• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knee

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Development of Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis for Gait Rehabilitation Training using Plantaflexion and Knee Extension Torque (족저굴곡과 무릎 신전 토크를 이용한 보행 재활 훈련용 장하지 보조기 개발)

  • Kim, Kyung;Kim, Jae-Jun;Heo, Min;Jeong, Gu-Young;Ko, Myoung-Hwan;Kwon, Tae-Kyu
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.948-956
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a prototype KAFO (Knee-Ankle-Foot Orthosis) powered by two artificial pneumatic muscles during walking. We had previously built powered AFO (Ankle-Foot Orthosis) and KO (Knee Orthosis) and used it effectively in studies on assistance of plantaflexion and knee extension motion. Extending the previous study to a KAFO presented additional challenges related to the assistance of gait motion for rehabilitation training. Five healthy males were performed gait motion on treadmill wearing KAFO equipped with artificial pneumatic muscles to power ankle plantaflexion and knee extension. Subjects walked on treadmill at 1.5 km/h under four conditions without extensive practice: 1) without wearing KAFO, 2) wearing KAFO with artificial muscles turned off, 3) wearing KAFO powered only in plantaflexion under feedforward control, and 4) wearing KAFO powered both in plantaflexion and knee extension under feedforward control. We collected surface electromyography, foot pressure and kinematics of ankle and knee joint. The experimental result showed that a muscular strength of wearing KAFO powered plnatarfexion and knee extension under feedforward control was measured to be lower due to pneumatic assistance and foot pressure of wearing KAFO powered plnatarfexion and knee extension under feedforward control was measured to be greater due to power assistance. In the result of motion analysis, the ankle angle of powered KAFO in terminal stance phase was found a peak value toward plantaflexion and there were difference of maximum knee flexion range among condition 2, 3 and 4 in mid-swing phase. The current orthosis design provided plantaflexion torque of ankle jonit in terminal stance phase and knee extension torque of knee joint in mid-swing phase.

Gender Differences of Knee Valgus Angle during Vertical Drop Landing in College Students (남녀 대학생들의 수직착지 시 성에 따른 무릎 외반각도의 차이)

  • Yi, Chung-Hwi;Park, So-Yeon;Yoo, Won-Gyu
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.28-35
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether gender differences existed in knee valgus kinematics in college students when performing a vertical drop landing. The hypothesis of this study was that females would demonstrate greater knee valgus motion. These differences in knee valgus motion may be indicative of decreased dynamic knee joint control in females. This study compared the initial knee valgus angle and maximum knee valgus angle at the instant of impact on vertical drop landings between healthy men and women. In this study, 60 participants (30 males, 30 females) dropped from a height of 43 cm. A digital camera and two-dimensional video motion analysis software were used to analyze the kinematic data. There was significant difference in the mean knee valgus angle at initial contact landing between the two groups (Mean=$7.88^{\circ}$, SD=$4.24^{\circ}$ in males, Mean=$12.93^{\circ}$, SD=$2.89^{\circ}$ in females). The range of knee valgus angle on landing (Mean=$3.25^{\circ}$, SD=$5.72^{\circ}$ in males, Mean=$11.44^{\circ}$, SD=$6.39^{\circ}$ in females) was differed significantly (p<.05). The maximal angle of knee valgus on landing (Mean=$10.91^{\circ}$, SD=$6.89^{\circ}$ in males, Mean=$24.25^{\circ}$, SD=$6.38^{\circ}$ in females) was also differed significantly (p<.05). The females landed with a larger range of knee valgus motion than the males and this might have increased the likelihood of a knee injury. The absence of dynamic knee joint stability may be responsible for increased rates of knee injury in females. No method for accurate and practical screening and identification of athletes at increased risk of ACL injury is currently available to target those individuals that would benefit from neuromuscular training before sports participation.

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The Evaluation of Usefulness New Assistant Device to Observe Posterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture and Patellofemoral Joint Injury in Emergency Patient (응급환자에서 후방십자인대 손상 및 슬대퇴 관절을 관찰하기 위한 보조기구 제작 및 유용성 평가)

  • Seo, Sun-Youl;Han, Man-Seok;Jeon, Min-Chul;Yu, Se-Jong;Kim, Yong-Kyun
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.93-96
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    • 2010
  • This study evaluates usefulness of the developed assistant device by taking projection of patellofemoral joint in emergency patients who were doubt posterior cruciate ligament injury in knee joint. The subjects of experiment were patients who visited Eul-Ji University Hospital due to knee injury from January 2006 to December 2006. Seventeen patients, who took the Knee post stress view, Knee merchant view, Knee Seo's view to use assistant device and Knee MRI. To make assistant device of $170{\times}50{\times}70\;cm$, we evaluated its usefulness by measuring posterior dislocation of tibia. Seo's view is more accurate to make judgment of posterior cruciate ligament injury than original knee post stress view. Interval difference of posterior dislocation of original knee post stress view is $6.17{\pm}3.04$ and Seo's view is $8.74{\pm}4.47$. The results show injury of patellofemoral joint, vertical fracture of patella and posterior cruciate ligament injury by taking a projection using Seo's view. Therefore, it is useful to take projection earlier than talometer and MRI in emergency patients who were doubt posterior cruciate ligament injury in knee joint.

Influence of Hip Fracture on Knee Pain During Postoperative Rehabilitation

  • Kim, Hee-Ju;Lee, Seong Jae;Hyun, Jung Keun;Kim, Seo-Young;Kim, Tae Uk
    • Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.682-689
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    • 2018
  • Objective To investigate whether fracture type, surgical procedure, or fracture grade affect knee pain during postoperative rehabilitation after a hip fracture. Methods We conducted a retrospective case-controlled study of 139 patients during postoperative rehabilitation after surgery for hip fractures. Patients were divided into two groups: patients experiencing knee pain during the first week of postoperative rehabilitation, and patients without knee pain. We compared the types of fracture, surgical procedure, and fracture grade between the two groups. Results We enrolled 52 patients (37.4%) with knee pain during the first weeks of postoperative rehabilitation. For type of fracture, knee pain was more common with intertrochanteric fracture than with femur neck fracture (48.8% vs. 21.1%, respectively; p=0.001). For the surgical procedure, there was no significant difference between the groups. For the fracture grade, the grades classified as unstable fractures were more common in the group of intertrochanteric fracture patients with knee pain than in those without knee pain (74.1% vs. 36.4%, respectively; p=0.002). Conclusion Intertrochanteric fracture affected knee pain after hip fracture surgery more than did femur neck fracture, particularly in unstable fractures. Furthermore, there was no difference in each fracture type according to the surgical procedure. Careful examination and management for knee pain is needed in patients with hip fracture surgery.

Isokinetic Test and the Effect of Exercise Therapy of Ipsilateral Knee Osteoarthritis (일측성 슬관절염에 대한 등속성 근기능 평가 및 운동치료의 효과)

  • Kang, Jung-Hoon;Na, Jung-Yub;Jang, Jae-Huyk;Lee, Kyoung-II;Kim, Kweon-Young
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2010
  • Knee osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent arthritis that weakens the muscles. This study focused on evaluating muscular functionality of knee osteoarthritis subjects. Muscular strengths of muscles around knee and hip joints of middle-aged female subjects aged over 40 suffering from knee osteoarthritis were evaluated by isokinetic dynanometer. Also, relation between the observed muscle imbalance in knee and hip joints and visual analogue scale was investigated. Subjects performed 8-weeks exercise on weakened muscles - particularly on knee extensors and hip abductors - and had their isokinetic muscular functionalities analyzed again. After the 8-weeks exercise, subjects' thigh circumferences were increased, accompanied with muscular strength improvements and decrease in visual analogue scale. Hence we emphasize the importance of exercise for muscular strength enhancement of knee extensors and hip abductors, in rehabilitation programs for knee osteoarthritis.

In Vivo Kinematics of a Mobile-bearing Total Knee Prosthesis (이동베어링형 인공무릎전치환관절의 생체내의 운동)

  • Lee, Yeon-Soo;Park, Sang-Jin;Song, Eun-Kyoo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1473-1474
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    • 2008
  • In the total knee arthroplasty (TKA), kinematic benefic of a mobile-bearing total knee prosthesis is still arguing. Main reasons for implant failure are loosening and polyethylene wear and should be solved with new designs with mob ile bearings. The kinematics of the knee prosthesis also affects the implant failure. Recently, a second generation of p rostheses with a mobile-bearing was developed. The current study aimed to assess the kinematic path of the 2nd generation mobile knee prosthesis compared to the normal knees. Using 3D/2D registration method, CT-derived 3D knee models were fitted to sequential 2D X-ray images during knee flexion. 3D kinematics of the femur and the tibia were analyzed. The 2nd generation mobile-bearing TKA prosthesis (e.motion, Aesculap, Germany) knees showed less external rotation and knee flexion range compared to the normal knee, but the trend of external rotation was similar each other.

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Clinical Characteristics of Hip Joint Rotations and Knee Adduction Moment through 3D Gait Analysis (3차원 보행분석을 통한 무릎 모음 모멘트와 고관절 내외회전의 임상적 특성)

  • Kim, Yongwook;Kang, Seungmook
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2017
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to verify the relationships among the knee adduction moment, hip rotation range, strength of hip rotators, and Foot Posture Index of healthy young adults. Method : Thirty-two healthy adults(24 male, 8 females) participated in this study. Subjects performed 5 walking trials to evaluate the knee adduction moments using a three-dimensional motion analysis system. Hip rotation ranges and hip rotator strengths were measured using a standard goniometer and a handheld dynamometer, respectively. The mean of three trials of clinical tests was used for data analysis. Results : The first peak knee adduction moment was significantly correlated with the hip rotation ranges and hip rotator strengths (P<.05). The second peak knee adduction moment was showed significant correlations with hip external rotation and rotation ratio. There were no correlations between Foot Posture Index and all knee adduction moments (P>.05). Conclusion : This study suggests that imbalances of the range of motion and strength of the internal and external rotation of the hip joint can affect knee adduction moments. The impact may exacerbate musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis of the knee. Therefore, further studies should be conducted to evaluate the effects of clinical interventions to correct these imbalances on the reduction of the knee adduction moments in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

The Correlation Between Foot and Knee Posture Characteristics in Knee Osteoarthritis People (무릎관절 뼈관절염 환자의 발과 무릎관절 자세 특성간의 상관관계)

  • Kim, Seong-Hwan;Kim, Suhn-Yeop;Kim, Ho-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.433-442
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    • 2012
  • PURPOSE: This study investigated to correlation between foot and knee posture characteristics in knee osteoarthritis patients. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 103 patients with clinically and radiographically-confirmed knee osteoarthritis was investigated using the quadriceps angle (QA), distance of both knee (DBK), ankle dorsiflexion angle (ADA), navicular drop (ND). One-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation were used to investigate the correlation between foot and knee posture measurements. All of whom agreed to participate in the study. In order to assure the statistical significance of the results, we used for SPSS ver. 18.0 for windows. RESULTS: The results of this study were as follows : 1) There were statistically significant difference in the correlation between QA and DBK. 2) There were statistically significant difference in the correlation between DBK and ADA. CONCLUSION: According the results of this study, patients with osteoarthritis exhibit more genu varus knee posture. Moreover patients with osteoarthritis were not correlation between foot and knee Posture characteristics.

Comparison of Muscle Activity of Vastus Lateralis and Medialis Oblique among Knee Extension Angles at 90°, 135°, 180° in Sitting Position

  • Jeon, InCheol
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study compared the muscle activities of the Vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and the Vastus lateralis (VL) at three different knee extension angles: 90°, 135°, and 180° in the sitting position. Methods: Twenty subjects between 20 and 30 years of age participated in the study. A mobile phone application called the Clinometer was used to measure the knee joint angle. Electromyography (EMG) was performed to measure the muscle activities of the VMO and VL muscles during knee isometric extension exercises. The pulling sensor was used to maintain 70% of the maximum strength of the knee extensor continuously in the sitting position. After attaching the EMG sensor, the subjects were asked to perform isometric knee extension exercises randomly among three knee extension angles (90°, 135°, or 180°) in the sitting position. One-way repeated measures analysis of the variance and a Bonferroni post hoc test was used to identify the VMO and VL muscle activity during knee extension angles among 90°, 135°, and 180°. Results: The VMO and VL muscle activities increased with increasing knee extension angle in the sitting position (p<0.01). Conclusions: Knee extension exercise at a 180° angle in the sitting position can be recommended to increase the muscle activity of the VMO and VL muscle activities efficiently.

The Effect of Youndamsagan-tang on a Case of Septic Knee: A Case Report (용담사간탕을 투여한 화농성 슬관절염 환자의 치검 1례)

  • Kang Dae Hee;Kim Young Dal;Kim Chang Nyun;Min Ji Yeun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.1547-1551
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to characterized the effect of Youndamsagan-tang on a Case of Septic Knee. After we gave Youndamsagan-tang to a patient of septic knee, we examined not only symptom of patient but also the thickness and circumference of knee, the change of WBC, ESR, body temperature, VAS. As admission time passes, the pain, flare, swelling and movement of left-side knee joint were improved. The thickness and circumference of knee joint were decreased, and the count of WBC, ESR were decreased. And patient's pain by VAS was subsided. From the above result, administration of Youndamsagan-tang reduces the progressing of pain, flare, swelling and movement in knee joint.