• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knee joint space width

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Validity and Reliability of Ultrasound Measurement of Knee Joint Space Width in Individuals With Knee Osteoarthritis

  • Kim, Geon;Cha, Young-joo;Shin, Ji-won;You, Sung-hyun
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2019
  • Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a single most arthritic disease. Knee joint space width (JSW) is commonly used for grading severity of knee OA. However, previous studies did not established criterion validity and test-retest reliability of ultrasound (US) image for measuring JSW. Objects: The aim of this study was to establish criterion validity and test-retest reliability of US measurement of medial and lateral knee JSW. Methods: Twenty-nine subjects with knee OA were participated. The US and X-ray were used to measure knee JSW. One sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to confirm the data normal distribution. Pearson correlation coefficient and ICC were used to calculated and establish criterion validity and test-retest reliability, respectively. Results: US measurement of medial and lateral knee JSW was highly correlated with radiographic imaging measure (r=.714 and .704, respectively). Test-retest reliabilities of medial and lateral knee JSW were excellent correlated (ICC=.959 for medial side and .988 for lateral side, respectively). Conclusion: US may be valid tool to measure knee JSW.

Evaluation of the Knee Lateral Collateral Ligament Stability by Using the Digital Telometer (디지털 텔로메터를 이용한 무릎 외측측부인대의 안정성 평가)

  • Seoung, Youl-Hun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the study was to evaluation of the knee lateral collateral ligament (LCL) stability of normal males and females in twenties by using digital telometer. The volunteer subjects agreed the research goal and were 31 normal adults(16 male: $21.1{\pm}1.5$ years, 15 female: $21.2{\pm}1.2$ years) who have not got any illness regarding their knee. X-ray images were taken varus stress on medial femorotibial joint space using by digital telometer, and grade of pain was surveyed. We measured the joint space width (JSW) in the digital radiology. As a result, the JSW of male group were $5.60{\pm}0.76$ mm and JSW of female group were $5.05{\pm}0.55$ mm (p=0.022) on the neutral state of the knee. Based on the result of varus stress on the knee, female group showed much widen than male group but it was not significant difference (p>0.05). When increased varus stress on the knee, all groups were felt pain from 17 daN to 19 daN. The result could be valuable when the varus stress on the LCL by using the digital telometer.