• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knee joint postoperative rehabilitation

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A Systemic Review of Korean Medical Treatment Combined with Continuous Passive Motion Therapy on the Knee Joint Postoperative Rehabilitation (슬관절 수술 후 재활에 대한 Continuous Passive Motion 치료와 한의 병행치료의 체계적 문헌 고찰)

  • Ha, Hyun Ju;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.33-45
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    • 2017
  • Objectives The objective of this study is to report the evidence that continuous passive motion (CPM) therapy combined with Korean Medicine is effective for knee injuries. Methods We searched 2 Korean medical electronic databases, and 2 Chinese electronic databases to find randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) that treat knee injuries with Korean Medicine combined with CPM therapy. We selected studies by screening. We extracted data from selected RCTs, and analyzed RCTs by using Cochrane's Risk of bias criteria. Results 386 studies are searched, and 7 RCTs are selected. According to the study, several kinds of Korean Medicine such as hydrotherapy, decoction, acupuncture, moxibustion, and manual therapy are used with CPM therapy for the knee joint postoperative rehabilitation. We found the encouraging evidence that Korean Medicine and CPM combined therapy is more effective than single CPM therapy by alleviating pain, increasing range of motion, and improving knee function, etc. However, the risk of bias in most RCTs was judged to be uncertain. Conclusions Combination of Korean Medicine and CPM therapy can compensate the defect of single CPM therapy, and promotes the recovery of knee joint function.

Influence of Hip Fracture on Knee Pain During Postoperative Rehabilitation

  • Kim, Hee-Ju;Lee, Seong Jae;Hyun, Jung Keun;Kim, Seo-Young;Kim, Tae Uk
    • Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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    • v.42 no.5
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    • pp.682-689
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    • 2018
  • Objective To investigate whether fracture type, surgical procedure, or fracture grade affect knee pain during postoperative rehabilitation after a hip fracture. Methods We conducted a retrospective case-controlled study of 139 patients during postoperative rehabilitation after surgery for hip fractures. Patients were divided into two groups: patients experiencing knee pain during the first week of postoperative rehabilitation, and patients without knee pain. We compared the types of fracture, surgical procedure, and fracture grade between the two groups. Results We enrolled 52 patients (37.4%) with knee pain during the first weeks of postoperative rehabilitation. For type of fracture, knee pain was more common with intertrochanteric fracture than with femur neck fracture (48.8% vs. 21.1%, respectively; p=0.001). For the surgical procedure, there was no significant difference between the groups. For the fracture grade, the grades classified as unstable fractures were more common in the group of intertrochanteric fracture patients with knee pain than in those without knee pain (74.1% vs. 36.4%, respectively; p=0.002). Conclusion Intertrochanteric fracture affected knee pain after hip fracture surgery more than did femur neck fracture, particularly in unstable fractures. Furthermore, there was no difference in each fracture type according to the surgical procedure. Careful examination and management for knee pain is needed in patients with hip fracture surgery.

Effects of Korean Medicine Treatments on Pain Reduction of Postoperative Meniscal Injury Patients : A Retrospective Observational Study (슬관절 반월상 연골 파열 후 수술 환자의 통증 감소에 대한 한의학적 치료 효과: 후향적 관찰연구)

  • Kim, Sang Woo;Oh, Min Seok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study is to observe the effectiveness of complex Korean Medicine treatments on pain reduction of patients after meniscal surgery. We analyzed 16 patients who have been diagnosed as Meniscal injury on Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) scan and had admitted to Dunsan Korean Medical hospital from January 30, 2014 to April 30, 2019. The analysis was conducted as retrospective study which analyzes patient's medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS statistics 25 program. We used Numeric Rating Scale to evaluate pain reduction, Five-point likert scale to asses treatment satisfaction. The result showed that there were statistically significant pain reduction on the postoperative meniscal injury patients treated with complex Korean Medicine treatments. In conclusion, we found that the complex Korean Medicine treatments showed a positive effect on pain reduction of postoperative meniscal injury patients. Further research is required to confirm the effectiveness of Korean Medicine treatment.

A Case Study of Prosthetic Ambulation Training for Rotation-Plasty Client (하지 분절절제 및 회전재접합술자의 의지 보행훈련 증례연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Weon;Chung, Nack-Su
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to introduce rotation-plasty procedure and prosthetic ambulation training. The recent development of chemotherapy and diagnostic facility have permitted the orthopaedic surgeons to try limb saving procedures rather than amputations for the treatment of the malignant bone tumors. If the tumors around the knee joint were treated by mid-thigh amputation or hip disarticulation, it would impose the client with a great handicap for rehabilitation. Rotation-plasty procedure was first done by Borggreve, in 1930 for the congenital short femur. Recently this procedure was used a malignant bone tumor at the distal femur by Kotz and Salzer in 1982. In spite of its cosmetic problem of the distal stump, this procedure has the great functional advantage of converting the above-knee amputation to the below-knee amputation. The inverted foot was also good to control the prosthesis as a below-knee stump and heel functioned as a patella to support the body weight. This 15 years old girl case was had rotation-plasty due to osteosarcoma of the distal femur with 3rd postoperative chemotherapy, and admitted to Yonsei rehabilitation hospital for prosthetic ambulation training. Then, the case had excellent functional results of prosthetic ambulation training with rotaion-plasty after 3 months.

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Results of Conventional and Accelerated Rehabilitation Following ACL Reconstruction (전십자인대 재건술 후 고식적 재활과 적극적 재활의 결과)

  • Lee, Byung-Ill;Min, Kyung-Dae;Choi, Joong-Keun;You, Jae-Eung;Son, Chi-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Arthroscopy Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.132-138
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study is to compare the results between conventional and accelerated rehabilitation program following ACL reconstruction using bone-patellar tendon-bone. Conventional rehabilitation focused on protecting the new ligament by blocking terminal extension and avoiding active quadriceps function in the terminal degrees of extension. But there is current trend toward early postoperative mobilization and intensive. so called 'accelerated', rehabilitation stressing hyperextension of the knee. The results of intraarticular ACL reconstruction with conventional and accelerated rehabilitation were prospectively compared for one year postoperatively in a series of 27 patients. Range of motion and thigh circumference were checked preoperatively, and weekly up to 8 weeks, 3 months. 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Stress radiologic test, KT-1000 arthrometer. Cybex II dynamometer were checked in preoperatively, and 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. There were no differences of objective stability and restoration of muscle power. But the accelerated group had a low incidence of extension loss. excellent range of motion, and less difference of thigh circumference. We concluded that accelerated rehabilitation program is recommendable due to superiority in terms of range of motion, especially less extension loss without increasing laxity of knee joint.

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Principle of Rehabilitation after the Arthroscopic Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (관절경적 전방 십자인대 재건술 후의 재활 치료 원칙)

  • Kyung Hee-Soo;Kim Hee-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.6-14
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    • 2003
  • The goal of rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction are return the patient to a reinjury level of activity with stable joint, removing pivot shift phenomenon, preservation of meniscus, restoration of range of motion, and minimize patello-femoral complication. The ACL reconstruction should avoid immediate surgery. The preoperative phase emphasizes two important factors. (1) The patient should have a resolution of knee swelling, a return of full ROM, and a normal gait. (2) The patient should be mentally prepared for the operation and subsequent rehabilitation. The postoperative rehabilitation program emphasizes extension, closed kinetic chain function exercises. The regular follow-up is important.

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Complications of PCL Reconstruction using Tibial Inlay Technique (경골 Inlay 방법을 이용한 후방 십자 인대 재건술의 합병증)

  • Kim Myung-Ho;Park Hee-Gon;Yoo Moon-Jib;Byun Woo-Sup;Shim Shang-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Orthopaedic Sports Medicine
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.128-133
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was planned to evaluate complications? of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction with tibial inlay technique using autogenous bone-patellar tendon-bone graft. Materials and Methods: From September 1994 to January 2004, we analyzed surgical complications in fifty-seven patients with fifty-eight cases who underwent PCL reconstruction. Fifty of them were male and seven female. The mean age of the patients was 35(15$\~$73). Twenty eight cases of injury were isolated PCL, while thirty cases had associated injury of knee. The causes of injury were thirty-nine cases of traffic accident, seven sport injuries, seven fall down injuries, and five of others. The follow-up study was done at 4 weeks, 3 months,6 months and 1 year after surgery. KT-2000 arthrometer and posterior stress X-ray were used to examine the stability of the knee joint and the Lysholm Knee Score and a variety of clinical complications were evaluated. Results: Although the mean score of the preoperative Lysholm Knee Score was 43.2, the postoperative score was increased to 87.9. The preoperative mean value of knee stability using KT-2000 arthrometer was 8.75 mm(6.2$\~$14.3 mm) but the postoperative mean was 3.41 mm(2.1$\~$10.6 mm). The intraoperative complications were: one case of popliteal artery injury with compartment syndrome, one case of patellar fracture, two cases of 20$^{\circ}$ flexion loss, and two cases of anterior cortical penetration of the screw through proximal tibia during screw fixation. The postoperative complications were: eleven cases of knee instability, one case of patellar fracture, five cases of extension loss, thirteen cases of flexion loss, twenty-one cases of around knee pain and eight cases of kneeling pain. Conclusion: After PCL reconstruction with tibial inlay technique using autogenous bone-patella tendon-bone graft, complications were observed in this study. Careful attention during and after the operation, as well as rehabilitation must be required.

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Linked (Semi-constrained) Total Elbow Arthroplasty (연결형(반구속형) 주관절 인공 관절 치환술)

  • Jung, Hong Jun;Jeon, In-Ho;Chun, Jae-Myeung;Lee, Tae Kyoon
    • Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.170-177
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    • 2013
  • Total elbow arthroplasty is still in its infancy compared with other arthroplasties, such as knee or hip arthroplasties. Implant design has been evolving with clinical experiences; however, there are only limited data on the long-term clinical outcome of elbow arthroplasty in the literature. The design of total elbow prostheses can be divided into three categories: linked (constrained or semi-constrained), unlinked (unconstrained), and convertible types. The choice between an unlinked (unconstrained) implant and a linked (semi-constrained) implant depends on joint stability and adequacy of the bone stock. Linked elbow arthroplasty has provided high patient satisfaction, and pain relief thanks to proper patient selection, advancement of implant design, improvement in cement techniques, meticulous surgical technique, and appropriate postoperative rehabilitation. Concerns remain about the use of this implant in young or high-demand patients. This article focuses on the linked (semi-constrained) prostheses, which provides an overview of the current state of linked total elbow arthroplasty.