• Title, Summary, Keyword: Job Characteristics

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A Study on the Influence of Job Characteristics Perceived by Nurses on Their Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment : Focusing on Moderating Effect of Individual Personality Characteristics (간호조직에서 직무특성이 간호사의 직무만족과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향 - 성격특성의 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • 김명숙;박영배
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1434-1444
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of job characteristics on the nurses' the moderating effect of locus of control on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment and relationship between job characteristics and attitude. The sample for this study consisted of 594 nurses from 8 university hospitals. Factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha analysis, multiple regression analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis were used for the statistical methods. The results of this study were found that (1) autonomy among 5 core job characteristics showed positive influence on job satisfaction, (2) task significance and autonomy among 5 core job characteristics had positive influence on organizational commitment, (3) the internals of locus of control moderated the effect of job characteristics on nurses' job satisfaction, and (4) internals and externals of locus of control moderated the effect of job characteristics on nurses' organizational commitment.

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The Effect of Job Characteristics, Career Commitment and the Job Fitness on Job Attitude of Clinical Nurses (간호사의 직무특성, 경력몰입 및 그 적합성이 직무태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.387-401
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of job characteristics, career commitment, and the fitness relationship between the two variables on the nurses' job attitude(job involvement and job satisfaction). Data were collected using self-reporting questionnaire taken by 594 nurses working at eight university hospitals in Seoul and Chungbuk area. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficients, multiple regression through SAS program. The results of the study were as follows : 1. Three dimensions(task significance, skill variety, autonomy) of five core job characteristics have positive influence on job involvement and only one dimension(autonomy) of five core job characteristics has positive influence on job satisfaction of nurses. 2. The level of career commitment have positive influence on both job involvement and job satisfaction of nurses. 3. There were significant differences between ${\lceil}$high job characteristics-high career commitment${\rfloor}$ groups and ${\lceil}$high job characteristics-low career commitment${\rfloor}$ groups for job involvement and job satisfaction in nursing organization.

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The Effects of Job Characteristics on Smoking and Mediating Effects of Job Stress among Older Workers (노인 근로자의 일자리 특성이 흡연에 미치는 영향과 직무스트레스의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sungeun
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of job characteristics on smoking, and the mediating effects of job stress between job characteristics and smoking among elderly workers. Methods: This study employed data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, and a total of 778 older workers were used for analysis. Current smoking status, job stress, job characteristics including physical job demands, job demands related to contents, working days, regularity of working hour, satisfaction with income, and sociodemographic factors were analyzed. Descriptive analysis, t-tests, chi-square test, multiple linear regression, and logistic regression were used for analysis. Results: Results showed that physical job demands and regularity of working hours were significant predictors of smoking of elderly workers. The higher level of physical job demands and regular working-hour increased the risk of smoking. Also, physical job demands, job demands related job contents, and income satisfaction directly impacted on job stress. However, job stress did not mediate the relationship between job characteristics and smoking. Conclusions: The findings suggest that smoking interventions for older workers should take into account job characteristics. Implications for practice and future study directions are discussed.

The Effects of Personal Characteristics on Job Stress of Workers in Fashion and Textile Industries (개인적 특성에 따른 섬유패션산업 구성원의 직무스트레스 분석)

  • 박광희;유화숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.27 no.3_4
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    • pp.373-383
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of personal characteristics on job stressors, job stress symptoms, and job performance of workers in fashion and textile industries. Personal characteristics includes gender, marital status, educational level, age, type of industry, type of occupation, job position and work period. The data were obtained from questionnaire completed by 529 workers who were employed by textile or clothing manufacturers located in Seoul, Daegu, or Gyeongsang-do province. The SPSS package was used for data analysis which includes frequency, factor analysis, t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe's test. The results indicated that all personal characteristics had significant effects on job stressors, job stress symptoms, and job performance. Age and job position among personal characteristics showed to be the most important variables which influenced job stressor, job stress symptoms, and job performance.

Work Performance of Critical Care Nurses Based on the Job Characteristics Model (직무특성모형에 근거한 중환자실 간호사의 간호업무성과 설명요인)

  • Seong, Ji-Suk;Song, Rhayun
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.36-47
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The study examined core job characteristics and job preference to explain work performance among critical care nurses. The theoretical model was constructed based on the job characteristics model with core job characteristics as exogenous variables, and work performance and job preference as endogenous variables. Methods: A total of 228 hospital nurses participated in the study from May to September, 2015. Data were collected through structured questionnaires and analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results: The model showed a good fit to the data with $x^2/df=2.90$, goodness of fit index = .91, root mean square residual = .20, comparative fit index = .93, and incremental fit index = .93. The core job characteristics explained 64% of the variance in job preference. The core job characteristics and job preference explained 52% of the variance in work performance. Conclusions: The core job characteristics can explain the work performance among critical care nurses through job preference. Effective strategies to improve the work performance among critical care nurses should focus on the application of the core job characteristic into a productive work environment. Further studies are warranted to explore the role of job preference of critical care nurses in promoting their work performance.

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The relationship between job characteristics and job stress, and the moderating effect of social support (직무특성이 직무스트레스에 미치는 효과 및 사회적 지원의 조절효과)

  • Ahn, Kwan-Young
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.221-230
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    • 2008
  • This paper reviewed the relationship between job characteristics and job stress responses(physiological response, psychological response, behavioral response), and the moderating effect of social support. Based on the responses from 187 employees in small & medium manufacturing industry, hierarchical regressional analysis showed that job characteristics factors have partly negative relationships with job stress response. But, job variety has positive relationship. Social support has partly moderating effect on the relationship between job characteristics and job stress.

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The relationship between job characteristics and job stress, and the moderating effect of social support on the relationship (직무특성과 직무스트레스의 관계 및 사회적 지원의 조절효과)

  • Ahn, Kwan-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this paper is to review the relationship between job characteristics and job stress responses(physiological response, psychological response, behavioral response), and the moderating effect of social support. Based on the responses from 187 employees in small & medium manufacturing industry, hierarchical regressional analysis showed that job characteristics factors have partly negative relationships with job stress response. However, job variety has positive relationship. Social support has partly moderating effect on the relationship between job characteristics and job stress.

A Comparative Study on the Job Characteristics and Job Satisfaction in Correctional Nurses and Hospital Nurses (교정간호사와 병원간호사의 직무특성과 직무만족도의 비교)

  • Kim, Ki-Kyong;Hur, Hea-Kung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : This comparative study was designed to compare job characteristics and job satisfaction in correctional nurses and hospital nurses. Methods : The participants for this study were 96 nurses (46 correctional nurses, 50 hospital nurses). The survey instruments included Job Diagnostic Survey(JDS) developed by Hackman & Oldman (1980) and amended by Lee(1997) and Index of Work Satisfaction(IWS) developed by Stamps and Piedmonte (1978) and amended Park & Yun (1992). Data were analyzed using of means, percentages, $x^2$ - test, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient with SPSS program. Results : 1) Differences in job characteristics between correctional nurses and hospital nurses were not significant, but the mean score for correctional nurses' skill variety was significantly higher (t=-1.99, p<0.05) than hospital nurses 2) Differences in job satisfaction between two group were not significant, but the mean score for correctional nurses' pay satisfaction was significantly lower (t=-3.67, p<0.01.) than hospital nurses 3) There were significant negative correlations(r=-.544, p<.01) between correctional nurses' job characteristics and job satisfaction related to pay, but significant positive correlations (r=.331, p<.05) between job characteristics and professional status of job 4) There were significant positive correlations (r=.283, p<.05) between hospital nurses' job characteristics and job satisfaction, job characteristics and professional status of job (r=.530, p<.O1), and positive correlations between autonomy of job characteristics and job satisfaction (r=.522, p<.01). Conclusion : The results suggest a redesign of correctional nurses' job and improvement of outcomes. it is also recommended that job be done toward expanding and improving the reward system

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A Study on the Effect of Social Worker's Job Characteristics on Their Job Satisfaction (사회복지사의 직무특성이 직무만족에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Heung-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.2
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    • pp.355-375
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study examined the effect of job characteristics on the job satisfaction of social worker employed by 1st social agency, hospitals. Data were collected by 240 social workers. Based on Hackman and Oldham's(1975) theory of core job characteristics, this study was to defined other element of job characteristics, in social worker's duties, focused on moderating effect of self-confidence for job satisfaction, and compared to social worker's job characteristics between 1st social agency and hospitals. The results of this study were summarized as follows; first, job autonomy, feedback among Hackman and Oldham's 5 core job characteristics showed positive influence on job satisfaction. The other job characteristics found out significantly effected social worker's job satisfaction than Hackman and Oldham's 5 core job characteristics. Second, identities of social worker's job, cognition of professional level, necessity, and self-confidence variables were found to have a statistically significant strong relationship with job satisfaction of 1st setting social worker. The other side, necessity, self-confidence, sex, social worker's academic career variables positive influenced medical social worker's job satisfaction. Third, the moderating variables which had significant difference among social worker's working conditions. 1st setting social worker's self-confidence partial moderated the effect of job characteristics on social worker's job satisfaction. But, medical social worker's self-confidence not moderated the effect of job characteristics on job satisfaction. As a result, Social worker's job satisfaction depended on job characteristics and self-confidence. Therefore, to assure the job satisfaction, redesign for social worker's job characteristics, reinforced their self-confidence. Staff-development education program, supportive environment, supervision program is strongly recommended.

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A Structural Model of Hospital Nurses' Turnover Intention: Focusing on Organizational Characteristics, Job Satisfaction, and Job Embeddedness (종합병원 간호사의 조직특성, 직무만족, 직무배태성 관련 이직의도 모형)

  • Yoo, Mi Ja;Kim, Jong Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.292-302
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was done to build and verify a model of clinical nurses' turnover intention using organizational characteristics, job satisfaction and job embeddedness. Methods: The study participants were 389 hospital nurses. SPSS and AMOS 22.0 program were used to analyze the data and the modeling of turnover intention. Results: A total of 41% of turnover intention was explained by job satisfaction, job embeddedness and organizational characteristics. Nurses with higher job satisfaction and job embeddedness showed lower turnover intention, while organizational characteristics had an indirect effect on their turnover intention. It was found that organizational characteristics had positive effects on both job satisfaction and job embeddedness, and job embeddedness played a mediating role between organizational characteristics and turnover intention. Conclusion: To reduce nurses' turnover intention, hospitals' organizational characteristics should be considered. Nurse managers should strive to increase nurses' job satisfaction and job embeddedness through an understanding of the factors of organizational characteristics such as organizational fairness, nursing work environment, motivation, organizational citizenship behavior, and transformational leadership.