• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korea Jin-do dog

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The Echocardiographic Assessment and clinical Application of Cardiac Disease in Korean Jin-do dog (진돗개에서 심장초음파 측정치의 평가와 임상적 응용 I. 심장초음파 측정치)

  • 박인철;강병규;손창호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 2000
  • Echocardiography was performed on 29 normal Korea Jin-do dogs(21 adults and 8 prematures) and the images were taken from chordae tendineae level short-axis view, left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view and 4-chamber long-axis view, respectively. The following cardiac parameters, in systole and diastole, were measured on the echoocardographic images: aortic dimension(AO), left atrial dimension(LA), left ventricular internal dimention at end-diastole (LVIDd), left ventricular internal dimention at end-systole(LVIDs), interventricular septal wall thickness at end-diastole(IVSd), interventricular septal wall thickness at end-systole(IVSs), left ventricular wall at end-diastole(LVWd), left ventricular wall at end-systole(LVWs). The cardiac parameters were not significantly different between sex and among imaging planes. The size of cardiac parameters increaed as regression lines according to body weights. These results suggest that the chordae tendineae level short-axis view, left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view and 4-chamber long-axis view can be utilized for the left cardiac examination, and these cardiac parameters can be used to basic dat for diagnosing the cardiac diseases in Korea Jin-do dog.

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The Echocardiographic Assessment and Clinical Application of Cardiac Disease in Korea Jin-do Dog II. Comparison of Aortic Root Internal Dimension with Right Pulmonary Artery Internal Dimension (진돗개에서 심장초음파 측정치의 평가와 임상적 응용 II. 대동맥기부내경과 우페동맥내경의 비교)

  • 박인철;강병규;손창호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2000
  • Fifteen adult Korea Jin-do dogs were studied by echocardiography to obtain the basic data of the imaging planes and normal references ranges to the aorta and pulmonary artery internal dimension. Measurements of aortic root internal dimension(AOID) and right pulmonary artery internal dimension (RPAID) were made at modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view and left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view. The aortic root internal dimension and right pulmonary artery internal dimension at modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view were 18.7$\pm$1.3mm (mean$\pm$SD) and 10.1$\pm$0.8mm, respectively. And RPAID/AOID was 0.5$\pm$0.1mm. The aortic root internal dimension and right pulmonary artery internal dimension at left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view were 19.3$\pm$1.6 mm and 10.7$\pm$1.3mm, respectively. And RPAID/AOID was 0.5$\pm$0.1mm. These results indicate that modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view is useful planes to examine the aortic root and pulmonary arteries, and aortic root internal dimension is significantly higher(40~50%)than the right pulmonary artery internal dimension. Therefore measurements of aortic root internal and right pulmonary artery internal dimension can be used for monitoring dilation of pulmonary artery.

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Spontaneous occurrence of multiple trichoepithelioma in a Jin-do dog (진도개에서 자연 발생한 다발성 모낭 상피종)

  • Lee, Seul-Bee;Cho, Kyoung-Oh;Park, In-Chul;Cho, Ho-Seong;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Park, Nam-Yong;
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.63-65
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    • 2003
  • A 10-year-old Korean native female Jin-do dog revealed two growing subcutaneous masses measuring 7.0 ${\times}$ 7.0 ${\times}$ 2.5 cm and 5.0 ${\times}$ 4.0 ${\times}$ 2.0 cm in the left shoulder and lower part of chest, respectively. Grossly tumor masses were well-circumscribed and exhibited ulcerated surface and purulent exudate on the cut surface. Histologically tumor masses were characterized by cystic structures some of which were fused together. Although the cells of cyst wall differentiated to those similar to infundibulum, isthmus, inferior segment of hair follicles, respectively, the most cyst wall consisted of cells similar to infundibulum The luminal content of cysts depended on the cells of cysts; infundibulum-like cyst contained lamellar keratin, isthmus-like cyst was amorphous keratin, and inferior segment-like cyst had shadow cells. From these results, these tumor masses were diagnosed as multiple trichoepithelioma. To our knowledge, this is the first report of canine multiple trichoepthelioma in a dog in Korea.

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The Use of Vaginal Cytology for the Determination of Estrous Cycle, Optimal Breeding Time and Ovulation Time in Korea Jin-do Dogs (진도개에서 발정주기, 교배적기 및 배란시기 판정을 위한 질세포검사의 이용성)

  • 손창호;백인석;신창록;최한선;강병규
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.114-122
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    • 1996
  • The aim of this study was to assess the precision of the estimates of the time of estrous cycle, optimal breeding and ovulation derived by vaginal cytology. The thirteen Korea Jin-do dogs were examined the vaginal cytology, plasma estradiol-17$$\beta $ and progesterone assay during the estrous cycle. Day 0 was the day of the first male acceptance. The main change of vaginal cytology during the estrous cycle was the high proportion of anuclear cell and erythrocyte in proestrus, superficial cell, anuclear cell and erythrocyte in estrus, parabasal cell, large intermediate cell and leukocytes in diestrus, and parabasal cell and small intermediate cell in anestrus, respectively. These data indicated that vaginal cytology was reliable method for estimating estrous cycle in Korea Jin-do dogs. In the cell indices during estrus the maximum eosinoghilic index was $92.0{\pm}$2.6 (Mean{\pm} SEM$)% at Day 2 and the maximum cornification indez was $96.0{\pm}1.3%$ at Day 2, respectively. The eosinothilic indez and cornification indez of up to 70% were found at Day -1 to Day 5 and Day -6 to Day 8, and up to 80% at Day 1 to Day 4 and Day -4 to Day 6, respectively. From these data it was presumed that eosinophilic index was more reliable index for monitoring optimal breeding time than cornification indexm because eosinophilic index peak period was shorter than cornification indeX peak period and Day 2 was the day of ovulation. Therefore, optimal breeding time was the eosinophilic index peak period, more than 80% of eosinoghilic index. The $estradiol-17{\beta}$ peak, with 3 days delayed when progesterone concentration was $4.5{\pm}0.5 ng/ml$. These data estimated that the ovulation time was the day of eosinophilic index peak, Day 2. breeding time and pvulation time in Korea Jin-do dogs.

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Echocardiograpyhic Assessment and Clinical Application of Cardiac Disease in Korea Jin-do Dog III. Detection of Heartworm (진돗개에서 심장초음파 측정치와 평가와 임상적 응용)

  • 박인철;강병규;손창호
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.194-204
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    • 2000
  • Echocardiography was performed to obtain the optimal planes for diagnosis of canine heartworm disease in 11 dogs. Imaging planes were taken the left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view, 4-chamber long-axis view, chordae tendineae level short-axis view and modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view in the right parasternal window, and aptical 4-chamber long-axis view in hte left parasternal window. After echocaridography, the pulmonary artery valve pat was ligated with double 1-0 silk under the general anesthesia to prevent heartworm moving from pulmonary artery to right ventricle. The dogs were euthanized and examained for heartworms in heart and great vessels. Many adult heartworms were identified ultrasonographically within main pulmonary artery, bifurcation of pulmonary artery and right pulmonary artery, but not identified within right ventricle and atrium. At necropsy, adult heartworms were mainly found in pulmonary artery in 11 days, and also found in right ventricular outflow tract and right ventricle in 2 of 11 dogs. The modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view was the best imaging plane for identifiying heartworms because the main pulmonary artery, branches of pulmonary artery and right pulmonary artery could be showed. The aortic root internal dimension (AOID) and right pulmonary atery internal dimension (RPAID) were measured from the modified pulmonary ateries level short-axis view and left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view. The RPAID and RPAID/AOID was higher in heartworm infected dogs than normal Korea Jin-do dogs in modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view, and the AOID, RPAID and RPIAID/AOID was higher than in left ventricular outflow tract long-axis view, respectively. These results indicate that the pulmonary arteries were the major habitat of adult heartworm in canine heartworm disease and the modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view was the best imaging planes for identifying heartworms because the main pulmonary arteries could be showed. Therefore the modified pulmonary arteries level short-axis view can be used for diagnosing heartworm disease and for monitoring dilation of pulmonary artery.

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Ultrasonographic appearance of the gestational structures throughout accurately timed pregnancy in Korea Jin-do dogs II. Estimation of gestational age by measurement of the fetal and extra-fetal structures (진도개에서 임신일령에 따른 임신구조물의 초음파상 II. 태아 및 태아외구조물의 측정에 의한 임신일령의 추정)

  • Son, Chang-ho;Shin, Chang-rok;Kang, Byong-kyu;Choi, Han-sun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 1996
  • Serial ultrasonographic examinations were performed on 9 pregnant Korea Jin-do dog from days 15 to 60 to determine the size of gestational structures throughout pregnancy. Gestational age was timed from the day of ovulation (Day 0), which was estimated to occur when plasma progesterone concentration was first increased above 4.0 ng/ml. Extra-fetal structures were measureable from days 17 to 49. Outer uterine diameter increased from $7.0{\pm}0.7$ ($mean{\pm}SD$)mm at day 17 to $54.0{\pm}2.2mm$ at day 49 and inner chorionic cavity diameter increased from $3.0{\pm}0.7mm$ at day 17 to $37.5{\pm}0.6mm$ at day 49. Uterine wall thickness increased from $2.8{\pm}0.4mm$ at day 17 to $8.3{\pm}0.5mm$ at day 49, placental thickness increased from $1.0{\pm}0.1mm$ at day 22 to $5.7{\pm}0.2mm$ at day 49 and length of chorionic cavity or zonary placenta increased from $5.5{\pm}1.3mm$ at day 20 to $52.3{\pm}2.2mm$ at day 49. Inner chorionic cavity diameter, outer uterine diameter and placental length each increased at a linear rate through day 37, after which time, each had a marked plateau in growth. Of the extra-fetal structures, inner chorionic cavity diameter was the most accurate for estimation of gestational age until day 37. Fetal structures were measureable from days l7 to 60. Crown-rump length, increased from $3.0{\pm}0.7mm$ at day 22 to $118.7{\pm}3.1mm$ at day 49, fetal body diameter increased from $4.0{\pm}0.7mm$ at day 25 to $55.8{\pm}1.7mm$ at day 60 and fetal head diameter increased from $4.3{\pm}0.6mm$ at day 26 to $29.8{\pm}0.8mm$ at day 60. Of the fetal structures, fetal head diameter was the most accurate for estimation of gestational age from day 37 until day 60.

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Ultrasonographic appearance of the gestational structures throughout accurately timed pregnancy in Korea Jin-do dogs I. Time of initial detection of the fetal and extra-fetal structures (진도개에서 임신일령에 따른 임신구조물의 초음파상 I. 태아 및 태아외구조물의 최초 관찰시기)

  • Kang, Byong-kyu;Son, Chang-ho;Shin, Chang-rok;Choi, Han-sun;Oh, Ki-seok;Park, In-cheul
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.235-245
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    • 1996
  • Serial ultrasonographic examinations were performed on 9 pregnant Korea Jin-do bitches that were the Korean native breed, from days 15 to 60 pregnancy to determine the time of first detection and ultrasonographic appearance of the fetal and extra-fetal structures of pregnancy. Gestational age was timed from the day of ovulation (Day 0), which was estimated to occur when plasma progesterone concentration was first increased above 4.0 ng/ml. Gestational ages at earliest detection of the following fetal and extra-fetal structures were; gestational sac at days 17 to 22; placental layers in the uterine wall at days 20 to 24; zonary placenta at days 25 to 28; yolk sac membrane at days 22 to 24; amnionic membrane at days 27 to 29; embryo initial detection at days 21 to 23; fetal heartbeat at days 21 m 25; bipolar shape embryo at days 25 to 26; fetal movement at days 28 to 31; limb buds at days 31 to 35; anechoic area in head at days 31 to 36; stomach at days 34 to 37; urinary bladder at days 34 to 37; skeleton at days 36 to 38; dorsal sagittal tubular structure in vertebrae at days 36 to 38; lung hyperechoic vs liver at days 37 to 39; liver hypoechoic vs abdomen at days 37 to 40 and kidney at days 43 to 48, respectively.

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Molecular Detection of Giardia intestinalis from Stray Dogs in Animal Shelters of Gyeongsangbuk-do (Province) and Daejeon, Korea

  • Shin, Jin-Cheol;Reyes, Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo;Kim, Sang-Hun;Kim, Suk;Park, Hyung-Jin;Seo, Kyoung-Won;Song, Kun-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.477-481
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    • 2015
  • Giardia is a major public health concern and considered as reemerging in industrialized countries. The present study investigated the prevalence of giardiosis in 202 sheltered dogs using PCR. The infection rate was 33.2% (67/202); Gyeongsangbuk-do and Daejeon showed 25.7% (39/152, P<0.0001) and 56% (28/50), respectively. The prevalence of infected female dogs (46.7%, P<0.001) was higher than in male dogs (21.8%). A higher prevalence (43.5%, P<0.0001) was observed in mixed breed dogs than purebred (14.1%). Although most of the fecal samples collected were from dogs of ${\geq}1$ year of age which showed only 27.4% positive rate, 61.8% (P<0.001) of the total samples collected from young animals (<1 year of age) were positive for G. intestinalis. A significantly higher prevalence in symptomatic dogs (60.8%, P<0.0001) was observed than in asymptomatic dogs (23.8%). Furthermore, the analysis of nucleotide sequences of the samples revealed that G. intestinalis Assemblages A and C were found in the feces of dogs from Gyeongsangbuk-do and Daejeon. Since G. intestinalis Assemblage A has been known to infect humans, our results suggest that dogs can act as an important reservoir of giardiosis in Korea. Hence, hygienic management should be given to prevent possible transmission to humans.

A Pilot Study of Intralymphatic Immunotherapy for House Dust Mite, Cat, and Dog Allergies

  • Lee, Sang Pyo;Choi, Seung Joon;Joe, Eugene;Lee, Sang Min;Lee, Min Woo;Shim, Jung Woo;Kim, Yu Jin;Kyung, Sun Young;Park, Jeong-Woong;Jeong, Sung Hwan;Jung, Joo Hyun
    • Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.272-277
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    • 2017
  • Several recent clinical trials reported that intralymphatic immunotherapy (ILIT) for some allergens, such as cat dander and pollen, induce tolerance more rapidly than conventional subcutaneous or sublingual immunotherapy, have a comparable duration of effect after only 3 injections, and do not provoke serious local or systemic reactions. However, the efficacy and safety of ILIT are using Dermatophagoides farinae (Df), Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Dp), and dog, which are indoor allergens that are commonly found globally, need to be evaluated. Furthermore, use of multiple allergens in ILIT should be investigated. We assessed the clinical efficacy and adverse effects of ILIT using aqueous Df, Dp, dog, and cat allergens or mixtures thereof in patients with allergic rhinitis. A total of 11 subjects with AR sensitized to Df, Dp, cat, and/or dog allergens received 3 intralymphatic inguinal injections of sensitized allergen extract (HollisterStier, New Orleans, LA, USA). Clinical parameters were assessed before ILIT, and 4 months and 1 year after the first injection. Rhinitis symptoms were alleviated and quality of life was improved 4 months after ILIT (P=0.012 and P=0.007, respectively), and these improvements lasted for 1 year after ILIT (P=0.047 and P=0.009, respectively). However, we observed 2 cases of anaphylaxis, one case of a moderate-to-severe systemic hypersensitivity reaction and the other case of a severe local reaction at the injection site after ILIT. In conclusion, ILIT can rapidly improve allergy symptoms and quality of life, and this effect lasts for 1 year. In hypersensitized patients, however, ILIT can provoke severe systemic and/or local hypersensitivity reactions when performed using aqueous allergen extracts.

Renal failure associated with ingestion of grapes and raisins in dogs (개에서 포도 및 건포도 섭취가 신부전에 미치는 영향)

  • Yuk, Jin-yub;Kim, Cheol-ho;Kim, Tae-yung;Kang, Chung-boo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.287-296
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    • 2005
  • This experiments was designed to observe the effect of period and dose of ingestion of grapes on renal failure in dog. After the dogs had been mixed of general feed, raisins from U.S.A and fresh grapes from Chile selling in Korea. We observed the clinical sign, and analyzed the blood and urine using by biochemical test. The experiment was executed by the two following groups. The experiment group 1. derived renal failure by supplying the mixed general feed with fresh grapes and dry grapes 15 g per weight kg, 2 times a day (AM 09, PM 21), the experiment group 2. executed to derive renal failure by supplying the mixed general feed with fresh grapes and dry grapes 40 g per weight kg, 2 times a day. Extraction of blood for analysis was conducted one time a day and clinical test for renal failure was executed by means of a blood analysis, biochemical analysis, urine analysis, excretory urography (E.U) and E.R.D-$screen^{TM}$ urine test (Heska, USA). The results of group 1 were normal ranges (BUN 9.0~22.6 mg/dl, creatinine 0.8~1.2 mg/dl, Ca 9.7~12.3 mg/dl, Pi 2.9~4.6 mg/dl), renal failure was not observed. On the 3rd day in group 2, azotemia was arisen from the increasing BUN 83 mg/dl (7~25 mg/dl), creatinine 2.3 mg/dl (0.5~1.4 mg/dl), when executed urine was tested by E.R.D-$screen^{TM}$ test using in the early kidney disease diagnosis, microalbumine state was high positive, and it showed stale delay by using excretory urography (EU). This study demonstrated that acute renal failure by grapes and raisins dependent on food dose, and specific characters of individual.