• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean native calf

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Project to increase productivity of livestock in Honam area against UR (호남지역의 양축농가에 있어서 UR에 대처한 가축의 생산성 향상에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Joo-mook;Kwon, Oh-deog;Chae, Joon-seok;Kim, Myeong-chul;Kim, Heung-seob;Lee, Sung-jae;Lee, Hoo-sik;Roh, Soo-il;Kim, Kil-soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.195-212
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    • 1994
  • For the purpose to increase productivities of livestock the present investigations were undertaken in order to clarify the clinical and suclinical status of Korean native cattle, dairy cattle(holstein) and Korean native goat. Blood, feces and urine samples were collected from 247 Korean native cattle(222 adult and 25 calf), 224 dairy cattle(211 adult and 13 calf) and 142 Korean native goat rearing at Chonbuk area and analyzed for clinical, serum chemical, hematological and urinary findings. In addition, we were examined the infection rate of theileriosis, internal parasite and ring worm. The mean value for each component was calculated by statistical analysis using Excel computer program. From these investigations the following results were obtained. The mean values for RBC, PCV and etc in 433 adult cow(Korean native cattle and dairy cattle) were similar with other reports. But the mean values for MCHC of all species were lower than normal. Adult Korean native cattle and adult dairy cattle which showed hematologically normal levels were only 9.01% and 9.48%, respectively. Abnormally high values for PCV, RBC and Hb were recorded in 7.66% of adult Korean native cattle, 20% of korean native calf, 15.38% of dairy calf and 13.36% of Korean native goat. Adult Korean native cattle and adult dairy cattle which showed hematologically anemia were 4.95% and 19.43% respectively, but Korean native calf and dairy calf showed normal. Adult Korean native cattle, adult dairy cattle, Korean native calf and dairy calf which showed normal serum protein level 84.0%, 90.8%, 50% and 44.4%, respectively. In present investigations, 50% of Korean native calf and 55.6% of dairy calf were decreased serum protein values under range. These abnormally decreased serum protein values mean the shortage of antibody, and these have a possibility to occurs to pneumonia and diarrhea. From these results, the economical loss caused by pneumonia was calculated as 124,038,833 won in the KNC and 742,703,430 won in the dairy calf rearing in Chonbuk area. Calculated economical loss caused by enteritis was 56,658,690 won in Korean native cattle, 476,775,799 won in dairy calf, and the total loss amount of 533,434,488 won in Chonbuk area. Abnormally high values$(21.7{\pm}4.0mg/dl)$ for serum calcium were recorded 49.6% in dairy cattle. The mean values for serum total cholesterol were $170.8{\pm}99.8mg/dl$ in Korean native cattle, $196.0{\pm}40.6mg/dl$ in Korean native calf, $202.9{\pm}86.0mg/dl$ in adult dairy cattle and $289.4{\pm}97.5mg/dl$ in dairy calf. The infection rate of internal parsite were as follows; adult Korean native cattle: 21.2%, Korean native calf: 8.0%, adult dairy cattle: 67.8% and Korean native goat: 81.5%. The estimated economical loss caused by internal parasites infection were 1,120,855,837 won in Korean native calf, 4,994,959,405 won in adult Korean native cattle, 3,334,751,066 won in adult holstein, and the total loss amount to 9,450,566,308 won. The infection rate of theileriosis were 1.4% in Korean native cattle and 6.6% in dairy cattle. The presumed economical loss by T. sergenti infection were 154,408,482 won in Korean native cattle and 171,577,237 won in dairy cattle rearing at Chonbuk area. The infection rate of ringworm were 0.5% in Korean native cattle, 0.9% adult dairy cattle and 7.7% in dairy calf. The presumed economical loss by dermatomycophyte were 12,061,532 won in Korean native cattle, 16,895,403 won in dairy cattle, and the total estimated loss amount to 28,955,935 won a year in Chonbuk area.

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Productivity Affected by Various Disease Conditions in Bovine (소의 질병감염이 생산성에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성재;이후식;노수일;김길수;이주묵
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.227-246
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    • 1994
  • Present investigations were undertaken in order to clarify the clinical status of Korean native cattle and dairy cattle(holstein). Blood, Feces and urine samples were collected from 247 Korean native cattle(222 adult and 25 calf), 224 dairy cattle(211 adult and 13 calf) at Chonbuk area and analyzed for clinical, serum chemical, hematological and urinary findings. In addition, we were examined the infection rate of Theileriosis, internal patasite and ring worm. The mean value for each component was calculated by statistical analysis using Excel computer program. From these investigations the following results were obtained. The mean values for RBC, PCV and etc in 433 adult cow(Korean native cattle and dairy cattle) were similar with other reports. But the mean values for MCHC of all species were lower than normal. Adult Korean native cattle and adult dairy cattle which showed hematologically normal levels were only 9.01% and 9.48%, respectively. Ahnormally high values for PCV, RBC and Hb were recorded in 7.66% of adult Korean native cattle, 20% of Korean native calf, 15.38% of dairy calf. Adult Korean native cattle and adult dairy cattle which showed hematologically anemia were 4.95% and 19.43% respectively, but all in Korean native calf and dairy calf showed normal values. Adult Korean native cattle, adult dairy cattle, Korean native calf and dairy calf which showed normal serum protein level were 84.0%, 90.8%, 50% and 44.4%, respectively. In present investigations, 50% of Korean native calf and 55.6% of dairy calf were decreased serum protein values under normal range. These abnormally decreased serum protein values mean the shortage of antibody, and these have a possibility to occrus to pneumonia and diarrhea. From these results, the economical loss caused by pneumonia was calculated as 124, 038, 833 won in the KNC and 742, 703, 430 won in the dairy calf rearing in Chonbuk area. Calculated economical loss caused by enteritis was 56, 658, 690 won in Korean native cattle. 476, 775, 799 won in dairy calf and the total loss amount to 533, 434, 488 won in Chonbuk area. Abnormally high values($21.7{\pm}4.0mg/dl) for serum calcium were recorded 49.6% in dairy cattle. The mean values of serum total cholesterol were $170.8{\pm}99.8mg/dl in Korean native cattle, $196.0{\pm}40.6mg/dl$ in Korean native calf, $202.9{\pm}86.0mg/dl$ in adult dairy cattle and $289.4{\pm}97.5mg/dl$ in dairy calf. The infection rate of internal parasite were as follows; adult Korean native cattle:21.2%, Korean native calf:80%, adult dairy cattle:67.8%. The estimated economical loss caused by internal parasites infection were 1, 120, 855, 837 won in Korean native calf, 4, 994, 959, 405 won in adult Korean native cattle, 3, 334, 751, 066 won in adult holstein, and the total loss amount to 9, 450, 566, 308 won. The infection rate of theileriosis were 1.4% in Korean native cattle and 6.6% in dairy cattle. The presumed Economical loss by T. sergenti infection were 154, 408, 482 won in Korean native cattle and 171, 577, 237 won in dairy cattle rearing at Chonbuk area. The infection rat of ringworm were 0.5% in Korean native cattle, 0.9% in adult dairy cattle and 7.7% in dairy calf. The presumed economical loss by dermatomycophyte were 12, 061, 532 won in Korean native cattle, 16, 895, 403 won in dairy cattle, and the total estimated loss amount to 28, 955, 935 won a year in Chonbuk area. The infection rate of ringworm were 0. 5% in Korean native cattle, 0.9% in adult dairy cattle and 7.7% in dairy calf. The presumed economical loss by dermatomycophyte were 12, 061, 532 won in Korean native cattle, 16, 895, 403 won in dairy cattle, and the total estimated loss amount to 28, 955, 935 won a year in Chonbuk area.

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Opposite Effect of Spermine on the Susceptibility of Native and Denatured Calf Thymus DNA to DNase 1. (Native 및 Denatured Calf Thymus DNA의 DNase 1 에 대한 Susceptibility에 미치는 Spermine의 영향)

  • Thong-Sung Ko;Joon Huh;Chun-Bae Lee;Moo- Kyeu Park
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.429-433
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    • 1983
  • Spermine has opposite effect on the susceptibility of native and denatured calf thymus DNA toward deoxyribonuclease Ⅰ (DNase I; deoxyribonucleate 5'-oligonucleotidohydrolase; EC 3.1.4.5; from bovine pancreas). It enhances the susceptibility of the native DNA, whereas depresses that of the denatured DNA. In the absence of spermine, the reactivity of the deoxyribonuclease is apparently insensitive to the conformational difference of the native and denatured DNA.

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Korean native calf mortality: the causes of calf death in a large breeding farm over a 10-year period (대규모 한우 번식 목장에서의 10년간 송아지 폐사 원인)

  • Kim, Ui-Hyung;Jung, Young-Hun;Choe, Changyong;Kang, Seog-Jin;Chang, Sun-Sik;Cho, Sang-Rae;Yang, Byung-Chul;Hur, Tai-Young
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.55 no.2
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2015
  • Calf losses have an economic impact on larger Korean native cattle (KNC) breeding farms due to replacement, productivity, and marketing. However, little research on KNC calf mortality or causes of calf death on large-scale breeding farms has been conducted. Based on medical records and autopsy findings from the Hanwoo experimental station of the National Institute of Animal Science, calf death records from 2002 to 2011 were used to identify the causes of mortality. Mortality rate of KNC calves was 5.7%. Large differences (1.8~12.6%) in yearspecific mortalities were observed. Calf deaths were due to digestive diseases (68.7%), respiratory diseases (20.9%), accidents (6.0%), and other known diseases (2.2%). The main cause of calf death was enteritis followed by pneumonia, rumen indigestion, and intestinal obstruction. The greatest number of calf deaths occurred during the fall followed by summer. These results indicated that enteritis and pneumonia were the main reasons for calf death. However, autopsy findings demonstrated that other factors also caused calf death. This study suggested that seasonal breeding and routine vaccinations are the most important factors for preventing calf death, and improving calf health in high land areas with low temperature.

Experimental Cryptosporidium parvum infection in a Korean native calf isolated from a Korean mouse (국내 마우스에서 분리된 Cryptoporidium parvum의 송아지로의 감염시험)

  • 위성환;이정길
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.259-262
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    • 1992
  • This study was performed to investigate experimental transmission of Cryptosporidium parvum in a calf. A 25-day-old Korean native calf was inoculated per os with $1{\times}10^6$ C. parvum oocysts isolated from a Korean mouse. The calf commenced oocyst discharge in feces on post-inoculation day 4, and continued until the aah 11. The number of discharged oocysts Peaked($4.9{\times}10^5$) on post-inoculation day 6. However, the calf did not show signs of diarrhea. The present results indicate that C. parvum is cross-transmissible between the calf and the mouse.

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Effects of Environmental Factors on Gestation Length and Birth Weight in Korean Native and Yanbian Yellow Cows (한우 및 연변 황우의 임신기간과 생시체중에 영향을 미치는 환경요인의 효과)

  • 신원집;정진우;송주엽;고응규;신수길
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.183-189
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    • 1999
  • A study was conducted to estimate the effects of parity of dam, sex, year and season of birth on gestation length and birth weight in Korean native and Yanbian yellow cows. A total of 1,206 reproduction records (587 Korean native cows, 619 Yanbian yellow cows) were collected from Daekwamyeong Branch Institute, National Livestock Research Institute in Korea and Yanbian region in China from 1995 to 1998. The least square means for gestation length and birth weight of Korean native cows and Yanbian yellow cows were 287.3$\pm$0.60 and 282.3$\pm$0.80 days, 24.9$\pm$0.25 and 25.2$\pm$0.24kg, respectively. Gestation length and birth weight were increased significantly as parity of dam progressed in Korean native cow(p<0.01), but were not significant in Yanbian yellow cow. Birth weight of male calf was heavier than that of female calf in Korean native cow and Yanbian yellow cow(p<0.01). Gestation length of Korean native cow born male calf was longer than that of Korean native cow born female calf(p<0.01), but was not significant in Yanbian yellow cow. Effect of birth year on birth weight was significant in Korean native cow and Yanbian yellow cow(p<0.01), but effect of birth year on gestation length was not significant. Birth weight of spring-born calf was the heaviest and that of fall-born calf was the smallest in Korean native cow and Yanbian yellow cow(p<0.01).

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Notomelia with Supernumerary Hindlimb in a Korean Native Calf (한우 송아지에서 등다리증)

  • Yun, Sung-Ho;Kim, Jung-Eun;Kim, Seung-Joon;Kwon, Young-Sam;Jang, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.112-114
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    • 2015
  • A 1-month-old female Korean native calf was referred to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, Kyungpook National University. The chief complaint was a supernumerary limb on the dorsal thoracic region. The ectopic limb was smaller than normal limbs and it was partially attached on the ribs. Surgical excision was performed to remove the supernumerary ectopic limb and notomelia was successfully corrected. Supernumerary ectopic limb is defined as the presence of accessory limb or limbs attached to various body regions. This study reports macroscopic and radiographic features of notomelia in a female Korean native calf.

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection in a Jeju native black calf (제주흑우 송아지에서 소 합포체성 폐렴의 발생)

  • Kim, Hyun-Tae;Jung, Ji-Youl;Jo, Suk-Hee;Lee, Kyoung-Kap;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Jae-Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.139-143
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    • 2010
  • A 2-month-old male Jeju native black calf with respiratory distress was died and requested to the Veterinary Pathology Laboratory of Jeju National University for diagnosis. Grossly, lungs were focally attached to the pleura and heart with fibrin. Purple red sublobar consolidations were distributed in both apical and cardiac lobes of lungs. Histopathologically, diffuse severe bronchointerstitial pneumonia characterized by multifocal necrotizing bronchiolitis, formation of numerous multinucleated syncytial cells in bronchiolar and alveolar lumens, and diffuse alveolar wall thickening were observed in lungs. Eosinophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions were observed in bronchiolar epithelial cells and syncytial cells. According to reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) was detected in the lung of calf. Based on the histopathologic findings and RT-PCR, this calf was diagnosed as BRSV infection. In our best knowledge, this is the first case of BRSV infection in Jeju native black calf.

Congenital Anal Atresia in a Korean Native Calf (한우송아지에서 선천적 항문 무형성증의 외과적 교정례)

  • Lee, Sang-Mook;Kim, Juug-Eun;Jang, Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.380-382
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    • 2006
  • A 6-day-old male Korean native calf was referred to Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine Kyungpook National University because of dyschezia with atresia me. Clinical signs included anorexia, dyschezia, abdominal distention and depression. In radiographic examination, the intestinal loops are filled with gas and there is a fistula connecting the large intestine to the urethra. Colostomy was performed immediately and atresia am was healed on 28 day after colostomy without Buy other complication.

An Analysis of Evaluation for Korean Native Cattle (Hanwoo) Reproductive Performance and Cow-Calf Profitability (한우의 번식실태평가 및 번식우 생산성 분석)

  • Cho, Jaesung;Do, Changhee;Song, Hyungjun;Choi, Inchul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.189-193
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    • 2015
  • Calculating break-even price of calf production is closely associated with reproductive efficiency. To determine the price, we need data from reproduction records including number of claves weaned, number of cows exposed for breeding, and annual cash coast per cow, and average weaning or market weight of claves sold and retained. Unfortunately, the data were not available in Korea native cow (Hanwoo). To evaluate the performance and the price, we collected calving interval from about 60,000 cows for last 10 years and estimated reproductive performance. Calving interval was increased 4.3% and pregnancy rate was decreased about 1.4~2.8% year-on-year. Increases in growth rates of number of cow and semen per calf supported the low reproductive performance. Finally, break-even price was calculated using estimated percent calf crop and demonstrated that growth rate of break-even price is larger than that of annual cash per cow, suggesting cow-calf profitability and financial efficiency in Korea native cow (Hanwoo) is getting worse.