• Title, Summary, Keyword: Job Commitment

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The Effect of Job Stress on Employees' Job and Organizational Commitment (직무스트레스가 작업자의 직무와 조직 헌신도에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Il-Moon;Kwak, Hyo-Yean
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 2012
  • To decrease employees' job stress in the viewpoint of occupational health is very important to improve the productivity and quality of labor. In this study, the job stress, and it's influence on job commitment and organizational commitment were investigated by the questionnaire survey of 259 industrial workers. As results, the majority of workers were under job stress resulted from job demand, job control, and coworker's support. The work times per a week and night work had significant relationships with job demand, and the maximum negative relationship between the work times per a week and job continuous commitment was found. Job demand had the significant relationship with job affective and normative commitment, and job control had the significant relationship with job normative commitment and organizational affective commitment. Moreover, job affective and normative commitment had the significant relationship with organizational continuous commitment. Finally, it was found that cyclic organic chain was composed of work times per a week, night work, salary, job demand, job control, job affective and normative commitment, and organizational affective and continuous commitment. The results of this study indicates that reducing cyclic organic chain is urgently necessary to increase employees' job satisfaction and company commitment.

The Influence of Person-Job Fit on Organizational Deviance in Social Welfare Organization Members' Work Settings -Focus on Mediating Effects of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment- (사회복지조직구성원들의 근무환경에서 개인-직무부합이 조직일탈행동에 미치는 영향 - 직무만족과 조직몰입의 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Chang-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.64 no.3
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    • pp.101-126
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of person-job fit on organizational deviance and mediating effects of job satisfaction and organizational commitment(affective commitment and continuance commitment) on this relationship. Data were collected from 533 employees who were working in social welfare organizations by questionnaires. The result indicated that there were significantly positive relationships between person-job fit and job satisfaction or organizational commitment(affective commitment and continuance commitment). Also, there were significantly positive relationships between job satisfaction and affective commitment or continuance commitment. In addition, job satisfaction and affective commitment were negatively related to organizational deviance, and job satisfaction is more strongly related to organizational deviance than affective commitment. It was found that job satisfaction partially mediated the relationship between person-job fit and organizational commitment(affective commitment and continuance commitment) and affective commitment partially mediated the relationship between job satisfaction and organizational deviance. It was found that the person-job fit indirectly impacts organizational deviance though job satisfaction and affective commitment. Based on these results, the implication of this study and future research tasks were discussed.

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Organizational Commitment and Job characteristics of Hospital Foodservice Employees (병원급식 종사자의 조직헌신성 분석)

  • Kim, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 1996
  • For the purpose of disclosing the relationship between job characteristics and satisfaction and organizational commitment for foodservice employees, questionnaire survey was carried out on 427 subjects of 14 general hospitals in Seoul, Korea. Questionnaire items consisted of general characteristics, organizational commitment, job satisfaction and characteristics. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test and Pearson correlation using SPSS PC package. The results were as follows 1. Mean score of value commitment and commitment to stay were 3.57 and 3.67. 2. There were significant differences between value commitment and age, marital status department, period and management, and between commitment to stay and experience and management. 3. Mean score of job satisfaction was the highest in co-workers(3.37) and work itself (3.37) and followed by in supervision(3.25), wage(2.43) and promotion(2.01). There were significant differences between job satisfaction for work itself and age, educational status and job department and management, between job satisfaction for wage and position, department, period and management, between job satisfaction for supervision and age, educational status and department, between job satisfaction for promotion and age, marital status, position, period, and management, between job satisfaction for co-workers and sex and educational status. 4. Mean score of job characteristics was the highest in dealing with others(4.13) and followed by in feedback(3.51), autonomy(3.29), task identify(3.07), variety(2.71) and friendship(2.47). 5. Job satisfaction for work itself, supervision and co-workers were significantly increased with increasing value commitment. Job satisfaction for work itself, supervision were significantly increased with increasing commitment to stay. Job satisfaction for promotion had negative correlation with organizational commitment in all job position. 6. Value commitment had significantly positive correlations with variety, autonomy, identity, feedback and dealing with others, and significantly negative correlation with friendship. Commitment to stay had significantly positive correlations with dealing with others, and significantly negative correlations with friendship. In all job position organizational commitment had significantly negative correlations with friendship.

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Nurses' perceptions of job-related empowerment, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment (간호사가 지각하는 임파워먼트와 직무만족, 조직몰입)

  • Lee, Hey-Kyeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.65-84
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    • 2001
  • This descriptive study was designed to find out the relation between nurses' perceptions of job-related empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The data was collected from 390 staff nurses in a tertiary hospital located in Seoul during the period of 2 weeks from October 6 to October 19, 2000 by means of structures questionnaire. Five instruments were used in this study included the Job Activity Scale(Laschinger et al., 1994, 1999), the Organizational Relationship Scale(Laschinger et al., 1994, 1999), The Conditions of Work Effectiveness Questionnaire(Chandler, 1986), the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire(Weiss et al., 1967) and the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire(Mowday et al., 1979). The results were summarized as follows: 1) The mean of the CWEQ was 49.56percentile, and the support was perceived higher(56 percentile) than the other subscales, opportunity, information and resources. The mean of the MSQ was 49.4 percentile and the OCQ was 54.02 percentile. 2) Nurses' perception of job related empowerment was significantly related to job satisfaction(r=.650, p<.001), and organizational commitment(r=.458, p<.001). And the job satisfaction was related significantly to organizational commitment(r=.426, p<.001). Job satisfaction(r=.583, p<.001) and organizational commitment(r=.426, p<.001)have higher relation with the opportunity subscales of the CWEQ than the others. 3) The significant difference was found in the nurses' perception of the empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment according to the age group, length of nursing career and ward. 4) Results of the stepwise multiple regression shows that the nurses' perception of the empowerment and organizational commitment explained 52% of job satisfaction, and also, the nurses' perceptions of the empowerment and job satisfaction explained 35% of organizational commitment. In conclusion, nurses' perception of the empowerment, job satisfaction and organizational commitment have a strong relationship. The finding suggests the importance of the empowering nurses to increase job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

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The Influence of Organizational Justice on Job Involvement and Organizational Commitment Perceived by Nurses (간호사가 지각한 조직공정성이 직무몰입과 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Young-Bae;Kim, Myoung-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.32-40
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of organizational justice(distributive justice and procedural justice) on job involvement and organizational commitment in nurses. Method: The subjects were 336 nurses who were working at the 7 hospitals with over 500 beds. The data were collected using structured questionnaire from Mar. 15 to April 16 of 2004. For data analysis, the SPSS/PC program was used. Results: The mean score of distributive justice was 2.77, procedural justice was 2.74, job involvement was 3.26, and organizational commitment was 3.30. The distributive justice were positively correlated with job involvement (r=.188, p<.01) and organizational commitment(r=.264, p<.01), the procedural justice were positively correlated with job involvement(r=.231, p<.01) and organizational commitment(r=.296, p<.01) in nurses. The organizational justice explained 37.5% of the job involvement and 40.4% of the organizational commitment. The procedural justice was shown to expert even more significant effect on both job involvement(${\beta}=.188$, p=.003) and organizational commitment(${\beta}=.219$, p=.001) rather than distributive justice. Conclusion: The procedural justice was ascertained to influence on job involvement and organizational commitment rather than distributive justice in nurses. Therefore, the nursing manager must develop to promote the procedural justice perception of the nurses in order to enhance the job involvement and organizational commitment.

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Influence of Job Satisfaction in Emergency Medical Technician within Hospital upon Organizational Commitment (병원 내 응급구조사의 직무만족도가 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sang-Sub;Park, Jae-Seong;Park, Dae-Sung
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study is to offer basic data in arranging the improved working environment to Emergency Medical Technicians, by analyzing the influence of job satisfaction in Emergency Medical Technician within hospital upon organizational commitment. Method : This study was carried out targeting 203 Emergency Medical Technicians who are working at hospitals in B Metropolitan City, U Metropolitan City, D Metropolitan City, an d G Province. The data collection was performed from April 1, 2009 to June 10. The statistical processing was used a program of SPSS WIN 12.0 Version. The statistical significance was set to p<.05. Results : 1. In the descriptive statistics of the job satisfaction and the organizational commitment. the whole average for job satisfaction was 3.06 points. The whole average for organizational commitment was 3.05 points. 2. In the difference between job satisfaction and organizational commitment, the group for job satisfaction was indicated to be statistically significant in job-choice motive(F=2.710, p<.05) and turnover propensity(t=.662, p<.001). The group for organizational commitment was indicated to be statistically significant in working department(F=2.871, p<.05), job-choice motive(F=2.944, p<.05), turnover propensity(t=.903, p<.001), and turnover reason(F=3.415, p<.01). 3. In the correlation between job satisfaction and organizational commitment, the job satisfaction showed positive correlation(r=.736, p<.01) with organizational commitment. 4. As for the influence of job-satisfaction factor upon organizational commitment, salary(${\beta}$=.162, t=2.739, p<.01), autonomy(${\beta}$=.372, t=4.633, p<.001), working environment(${\beta}$=.139, t=1.968, p<.05), and organizational needs(${\beta}$=.172, t=2.291, p<.05) were indicated to have significant effect on organizational commitment. Conclusion : The institutional arrangement is considered to be likely to be necessarily made highly for improving social image and enhancing salary and working environment so that Emergency Medical Technician within hospital can be enhanced job satisfaction and organizational commitment.

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Effects of Job Embeddedness on Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Turnover Intention - Focused on Employees of Hotel F & B Division - (호텔 식음료부서 종사원의 직무착근도가 직무만족, 조직몰입, 및 이직의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Ha, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Seong-Min
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of job embeddedness on job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention in the food and beverage division of hotels. In addition, this study sought to identify the effects of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on turnover intention. Based on the literature reviews, five hypotheses were tested: job embeddedness was positively related to job satisfaction and organizational commitment and negatively related to turnover intention and job satisfaction and organizational commitment were negatively related to turnover intention. The subjects evaluated in this study were employees of the food and beverage division of five or four stars hotels in Seoul. Five hundred questionnaires were distributed and 293 were collected from July 1, 2009 to August 31, 2009, using convenience sampling method. After removing useless questionnaires, a total of 250 questionnaires (five-stars hotel 177, four-stars hotel 73) were analyzed using the factor analysis, a reliability test, and structural equation modeling analysis. The results revealed that job embeddedness was positively related to job satisfaction (t=8.762), organizational commitment (t=5.364) and negatively related to turnover intention (t=-3.500). Therefore, hypothesis I, II and III were accepted. However, job satisfaction (t=-.933) and organizational commitment (t=-1.923) were not negatively related to turnover intention. Therefore, hypothesis IV and V were rejected.

The Effect of Safety Climate on the Job Attitude: Comparing Foreign Investment Company and Domestic Company (안전풍토가 종업원 직무태도에 미치는 영향: 외투기업과 국내기업 비교)

  • Lee, Kyung Jae;Yeo, Kyung Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.76-87
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the role of safety climate, organizational trust, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. In addition, the study verified the mediating effect of organizational trust between safety climate, and job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Targeting population were the workers in the manufacturing sector. First, it was figured out that employees' recognition of organizations' safety climate has an effect positively on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Second, it turns out that individuals' safety awareness has a positive effect on the both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Third, it was figured out that organizational trust plays a role as mediation when employees' recognition of organizations' safety climate has an effect positively on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Fourth, the result revealed that foreign investment company moderated the relationship between safety climate and organizational climate. Fifth, organizational trust mediates the relationship that the individuals' safety awareness are positively affected on the both job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Finally, The results of four hypotheses using intermediary variable in which organizational trust mediates the relationship between the safety climate and "work attitude" such as job satisfaction and organization commitment demonstrate significance of trust in organization in connecting safety climate and work attitude. Therefore, when trust in organization is enhanced, work attitude such as job satisfaction and organizational commitment could be improved.

The Effects of Job Satisfaction and Organizational and Job Commitment on Sale Goal Orientation - Focused on Small and Medium-sized City of Jeollanam-do - (의류매장 판매원의 직무만족과 직업몰입 및 조직몰입이 매출목표지향에 미치는 영향 - 전라남도 중소도시를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Ok-Hee
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.740-750
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    • 2011
  • Employees of sales departments of apparel makers play an important role in the success of a fashion-related business because they provide service through the direct contact with customers. This research tests several hypothesized relationships between internal marketing and its determinants, such as job satisfaction and organizational and job commitment, along with sales goal orientation. The subjects in this study were salespeople who worked at fashion stores in Yeosu and Sunchon. To measure the hypotheses, 200 questionnaires were handed out and 185 were collected. Finally, 163 questionnaires were used for the analysis, as 22 were found to be invalid. Frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and multiple regression techniques were used after coding and cleaning the data with the software SPSS 18.0. It was found that job satisfaction in the subjects is affected by organizational and job commitment and by their sales goal orientation. Second, it was found that both organizational and job commitment have a significant impact on sales goal orientation. According the results of this study, the higher the salesperson's job satisfaction, the higher the organizational and job commitment are. This was also true for their sales goal orientation. Moreover, higher organizational and job commitment was correlated with a stronger sales goal orientation. On the basis of the results, marketing strategies related to personal management can be established.

The Effect of Job Characteristics and Work Values on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction of the School Foodservice Dietitians (학교급식 영양사의 직무특성과 직무가치관이 조직몰입과 직무만족에 미치는 영향)

  • 신은경;이민지;이연경
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.441-453
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    • 1999
  • This study aims to investigate the effects of job characteristics and work on both organizational commitment and job satisfaction of the school foodservice dietitian for the purpose of providing information for quality improvement in productivity of school foodservice. The subjects were 401 school foodservice dietitians in Taegu and the Kyungpook area. The survey questionnaires consisted of five parts including demographic characteristics, job characteristics(JCI), work values, organizational commitment(OCQ) and job satisfaction(JDI). More than half of the subjects(65.3%) were between the age of 26 to 30 years. Seventy-one percent of the participants had bachelor’s degrees and monthly wages of 83.2% ranged from 700,000 to 1,200,000 won. The education of thedietitians was found to have a significant relatinship with job satisfaction in all fields. Job characteristics such as feedback, job characcteristics such as job autonomy, feedback and friendship were positively correlated with job satisfaction. The group of dietitians with high work value scores for work as a central life interest had significantly high scores in organizational commitment(p<0.01) and overall job satisfaction(p<0.05). Job satisfaction such as work-itself, pay, supervision, promotion and co-workers were positively correlated with organizational commitment. According to the Lisrel program, organizational commitment was affected by educational level(-0.23). Job satisfaction was also affected by educational level(-0.18), autonomy(0.24), friendship(0.12), feedback(0.08), individualism(-0.07) and organizational commitment(0.44) directly. In conclusion, school foodservice dietitians may increase the level of their commitment to organization and job satisfaction by increasing autonomy, feedback adn friendship of job characteristics and work values.

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