• Title, Summary, Keyword: Journalism

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The Juncture and Disjuncture of Journalism History and Journalism Philosophy Focusing on Liberalist Philosophy on Journalism (언론사: 역사와 철학의 만남과 어긋남 자유주의 언론철학을 중심으로)

  • Moon, Jong-Dae
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.73
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    • pp.35-55
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    • 2015
  • Act of journalism is act of social practice. Therefore, judgment on its rightness must be a prerequisite. That is why journalism requires philosophy. Barrenness of journalism philosophy promotes journalism to serve only as an instrument. No power and money should intrude the essential philosophy of journalism. Journalism must secure its own value. Remaining silent when its fundamental value is at risk is to negate one's own value of existence. It is self-denial. Social practice of journalism is assurance and realization of its essential value. Thus, it is historical. It is the juncture of journalism and history. Journalism without history leads to barrenness in philosophy. Without philosophy, journalism thus cannot uphold its historical mission. Journalism philosophy becomes a reality through the history. Concrete journalism philosophy shall come to light through historical reality. That is why conversation between journalism philosophy and journalism history is necessary. Thus, this research investigates how journalism philosophy formulates and reconstructs itself within journalism history. At the same time, this research thoroughly examines how journalism philosophy concretizes in journalism history, how historical subjects have practiced journalism and how all these have projected themselves in journalism history.

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Jang Jun-Ha's Journalism Thought (장준하의 언론사상 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Hee
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.59
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    • pp.50-70
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    • 2012
  • This study, as one of works to understand the character of contemporary journalism thought in Korea, aims to review the journalism thought of Jang Jun-Ha, a magazine journalist who published the monthly magazine Sasanggye(思想界) from the 1950s to the 1960s and promoted its influence like major newspapers at that times. For the purpose it analyzed how his understanding of journalism had been performed and what his main logic and idea on journalism thought was. Based on the above it considered the matters related to the characteristics of his journalism thought. As result of study his journalism thought can be said nationalistic enlightenment journalism consistently since he established the magazine to enlighten the educated youth, while it shows a kind of interpretive journalism or orientating journalism from the end of 1950s. In 1962 when political suppress on the Sasanggye was growing worse his journalism thought is evaluated to show a kind of advocacy journalism strongly. As he understood and received the concept and theory newly recognized in the academic and press community, his journalism thought could be said to be advanced at that times. Also his theory and assertion could be evaluated persuasive from the viewpoint of the following concrete execution and action.

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The Substance of Crisis and Alternative Proposal in Journalism (저널리즘 위기의 실체와 극복방안에 관한 연구)

  • Shon, Seok-Choon
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.36
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    • pp.42-77
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    • 2006
  • As a term 'Media Big Bang' will appear, the media is extending explosively. But actually it is appearing the paradoxical phenomenon which journalism meets a crisis. If the purpose of journalism is 'to provide people with the information they need to be free and self-governing', the crisis of Journalism directly brings about the result which damages audience welfare. Consequently the preceding task which defends the public good of journalism is accurately to get at the root of the substance which brings about the crisis of Journalism. In this paper, the principle and basic ethics of Journalism was theorized on the concept of truth and fairness, how about Korean journalism was answered to the standard is analyzed. With the result it was confirmed Korean journalism does not defend even truth and fairness about important agenda to be solved today. It was recognizes the substance which brings about the crisis of Journalism is 'the crisis of basic ethics', and was presented a an alternative proposal. It was introduced the research of 'Committee of Concerned Journalists' in the United States, and proposed the effort which is saved journalism with organic combination of Korean academic world and journalist' group.

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A Study on Citizen Reporter Systems and Civic Journalism Practices in Korean Internet Newspapers (시민기자 제도 도입에 따른 인터넷 신문의 시민 저널리즘 실천 가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byoung-Cheol;Choi, Young
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.26
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    • pp.45-82
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the concept of civic journalism and the contents of Korean Internet newspapers that might reflect the possibilities of this new medium for civic journalism practices. This study examined how far and deep civic journalism practices have extended into Korean Internet newspapers as journalism's new tradition. More specifically, this study analyzed news articles of Korean Internet newspapers to uncover any differences among civic journalism Internet newspapers with different citizen reporter systems. The composite measure based upon ten elements of civic journalism practices was used as indicator of civic journalism practices. To obtain systematic data on news offered by Korean Internet newspapers on the World Wide Web, four major Internet newspapers, including Ohmynews, Ngotimes, Netpinion and Pressian were examined by a content analysis in April and May of 2003. Findings of this study reveal that many Korean newspapers do not fully exploit the opportunities and advantages offered by the new medium for civic journalism practices in online environments. Both aggregate and individual level of analysis for the civic journalism index reveal that there are some differences between non-civic journalism and civic journalism Internet newspapers using citizen reporter systems. However, overall performances of civic journalism Internet newspapers are not good enough to support the argument that civic journalism is well practiced in Korean Internet newspapers. Nonetheless, it would not be fair to conclude that Korean Internet newspapers have totally ignored the Internet's potential to increase the civic journalism performance in online environments.

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A Study on the Policy Possibility for Public Journalism of korea Newspaper (한국신문의 공공저너리즘의 이용에 관한 정책)

  • Shin, Yun-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.110-119
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, the first online journalism in South Korea on the research itself in reality only have 3, only 2 cases in the United States the study of online journalism, in online journalism for the public to feel the necessity of research. These online agents not journalist the role of public journalism, the media can perform that role, we felt the need for the rest. In the process of the last 16 presidential election, as reported in South Korea of journalism online newspapers will want to research about the policy.

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How Do the Journalists Perceive the Civic Journalism? (시민저널리즘에 대한 언론인 인식유형 연구)

  • Kim, Hung-Kyu;Hwang, On-Jung
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.43
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    • pp.359-384
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    • 2008
  • Nowadays, newspaper industry faces a crisis in terms of two aspects: First, in this multi-channel era, it has competed with the online journalism appearing in many digital media. Second, with the decrease of numbers of readers and political participation, the roles of newspaper has to be changed accordingly. The concept of civic journalism emerged as a solution in this context. The purpose of the study is to explore the factors in how journalists perceive the civic journalism. The Q-methodology was adapted to identify the factors composing of the belief, values, attitudes, ideas, and opinions toward the civic journalism. Total of 24 Q-sample (statements) were sorted by 27 P-sample (journalists) who were selected by their gender, years of service, and the like. The Quanl program finally produced 3 factors that were interpreted and named as follows: Factor I, the Complimentary Journalism, the civic journalism would fulfill the functions that traditional journalism has neglected. Factor II, the Alternative Journalism inducing the citizen's participation in the public areas. Factor III, the Functional Journalism, emphasizing dysfunction of the civic journalism.

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A Comparative Study on Online Civic Journalism Practice and Civic Influence in the U.S. and Korea - Focus on News about the 'Oil Price' (온라인 시민저널리즘 양상과 시민 영향력에 관한 한.미 간 비교 연구 - '유가' 관련 보도를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Min-Je;Kim, Min-Ha
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.45
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    • pp.463-495
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    • 2009
  • Korea has started to pay attention to civic journalism in recent years while it initially emerged in the United State since late 1980s. Furthermore, albeit some discernable limitations, the Internet has played an important role in fertilizing civic journalism as indicated by the emergence of online news media and the increasing number of civic journalists engaged in the online activities. Whereas there are some patterns of civic journalism practice and the civic influence commonly observed in both countries, there are significant factors that distinguish th1e case of Korea from that of the U.S. The purpose of this study is to compare the two countries in terms of the patterns of civic journalism practice and civic influence. This goal has been achieved by analyzing ‘CNN iReport’ in the U.S. and ‘Ohmynews’ in Korea, both of which are prime civic journalism websites. Those websites have been compared in light of four standards of civic journalism: first, the degree of post-objectivism; second, the search for effective resolutions of social problems; third, civic engagement in the news making process to enhance bottom-up agenda setting; and finally, citizens’ interaction with the news. The results reveal that the American civic journalism website is more likely to shed light on deviating from the principle of objectivity and seeking alternatives and resolutions of social problems. Moreover, it effectively utilizes civic engagement in the news Abstracts 551 making process as indicated by the higher numbers of civic journalists and civic news resources. Also, readers’ interaction with the news was found to be more active in the iReport website than in the Ohmynews.

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A Study on the Policy Possibility for Public Journalism of korea Newspaper (한국언론의 공공저너리즘의 역할에 관한 고찰)

  • Shin, Yun-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2009
  • In this research, the first online journalism in South Korea on the research itself in reality only have 3, only 2 cases in the United States the study of online journalism deulyigie, in online journalism for the public to feel the necessity of research and These online agents not jeoneolriseuteuna the role of public journalism, the media can perform that role, she felt the need for the rest, in the process of the last 16 presidential election, as reported salpyeobomeu in South Korea of jourmalism online newspapers will want to research about the policy.

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Change in the Leading Provider of Investigative Journalism: the Decline of the Public Service Model and the Emergence of a Nonprofit Model (탐사저널리즘의 주체 변동: 공영모델의 조락과 비영리모델의 부상)

  • Park, In-Kyu
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2017
  • While the practice of investigative journalism among public service broadcasters has declined in the 2010s, Newstapa, a nonprofit online news organization, emerged as a trustworthy provider of investigative reportage. This study explores the reasons why the realistic conditions for investigative journalism -- such as competent journalists, adequate support systems, and productive cultures -- were first realized and later changed among public broadcasters and in Newstapa. Governmental pressure and the public broadcasting managements' anti-journalism policy had a chilling effect on the production staff of public broadcasters. Their enthusiasm was affected and led to a decline in the production culture of discussion and teamwork. The staff's strong will to practice journalism and the persistence of a production culture that respected autonomy and guaranteed independence enabled Newstapa to become an influential investigative journalism institution in a relatively short period of time. This proves that meaningful investigative journalism is possible when the combined elements of competent and determined journalism practitioners, as well as a system supportive of extensive news gathering and independence of production, are in place. An investigative program is the outcome of ideal broadcasters' journalistic conditions and a vibrant and thriving production culture.

The Process of Construction of Korean Journalism Ethics as Job Ideology (직업이데올로기로서의 한국 언론윤리의 형성과정)

  • Nam, Jae-Il
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.50
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    • pp.73-93
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    • 2010
  • This study examines the characteristics of Korean journalism ethics as job ideology by analyzing the specific conditions revealed in the historical process of the construction of Korean journalism ethics, focusing on the change of social relationships which intervene in the construction of journalism ethics. By this interpretation, this study proposes the desirable directions in journalism ethics discussion and practice strategies in the journalism field. Therefore this study analyzed the historical process and the development phase of discourse in journalism ethics in which the job position of Korean journalists have changed. In result, this study found that the discourse of Korean was used for the instrumental and rhetorical means to cope with the outside pressure in the lack of occupational self-control which becomes the premise of ethics. Because of this, the Korean journalism ethics characterize the rhetorical feature of ethical code, the structured separation of practice from cognition, the conceptual confusion of responsibility from ethics.

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