• Title, Summary, Keyword: K-pop

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Exploring the Success Factors of K-POP Globalization: Utilizing the VRIO Model (K-POP의 세계시장 진출 성공요인 분석: VRIO 모형을 중심으로)

  • Shin, Dong-Seok;Nam, Sung-Jip;Nam, Myung-Hyun
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2015
  • Purpose - This study aims to investigate the success factors pertaining to K-POPs from an analysis of the internal business environment. Much research has investigated Korean Moves or how to popularize them. The research mainly focused on aspects of Korean Moves. However, few studies have attempted to examine Korean Moves or K-POPs from a managerial viewpoint. The current research tries to investigate the success factors of K-POP from strategic perspectives, specifically utilizing internal resource based view perspectives. It differentiates itself by looking at the competitiveness of K-POP from the internal resources. Research design, data, and methodology - In the entertainment industry, where creativity is heavily stressed, competitiveness is often regarded within the organization as a form of intangible asset, knowledge, or technology that is often related with the organization's personnel. Some research has tried to reveal the competitiveness of K-POP using Porter's competitiveness of nations framework. Others utilize the adapted model of Porter's structure. However, these models only look at the outside environment, and not inside a firm's resource, knowledge, or capabilities. This research utilizes the VRIO model to examine the internal resources and capabilities of K-POP producers. The model measures whether a firm's internal resources and capabilities are valuable, rare, difficult to imitate by competitors, or organizable. The research covered businesses whose yearly revenue exceeds $10 Million in music planning and recording in South Korea. There were only thirteen such companies (one percent of the total population). Of these, companies for whom 20 percent or more of the sales revenue comes from the abroad are targeted. Only seven are selected and these participated in the research. In order to find a firm's internal resources, we conducted qualitative research methodology. Their business names and persons who participated in this research are not revealed due to case sensitive issues. Instead, we use unrelated initials for their names and their statements. Results - From the in-depth interview with top-tier K-POP producers and managers, the current research tried to identify resources and capabilities that helped to strengthen their competitiveness. These resources and capabilities are sought from the scope of the VRIO model, which looks at the internal resources and capabilities from the scope of value, rarity, imitability, and organization. Interviews with the top tier producers and managers reveal the internal success factors of K-POPs. We conclude that these resources and capabilities are from internally accumulated producing know-how, unique managing (training) system, and outstanding all-round entertainment capabilities of the performers. Conclusions - These results indicate that the core resources and capabilities of K-POP are robust. It will take a significant amount of time and money to imitate for followers, because these resources and capabilities are the result of time investment and are embedded into producers' and performers' know-how. Taking Luo (2000)'s argument, K-POP is in the second stage of the globalization process, which is configuring and allocation resource capabilities to a global scope.

K-POP Dance Choreography retrieval with low-cost depth cameras (저가형 3D 카메라를 이용한 K-POP 댄스 안무 검색)

  • Kim, Dohyung;Jang, Minsu;Yoon, Youngwoo;Kim, Jaehong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1435-1438
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    • 2015
  • 본 논문에서는 대용량의 K-POP 모션캡처 데이터베이스에서 특정 안무구간을 검색하는 방법을 제안한다. 제안 기술은 저가형 3D 카메라를 이용하여 사용자가 직접 검색하고자 하는 동작을 생성하고 이를 질의동작으로 입력하여 원하는 안무동작을 검색하는 직관적인 검색 기술로서 구간 동작의 명칭이 존재하지 않는 K-POP 댄스를 검색하기 위한 핵심기술이다. 역동적인 댄스 자세를 표현하고 매칭하는 방법으로 관절 및 바디파트 간의 상대적인 각도 정보를 추출하고 비교하는 방법을 설명한다. 대용량의 모션캡쳐 데이터베이스를 고속으로 검색하기 위해서 안무동작의 핵심 자세를 분석하여 후보구간 집합을 빠르게 생성하고, 이들 집합에서 Dynamic Time Warping(DTW) 알고리즘으로 안무동작 간의 매칭거리를 보다 정밀하게 산출한다. 약 358분의 K-POP 댄스 곡 100곡에 대한 성능평가에서 92%의 검색정확도를 보였으며, 이는 K-POP 댄스 동작의 복잡성을 고려할 때 경쟁력 있는 성능치이다.

An Analysis of Preference for Korean Pop Music By Applying Acoustic Signal Analysis Techniques (음향신호분석 기술을 적용한 한국가요의 시대별 선호도 분석)

  • Cho, Dong-Uk;Kim, Bong-Hyun
    • The KIPS Transactions:PartD
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    • v.19D no.3
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    • pp.211-220
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    • 2012
  • Recently K-Pop gained worldwide sensational popularity, no longer limited to the domestic pop music scene. One of the main causes can be that K-Pop mostly are "Hook Song" which has the "hook effect": a certain melody or/and rhythm is repeated up to 70 times in one song so that it hooks the ear of the listener. Also, visual effects by K-Pop dance group are supposed to contribute to gaining the popularity. In this paper, we propose a method which traces the changes of preference for Korean pop music according to the passing of time and investigates the causes using acoustic signal analysis. For this, experiments in acoustic signal analysis are performed on Korean pop music of from popular female singers in 1960s to those as of this date. Experimental results by applying acoustic signal processing techniques show that the periods discrimination is possible based on scientific evidences. Also, quantitative, objective and numerical data based on acoustic signal processing techniques are extracted compared with the pre-existing methods such as subjective and statistical data.

The Influence of Digital Animation on the choreography of K-pop idol (K-pop아이돌 무대 퍼포먼스 디자인에 반영된 디지털 애니메이션의 영향)

  • Park, Yoo Shin
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.129-165
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    • 2014
  • K-pop performances are in the center of the contemporary popular arts and cultural industry, and implicitly reveal the way that our society views the body and the time-space. This paper explores the motif of automaton in the K-pop idol group ShiNee's stage performance of 'Everybody' and the song's music video. At the same time, the paper relates the motif with the automaton of the digital era-that is, the sense of time-space in digital animations. The motif of the automaton has its origins in the mythical forms related to the animation, and is related to the human desire to create humanlike forms. Also, this motif is closely linked to the aesthetical meaning of the animation, being played in different variations since the beginning of the animation. This paper explores the tradition of automaton motif in culture and the arts, and look into the cases in which the history of the relationship between the media and body performance harboring the automaton motif has been displayed in 19th century ballet or modern body expressional arts. In addition, this paper will compare and analyze representative contemporary works that reveal digital viewpoint and the choreography of 'Everybody', and compare other works that stand in similar aesthetic tradition, investigating the influence of digital animation reflected in the K-pop idol and its aesthetic and social undertones.

Long term solution for K-POP globalization -Concentrating to the change in education system- (K-POP의 세계화를 위한 장기적 방안의 도출 -교육체제의 변화를 중심으로-)

  • Cho, Seung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.4418-4423
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    • 2015
  • This thesis urges the change of the education system of popular music for globalization of K-POP in a longer point of view Korean popular music has developed not only musically but also sound quality itself. Moreover it became popular in a global scale in the name of K-POP. However, it is still limited to idol music, and numerous issues related to the lack of musical talent are emerging Even though the routine of birth and death of several idol groups and singers are still repeated. Recently, the skills of artists enhanced due to audition TV shows but still it's not enough. Under this situation, it is not appropriate to rely on audition TV shows and Entertainment Management companies for picking up talented artists. Therefore, like Classic or Traditional music, schools concentrated for popular music must be founded. If this become enabled, young students going to entertainment companies or to unqualified but expensive private institutes will disappear. Moreover, it can prevent students from lacking behind in their academic activity. In addition, a reformation should be done education colleges for raising popular music educators

Gait Stability in K-pop Professional Dancers

  • Jang, Young Kwan;Hong, Su Yeon;Jang, Inyoung
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.377-382
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to provide data on gait characteristics of K-pop professional dancers. Method: Participants were divided into four groups: male dancers (n=10, age: $28.2{\pm}3.4years$, height: $175{\pm}6cm$, weight: $68.9{\pm}5.6kg$), female dancers (n=10, age: $26.7{\pm}3.1years$, height: $162{\pm}4cm$, weight: $52.1{\pm}3.7kg$), non-dancer males (n=10, age: $25.2{\pm}2.6years$, height: $171{\pm}6cm$, weight: $66.4{\pm}5.3kg$), or non-dancer females (n=10, age: $26.2{\pm}3.0years$, height: $161{\pm}5cm$, weight: $56.4{\pm}6.7kg$). Twelve infrared cameras (Qualisys, Oqus 500, Sweden, 150 Hz.) were used to capture three-dimensional motion data. Gait motion data of professional dancers and ordinary persons were obtained. Results: K-pop dancers' dynamic stability during the female toe off event and the male heel contact event was better compared with that of ordinary persons in the front-rear direction. In addition, the results showed a significant difference in the margin of stability (MoS). However, the medial-lateral direction of both female and male dancers during heel contact and the toe off event was more stable compared with ordinary person, who exhibited an increased MoS than did the dancers. Conclusion: This study aimed to investigate the gait characteristics of K-pop professional dancers in comparison with ordinary persons using gait parameters and MoS. The stability of K-pop professional dancers' dynamic gait in the front-rear direction was better than that in the medial-lateral direction. Therefore, further studies in which the dance movements of K-pop dancers are sub-divided and analyzed will be necessary to reduce related injury.

Analysis on Pataphysics of Virtual Idol based on Game Character -Focus on K/DA (게임 캐릭터 기반 버추얼 아이돌의 파타피직스 연구 -K/DA를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Cho-Young;Han, Hye-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2020
  • K/DA is a K-pop virtual idol based on the game character. This study analyzed the creation process, characteristics and existential meaning of virtual idols from the perspective of Pataphysics. K/DA is a character with both characteristics of game character and K-pop girl group. Also, virtual character and real idol share the body through motion capture and augmented reality(AR). As a result, K/DA crosses virtual and reality, and at the same time becomes a pataphysical subject that does not belong to either virtual or reality. K/DA is suggested a third zone where digital subjects will be located in the future.

A Study of Image Making Features on Fashion Styles of K-pop Girl Groups (K-pop 걸 그룹의 패션에 나타난 이미지 연출 특성에 관한 분석)

  • Chung, Soha;Yoo, Youngsun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.63 no.2
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    • pp.98-109
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to discuss the image making of K-pop girl groups to provide an outlook on the necessary fashion components in order to express certain concepts by analyzing the fashion styles. The fashion styles of the representative girl groups from 2007 to 2011 were classified into five types: retro style, schoolgirl style, chic style, sporty style and marine style. The following are the features and elements of image making by style. The retro style pursued going back to the past. It used stripes, dots, leopard patterns, spangles and denim. It reproduced the style of the past to the trendy style using big sunglasses, retro makeup, girlish hair and gold wigs. The schoolgirl style created the sexy or cute image by using school uniforms as the motif including shirts, short pants and knee socks. It included having natural makeup and straight hair and differentiated colors, patterns and designs. The chic style was classified into rock chic look and sexy look. Both looks had common elements including smoky pop active makeup while the fashion concepts and hair styles were different. The sporty style took the concept of cheer girls. It used plaid shirts, baseball jackets, short pants, thigh high boots, vivid hair accessories, romantic makeup and straight, wave hair. The marine style took the naval uniform as the motif. It expressed the image using short pants, stripe patterns, wappens, naval caps and smoky sexy makeup, straight hair. K-pop girl group fashion is the driving force for the growth of Korean fashion industry as well as its cultural trends and hope that it have a growing influence on the global market and trend through continuing research and support.

A Study on the Modality-Central Melodic Techniques in K-Pop -Focus on the title song of the BLACKPINK- (K-Pop에서 사용된 모드중심의 선율기법연구 -블랙핑크 타이틀곡을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, jin-seon;Chung, jae-yoon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.21-22
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구는 K-Pop에서 보컬과 악기의 선율이 모드(Mode)를 중심으로 어떻게 사용되었는지 분석하고 활용기법에 대해 제시한다. 음악의 분류는 크게 화성을 중심으로 만들어진 조성음악(Tonal Music)과 모드를 중심으로 만들어진 선법음악(Modal Music)으로 나뉜다. 현재 K-Pop에서 화성을 바탕으로 하여 선율을 표현하는 수단을 목소리와 악기로 분류했을 때 두 개의 사용비율은 비슷하다. 선율의 표현영역이 넓어지면서 블랙핑크 타이틀곡에 모드와 음계를 활용한 특징이 나타났다. 첫 번째, 노래의 기능적 형식에 따라 사용한 모드가 구분된다. 두 번째, 목소리를 통해 표현하는 선율보다 악기의 선율이 리듬적으로 부각되었다. 마지막으로 화음을 적게 사용하고, 화음의 성질을 결정짓는 3음을 생략하는 방식이 화음과 선율에 나타난다.

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