• Title, Summary, Keyword: Job creation

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A Study on the Relationship between ICT Usage and Job Creation in Service Industries (ICT 활용과 서비스산업 일자리창출 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Hyunsoo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between job creation and ICT usage in service industries. This research is particularly important because job creation is one of the most critical issues for the country. With technology innovation and system integration, manufacturing industries do not create enough employment, therefore, the society relies on service industries for creating job opportunities. Until now, due to limitations, analysis of job creation in service industries through ICT usage has not been investigated in depth. Thus, development of an effective ICT support policy was impossible. In this research, we used seven methods to investigate overall relationship between ICT usage level and job creation. A rule of large numbers has been applied to reach conclusion. Through this research, the government can focus its investment on service industries where job creation rate is the highest. We can expect both reinforcement in competitiveness of our service industry and continuous creation in employment, eventually leading to a virtuous cycle.

The Heterogeneity of Job Creation and Destruction in Transition and Non-transition Developing Countries: The Effects of Firm Size, Age and Ownership

  • Ochieng, Haggai Kennedy;Park, Bokyeong
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.385-432
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    • 2017
  • This paper investigates how firm age, size and ownership are related with job creation and destruction, and how these patterns differ across transition and non-transition economies. The analysis finds that age is inversely related with gross job creation and net job creation in the two samples. This finding is consistent with the theory of the learning effect. The relationship between age and job destruction is indifferent in non-transition economies. On the contrary, old firms in transition economies destroy more jobs than young ones. The paper further establishes an inverse relationship between size and gross job creation in the two groups. However, there is divergence between the two samples; small firms in non-transition economies also exhibit a higher gross job destruction rate. Consequently large firms have a higher net job creation rate. In transition economies, small and large firms exhibit similar rates of job destruction. But small firms retain a higher net job creation rate. A more intriguing finding is that state owned firms do not underperform domestic private ones. This means these countries may be using soft budget constraint which allows state owned firms to overstaff. Finally, crowding out of SMEs by foreign owned firms is not evident in transition economies.

The Relationship between Job Burnout, Social Support and Knowledge Creation and Sharing (직무소진, 사회적 지원과 지식창출, 공유와의 관계)

  • Cho, Yoonhyung;Moon, Myung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-43
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    • 2014
  • This paper investigate relationship between job burnout, social support and knowledge creation, sharing. also, social support are moderate on the relationship between job burnout and knowledge creation, sharing. We build up main effect and moderating effect hypothesis. To test hypothesis, survey method are performed. The results are as follows. first, emotional exhaustion and low personal accomplishment have negative effects on knowledge creation, but haven't effect on knowledge sharing. second, social support significant positively impact on knowledge creation and sharing. third, both of supervisor' support and coworker's support partially moderate the relationship between job burnout and knowledge creation, sharing. especially, emotional exhaustion reduce supervisor' support to knowledge creation, sharing and low personal accomplishment reduce co-worker' support to knowledge sharing, which means although job burnout preceded, if employees perceived high level of social support that have buffering effects on the relationships.

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Job Creation, Destruction, and Regional Employment Growth: Evidence from Korean Establishment-level Data

  • CHO, JANGHEE;CHUN, HYUNBAE;LEE, YOONSOO;YI, INSILL
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.55-74
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    • 2015
  • Using the Census on Establishments collected by Statistics Korea, we analyze how the patterns of job creation and destruction differ across counties (si-gun-gu). We measure aggregate employment changes due to establishment startups, expansions, contractions, and shutdowns for each county and quantify the role of such reallocations in explaining variation in employment growth across counties. Overall we find that both rates of net entry and job creation play an important role in explaining differences in net job creation rates across regions. Moreover, counties with high employment growth rates also tend to have high exit and job destruction rates, which suggests that an active process of job reallocation is a key source of regional employment growth.

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A Study on the Youth Job Creation Problem Solving with a Co-creation Approach: Focusing on the Busan City (청년층 일자리 창출문제에서 Co-creation적 해결방안에 관한 연구: 부산광역시를 중심으로)

  • Hong, Soon-Goo;Lee, Hyun-Mi;Han, Se-Eok;Kim, Jong-Weon
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2015
  • The growth of Korean economy has continuously declined since 2000, which resulted in the reduction of employment creation opportunity. Futhermore, these circumstances are aggravating the youth job creation. This study investigates the co-creation approach for solving the youth job creation problem. By using the grounded theory on recent newspapers for a year, the study proposes a paradigm model for the youth job creation. Based upon this result, the study creates the conceptual model for the youth job creation, which includes three factors such as process, environment, and institution. This study will contribute not only to the extension of qualitative study on the grounded theory in research, but also to the political implications for the youth job creation in practice.

A Study on the Analysis of Power of Job Creation of SW Industry (SW산업의 일자리 창출역량 분석)

  • Noh, Kyoo-Sung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2012
  • These days, job creation affair is the largest national affair. Although, this government has been persevering in one's efforts, job is not created easily. One of the reasons is the problem of statistics of the job and policy errors by this wrong statistics. This article's purposes are to examine the problems of statistics of the job as base of existing policy, and to analyze the power of job creation of various industries. Especially, this study will light up job creativity of SW industry which is more important than other area in the job creation.

The Effect of Firm's Market Power on Job Creation in Korea (사업체의 시장지배력이 일자리 창출에 미치는 효과)

  • Kwon, Hye Ja;Cho, Woo Hyun
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.99-127
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    • 2006
  • This paper examines the effect of the market power of firms in the product market on job creation, job destruction and net job growth. It uses the reconstructed establishment data in the Korean Annual Mining and Manufacturing Survey between 1982 and 2002. This paper shows that job creation has continuously declined since the late 1980s and the decline is common for both market-dominant and competitive firms. The effect of market dominance on job creation is negative, controlling the firm-characteristics variables such as firm size and firm age.

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A Study on the Effect of Business Capabilities on Job Creation Intenion : Mediating Effect of Entrepreneur Passion and Moderating Effect of Gender (비즈니스 역량이 창직 의지에 미치는 영향 : 기업가 열정의 매개효과 및 성별 조절효과)

  • Yoon, Byeong-Seon;Kim, Chun-Kyu
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.318-331
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to find ways to effectively utilize job creation activities that can be an alternative to employment and entrepreneurship in diverse and subdivided labor markets. The effect of business capability on the job creation intention and the mediating effect of entrepreneurship were identified, and gender was used as a control variable for comparison among groups. The questionnaire was composed of 4 questions for 6 variables, and a 7-point Likert scale was used. Frequency analysis, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, descriptive statistics analysis, correlation analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, structural relationship analysis, mediating effect and moderating effect were conducted on 392 people who answered the questionnaire sincerely. As a result of analysis the relationship between the job creation intention in business capability, the entrepreneur passion in business capability and the job creation intention in entrepreneur passion had a positive (+) effect. Entrepreneur passion in the verification of bootstrapping mediating effects played a mediating role in the relationship between business capability and job creation intention. It was found that there was no difference in the job creation intention according to the gender that was compared between groups. The job creation activities must overcome the negative perspectives and worries around them with the differentiation of items experience and know-how a business model that reflects recent trends and a passionate and persistent Jobcreatorship.

Job Creation and Job Destruction in Korean Mining and Manufacturing, 1981-2000 (1981-2000년간 한국 광공업 5인 이상 사업체에서의 일자리 창출과 소멸)

  • Kim, Hye Won
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.29-66
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, I investigate job creation and destruction in Korean mining and manufacturing between 1982 and 2000 using the raw data of Annual Mining and Manufacturing Survey. The rate of job creation and destruction of continuing plants averaged 9.75 and 10.33, respectively, which are higher than those of OECD countries, Chile, and Colombia. The created jobs showed weak persistence and the concentration of job reallocation is high, compared with other countries. Job reallocation accounts for major fraction of worker reallocation and the fraction has increased before 1997. Analysis of time series data of job flow revealed a general pattern of pro-cyclic job creation and counter-cyclic job destruction. However job reallocation in Korea is strongly acyclic whereas the rate is known to be counter-cyclical in the U.S.

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The Effect of Individual and Team Characteristics on Knowledge Creation : An Analysis by Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM) (개인과 집단의 특성이 지식창출에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, So-Ra;Kim, Min-Sun
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2010
  • This paper investigates the effect of stress on knowledge creation. The goal stress of resource inadequacy and job stress had negative influences on knowledge creation. However, the cohesion and mastery climate of team had positive influence on knowledge creation. Therefore this paper verifies the moderate role of the cohesion and mastery climate of team on the relationship between stress and knowledge creation. The model developed was tested using data collected from knowledge based industry with 375 members in 69 teams in 12 different firms. A Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM) was used to test the hypotheses generated from the model. Results show that job stress had a negative influence on knowledge creation as we expected but the goal stress didn't. The mastery climate of team affected knowledge creation positively and moderated the relationship between the goal stress and knowledge creation. Furthermore, the team cohesion had a positive influence on knowledge creation. The study provided some implications that practitioners should consider the stress when they design jobs for team members and suggest them the way to manage their job stress when they work.

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