• Title, Summary, Keyword: Kyphotic cervical curvature

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Clinical studies on neck pain 4 cases associated with kyphotic cervical curvature (Kyphotic cervical curvature로 인한 항통(項痛) 4례(例)에 대한 임상적(臨床的) 고찰(考察))

  • Cho, Hyun-Yeul;Bae, Eun-Jeong;Lee, Kyung-Min;Lee, Jeong-Hoon;Soe, Jung-Chul;Han, Sang-Won
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.230-239
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    • 2002
  • Kyphotic cervical curvature, straghtening is commonly caused by trauma, muscle spasm without trauma and wrong posture, etc. Objective : This study is performed to evaluate the clinical effect of neck pain associated with Kyphotic cervical curvatre on cervical x-ray lateral view. Methods : One of the many causes, We examined the patients with neck pain & upper back pain who visited to Department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion, Gumi Oriental Hospital of Kyung-San University from 16th June 1999 to 22th June 2000. Pre and post treatment, We evaluated the cervical angle, Jochumsen's method, VAS(visual analogue scale) and effective score of treatment. Results & Conclusion : 1. Kyphotic cervical curvature is mainly caused by wrong posture during long term, sudden trauma, etc. therfore, postcervical muscles and tendon are injuryed by strong stress. So, muscle imbalance and pain is occured. 2. On these cases, The improvement index for pre/post treatment showed 28/42, 10/15, 9/30, 28/42 degree in cervical angle. Jochumsen's method showed -1/+2, -9/-3, -5/-2, -1/+2mm. Afer treatment VAS is 2, 1, 1, 1 and effective score of treatment is above good. The results suggest that treatments of Oriental Medicine(Acupuncture & Moxibustion, Chu-Na, Cupping and Physical therapy) are effective methods for neck pain with kyphotic cervical curvature on cervical x-ray lateral view.

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The Case Report of Chuna Treatment using Drop Table on Neck Pain Patients with Kyphotic Cervical Curvature (경추 후만에 대한 낙차 교정기법을 이용한 추나치료 치험례)

  • Park, Jang-Woo;Hwang, Jae-Pil;Kim, Min-Kyun;Oh, Min-Seok;Heo, Dong-Seok
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.111-123
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    • 2006
  • Objectives: This study is performed to evaluate the clinical effect of chuna therapy on the neck pain associated with kyphotic cervical curvature. Methods: This study carried out on three patients with neck pain & kyphotic cervical curvature who have received treatment in Depar1ment of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Daejon Oriental Hospital of Daejon University from 28th July 2006 to 3th November 2006. Pre and post treatment, We evaluated the cervical angle, Jackson's angle, Jochumsen method, Ishihara index, VAS and effective score of treatment. Results & Conclusions: Two patients who received Chuna treatment recovered cervical curvature and improved neck pain. But One patient who dosen't received Chuna treatment was no improvement in cervical curvature & neck pain.

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Two Cases Report of Chronic Neck Pain Patients with Kyphotic Cervical Curvature Measured by Radiography (방사선 사진상 경추 후만을 보인 만성 경항통 환자의 만곡 이상 치험 2례)

  • Park, Jae-Won;Lee, Jong-Ha;Kwon, Jeong-Gook;Keum, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2015
  • We researched two patients complaining about chronic neck pain with kyphotic cervical curvature. We assumed that the patients' symptom was caused by weakened deep neck flexor and activated superficial muscles around neck. So, acupuncture therapy, SCENAR therapy and self exercise with wooden neck pillow were used to treat the patients. We measured their pain by numerical rating scale (NRS) and neck disability index (NDI) before and after treatment. And cervical curvature was evaluated by Cobb method (C1-C7) and Ishihara Index. As a result, NRS and NDI significantly reduced and cervical curvature was also improved. Therefore, we conclude that acupuncture therapy with SCENAR therapy and self exercise using wooden neck pillow is an effective treatment to reduce chronic neck pain with kyphotic cervical curvature. But there is a limit on this study due to insufficient number of cases and absence of control group. Further studies will be needed.

The Case Report of Chuna Treatment on Supraspinatus Tendinitis with Kyphotic Cervical Curvature (경추후만을 동반한 극상근건염 환자의 추나치험1례)

  • Lee, Gil-Jae;Lee, Byeong-Yee;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.43-52
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    • 2008
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the conservative treatment for supraspinatus tendinitis with kyphotic cervical curvature patient. Methods : We used chuna, Herbal medication, Acupuncture, Bee Venom Acupuncture, Physical Therapy for this patient. And we measured of VAS score, ROM and Extent of the subjective symptoms of shoulder pain to evaluate treatment effects. Result : Patient's shoulder pain and cervical curvature has improved. VAS score and Extent of the subjective symptoms of shoulder pain score were also decreased.

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The Case Report of Chuna Treatment on Neck pain Patients with Kyphotic Cervical Curvature (경추 후만에 대한 추나치료 치험례)

  • Park, Kuk-Ji;Kim, Byung-Jung;Lee, Sung-Jun;Kang, Jun-Hyuk;Park, Min-Kyu
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study is performed to evaluate the clinical effect of Chuna therapy on the neck pain associated with kypotic cervical curvature. Methods : This study carried out on two patients with neck pain & kyphotic cervical curvature who have received treatment in Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Dong-seo Oriental Medical hospital from 4th April 2011 to 26th May 2012. Pre and post treatment, We evaluated the cervical angle, Jackson's angle, Jochumsen method, VAS and effective score of treatment. Results & Conclusions : Two patients who received Chuna treatment recovered cervical curvature and improved neck pain.

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Post-Laminectomy Kyphosis in Patients with Cervical Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament : Does It Cause Neurological Deterioration?

  • Cho, Won-Sang;Chung, Chun-Kee;Jahng, Tae-Ahn;Kim, Hyun-Jib
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2008
  • Objective : Total laminectomy (TL) is an effective surgical technique for the treatment of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) along multiple levels. However, kyphosis and probable neurological deterioration have been frequently reported after laminectomy. We analyzed the changes in the cervical curvature after TL and subsequent changes in neurological status. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the records of 14 patients who underwent TL for the treatment of cervical OPLL between Jan. 1998 and Dec. 2003. TL was selected according to the previously determined criteria. The curvature of the cervical spine was visualized on a lateral cervical spine X-ray and measured using Ishihara's Curvature Index (CI) before the operation and at the last follow-up examination. Perioperative neurological status was estimated using the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association score and the Improvement Rate (IR) at the same time as the images were evaluated. Results : The mean age of the patients was 57 years, the male/female ratio was 10:4, and the mean follow-up period was 41 months. The mean number of OPLL was 4.9, and the mean number of operated levels was also 4.9. The CI decreased after TL (p=0002), which was indicative of a kyphotic change. However, this kyphotic change showed no correlation with the length of the follow-up period, number of operated levels and preoperative CI. Neurological examination at the last follow-up showed an improved neurological status in all patients (p=0.001). There was no neurological deterioration in any case during the follow-up period. Moreover, there was no correlation between IR and the degree of kyphotic change. Postoperative complications, such as C5 radiculopathy and epidural bleeding, resolved spontaneously without neurological sequelae. Conclusion : Kyphotic change was observed in all but one patient who underwent TL for the treatment of cervical OPLL. However, we did not find any contributing factors to kyphosis or evidence of postoperative neurological deterioration.

The comparison of Cervical Spine Curvature of the patients with whiplash and insidious onset neck pain (편타 손상 경항통 환자와 잠행성 경항통 환자의 경추 만곡 비교)

  • Ahn, Chi-Kwon;Yun, Moon-Sik;Kim, Young-Shin;Jung, Doo-Young
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.151-161
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : To investigate and compare the curvature of the cervical spine of the patients with whiplash and insidious onset neck pain. Method : Clinical study carried out in 33 insidious onset neck pain outpatients and 34 whiplash onset neck pain inpatients in Conmaul Oriental Hospital. Cervical spine curvature was measured using five measuring Methods. Type of cervical spine curvature was analyzed by Jochumsen method. Ishihara Index. T-test was used to compare the cervical spine angle of the two groups. Results : The prevalence of 'straight' and 'kyphotic' cervical spines was 46.5% in the insidious onset cases and 26.47% in the whiplash onset cases. In Jackson's angle, Jochumsen method, Ishihara Index, and Park's method, angle of the Cervical spine curvature was significantly lower in the insidious onset cases. (P<0.01) Conclusion : The results suggest that the cervical spine of neck pain patients is 'straight' and 'kyphotic' and more significant in insidious onset cases.

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The Relationship of Cervical Spine Curvature and Neck Pain (경항통과 경추 만곡도의 상관성 고찰)

  • Jung, Doo-Young;Kim, Sung-Soo;Chung, Seok-Hee;Lee, Jong-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.239-252
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    • 2011
  • Objectives : To investigate and compare the curvature of the cervical spine for the neck pain patients and asymptomatic participants. Methods : Clinical study was carried out for 64 neck pain patients in Conmaul oriental hospital and 56 asymptomatic volunteers. Cervical spine curvature was measured by 7 types of measuring methods. Results : Curvature angles of the cervical spine were significantly lower in the patients group(p<0.05). In segmental analysis of curvature, segmental curvature of C3-C4 were significantly lower in the patients group. There is no significant relationship among the classifications by the types of cervical spine curvature in the 2 groups. Conclusions : The results suggest that the cervical spines of neck pain patients are straightened and kyphotic and most of cervical curvature decrease are occurred at middle cervical spine.

Analysis of Factors Contributing to Repeat Surgery in Multi-Segments Cervical Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament

  • Jeon, Ikchan;Cho, Yong Eun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.61 no.2
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    • pp.224-232
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    • 2018
  • Objective : Cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) can be treated via anterior or posterior approach, or both. The optimal approach depends on the characteristics of OPLL and cervical curvature. Although most patients can be successfully treated by a single surgery with the proper approach, renewed or newly developed neurological deterioration often requires repeat surgery. Methods : Twenty-seven patients with renewed or newly developed neurological deterioration requiring salvage surgery for multi-segment cervical OPLL were enrolled. Ten patients (group AP) underwent anterior approach, and 17 patients (group PA) underwent posterior approach at the initial surgery. Clinical and radiological data from initial and repeat surgeries were obtained and analyzed retrospectively. Results : The intervals between the initial and repeat surgeries were $102.80{\pm}60.08months$ (group AP) and $61.00{\pm}8.16months$ (group PA) (p<0.05). In group AP, the main OPLL lesions were removed during the initial surgery. There was a tendency that the site of main OPLL lesions causing renewed or newly developed neurological deterioration were different from that of the initial surgery (8/10, p<0.05). Repeat surgery was performed for progressed OPLL lesions at another segment as the main pathology. In group PA, the main OPLL lesions at the initial surgery continued as the main pathology for repeat surgery. Progression of kyphosis in the cervical curvature (Cobb's angle on C2-7 and segmental angle on the main OPLL lesion) was noted between the initial and repeat surgeries. Group PA showed more kyphotic cervical curvature compared to group AP at the time of repeat surgery (p<0.05). Conclusion : The reasons for repeat surgery depend on the type of initial surgery. The main factors leading to repeat surgery are progression of remnant OPLL at a different segment in group AP and kyphotic change of the cervical curvature in group PA.

The Predictable Factors of the Postoperative Kyphotic Change of Sagittal Alignment of the Cervical Spine after the Laminoplasty

  • Lee, Jun Seok;Son, Dong Wuk;Lee, Su Hun;Kim, Dong Ha;Lee, Sang Weon;Song, Geun Sung
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.60 no.5
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    • pp.577-583
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    • 2017
  • Objective : Laminoplasty is an effective surgical method for treating cervical degenerative disease. However, postoperative complications such as kyphosis, restriction of neck motion, and instability are often reported. Despite sufficient preoperative lordosis, this procedure often aggravates the lordotic curve of the cervical spine and straightens cervical alignment. Hence, it is important to examine preoperative risk factors associated with postoperative kyphotic alignment changes. Our study aimed to investigate preoperative radiologic parameters associated with kyphotic deformity post laminoplasty. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 49 patients who underwent open door laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) or ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) at Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital between January 2011 and December 2015. Inclusion criteria were as follows : 1) preoperative diagnosis of OPLL or CSM, 2) no previous history of cervical spinal surgery, cervical trauma, tumor, or infection, 3) minimum of one-year follow-up post laminoplasty with proper radiologic examinations performed in outpatient clinics, and 4) cases showing C7 and T1 vertebral body in the preoperative cervical sagittal plane. The radiologic parameters examined included C2-C7 Cobb angles, T1 slope, C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), range of motion (ROM) from C2-C7, segmental instability, and T2 signal change observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Clinical factors examined included preoperative modified Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, disease classification, duration of symptoms, and the range of operation levels. Results : Mean preoperative sagittal alignment was $13.01^{\circ}$ lordotic; $6.94^{\circ}$ lordotic postoperatively. Percentage of postoperative kyphosis was 80%. Patients were subdivided into two groups according to postoperative Cobb angle change; a control group (n=22) and kyphotic group (n=27). The kyphotic group consisted of patients with more than $5^{\circ}$ kyphotic angle change postoperatively. There were no differences in age, sex, C2-C7 Cobb angle, T1 slope, C2-C7 SVA, ROM from C2-C7, segmental instability, or T2 signal change. Multiple regression analysis revealed T1 slope had a strong relationship with postoperative cervical kyphosis. Likewise, correlation analysis revealed there was a statistical significance between T1 slope and postoperative Cobb angle change (p=0.035), and that there was a statistically significant relationship between T1 slope and C2-C7 SVA (p=0.001). Patients with higher preoperative T1 slope demonstrated loss of lordotic curvature postoperatively. Conclusion : Laminoplasty has a high probability of aggravating sagittal balance of the cervical spine. T1 slope is a good predictor of postoperative kyphotic changes of the cervical spine. Similarly, T1 slope is strongly correlated with C2-C7 SVA.