in Japanese macaques, the fraction of serum LDH$_1$ to LDH$_{5}$ showed 23.4$\pm$11.8%, 30.5$\pm$4.1%, 17.4$\pm$3.9%, 11.3$\pm$3.7% and 13.8$\pm$5.6%, respectively. The decreasing order indicated LDH$_2$>LDH$_1$>LDH$_3$>LDH$_{5}$>LDH$_4$. In conclusion, values such as LDH and LDH isoenzyme patterns of investigated for the first time from non-human primates reaared in Korea, could be reference values for the optimal diagnosis and therapy of diseases of the corresponding animal species. Other parameters of hematology and blood biochemistry are urgently needed to study for the benefit of our intimate non-human primates.an primates.

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