• Title, Summary, Keyword: Kid

Search Result 135, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

Rearing Black Bengal Goat under Semi-Intensive Management 1. Physiological and Reproductive Performances

  • Chowdhury, S.A.;Bhuiyan, M.S.A.;Faruk, S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.477-484
    • /
    • 2002
  • Ninety pre-puberal (6-7 months) female and 15 pre-puberal male Black Bengal goats were collected on the basis of their phenotypic characteristics from different parts of Bangladesh. Goats were reared under semi-intensive management, in permanent house. The animals were vaccinated against Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR), drenched with anthelmentics and deeped in 0.5% Melathion solution. They were allowed to graze 6-7 h along with supplemental concentrate and green forages. Concentrates were supplied either 200-300 g/d (low level feeding) or quantity that supply NRC (1981) recommended nutrient (high level of feeding). Different physiological, productive and reproductive characteristics of the breed were recorded. At noon (temperature=$95^{\circ}F$ and light intensity=60480 LUX) rectal temperature and respiration rate of adult male and female increased from 100.8 to $104.8^{\circ}F$ and 35 to 115 breath/min, indicated a heat stress situation. Young female attain puberty at an average age and weight of 7.2$\pm$0.18 months and 8.89$\pm$0.33 kg respectively. Mean age and weight at 1st kidding were 13.5$\pm$0.49 months and 15.3$\pm$0.44 kg respectively. It required 1.24-1.68 services per conception with an average gestation length of 146 days. At low level of feeding the postpartum estrus interval was 37$\pm$2.6 days, which reduced (p<0.05) with high feeding level to 21$\pm$6.9 days. Kidding interval also reduced (p<0.05) from 192 d at low feeding level to 177 d at high feeding level. On an average there were two kiddings/doe/year. Average litter sizes in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th parity were 1.29, 1.71, 1.87 and 2.17 respectively. Birth weights of male and female kids were 1.24 and 1.20 kg respectively, which increased (p<0.05) with better feeding. Although kid mortality was affected (p<0.05) by dam's weight at kidding, birth weight of kid, milk yield of dam, parity of kidding, season of birth, but pre-netal dam's nutrition found to be the most important factor. Kid mortality reduced from 35% at low level of feeding to 6.5% at high level of feeding of dam during gestation. Apparently, this was due to high (p<0.05) average daily milk yield (334 vs. 556 g/d) and heavier and stronger kid at birth at high feeding level.

Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in Infancy: Impact on the Health of the Infant and Family

  • Vandenplas, Yvan;Hauser, Bruno;Salvatore, Silvia
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.207-216
    • /
    • 2019
  • Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) such as infantile colic, constipation and colic occur in almost half of the infants. The aim of this paper is to provide a critical and updated review on the management of FGIDs and their impact on the health of the infant and family to health care physicians. Guidelines and expert recommendations were reviewed. FGIDs are a frequent cause of parental concern, impairment in quality of life of infants and relatives, and impose a financial burden to families, health care, and insurance. Therefore, primary management of the FGIDs should be focused on improving the infants' symptoms and quality of life of the family. If more than parental reassurance is needed, available evidence recommends nutritional advice as it is an effective strategy and most of the time devoid of adverse effects. The role of healthcare providers in reassuring parents and proposing the correct behavior and nutritional intervention by avoiding inappropriate use of medication, is essential in the management of FGIDs.

Congenital Neosporosis in Goats from the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil

  • Varaschin, Mary S.;Hirsch, Christian;Wouters, Flademir;Nakagaki, Karen Y.;Guimaraes, Antonio M.;Santos, Domingos S.;Bezerra, Pedro S. Jr;Costa, Rafael C.;Peconick, Ana P.;Langohr, Ingeborg M.
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
    • /
    • v.50 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-67
    • /
    • 2012
  • Congenital $Neospora$ $caninum$ infection was diagnosed in two Saanen goat kids from two distinct herds with a history of abortion and weak newborn goat kids in the Southern region of the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The first kid was weak at birth, had difficulty to rise and was unable to nurse. Gross lesions of porencephaly and hydrocephalus ex vacuo were seen. Multifocal necrosis, gliosis and non-supurative encephalitis were observed in the brain. Several parasitic cysts with a thick wall that reacted strongly only with polyclonal antiserum to $Neospora$ $caninum$ were seen in the cerebral cortex, brain stem and cerebellum. The second kid was born from a $Neospora$ $caninum$ seropositive mother that aborted in the last pregnancy. It was born without clinical signs. The diagnosis of neosporosis was based on antibody titer of 1:800 to $N.$ $caninum$ by indirect fluorescence antibody test obtained from blood collected before the goat kid ingested the colostrum and $Neospora$ $caninum$ DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced from placenta. This is the first report of neosporosis in goats in the southeast region of Brazil.

방위산업 경영실태 및 경영개선 효율화 방안

  • Baek, Yeong-Hun
    • Defense and Technology
    • /
    • no.12
    • /
    • pp.28-31
    • /
    • 1991
  • 최근의 경제환경은 대내외적으로 걸프전의 영향, 국제통상마찰의 가중 및 EC지역 통합이 확대되고 있어 우리 경제의 앞날을 어둡게하고 있습니다. UR등 개방화, 자율화 압력의 가중으로 우리경제의 개방화, 국제화는 더욱 급속하게 진전되고 있으며, 이로 인해 취약한 국내산업에 대책마련이 시급한 실정에 있습니다. 우리경제의 전환기를 맞아 새로운 도약과 내실화를 위해서는, 우리의 방위산업도 재정립을 모색하여 보다 적극적으로 육성, 추진되어야 할 시점이라 하겠습니다

  • PDF

격변시대-우리 방위산업의 새 진로

  • Baek, Yeong-Hun
    • Defense and Technology
    • /
    • no.1
    • /
    • pp.14-15
    • /
    • 1992
  • 우루과이라운드(UR)로 선박이나 자동차, 전자등 개별부문에 대한 지원이 이제는 불가능해졌습니다. 선진 외국은 이러한 힘을 방산으로 가져가고 있습니다. 이제 우리의 방위산업은 국제경쟁력의 차원을 초월하여 국가적으로 보호, 육성되어야 하며, 산업육성전략의 일환으로 재편성되어야 합니다. 더이상 방위산업이 "시대의 고아"가 되어서는 안됩니다

  • PDF

21세기는 너무 늦다-경제 재도약의 길

  • Baek, Yeong-Hun
    • Defense and Technology
    • /
    • no.11
    • /
    • pp.10-15
    • /
    • 1993
  • 이 글은 누적되어가는 국제수지 적자속에서 우리경제와 방위산업이 나아갈 방향을 모색하고자 "21세기는 너무 늦다-경제재도약의 길"이라는 주제로, 동 제목 책자의 저자를 모시고 방위산업학회에서 개최한 조찬강연회 연설 내용을 요약 발췌한 것이다 백박사는 특히 21세기는 우리에게 주어진 기회일뿐 결코 저절로 우리의 것이 될수 없다고 강조하며, 신한국창조를 위해 우리 경제와 방위산업이 가야할 방향을 제시하였다

  • PDF

Extended-CAN Mechanism to Support Keyword Search (키워드 검색 지원을 위한 확장 CAN 메커니즘)

  • Lee, Myoung-Hoon;Park, Jung-Soo;Cho, In-June
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.421-429
    • /
    • 2006
  • Recently, DHT-based Structured P2P System have a attention to scalability and providing efficient lookup by routing. Retrieving content of DHT-based P2P require knowledge of the exact identifier of sharing file. But user may wish to search for sharing file using descriptive keyword or content. To resolve the problem, this paper propose Extended-CAN mechanism to support keyword search. We defined content-based keyword and identifier of sharing file, and PLS extended to KID and CKD for keyword, common keyword processing. As a result, Extended-CAN mechanism provide efficient keyword search for DHT-based Structured P2P System.

Product Design’s Approach in User Interface Design through Case of Interactive TV for Kids (어린이용 인터랙티브 TV 개발 사례를 통해 본 사용자 인터페이스 디자인에서 제품디자인 영역의 접근 방법)

  • Park, Sang-Hyun;Choi, Seung-Eok;Jin, oung-Kyu;Park, Hyun-Mi;Cho, Soo-Ho;Woo, Joo-Kyung
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.281-289
    • /
    • 2006
  • 본 연구의 목적은 어린이를 위한 인터랙티브 TV (KidTV)의 개발 사례를 통하여 사용자 인터페이스 디자인에 있어 제품디자인 영역의 특수성이 반영된 보다 적합한 인터랙티브 제품의 디자인 개발 체계를 개발하기 위한 관점을 찾는데 있다. 이를 위하여 본 연구에서는 인터랙션 디자인 프로젝트에서 제품디자인적 문제해결 과제인 물리적 형태부여의 주요 요소인 인터랙션 스타일을 보다 합리적으로 조형요소로써 반영하기 위한 해결안으로써 "Form follows function" 이라는 루이스 설리반의 주장에서 힌트를 얻어 현시적 관점에서 그의 주장을 재해석하여 "Form follows Interaction" 이라는 디자인 키워드를 통하여 사용자 인터페이스 디자인에서의 제품디자인 측면의 인터페이스 개발을 위한 하나의 관점으로 제안하고자 한다. 이를 통하여 다양한 학제가 결합하여 진행할 수 밖에 없는 사용자 인터페이스 디자인에 있어 여러 다른 학제들과 제품디자인 영역간의 이해를 돕고 사용자 인터페이스 전체적인 관점에서 제품디자인 영역의 디자인 개발체계를 확립할 수 있는 하나의 관점을 제공하고자 한다.

  • PDF

Spinal Cavernous Hemangioma Causing Sudden Paraplegia in a 23-Month-Old Kid

  • Cho, Jae-Hoon;Chung, You-Nam;Wang, Kyu-Chang;Cho, Byung-Kyu
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.273-276
    • /
    • 2006
  • Although cavernous angioma itself is not rare, the epidural spinal localization is uncommon and makes preoperative differential diagnosis difficult. An extraordinary case of a thoracic epidural cavernous angioma in very young age, causing sudden paraplegia is presented. Only 79 cases have been reported in the literatures and among them, this kid was the youngest. A 23-month-old boy was referred to us with a 2-day history of sudden both lower limb weakness. Two days before admission, he got up at morning and was unable to stand and even to move the legs. MRI revealed an epidural mass surrounding spinal cord associated with cord compression at the level of the C5 through T3. Through posterior approach with exposure of C6 to T3 level, the hematomatous mass was removed subtotally due to intraoperative bleeding and its ventral location. After the first operation, the weakness of bilateral lower extremities was improved so as to move gainst the gravity. But the next day, the limb weakness was aggravated as same as preoperative status due to mass effect of new hematoma. The second operation was performed to remove the hematoma and to control the bleeding focus. Several weeks later, the limb weakness was improved and he was able to walk. The literatures about spinal cavernous angioma are reviewed.