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A Study on the Relationship between the Present Physical Symptom Distress and Experience of Sanhujori, the Traditional Postpartal Care in Korea - Centered on Women of arthritis - (관절염 여성의 신체적 불편과 산후조리 경험정도와의 관계 연구)

  • Chong, Young-Mi;Yoo, Eun-Kwang
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.111-132
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    • 1999
  • This correlational descriptive study sought to define the relationship between the experience of Sanhujori, Korean tradition non-professional postpartal care after delivery and abortion and present physical symptom distress of arthritis female who visited to outpatient clinic of rheumatic internal medicine at three hospital located in Seoul, Pusan, Chongju, Korea. Data from a convenience sample of 98 women who orally agreed to be respondent were collected from September 1, 1998 to October 31, 1998 for two months by way of interview with semi-structured questionnaire. Data analysis consisted of frequency, percentage, mean, S. D., Pearson Correlation Coefficient, t-test, ANOVA and Scheffe test as a post hoc by SPSS. The results of the study were as follows ; Mean age of participants as 52.8 years and mean number of children 3.3. Mean frequency of child birth was 3.1 times per woman, 67.4% of respondents had menopause, 57.0% did not have Sunhujori after abortion. The health status implies the subjective health status women perceived, which came from the three points of view of the present, comparative with other of same age and changed after delivery. The respondents of 76.1% perceived them as unhealthy and the main sites of physical symptom distress were upper & lower extremities including knee and hand 34.8%, shoulder 26.5%, waist 22.4%. Women perceived the etiology of the arthritis as 'did Sanhujori wrongly' 36.7%, 'aging process' 24.5%, 'stress' 16.3%, 'overwork' 15.3%, 'Immunocompromize' & 'physical constitution' 7.1% respectively, 'character' 3.1%, 'genetic' 2.0%, 'malnutrition' 1.0%. The mean period of Sanhujori after delivery was 20.4 at the first child and 18.1 at the second child. The higher frequency of child birth, the shorter period of Sanhujori. For the subjective evaluation of whether the women did Sanhujori well or not, the rate of 'did Sanhujori well' was the highest rank in the first child and the rate of 'did not particularly Sanhujori well' was the highest rank in the last child. There was a significant positive correlation between physical function disability and rheumatoid arthritis symptom at the level of 1% of significance statistically(r=.406). And a positive correlation between physical function disability and Sanhubyung symptom at the level of 5% of significance statistically(r=.224). There was a significant positive correlation among rheumatoid arthritis symptom, Sanhubyung symptom and menopause symptom at the level of 1%-5% of significance statistically. Most of all, the correlation between Sanhubyung symptom and menopause symptom was the higher than others. There was a negative correlation between the present physical symptom distress and experience of Sanhujori(r=.-130), however it was not significant statistically. However, there was a positive correlation between subjective health status and experience of Sanhujori at the level of 1% of significance statistically(r=.328). In conclusion, this finding reconfirmed the positive relationship between the perceived health status and experience of Sanhujori after delivery among women of arthritis. It provides a challenge to the professional care givers to study further on the effects of Sanhuiori after abortion or delivery on the physical symptom distress from the variouis aspects through the cross-sectional and longitudinal research. The strategy for the development of the appropriate intervention for primary prevention of sequele after childbirth and quality of care for desirable health outcomes for postpartal women with considering deeply on the relationship between women's health and postapartal care.

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Development of Immobilization Devices for Patients with Pelvic Malignancies and a Feasibility Evaluation during Radiotherapy (골반부 암 환자를 위한 고정기구 개발 및 방사선치료 시 효용성 평가)

  • Park, Jong-Min;Park, Yang-Kyun;Cho, Woong;Park, Charn-Il;Ha, Sung-Whan
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.134-144
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    • 2007
  • [ $\underline{Purpose}$ ]: Immobilization devices that improve the setup reproducibility of pelvic cancer patients and that provide comfort to patients during radiotherapy were designed and the feasibility of the devices was evaluated. $\underline{Materials\;and\;Methods}$: A customized device was designed to immobilize a knee, thigh, and foot of a patient. Sixty-one patients with prostate cancer were selected and were divided into two groups-with or without devices. The setup errors were measured with respect to bony landmarks. The difference between digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRR) and simulation films, and the differences between DRR and portal films were measured. $\underline{Results}$: The left-right (LR), anterior-posterior (AP) and craniocaudal (CC) errors between the DRR and simulation films were $1.5{\pm}0.9\;mm$, $3.0{\pm}3.6\;mm$, and $1.6{\pm}0.9\;mm$, respectively without devices. The errors were reduced to $1.3{\pm}1.9\;mm$, $1.8{\pm}1.5\;mm$ and $1.1{\pm}1.1\;mm$, respectively with the devices. The errors between DRR and portal films were $1.6{\pm}1.2\;mm$, $4.0{\pm}4.1\;mm$, and $4.2{\pm}5.5\;mm$, respectively without the devices and were reduced to $1.0{\pm}1.8\;mm$, $1.2{\pm}0.9\;mm$, and $1.2{\pm}0.8\;mm$, respectively, with the devices. The standard deviations among the portal films were 1.1 mm, 2.1 mm, and 1.0 mm at each axis without the devices and 0.9 mm, 1.6 mm and 0.8 mm with the devices. The percentage of setup errors larger than 3 mm and 5 mm were significantly reduced by use of the immobilization devices. $\underline{Conclusion}$: The designed devices improved the setup reproducibility for all three directions and significantly reduced critical setup errors.

Preliminary Study on the MR Temperature Mapping using Center Array-Sequencing Phase Unwrapping Algorithm (Center Array-Sequencing 위상펼침 기법의 MR 온도영상 적용에 관한 기초연구)

  • Tan, Kee Chin;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Chun, Song-I;Han, Yong-Hee;Choi, Ki-Seung;Lee, Kwang-Sig;Jun, Jae-Ryang;Eun, Choong-Ki;Mun, Chi-Woong
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.131-141
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    • 2008
  • Purpose : To investigate the feasibility and accuracy of Proton Resonance Frequency (PRF) shift based magnetic resonance (MR) temperature mapping utilizing the self-developed center array-sequencing phase unwrapping (PU) method for non-invasive temperature monitoring. Materials and Methods : The computer simulation was done on the PU algorithm for performance evaluation before further application to MR thermometry. The MR experiments were conducted in two approaches namely PU experiment, and temperature mapping experiment based on the PU technique with all the image postprocessing implemented in MATLAB. A 1.5T MR scanner employing a knee coil with $T2^*$ GRE (Gradient Recalled Echo) pulse sequence were used throughout the experiments. Various subjects such as water phantom, orange, and agarose gel phantom were used for the assessment of the self-developed PU algorithm. The MR temperature mapping experiment was initially attempted on the agarose gel phantom only with the application of a custom-made thermoregulating water pump as the heating source. Heat was generated to the phantom via hot water circulation whilst temperature variation was observed with T-type thermocouple. The PU program was implemented on the reconstructed wrapped phase images prior to map the temperature distribution of subjects. As the temperature change is directly proportional to the phase difference map, the absolute temperature could be estimated from the summation of the computed temperature difference with the measured ambient temperature of subjects. Results : The PU technique successfully recovered and removed the phase wrapping artifacts on MR phase images with various subjects by producing a smooth and continuous phase map thus producing a more reliable temperature map. Conclusion : This work presented a rapid, and robust self-developed center array-sequencing PU algorithm feasible for the application of MR temperature mapping according to the PRF phase shift property.

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Seasonal Sedimentary Characteristics and Depositional Environments after the Construction of seawall on the Iwon Macrotidal Flat (방조제 건설 후 이원 대조차 조간대의 계절별 퇴적학적 특성 및 퇴적환경)

  • Kum, Byung-Cheol;Park, Eun-Young;Lee, Hi-Il;Oh, Jae-Kyung;Shin, Dong-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.615-628
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    • 2004
  • In order to elucidate seasonal sedimentary characteristics and depositional environment after construction of seawall on macrotidal flat, a seasonal observations of surface sediments (total 450) and sedimentation rates on 4 transects have been investigated for 2 years. The eastern area of Iwon tidal flat, has been changed from semi-closed coast to open coast by construction of seawall, shows general seasonal changes similar to characteristics of open coast type, which represented both fining and bad sorted distribution due to deposition of fine sediments under low energy condition in the summer, and relatively coarser and better sorted distribution because of erosion of fine sediments in the winter. In considering angles of transects, distribution patterns of surface sediments, the northern and southern parts of eastern tidal flat are dominantly influenced by wave and tidal effects, respectively. As time goes by, the eastern tidal flat shows coarsening-trend of surface sediments caused by direct effect of tidal current, were and typhoon. Meanwhile the western area of seawall, which has been re-formed by construction seawall, is sheltered from northwesterly seasonal wind. The seasonal change pattern of western area of seawall is slightly different from that of eastern tidal flat. Mean grain size and sorting of surface sediments during spring is finer and worse than those during summer. This seasonal change pattern maybe influenced by topographic effects caused from the construction of seawall. In consideration of all result, the transport of fine sediments in the study area, which is supplied to limited sediments, shows clockwise circulation pattern that fine sediments are transported from the eastern tidal flat to the western area of seawall because of blocking of seawall in the winter and are transported reversed direction the summer. As a result, many changes have been observed in the study area after construction of seawall; however, this change is still in progress and is expected to need continuous monitoring.

Work Related Musculoskeletal Symptoms and their Related Factors in Radiological Tehnologist. (치료방사선사의 직무에 의한 신체손상(근골격계 증상)에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Chul;Cho, Jung-Hee;Shin, Dong-Bong;Woo, Jung-Yeol;Park, Jae-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.39-50
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of general and occupational characteristics musculoskeletal symptoms in Radiological Technologist who working in present department more than 1 year. Standardized questionnaire of NIOSH and organized questionnaire for 재rk-related musculoskeletal was to 72Radiological Technologist, employed in 6general hospital in Seoul in September, 2003. The symptom prevalence rate of musculoskeletal symptoms were neck ($33.3\%$), shoulder ($33.3\%$), arm($12.5\%$), hand($13.9\%$), spine($34.7\%$)leg/knee/foot ($31.9\%$), arm/wrist/hand ($16.5\%$).

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Sasang Constitution Classification related to an aspect of distribution GCM(General Coordinative Manipulation) Body Type and Experimental Study based on the character of Static Posture and Dynamic Hyper/Hypo-mobility Pattern (사상의학의 4체질 분류에 따른 각 체질별 전신조정술 체형분포 양상과 그에 따른 정적 자세특성 및 동적 운동증감 양상에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Moon, Sang-Eon;Joe, Hyun-Rae;Oh, Chang-Sun;Kim, Sung-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.505-517
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    • 2005
  • The Purposes of this study were to find complementary connectible new factors that analyzed correlation relate of Sasang Constitution and GCM Body Type in Static Posture and Dynamic Hyper/Hypo-mobility Pattern. Method of this study was asymtomatic volunteers 232(unmarried man and women), conducted from September 1 to December 31. In this main study progressing step diagnosised first, Constitution of Sasang medicine after being classified into four groups of Soyangin, Taeumin, Soeumin, Taeyangin diagnosis of GCM Body Type and progressed that related Static Posture and Dynamic Hyper/Hypo mobility Pattern. The results are as follows. Distribution of Sasang Medicine Constitution proved to be Taeyangin 13, Soyangin 66, Taeumin 67, Soeumin 86 respectively. Distribution of GCM Body Type proved I Body Type 72(31.0%), II Body Type 54(23.3%), III Body Type 89(38.4%), IV Body Type 17(7.3%). The distribution of Sasang Constitution according to GCM Body Type was that; I Body Type was distributed in the order Soeumin 34.7%(25), Taeumin 31.9%(23), Soyangin 30.6%(22), Soeumin 34.7%(25) is the most people. II Body Type was distribution of in the order Soeumin 42.6%(23), Soyangin 5.9%(14), Taeumin 24.1%(13), Soeumin 42.6%(23) is the most people. III Body Type was distribution of in the order Soeumin 37.1%(33), Taeumin 30.3%(27), Soyangin 28.1%(25), Soeumin 37.1% is the most people. IV Body Type proved high distribution each of Soeumin 29.4%(5) and Soyangin 29.4%(5). In case of main left side posture character of spine and limbs about I Body Type 72 persons with left scapular and ilium forward tilted pattern proved in the order high distribution iliac crest thigh and scapular high 70(97.2%), gluteal fold high and scapular abduction 69(95.8%), lumbar scoliosis 65(90.3%). Also, in case of right side posture character proved in the order high distribution deep gluteal fold 69(95.8%), umbilical deviation 68(94.4%). Incase of main left side posture character of spine and limbs about n Body Type 54 persons proved in the: order high distribution knee hyperextension 50(92.6%), shoulder deviation 49(90.7%) etc. Also, in case of right side posture character proved in the order high distribution pelvic deviation 53(98.1%), iliac crest thigh 52(96.3%), hip flexion and ankle inversion 51(94.4%) etc. In case of main left side posture character of spine and limbs about III Body Type 89 persons proved in the order high distribution shoulder deviation 87(97.8%), scapular abduction 86(96.6%), scapular high 85(95.5%) etc. And in case of right side posture character proved in the order high distribution pelvic deviation and iliac crest thigh 86(96.6%) etc. In case of main left side posture character of spine and limbs about IV Body Type 17 persons proved in the order high distribution pelvic deviation, lumbar sciliosis and lumbar lordosis increase 15(88.2%) etc. Also, in case of right side posture character proved in the order high distribution wrist dorsiflexion 16(94.1%), thickened achilles tendon etc.

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A Study on the Effectiveness of the Manufacture of Compensator and Setup Position for Total Body Irradiation Using Computed Tomography-simulator's Images (전산화 단층 모의치료기(Computed Tomography Simulator)의 영상을 이용한 TBI(Total Body Irradiation) 자세 잡이 및 보상체 제작의 유용성에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee Woo-Suk;Park Seong-Ho;Yun In-Ha;Back Geum-Mun;Kim Jeong-Man;Kim Dae-Sup
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : We should use a computed tomography-simulator for the body measure and compensator manufacture process was practiced with TBI's positioning in process and to estimate the availability.,Materials and Methods : Patient took position that lied down. and got picture through computed tomography-simulator. This picture transmitted to Somavision and measured about body measure point on the picture. Measurement was done with skin, and used the image to use measure the image about lungs. We decided thickness of compensator through value that was measured by the image. Also, We decided and confirmed position of compensator through image. Finally, We measured dosage with TLD in the treatment department.,Results : About thickness at body measure point. we could find difference of $1{\sim}2$ cm relationship general measure and image measure. General measure and image measure of body length was seen difference of $3{\sim}4$ cm. Also, we could paint first drawing of compensator through the image. The value of dose measurement used TLD on head, neck, axilla, chest(lungs inclusion), knee region were measured by $92{\sim}98%$ and abdomen, pelvis, inquinal region, feet region were measured by $102{\sim}109%$.,Conclusion : It was useful for TBI's positioning to use an image of computed tomography-simulator in the process. There was not that is difference of body thickness measure point, but measure about length was achieved definitely. Like this, manufacture of various compensator that consider body density if use image is available. Positioning of compensator could be done exactly. and produce easily without shape of compensator is courted Positioning in the treatment department could shortened overall $15\{sim}20$ minute time. and reduce compensator manufacture time about 15 minutes.

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Analysis of Sports Injuries in Kendo (검도 운동에서 발생된 스포츠 손상의 분석)

  • Song, Hyun-Seok;Park, Sung-Jin;Han, Suk-Ku;Nah, Ki-Ho;Cheung, Hyung-Kook;Choi, Woo-Hyuk;Choi, Nam-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: To study the mechanism of injuries or discomfort during kendo and to analyze the causes of injury, injured parts of body, treatments modalities, and degree of return to the pre-injury activity level. Materials and Methods: We studied ninety-eight kendo players who had played at three gymnasium of Korean Kumdo Association, were older than high-school age, had been playing kendo for more than six months, and had any pain or discomfort after playing kendo. We analyzed the questionnaire and interviewed the patients concerning the injured parts of body, symptoms, treatments. Results; The mean age was 30.2 years old, and the onset of symptoms was between two weeks and six months after starting the kendo. Many of them were injured during attacking(32.2%). The injuries of feet were increased on players who exercised for less than 1 year. Only fifty-nine players(60.2%) were treated within one month. Among them, thirty-eight percent were treated by oriental medicine or other departments and only thirty-six percent were treated by orthopaedic surgeons. The prevalence of injuries of the foot and ankle was highest(38.8%), and there were the wrist(13.1%), shoulder(11.9%), knee(11.9%) in order of prevalence. Fifty percents of them could return to the pre-injury activity level. Conclusion: The prevalence of injuries of the foot and ankle was highest(38.8%), and were increased on players who exercised for less than 1 year. Sixty percents of players were treated with any proper modalities, and only thirty-six percent were treated by orthopaedic surgeons.

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Patellar Inferior Pole: New Landmark for the Anteromedial Instrument Portal for Arthroscopic Surgery of the Medial Meniscus Posterior Horn (슬개골 하극: 내측 반월상 연골판 후각부에 대한 관절경 수술을 위한 전내측 기구 삽입구의 새로운 표식)

  • Kim, Young-Mo;Hwang, Deuk-Soo;Lee, June-Kyu;Shin, Hyun-Dae;Kang, Tae-Hwan;Kim, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Pil-Sung
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.128-134
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: We prospectively evaluated the clinical usefulness of the patellar inferior pole (PIP) as a landmark of the anteromedial (AM) portal for the arthroscopic surgery of the medial mensiscus posterior horn (MMPH). Materials and Methods: Group 1 (50 normal left knees of adults), Group 2 (10 normal knees under anesthesia), and Group 3 (50 consecutive knees undergoing elective arthroscopic surgery for relatively simple intraarticular pathologies, or diagnostic arthroscopy) were included. In Group 1 and 2, the true lateral (A) and valgus stress lateral radiographs (B) on $30^{\circ}$ flexion were obtained, and the lines (AM portal line) passing through the PIP and distal-most medial femoral condyle (MFC) were drawn under the condition without considering the thickness of articular cartilage of MFC (1, 2-A, B group), and considering it as 2.5mm on B (1, 2-C group). Then, we investigated the meeting point of the AM portal line with medial tibial plateau (C-D percentage), and measured the distance between the PIP and the anterior joint line (E-length), and medial tibial-femoral joint space (F-length). In Group 3, the AM portal was made at the PIP level and clinical usefulness of the approach to the MMPH and body of the lateral meniscus (LM) was analyzed. Results: The average C-D percentage came out as 85.8, 101.3, 69.1% for each Group 1-A, B, C, and 102.4, 144.6, 116.8% for each Group 2-A, B, C. Measured E-length was an average of 15.1 (Group 1-A), 15.5 (Group 1-B, C), 13.1 (Group 2-A), and 12.9 mm (Group 2-B, C) and the change by valgus stress had no statistical significance. The F-length increased about 1.2 (Group 1) and 3.6 mm (Group 2) when valgus stress was applied, which had statistical significance (p<0.001, p<0.001). In Group 3, 49, 48 knees were classified as good for the MMPH, and the body of LM in aspect of the clinical usefulness of AM portal made on the PIP level. Conclusion: We identified the clinical usefulness of the PIP as a skin landmark of AM portal for the arthroscopic surgery of the MMPH.

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Arthroscopic Meniscectomy in Patients Aged Over 50 - More than 3 Years Follow-Up Result - (50세 이상 환자에서의 반월상 연골 절제술 - 최소 3년 이상 추시 결과 -)

  • Cho, Sung-Do;Youm, Yoon-Seok;Go, Sang-Hun;Jung, Kwang-Hwan;Cha, Jae-Ryong;Lee, Chae-Chil;Jeong, Ji-Young;Seo, Dong-Kyo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.107-111
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and radiographical results of arthroscopic meniscectomy in patients aged over 50 with minimum 3-year follow-up. Materials and Methods: Of the patients who had undergone arthroscopic meniscectomies between Dec. 1997 and Dec. 2003, 36 patients(36 knees) were available for retrospective evaluation. The average age at the time of surgery was 56.4 years and the mean follow-up period was 63 months. According to the Kellgren-Lawrence classification, grade I change were noted in 16 patients, II in 12, III in 6 and IV in 2. According to Outerbridge classification, grade I articular lesions were noted in 16 patients, II in 10, III in 7 and IV in 3. Postoperative Lysholm score, patient s subjective satisfaction and radiographic changes were evaluated retrospectively. Results: Twenty-four patients(66.7%) were good or excellent for the Lysholm score and 26 patients(72.2%) were satisfied at final follow-up. Tibiofemoral angle was changes from mean valgus 3.9 degrees to mean valgus 2.6 degrees and 22 patients(61.1%) showed the progression of osteoarthritic changes. Conclusion: The satisfactory results could be obtained in 72.2% of patients aged over 50 with a minimal follow-up of 3 years after arthroscopic meniscectomy. The results tended to be worse in patients with moderate or severe tibiofemoral osteoarthritic changes or with articular cartilage lesions.

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