• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean Native Chicken

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A Research on Current Farm Management and Marketing Situation of Korean Native Chickens (재래닭의 경영 및 판매 실태에 관한 조사 연구)

  • 한성욱;박종수;오봉국;정선부;이규호;최연호;김재홍;여정수;하정기
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.167-178
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this research was to get basic information for the development of Korean native chicken industry by reviewing the current native chicken farm management and marketing situation of native chicken products(meat and eggs). The research was carried on the basis of the farm field survey covering 210 native chicken feeders out of 9 different local areas, and the results were as follows ; 1. Average raising size of native chicken flocks of sample farms was 1,787 heads and about 50% of those farms raised less than 500 heads chickens for self-sufficiency or on the side. 2. Most farmers made the decision to start on feeding native chickens in small scale with small amount of capital without sound feeding program, and their decision was mainly influenced by recommendation of mass-media( 19.5%) and neighbors (17.2%). 3. The average income per farm earned by raising the native chickens was 13,719 Won, and income per head of chicken was 8,800 Won. 4. About 40% of feeders expressed that the poor marketing management and lack of capital were the bottleneck to native chicken farm management. 5. About 70% of feeders evaluated the prospect of native chicken industry positively and so, about 60% of feeders hoped to expand the raising size in the future. 6. Most farmers directry made a bargain with marketer including middleman and enduser in selling the chicken products because there was not established special marketing system for native chicken products. 7. The sales age of native broiler was about 16~20 weeks and average body weight of broiler was 1.5~2.0 kg. And farm recieved price was not decided on the basis of each body weight or meat quality but only number of heads. 8. The average first egg-laying age of chickens was about 165 days and average annual laying rate was only about 56%. 9. In order to develop the successful Korean native chicken industry, followings are recommended ; 1) Reducing the production costs and increasing the productivity of native chickens should be carried out through technological research and development for sound feeding program of native chickens and sufficient fund supply. 2) Orderly native chicken marketing and pricing system should be established to give good vision about native chickens to farmers and to delight the consumers. 3) The measures for product differentiation including meat quality and nutritional value of native chicken products against other improved chickens should be actively taken by feeders and government.

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Phylogenetic Analysis of a Privately-owned Korean Native Chicken Population Using mtDNA D-loop Variations

  • Hoque, M.R.;Choi, N.R.;Sultana, H.;Kang, B.S.;Heo, K.N.;Hong, S.K.;Jo, C.;Lee, Jun-Heon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.157-162
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    • 2013
  • The use of Korean native chicken is increasing, and the discovery of new genetic resources is very important from both economic and genetic conservation points of view. In this study, mtDNA D-loop sequences from 272 privately-owned Korean native chickens from a Hyunin farm were investigated. Seventeen nucleotide substitutions were identified from the sequence analysis and they were classified as 6 haplotypes. Previously investigated haplotypes in five Korean native chicken populations have been compared with the Hyunin chicken population. The results indicated that two haplotypes, H10 and H15, in the Hyunin chicken population were not previously identified in other Korean native chicken populations, representing 33.09% (90/272) and 1.1% (3/272) of the Hyunin population, respectively. On the other hand, four other haplotypes were identical to those of a previous study of Korean native chicken populations. This result is indicative of conservation strategies of Hyunin chicken populations for expanding the genetic diversity in the Korean native chicken population.

A Study on Regional Native Chicken and Certification System in France - Focusing on Alsace, Bresse Region - (프랑스의 지역별 토종닭과 인증제도에 대한 연구 - 알자스, 브레스 지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Sumin;Lee, Dongmin;Moon, Junghoon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 2018
  • Recently, the Korean government has been trying to conserve the genetic resources of native chicken. Although the production aspect is important, consumers should also value the native chicken in order for this market to grow. As certification systems are used to inform consumers about the value of a product, this study aims to investigate certification systems for chicken in France. Two regions were selected: Alsace and Bresse. We conducted a value-chain analysis of activities related to native chicken in each of these two regions, including hatching, breeding, slaughtering and processing, distributing, and marketing activities. We found that various certification systems were used not only to inform consumers about the value of the native chicken but also to protect biodiversity. Also, geographical indication, one kind of certification system, was utilized to establish higher quality based on the characteristics of each region. Implications pertinent to a domestic certification system for Korean native chickens were suggested.

Genetic Variation and Relationships of Korean Native Chickens and Foreign Breeds Using 15 Microsatellite Markers

  • Kong, H.S.;Oh, J.D.;Lee, J.H.;Jo, K.J.;Sang, B.D.;Choi, C.H.;Kim, S.D.;Lee, S.J.;Yeon, S.H.;Jeon, G.J.;Lee, H.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.19 no.11
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    • pp.1546-1550
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the genetic variation and establish the relationship amongst breeds and strains using 15 chicken specific microsatellite markers. A total of 285 unrelated DNA samples from four Korean native chicken strains (Black strain of Korean native chicken; KL, Red Brown strain of Korean native chicken; KR, Ogol strain of Korean native chicken; KS and Yellow Brown strain of Korean native chicken; KY) and three introduced chicken breeds (F strain of White Leghorn; LF, K strain of White Leghorn; LK, Rhode Island Red; RC and Cornish; CN) were genotyped to estimate within and between breed genetic diversity indices. All the loci analyzed in 15 microsatellite markers showed a polymorphic pattern and the number of alleles ranged from 5 to 14. The polymorphism information content (PIC) of UMA1019 was the highest (0.872) and that of ADL0234 was the lowest (0.562). The expected total heterozygosity (He) within breed and mean number of observed alleles ranged from 0.540 (LF) to 0.689 (KY), and from 3.47 (LK) to 6.07 (KR), respectively. The genetic variation of KR and KY were the highest and the lowest within Korean native strains, respectively. The genetic distance results showed that Korean native chicken strains were separated with the three introduced chicken breeds clustered into another group. The lowest distance (0.149) was observed between the KR and KL breeds and the highest distance (0.855) between the KR and LK breeds. The microsatellite polymorphism data were shown to be useful for assessing the genetic relationship between Korean native strains and other foreign breeds.

Studies on Various Egg Traits of Korean Native Chicken (한국 재래계의 난 형질에 관한 연구)

  • 오희정
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 1996
  • The present study was conducted to estimate average weights, and corrlation and regression coefficients among various traits of eggs obtained from Korean native and imported chicken. Data were obtained from 360 layers (180 of Korean native origin, and 180 of imported Decalb Brown) between November 8, 1994 to February 8, 1995. The results obtained are summerized as follows : 1. The mean weights of whole egg, yolk, dense white, thin white, and egg shell of native chicken were lighter (P<0.01) than those of Decalb Brown. 2. The coefficients of variability in each egg trait were lower in native chicken than in Decalb Brown, indicating the higher ability of native chicken to adapt to the local environment. 3. The phenotypic correlation coeffcients between whole egg and weights of yolk, dense white, thin white, and eggshell were 0.842∼0.992(P<0.01) in native chicken, and 0.865∼0.985(P<0.01) in Decalb Brown. 4. The average eggshell thicknesses of native and imported Decalb Brown were 362.5 $\mu\textrm{m}$ and 407.9 $\mu\textrm{m}$, respectively. 5. The regression coefficients of most of the traits of eggs from native chicken were lower than those from Decalb Brown layers, suggesting that Korean native chicken should be improved further in various egg traits measured in this study.

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Polymorphic Diversity of UBX Domain D from cDNA Isolated from Pectoral Muscle of Korean Native Chicken

  • Sun, Sang-Soo;Kamyab, Abdolreza;Firman, Jeff
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.191-195
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    • 2011
  • The objectives of this study are to identify specific functional genes which are related with growth and protein structure of the pectoral muscle of Korean native chicken. Pectoral muscle was isolated from three Korean native chickens (KNC, red brown, 12 months old, 2.41 ${\pm}$ 0.24 kg) and three Cornish chickens (16 month old, 2.76 ${\pm}$ 3.0 kg). The subtraction cDNA library was prepared in PCR4 Blunt-TOPO vector. The DNA sequence homology was compared with other breeds and species in GenBank. A clone NDS-81 was found to be unique for the DNA sequence homology with UBX family. Their partial sequence has high homology (98%) with chicken UBX domain D. Chicken UBX domain has chicken (93%), cattle (68%), dog (67%), mouse (64%) and, human (63%) nucleotide sequence homology. Several regions were mutated from T in chicken to C or G in the NDS-81 clone. The first site is LAD in chicken, but it was expressed as (L)RM in clone NDS-81. In this site, amino acids were changed from Ala to Arg, and from Asp to Met. The second site was changed from ER (Arg) in chicken to ED (Asp) in clone NDS-81. They are both containing functional side chains and play an important role in binding other proteins. Therefore, the clone NDS-81 could be a different candidate gene for the UBX family gene and could related with pectoral muscle structure of Korean native chicken.

Analysis of Consumers' Preferences and Price Sensitivity to Native Chickens

  • Lee, Min-A;Jung, Yoojin;Jo, Cheorun;Park, Ji-Young;Nam, Ki-Chang
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.469-476
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed consumers' preferences and price sensitivity to native chickens. A survey was conducted from Jan 6 to 17, 2014, and data were collected from consumers (n=500) living in Korea. Statistical analyses evaluated the consumption patterns of native chickens, preference marketing for native chicken breeds which will be newly developed, and price sensitivity measurement (PSM). Of the subjects who preferred broilers, 24.3% do not purchase native chickens because of the dryness and tough texture, while those who preferred native chickens liked their chewy texture (38.2%). Of the total subjects, 38.2% preferred fried native chickens (38.2%) for processed food, 38.4% preferred direct sales for native chicken distribution, 51.0% preferred native chickens to be slaughtered in specialty stores, and 32.4% wanted easy access to native chickens. Additionally, the price stress range (PSR) was 50 won and the point of marginal cheapness (PMC) and point of marginal expensiveness (PME) were 6,980 won and 12,300 won, respectively. Evaluation of the segmentation market revealed that consumers who prefer broiler to native chicken breeds were more sensitive to the chicken price. To accelerate the consumption of newly developed native chicken meat, it is necessary to develop a texture that each consumer needs, to increase the accessibility of native chickens, and to have diverse menus and recipes as well as reasonable pricing for native chickens.

DNA Markers for the Genetic Diversity in Korean Native Chicken Breeds: A Review (한국재래닭의 품종 다양성 연구를 위한 유전자 마커 개발에 대한 고찰: 총설)

  • Seo, Dongwon;Lee, Jun Heon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.63-76
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    • 2016
  • The genetic diversity of Korean native chicken is important for conservation of native chicken breeds and developing economically valuable traits in Korea. In this review, various types of genetic markers using Korean native chickens were investigated, which are mtDNA variations, microsatellite markers, markers in Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). These genetic markers are suitable for breed discrimination and diversity studies because of their high polymorphism status. Thus, the purpose of this study was to summarize the genetic markers developed in the Korean native chickens and diversity studies using these breeds. Ultimately, these markers can be used for the future studies for understanding of genetic characteristics.

Identification of Chromosomal Band Markers of the Korean Native Chicken (한국재래계의 염색체 분염 표지 분석)

  • Baik, K. H.;Lee, C. Y.;Sang, B. D.;Choi, C. H.;Kim, H. K.;Sohn, S. H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2003
  • The present study was carried out to establish the standard karyotype of the Korean Native Chicken and to find their chromosomal band markers using high-resolution banding technique. Chromosome analysis was performed on early chick embryos following in vitro culture of fertilized eggs of the yellow-brown and the red-brown lines of the Korean Native Chicken which had been established at National Livestock Research Institute. The high-resolution banding of the chromosome was achieved by treating the embryos with ethidium bromide and colchicine during culture. On GTG-banding, the Korean Native Chicken exhibited a typical chick banding pattern in all the macrochromosomes. Overall chromosomal morphology and positions of typical landmarks of the Korean Native Chicken were virtually identical to those of White Leghorn and International System for Standardized Avian Karyotypes(ISSAK). However, the lengths and G-band numbers of the Korean Native Chicken macrochromosomes were greater than those of White Leghorn and ISSAK. Especially in chromosomes 1 and Z, the Korean Native Chicken exhibited more separated bands in compared with ISSAK. In C-banding patterns, although a lot of observed cells had C-band polymorphic patterns, almost the Korean Native Chicken macrochromosomes had heterochromatic C-band on centromeres and/or near terminal part. However, the heterochromatic C-band was constantly observed at the end of q-arm of Z chromosomes and on the whole W chromosome. In addition, the Korean Native Chicken exhibited distinctive heteromorphic patterns of C-bands on the centromere of chromosome 3 and at the end of q-arm of Z chromosome between homologous chromosomes.

Mitochondrial D-Loop Variations for Discrimination of Commercial Korean Native Chicken Populations

  • Sultana, Hasina;Hoque, Md. Rashedul;Seo, Dong-Won;Kang, Bo-Seok;Heo, Kang-Nyeong;Jo, Cheorun;Lee, Jun-Heon
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.311-315
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    • 2012
  • The increasing demand for Korean native chicken meat indicates that the discovery of haplotypes is very important from both economic and conservation points of view. In this study, mtDNA D-loop sequences from two crossbred Korean native chicken populations of 138 individuals were investigated. Twenty six nucleotide substitutions were identified from sequence analysis and were classified into 12 haplotypes. The haplotype H_8 represents 73.47% of Woorimatdag (chicken population) sequences, which were identified in all five Woorimatdag chicken populations investigated. The H_7 haplotype (Dhap1) for D population covers 45% sequences, which indicate maternal inheritance from black Korean native chicken. On the other hand, Chap3 and Chap4 for C population are specific haplotypes, as H_5 and H_2, respectively. Based on the network profiles, six SNPs (C199T, A239G, G242A, A291G, T330C and C391A) of the D-loop region are effective markers for discrimination between Woorimatdag and Hanhyup chicken populations. Also, the phylogenetic analyses of Woorimatdag and Hanhyup chicken populations were used to identify the genetic relationships among the haplotypes. The results presented here can be used for developing molecular markers to discriminate between two commercial Korean native chickens.