• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knowledge Competence

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A study on knowledge and competence of hospital nurses inperforming cardiopulmonary resuscitation (심폐소생술에 대한 병원 간호사의 지식 및 수행능력에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Hyang-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.85-97
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the level of knowledge and competence of nurses with regard to cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Methods: The participants were 360 nurses who worked in 3 general hospitals affiliated with universities in K-province. The study was done in May and June, 2005. Analysis was done using SPSS 12.0 and descriptive statistics, t test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed that nurses’knowledge and competence levels vary. Mean scores for knowledge were 19.64. Using a score of 1, the mean was 0.65. Mean scores for competence were 96.29. Using a score of 5, the mean was 3.57. Correlation between total knowledge and total competence was r=.49 (p=.00). Conclusion: Lack of knowledge and low competence in nurses should be addressed in cardiopulmonary resuscitation education programs. For more effective education, the type of education should not be limited to lectures only, but should include both lectures and practice. As knowledge and competence were affected by work experience, it is important to provide nurses not only with knowledge but with work experience to increase levels of knowledge and competence in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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Relationships among Technology Development Strategy, Marketing Competence, Knowledge Management Competence, and Company Performance of Textile and Clothing Companies (섬유의류기업의 기술개발전략, 마케팅역량, 지식관리역량, 기업성과간의 관계)

  • Yoh, Eun-Ah;Park, Kwang-Hee;Kim, Mun-Young
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.172-178
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to explore relationships among technology development strategy, marketing competence, knowledge management competence, and company performance of textile and clothing companies. Survey data collected from 187 employees in the textile and clothing companies were analyzed by descriptive statistics, factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis. In results, certain levels of correlations were found among technological development strategy, marketing competence, knowledge management competence, and company performance. Specifically, technological gap which was one of the technology development strategy factors was a variable significantly affecting innovation performance and financial performance of textile and clothing companies. Knowledge management competence affected innovation performance whereas marketing competence affected financial competence of textile and clothing companies.

Knowledge Evaluation of Individual Competence for Virtual Project Organization (가상 프로젝트 조직의 개인관점 지식역량 평가)

  • Lee, Kyung-Huy;Kim, Cheol-Han;Woo, Hoon-Shik
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.133-141
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    • 2012
  • Virtual project organization may be recognized as one of the promising business models in which many knowledge sources externalize through cross boundaries of knowledge-based organizations. This paper proposes a knowledge competence evaluation of virtual project organization based on the following perspectives: 1) Individual knowledge perspective, 2) Activity-oriented knowledge perspective, and 3) Knowledge-driven social network perspective. In the framework, individual knowledge competence having experienced or learned from knowledge-based activities and virtual networks in the project, should be evaluated according to the assumption that knowledge and collaboration competence depends on the activities and networks acquired proportionally by the past participation to projects. An illustrative SI example is given in order to validate the proposed evaluation and computing procedure.

Relationships among Citical Care Competence, Knowledge related Critical Care, and Satisfaction with Clinical Practice of Nursing Students at a College (일개대학 간호 학생의 중환자 간호 수행 능력과 간호지식 및 실습만족도의 관계)

  • Yang, Jin-Ju
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.998-1006
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among critical care competence, knowledge related to critical care, and satisfaction with clinical practice from third year college nursing students. Methods: The data were collected from questionnaires concerning critical care competence, knowledge related to critical care, and satisfaction with clinical practice given to 85 nursing students during June 2009. Results: The mean score of total critical care competence was 84.01 (${\pm}14.78$). Total knowledge related to critical care was 6.99 (${\pm}1.97$). Finally, satisfaction with clinical practice was 86.88 (${\pm}9.47$). Regarding critical care competence, common critical care competence was highest followed by neurologic care competence, cardiovascular care competence, and finally respiratory care competence. The mean score of knowledge related to cardiovascular care was highest followed by common critical care knowledge, respiratory care knowledge, and neurologic care knowledge for knowledge related to critical care competence. Critical care competence had a significant positive correlation with satisfaction with clinical practice but had no correlation with knowledge related to critical care. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that developing educations of clinical practice in hospitals and laboratory practice in colleges for respiratory and cardiovascular critical care is necessary to promote critical care competence and satisfy clinical experiences of nursing students.

Scientific Inquiry Activity of Elementary Science Textbook Analysis Based on Knowledge Information Processing Competence Elements (초등학교 과학 교과서 과학 탐구 활동의 지식정보처리역량 요소 분석)

  • Jeong, Eunju;Son, Jeongwoo
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we investigated the elements of knowledge and information processing competence of science inquiry activities in grades 3-6 science textbooks. For this purpose, the elements of knowledge and information processing competence were extracted and a framework for analysis was created. Analysis of eight science textbooks for grades 3-6 in elementary school was carried out using the analysis framework. The following results were obtained by the analysis framework: First, we divided the knowledge and information processing competence into five elements: 'collection,' 'analysis,' 'expression,' 'selection,' and 'evaluation.' Second, the elements of knowledge and information processing competence of science inquiry activity of elementary science textbooks were not evenly composed. The science inquiry activities of elementary science textbooks focused on 'collection' and 'analysis' among the five elements of the knowledge and information processing competence, followed by 'expression,' 'selection,' and 'evaluation.' As a result, we found that a science inquiry model or a science instruction model is needed to develop the knowledge and information processing competence in elementary school science curriculum.

Knowledge Management, Beliefs, and Competence on Evidence-Based Practice, Evidence-Based Decision Making of Nurses in General Hospitals (간호조직의 지식관리, 간호사의 근거기반실무 신념 및 역량이 근거기반 의사결정에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, In-Sook;Park, Myonghwa
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.83-94
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore how knowledge management of hospital and nurses' beliefs and competences on evidence-based practice can affect evidence-based decision making. Methods: In this descriptive study, a total of 184 nurses who were working in the five general hospitals participated. The data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire in September, 2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and step-wise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN Statistics 21.0 program. Results: Evidence-based decision making was correlated with EBP beliefs (r=.55, p<.001), EBP competence (r=.57, p<.001), and knowledge management (r=.50, p<.001). Hierarchical regression analysis showed that EBP beliefs (${\beta}=.18$, p=.005), EBP competence (${\beta}=.37$, p<.001), organizational knowledge management (${\beta}=.27$, p<.001) explained 48.6% of evidence based decision making (p<.001). Conclusion: The study results indicated that evidence-based practice competences, organizational knowledge management, and evidence-based practice beliefs were important factors on evidence-based decision making. In order to improve evidence-based practice among nurses through organizational knowledge management, EBP beliefs and competence at individual level need to be considered and incorporated into any systemic training of EBP.

The Effects of a Simulation-Based Education on the Knowledge and Clinical Competence for Nursing Students (시뮬레이션 기반 간호교육이 간호학생의 지식과 임상수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Yang, Jin-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.14-24
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effect of simulation-based education relevant to the care of patients with acute renal failure (ARF) for third-year nursing students. Methods: This study was a non-equivalent control pre-posttest design. Based on the clinical situation scenarios pertaining to patients with ARF, a simulation-based learning module was developed using Human Patient Simulator version 6 (HPS6) manufactured by Medical Education Technologies Inc. The pretest was conducted so as to evaluate the difference in prior knowledge and clinical competence between two groups. The control group consisted of 91 students during the 2010 academic year and the experimental group consisted of 94 students during the 2011 academic year. Data were analysed using SPSS/win 10.1. Results: In the experimental group, knowledge related to care for ARF patients was not significantly increased; however, clinical competence improved significantly for the experimental group. Conclusion: In conclusion, the simulation-based education program was effective in contributing towards the development of clinical competence. Increased development of clinical competence is vital for today's clinical environment where nursing professionals need the necessary knowledge, thinking, and performance skills to meet the needs of the hospital and their patients.

Development ana Evaluation of Social Competence Enrichment Program for Institutionalized Children in Early Childhood (시설보호 유아를 위한 사회적 유능감 향상 프로그램 개발 및 효과 검증)

  • 이강이;이순형;성미영
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.41-58
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate a social competence enrichment program for institutionalized children in early childhood. The program was developed to enhance institutionalized children's social competence. The program consists of sixteen 30-minute sessions. 19 institutionalized children (11 boys and 8 girls) participated in this program. The effect of this program was evaluated by institutionalized preschool children's emotional knowledge and interpersonal problem solving strategy. Assessment of emotional knowledge consists of identification and situation task. Interpersonal problem solving strategy includes forceful, prosocial, and manipulative strategy. Results showed that there was a significant experimental effect for emotional knowledge. Experimental children showed higher scores of emotional knowledge than control children. Also, there was a significant experimental effect for prosocial and forceful strategy. Experimental children showed higher ratio of prosocial strategy and lower ratio of forceful strategy than control children. The results of program evaluation revealed that this program was helpful for promoting institutionalized children's social competence.

Effectiveness of web based learning program on self efficacy, knowledge, and competence in measurement of blood pressure (웹 기반 학습 프로그램이 혈압측정에 대한 자기효능감, 지식 및 수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Sook-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.66-73
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the effectiveness of a web based learning program on self efficacy, knowledge, and competence in measurement of blood pressure in college nursing students. Method: This study was an experimental research study. Data were collected from April 20 to June 1. 2011. The participants were 68 first year nursing students (experimental group 37, control group 31). The collected data were analyzed with the PASW 18.0 program, using ${\chi}^2$-test, t-test, and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$. Results: The mean score for self efficacy in blood pressure measurement in the experimental group was 61.9 and in the control group 60.7. This result was statistically significant (t=3.301, p=.002). The mean score for knowledge of blood pressure measurement in the experimental group was 11.5 and in the control group 10.8. This result was statistically significant (t=2.910, p=.005). But effectiveness of competence in blood pressure measurement was not significant. Conclusion: The study results show that the web based learning program was effective for self efficacy and knowledge in blood pressure measurement but not for competence indicating.-a need to develop strategies to improve competence in blood presessure measurement for these students.

The Effects of CPR Training for Nursing Students on their Knowledge, Attitude, and Perceived Competence (심폐소생술 교육이 간호학과 학생의 심폐소생술에 대한 지식, 태도 및 지각한 수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Young-Rye;Kim, Jin-A;Choi, Kyung-Sook;Kim, Keum-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.7-17
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of CPR training for nursing students on their knowledge, attitude and perceived competence. Methods: This study was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants were 54 nursing students who were conveniently assigned to an experimental or control group. The data was collected from October 22 to November 20, 2007 and analyzed by using $x^2$-test and t-test. Results: The first hypothesis,“Posttest CPR knowledge scores in the experimental group will be higher than those in the control group”was supported(t=4.257, p=.000). The second hypothesis,“Posttest CPR attitude scores in the experimental group will be higher than those in the control group” was supported(t=3.664, p=.001). The third hypothesis,“Posttest CPR perceived competence scores in the experimental group will be higher than those in the control group”was supported(t=6.49, p=.000). Conclusion: The CPR training was the effective strategic method to increase the levels of knowledge, attitude, and perceived competence for nursing students.

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